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Muwatta Imam Malik

Jihad

كتاب الجهاد

وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ سَعِيدٍ، عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ الْمَقْبُرِيِّ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ أَبِي قَتَادَةَ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، أَنَّهُ قَالَ جَاءَ رَجُلٌ إِلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَقَالَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ إِنْ قُتِلْتُ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ صَابِرًا مُحْتَسِبًا مُقْبِلاً غَيْرَ مُدْبِرٍ أَيُكَفِّرُ اللَّهُ عَنِّي خَطَايَاىَ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ نَعَمْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَلَمَّا أَدْبَرَ الرَّجُلُ نَادَاهُ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَوْ أَمَرَ بِهِ فَنُودِيَ لَهُ فَقَالَ لَهُ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ كَيْفَ قُلْتَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَأَعَادَ عَلَيْهِ قَوْلَهُ فَقَالَ لَهُ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ نَعَمْ إِلاَّ الدَّيْنَ كَذَلِكَ قَالَ لِي جِبْرِيلُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Yahya ibn Said from Said al-Maqburi from Abdullah ibn Abi Qatada that his father had said that aman came to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant himpeace, and said, "O Messenger of Allah! If I am killed in the way ofAllah, expectant for reward, sincere, advancing, and not retreating,will Allah pardon my faults?" The Messenger of Allah, may Allah blesshim and grant him peace, said, "Yes." When the man turned away, theMessenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, calledhim - or commanded him and he was called to him. The Messenger ofAllah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to him, "What didyou say?" He repeated his words to him, and the Prophet, may Allahbless him and grant him peace, said to him, "Yes, except for the debt.Jibril said that to me." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 21 Hadith no 992
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 21 Hadith no 31


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ أَبِي النَّضْرِ، مَوْلَى عُمَرَ بْنِ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ أَنَّهُ بَلَغَهُ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ لِشُهَدَاءِ أُحُدٍ ‏"‏ هَؤُلاَءِ أَشْهَدُ عَلَيْهِمْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ الصِّدِّيقُ أَلَسْنَا يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ بِإِخْوَانِهِمْ أَسْلَمْنَا كَمَا أَسْلَمُوا وَجَاهَدْنَا كَمَا جَاهَدُوا ‏.‏ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ بَلَى وَلَكِنْ لاَ أَدْرِي مَا تُحْدِثُونَ بَعْدِي ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَبَكَى أَبُو بَكْرٍ ثُمَّ بَكَى ثُمَّ قَالَ أَئِنَّا لَكَائِنُونَ بَعْدَكَ

Yahya related to me from Malik from Abu'n-Nadr, the mawla of Umaribn Ubaydullah that he had heard that the Messenger of Allah, mayAllah bless him and grant him peace, said over the martyrs of Uhud, "Itestify for them." Abu Bakr as-Siddiq said, "Messenger of Allah! Arewe not their brothers? We entered Islam as they entered Islam and wedid jihad as they did jihad." The Messenger of Allah, may Allah blesshim and grant him peace, said, "Yes, but I do not know what you willdo after me." Abu Bakr wept profusely and said, "Are we really goingto out-live you!" Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 21 Hadith no 993
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 21 Hadith no 32


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ سَعِيدٍ، قَالَ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم جَالِسًا وَقَبْرٌ يُحْفَرُ بِالْمَدِينَةِ فَاطَّلَعَ رَجُلٌ فِي الْقَبْرِ فَقَالَ بِئْسَ مَضْجَعُ الْمُؤْمِنِ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ بِئْسَ مَا قُلْتَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ الرَّجُلُ إِنِّي لَمْ أُرِدْ هَذَا يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ إِنَّمَا أَرَدْتُ الْقَتْلَ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ لاَ مِثْلَ لِلْقَتْلِ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ مَا عَلَى الأَرْضِ بُقْعَةٌ هِيَ أَحَبُّ إِلَىَّ أَنْ يَكُونَ قَبْرِي بِهَا مِنْهَا ‏"‏ ‏.‏ ثَلاَثَ مَرَّاتٍ يَعْنِي الْمَدِينَةَ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik that Yahya ibn Said said, "TheMessenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, wassitting by a grave which was being dug at Madina. A man looked intothe grave and said, 'An awful bed for the mumin. 'The Messenger ofAllah, may Allah blesshim and grant him peace, said, 'Evil? What youhave said is absolutely wrong.' The man said, 'I didn't meanthat, Messenger of Allah. I meant being killed in the way of Allah.'The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said,'Being killed in the way of Allah has no like! There is no place onthe earth which I would prefer my grave to be than here (meaningMadina). He repeated it three times.' " Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 21 Hadith no 994
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 21 Hadith no 33


حَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ زَيْدِ بْنِ أَسْلَمَ، أَنَّ عُمَرَ بْنَ الْخَطَّابِ، كَانَ يَقُولُ اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ شَهَادَةً فِي سَبِيلِكَ وَوَفَاةً بِبَلَدِ رَسُولِكَ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Zayd ibn Aslam that Umar ibnal-Khattab used to say, "O Allah! I ask you for martyrdom in Your wayand death in the city of Your Messenger!" Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 21 Hadith no 995
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 21 Hadith no 34


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ سَعِيدٍ، أَنَّ عُمَرَ بْنَ الْخَطَّابِ، قَالَ كَرَمُ الْمُؤْمِنِ تَقْوَاهُ وَدِينُهُ حَسَبُهُ وَمُرُوءَتُهُ خُلُقُهُ وَالْجُرْأَةُ وَالْجُبْنُ غَرَائِزُ يَضَعُهَا اللَّهُ حَيْثُ شَاءَ فَالْجَبَانُ يَفِرُّ عَنْ أَبِيهِ وَأُمِّهِ وَالْجَرِيءُ يُقَاتِلُ عَمَّا لاَ يَؤُوبُ بِهِ إِلَى رَحْلِهِ وَالْقَتْلُ حَتْفٌ مِنَ الْحُتُوفِ وَالشَّهِيدُ مَنِ احْتَسَبَ نَفْسَهُ عَلَى اللَّهِ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Yahya ibn Said that Umar ibnal-Khattab said, "The nobility of the mumin is his taqwa. His deen ishis noble descent. His manliness is his good character. Boldness andcowardice are but instincts which Allah places wherever He wills. Thecoward shrinks from defending even his father and mother, and the boldone fights for the sake of the combat not for the spoils. Being slainis but one way of meeting death, and the martyr is the one who giveshimself, expectant of reward from Allah." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 21 Hadith no 996
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 21 Hadith no 35


حَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ نَافِعٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عُمَرَ، أَنَّ عُمَرَ بْنَ الْخَطَّابِ، غُسِّلَ وَكُفِّنَ وَصُلِّيَ عَلَيْهِ وَكَانَ شَهِيدًا يَرْحَمُهُ اللَّهُ ‏.

Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafi from Abdullah ibn Umarthat Umar ibn al-Khattab was washed and shrouded and prayed over, yethe was a martyr, may Allah have mercy on him . Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 21 Hadith no 997
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 21 Hadith no 36



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