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Muwatta Imam Malik

Jihad

كتاب الجهاد

وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ أَنَّهُ بَلَغَهُ عَنْ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ أَنَّهُمْ كَانُوا يَقُولُونَ الشُّهَدَاءُ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ لاَ يُغَسَّلُونَ وَلاَ يُصَلَّى عَلَى أَحَدٍ مِنْهُمْ وَإِنَّهُمْ يُدْفَنُونَ فِي الثِّيَابِ الَّتِي قُتِلُوا فِيهَا ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ وَتِلْكَ السُّنَّةُ فِيمَنْ قُتِلَ فِي الْمُعْتَرَكِ فَلَمْ يُدْرَكْ حَتَّى مَاتَ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَأَمَّا مَنْ حُمِلَ مِنْهُمْ فَعَاشَ مَا شَاءَ اللَّهُ بَعْدَ ذَلِكَ فَإِنَّهُ يُغَسَّلُ وَيُصَلَّى عَلَيْهِ كَمَا عُمِلَ بِعُمَرَ بْنِ الْخَطَّابِ ‏.

Yahya related to me from Malik that he had heard the people ofknowledge say that martyrs in the way of Allah were not washed, norwere any of them prayed over. They were buried in the garments inwhich they were slain. Malik said, "That is the sunna forsomeone who is killed on the battleground and is not reached until heis already dead. Someone who is carried off and lives for as long asAllah wills after it, is washed and prayed over as was Umar ibn al-Khattab." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 21 Hadith no 997
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 21 Hadith no 37


حَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ سَعِيدٍ، أَنَّ عُمَرَ بْنَ الْخَطَّابِ، كَانَ يَحْمِلُ فِي الْعَامِ الْوَاحِدِ عَلَى أَرْبَعِينَ أَلْفِ بَعِيرٍ يَحْمِلُ الرَّجُلَ إِلَى الشَّامِ عَلَى بَعِيرٍ وَيَحْمِلُ الرَّجُلَيْنِ إِلَى الْعِرَاقِ عَلَى بَعِيرٍ فَجَاءَهُ رَجُلٌ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْعِرَاقِ فَقَالَ احْمِلْنِي وَسُحَيْمًا ‏.‏ فَقَالَ لَهُ عُمَرُ بْنُ الْخَطَّابِ نَشَدْتُكَ اللَّهَ أَسُحَيْمٌ زِقٌّ قَالَ لَهُ نَعَمْ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Yahya ibn Said that Umar ibnal-Khattab in one year gave 40,000 camels as mounts. Sometimes hewould give one man a camel to himself. Sometimes he would give onecamel between two men to take them to Iraq. A man from Iraq came tohim and said, "Give Suhaym and I a mount.''Umar ibn al-Khattab said tohim,"l demand from you, by Allah!, is Suhaym a water skin?" He said,"Yes." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 21 Hadith no 998
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 21 Hadith no 38


حَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ أَبِي طَلْحَةَ، عَنْ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ، قَالَ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم إِذَا ذَهَبَ إِلَى قُبَاءٍ يَدْخُلُ عَلَى أُمِّ حَرَامٍ بِنْتِ مِلْحَانَ فَتُطْعِمُهُ وَكَانَتْ أُمُّ حَرَامٍ تَحْتَ عُبَادَةَ بْنِ الصَّامِتِ فَدَخَلَ عَلَيْهَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَوْمًا فَأَطْعَمَتْهُ وَجَلَسَتْ تَفْلِي فِي رَأْسِهِ فَنَامَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه

Yahya related to me from Malik from Ishaq ibn Abdullah ibn AbiTalha that Anas ibn Malik had said that when the Messenger of Allah,may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went to Quba, he visited UmmHaram bint Milhan and she fed him. Umm Haram was the wife of Ubada ibnas-Samit. One day the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him andgrant him peace, had called on her and she had fed him, and sat downto delouse his hair. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him andgrant him peace, had dozed and woke up smiling. Umm Haram said, "Whatis making you smile, Messenger of Allah?" He said, "Some of mycommunity were presented to me, raiding in the way of Allah. They wereriding in the middle of the sea, kings on thrones, or like kings onthrones." (Ishaq wasn't sure). She said, "O Messenger of Allah! AskAllah to put me among them!" So he had made a dua for her, and put hishead down and slept. Then he had woken up smiling, and she said tohim, "Messenger of Allah, why are you smiling?" He said, "Some of mycommunity were presented to me, raiding in the way of Allah. They werekings on thrones or like kings on thrones," as he had said in thefirst one. She said, "O Messenger of Allah! Ask Allah to put me amongthem!" He said, "You are among the first." Ishaq added, "Shetravelled on the sea in the time of Muawiya, and when she landed, shewas thrown from her mount and killed." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 21 Hadith no 999
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 21 Hadith no 39


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ سَعِيدٍ، عَنْ أَبِي صَالِحٍ السَّمَّانِ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏"‏ لَوْلاَ أَنْ أَشُقَّ عَلَى أُمَّتِي لأَحْبَبْتُ أَنْ لاَ أَتَخَلَّفَ عَنْ سَرِيَّةٍ تَخْرُجُ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ وَلَكِنِّي لاَ أَجِدُ مَا أَحْمِلُهُمْ عَلَيْهِ وَلاَ يَجِدُونَ مَا يَتَحَمَّلُونَ عَلَيْهِ فَيَخْرُجُونَ وَيَشُقُّ عَلَيْهِمْ أَنْ يَتَخَلَّفُوا بَعْدِي فَوَدِدْتُ أَنِّي أُقَاتِلُ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ فَأُقْتَلُ ثُمَّ أُحْيَا فَأُقْتَلُ ثُمَّ أُحْيَا فَأُقْتَلُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Yahya ibn Said from Abu Salihas-Samman from Abu Hurayra that the Messenger of Allah, may Allahbless him and grant him peace, said, "Had I not been concerned for mycommunity, I would have liked never to stay behind a raiding partygoing out in the way of Allah. However, I do not find the means tocarry them to it, nor do they find anything on which to ride out andit is grievous for them that they should stay behind me. I would liketo fight in the way of Allah and be killed, then brought to life so Icould be killed and then brought to life so I could be killed." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 21 Hadith no 1000
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 21 Hadith no 40


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ سَعِيدٍ، قَالَ لَمَّا كَانَ يَوْمُ أُحُدٍ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ مَنْ يَأْتِينِي بِخَبَرِ سَعْدِ بْنِ الرَّبِيعِ الأَنْصَارِيِّ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ رَجُلٌ أَنَا يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ‏.‏ فَذَهَبَ الرَّجُلُ يَطُوفُ بَيْنَ الْقَتْلَى فَقَالَ لَهُ سَعْدُ بْنُ الرَّبِيعِ مَا شَأْنُكَ فَقَالَ لَهُ الرَّجُلُ بَعَثَنِي إِلَيْكَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم لآتِيَهُ بِخَبَرِكَ ‏.‏ قَالَ فَاذْهَبْ إِلَيْهِ فَأَقْرِئْهُ مِنِّي السَّلاَمَ وَأَخْبِرْهُ أَنِّي قَدْ طُعِنْتُ اثْنَتَىْ عَشْرَةَ طَعْنَةً وَأَنِّي قَدْ أُنْفِذَتْ مَقَاتِلِي وَأَخْبِرْ قَوْمَكَ أَنَّهُ لاَ عُذْرَ لَهُمْ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ إِنْ قُتِلَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَوَاحِدٌ مِنْهُمْ حَىٌّ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik that Yahya ibn Said said, "On theDay of Uhud, The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant himpeace, said, 'Who will bring me news of Sad ibn al-Rabi al-Ansari?' aman said, 'Me, Messenger of Allah!' So the man went around among theslain, and Sad ibn al-Rabi said to him, 'What are you doing?' The mansaid to him, 'The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and granthim peace, sent me to bring him news of you.' He said, 'Go to him, andgive him my greetings, and tell him that I have been stabbed twelvetimes, and am mortally wounded. Tell your people that they will haveno excuse with Allah if the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless himand grant him peace, is slain while one of them is still alive.' " Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 21 Hadith no 1001
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 21 Hadith no 41


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ سَعِيدٍ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم رَغَّبَ فِي الْجِهَادِ وَذَكَرَ الْجَنَّةَ وَرَجُلٌ مِنَ الأَنْصَارِ يَأْكُلُ تَمَرَاتٍ فِي يَدِهِ فَقَالَ إِنِّي لَحَرِيصُ عَلَى الدُّنْيَا إِنْ جَلَسْتُ حَتَّى أَفْرُغَ مِنْهُنَّ ‏.‏ فَرَمَى مَا فِي يَدِهِ فَحَمَلَ بِسَيْفِهِ فَقَاتَلَ حَتَّى قُتِلَ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Yahya ibn Said that theMessenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace,stimulated people for jihad and mentioned the Garden. One of the Ansarwas eating some dates in his hand, and said, "Am I so desirous of thisworld that I should sit until I finish them?" He threw aside what wasin his hand and took his sword, and fought until he was slain . Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 21 Hadith no 1002
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 21 Hadith no 42



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