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Muwatta Imam Malik

Hudud

كتاب الحدود

حَدَّثَنَا مَالِكٌ، عَنْ نَافِعٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عُمَرَ، أَنَّهُ قَالَ جَاءَتِ الْيَهُودُ إِلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَذَكَرُوا لَهُ أَنَّ رَجُلاً مِنْهُمْ وَامْرَأَةً زَنَيَا فَقَالَ لَهُمْ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ مَا تَجِدُونَ فِي التَّوْرَاةِ فِي شَأْنِ الرَّجْمِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَقَالُوا نَفْضَحُهُمْ وَيُجْلَدُونَ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ سَلاَمٍ كَذَبْتُمْ إِنَّ فِيهَا الرَّجْمَ ‏.‏ فَأَتَوْا بِالتَّوْرَاةِ فَنَشَرُوهَا فَوَضَعَ أَحَدُهُمْ يَدَهُ عَلَى آيَةِ الرَّجْمِ ثُمَّ قَرَأَ مَا قَبْلَهَا وَمَا بَعْدَهَا فَقَالَ لَهُ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ سَلاَمٍ ارْفَعْ يَدَكَ فَرَفَعَ يَدَهُ فَإِذَا فِيهَا آيَةُ الرَّجْمِ فَقَالُوا صَدَقَ يَا مُحَمَّدُ فِيهَا آيَةُ الرَّجْمِ ‏.‏ فَأَمَرَ بِهِمَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَرُجِمَا ‏.‏ فَقَالَ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ عُمَرَ فَرَأَيْتُ الرَّجُلَ يَحْنِي عَلَى الْمَرْأَةِ يَقِيهَا الْحِجَارَةَ ‏.‏

Malik related to me from Nafi that Abdullah ibn Umar said, "TheJews came to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant himpeace, and mentioned to him that a man and woman from among them hadcommitted adultery. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him andgrant him peace, asked them, 'What do you find in the Torah aboutstoning?' They said, 'We make their wrong action known and flog them.'Abdullah ibn Salam said, 'You have lied! It has stoning for it, sobring the Torah.' They spread it out and one of them placed his handover the ayat of stoning. Then he read what was before it and what wasafter it. Abdullah ibn Salam told him to lift his hand. He lifted hishand and there was the ayat of stoning. They said, 'He has spoken thetruth, Muhammad. The ayat of stoning is in it.' So the Messenger ofAllah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, gave the order andthey were stoned . " Abdullah ibn Umar added, "I saw the manleaning over the woman to protect her from the stones." Malikcommented, "By leaning he meant throwing himself over her so that thestones fell on him." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 41 Hadith no 1503
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 41 Hadith no 1


حَدَّثَنِي مَالِكٌ، عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ سَعِيدٍ، عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ الْمُسَيَّبِ، أَنَّ رَجُلاً، مِنْ أَسْلَمَ جَاءَ إِلَى أَبِي بَكْرٍ الصِّدِّيقِ فَقَالَ لَهُ إِنَّ الأَخِرَ زَنَا ‏.‏ فَقَالَ لَهُ أَبُو بَكْرٍ هَلْ ذَكَرْتَ هَذَا لأَحَدٍ غَيْرِي فَقَالَ لاَ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ فَتُبْ إِلَى اللَّهِ وَاسْتَتِرْ بِسِتْرِ اللَّهِ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ يَقْبَلُ التَّوْبَةَ عَنْ عِبَادِهِ ‏.‏ فَلَمْ تُقْرِرْهُ نَفْسُهُ حَتَّى أَتَى عُمَرَ بْنَ الْخَطَّابِ فَقَالَ لَهُ مِثْلَ مَا قَالَ لأَبِي بَكْرٍ فَقَالَ لَهُ عُمَرُ مِثْلَ مَا قَالَ لَهُ أَبُو بَكْرٍ فَلَمْ تُقْرِرْهُ نَفْسُهُ حَتَّى جَاءَ إِلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَقَالَ لَهُ إِنَّ الأَخِرَ زَنَا فَقَالَ سَعِيدٌ فَأَعْرَضَ عَنْهُ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ثَلاَثَ مَرَّاتٍ كُلُّ ذَلِكَ يُعْرِضُ عَنْهُ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم حَتَّى إِذَا أَكْثَرَ عَلَيْهِ بَعَثَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم إِلَى أَهْلِهِ فَقَالَ ‏"‏ أَيَشْتَكِي أَمْ بِهِ جِنَّةٌ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَقَالُوا يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ وَاللَّهِ إِنَّهُ لَصَحِيحٌ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ أَبِكْرٌ أَمْ ثَيِّبٌ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَقَالُوا بَلْ ثَيِّبٌ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ‏.‏ فَأَمَرَ بِهِ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَرُجِمَ ‏.‏

Malik related to me from Yahya ibn Said from Said ibn al-Musayyabthat a man from the Aslam tribe came to Abu Bakr as-Siddiq and said tohim, "I have committed adultery." Abu Bakr said to him, "Have youmentioned this to anyone else?" He said, "No." Abu Bakr said to him,"Then cover it up with the veil of Allah. Allah accepts tawba from hisslaves." His self was still unsettled, so he went to Umar ibn al-Khattab. He told him the same as he had said to Abu Bakr, and Umartold him the same as Abu Bakr had said to him. His self was still notsettled so he went to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him andgrant him peace, and said to him, "I have committed adultery,"insistently. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant himpeace, turned away from him three times. Each time the Messenger ofAllah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, turned away from himuntil it became too much. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless himand grant him peace, questioned his family, "Does he have an illnesswhich affects his mind, or is he mad?" They said, "Messenger of Allah,by Allah, he is well." The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him andgrant him peace, said, "Unmarried or married?" They said, "Married,Messenger of Allah." The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him andgrant him peace, gave the order and he was stoned. Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 41 Hadith no 1504
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 41 Hadith no 2


حَدَّثَنِي مَالِكٌ، عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ سَعِيدٍ، عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ الْمُسَيَّبِ، أَنَّهُ قَالَ بَلَغَنِي أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ لِرَجُلٍ مِنْ أَسْلَمَ يُقَالُ لَهُ هَزَّالٌ ‏"‏ يَا هَزَّالُ لَوْ سَتَرْتَهُ بِرِدَائِكَ لَكَانَ خَيْرًا لَكَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ يَحْيَى بْنُ سَعِيدٍ فَحَدَّثْتُ بِهَذَا الْحَدِيثِ فِي مَجْلِسٍ فِيهِ يَزِيدُ بْنُ نُعَيْمِ بْنِ هَزَّالٍ الأَسْلَمِيِّ فَقَالَ يَزِيدُ هَزَّالٌ جَدِّي وَهَذَا الْحَدِيثُ حَقٌّ ‏.‏

Malik related to me from Yahya ibn Said that Said ibn al-Musayyabsaid, "I have heard that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless himand grant him peace, said to a man from the Aslam tribe called Hazzal,'Hazzal, had you veiled him with your cloak, it would have been betterfor you.' " Yahya ibn Said said, "I related this hadith in anassembly among whom was Yazid ibn Nuaym ibn Hazzal al-Aslami. Yazidsaid, 'Hazzal was my grandfather. This hadith is true.' " Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 41 Hadith no 1505
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 41 Hadith no 3


حَدَّثَنِي مَالِكٌ، عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ، أَنَّهُ أَخْبَرَهُ ‏.‏ أَنَّ رَجُلاً اعْتَرَفَ عَلَى نَفْسِهِ بِالزِّنَا عَلَى عَهْدِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَشَهِدَ عَلَى نَفْسِهِ أَرْبَعَ مَرَّاتٍ فَأَمَرَ بِهِ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَرُجِمَ ‏.‏ قَالَ ابْنُ شِهَابٍ فَمِنْ أَجْلِ ذَلِكَ يُؤْخَذُ الرَّجُلُ بِاعْتِرَافِهِ عَلَى نَفْسِهِ

Malik related to me that Ibn Shihab informed him that a manconfessed that he had committed adultery in the time of the Messengerof Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and he testifiedagainst himself four times, so the Messenger of Allah, may Allah blesshim and grant him peace, gave the order and he was stoned. Ibn Shihab said, "Because of this a man is to be taken for his ownconfession against himself." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 41 Hadith no 1506
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 41 Hadith no 4


حَدَّثَنِي مَالِكٌ، عَنْ يَعْقُوبَ بْنِ زَيْدِ بْنِ طَلْحَةَ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، زَيْدِ بْنِ طَلْحَةَ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ أَبِي مُلَيْكَةَ، أَنَّهُ أَخْبَرَهُ أَنَّ امْرَأَةً جَاءَتْ إِلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَأَخْبَرَتْهُ أَنَّهَا زَنَتْ وَهِيَ حَامِلٌ فَقَالَ لَهَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ اذْهَبِي حَتَّى تَضَعِي ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَلَمَّا وَضَعَتْ جَاءَتْهُ فَقَالَ لَهَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ اذْهَبِي حَتَّى تُرْضِعِيهِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَلَمَّا أَرْضَعَتْهُ جَاءَتْهُ فَقَالَ ‏"‏ اذْهَبِي فَاسْتَوْدِعِيهِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ فَاسْتَوْدَعَتْهُ ثُمَّ جَاءَتْ فَأَمَرَ بِهَا فَرُجِمَتْ ‏.‏

Malik related to me from Yaqub ibn Zayd ibn Talha from his fatherZayd ibn Talha that Abdullah ibn Abi Mulayka informed him that a womancame to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant himpeace, and informed him that she had committed adultery and waspregnant. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant himpeace, said to her, "Go away until you give birth." When she had givenbirth, she came to him. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless himand grant him peace, said to her, "Go away until you have suckled andweaned the baby." When she had weaned the baby, she came to him. Hesaid, "Go and entrust the baby to someone." She entrusted the baby tosomeone and then came to him. He gave the order and she was stoned. Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 41 Hadith no 1507
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 41 Hadith no 5


حَدَّثَنِي مَالِكٌ، عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ، عَنْ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عُتْبَةَ بْنِ مَسْعُودٍ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، وَزَيْدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ الْجُهَنِيِّ، أَنَّهُمَا أَخْبَرَاهُ أَنَّ رَجُلَيْنِ اخْتَصَمَا إِلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَقَالَ أَحَدُهُمَا يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ اقْضِ بَيْنَنَا بِكِتَابِ اللَّهِ وَقَالَ الآخَرُ وَهُوَ أَفْقَهُهُمَا أَجَلْ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ فَاقْضِ بَيْنَنَا بِكِتَابِ اللَّهِ وَائْذَنْ لِي أَنْ أَتَكَلَّمَ ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏"‏ تَكَلَّمْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ إِنَّ ابْنِي كَانَ عَسِيفًا عَلَى هَذَا فَزَنَا بِامْرَأَتِهِ فَأَخْبَرَنِي أَنَّ عَلَى ابْنِي الرَّجْمَ فَافْتَدَيْتُ مِنْهُ بِمِائَةِ شَاةٍ وَبِجَارِيَةٍ لِي ثُمَّ إِنِّي سَأَلْتُ أَهْلَ الْعِلْمِ فَأَخْبَرُونِي أَنَّ مَا عَلَى ابْنِي جَلْدُ مِائَةٍ وَتَغْرِيبُ عَامٍ وَأَخْبَرُونِي أَنَّمَا الرَّجْمُ عَلَى امْرَأَتِهِ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ‏"‏ أَمَا وَالَّذِي نَفْسِي بِيَدِهِ لأَقْضِيَنَّ بَيْنَكُمَا بِكِتَابِ اللَّهِ أَمَّا غَنَمُكَ وَجَارِيَتُكَ فَرَدٌّ عَلَيْكَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ وَجَلَدَ ابْنَهُ مِائَةً وَغَرَّبَهُ عَامًا وَأَمَرَ أُنَيْسًا الأَسْلَمِيَّ أَنْ يَأْتِيَ امْرَأَةَ الآخَرِ فَإِنِ اعْتَرَفَتْ رَجَمَهَا فَاعْتَرَفَتْ فَرَجَمَهَا ‏.‏

Malik related to me from Ibn Shihab from Ubaydullah ibn Abdullahibn Utba ibn Masud that Abu Hurayra and Zayd ibn Khalid al-Juhaniinformed him that two men brought a dispute to the Messenger of Allah,may Allah bless him and grant him peace. One of them said, "Messengerof Allah! Judge between us by the Book of Allah!" The other said, andhe was the wiser of the two, "Yes, Messenger of Allah. Judge betweenus by the Book of Allah and give me permission to speak." He said,"Speak." He said, "My son was hired by this person and he committedfornication with his wife. He told me that my son deserved stoning,and I ransomed him for one hundred sheep and a slave-girl. Then Iasked the people of knowledge and they told me that my son deserved tobe flogged with one hundred lashes and exiled for a year, and theyinformed me that the woman deserved to be stoned." The Messenger ofAllah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "By him in whoseHand myself is, I will judge between you by the Book of Allah. As foryour sheep and slave girl, they should be returned to you. Your sonshould have one hundred lashes and be exiled for a year." He orderedUnays al-Aslami to go to the wife of the other man and to stone her ifshe confessed . She confessed and he stoned her. Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 41 Hadith no 1508
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 41 Hadith no 6



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