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Muwatta Imam Malik

Blood-Money

كتاب العقول

حَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ، عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ الْمُسَيَّبِ، أَنَّهُ كَانَ يَقُولُ فِي الشَّفَتَيْنِ الدِّيَةُ كَامِلَةً فَإِذَا قُطِعَتِ السُّفْلَى فَفِيهَا ثُلُثَا الدِّيَةِ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Ibn Shihab that Said ibn al-Musayyab used to say, "The full blood-money is payable for cutting offboth lips, but when the lower one only is cut off, two-thirds of theblood-money is due for it." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 43 Hadith no 1567
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 43 Hadith no 6


حَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، أَنَّهُ سَأَلَ ابْنَ شِهَابٍ عَنِ الرَّجُلِ الأَعْوَرِ، يَفْقَأُ عَيْنَ الصَّحِيحِ فَقَالَ ابْنُ شِهَابٍ إِنْ أَحَبَّ الصَّحِيحُ أَنْ يَسْتَقِيدَ، مِنْهُ فَلَهُ الْقَوَدُ وَإِنْ أَحَبَّ فَلَهُ الدِّيَةُ أَلْفُ دِينَارٍ أَوِ اثْنَا عَشَرَ أَلْفَ دِرْهَمٍ ‏.‏ وَحَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى عَنْ مَالِكٍ أَنَّهُ بَلَغَهُ أَنَّ فِي كُلِّ زَوْجٍ مِنَ الإِنْسَانِ الدِّيَةَ كَامِلَةً وَأَنَّ فِي اللِّسَانِ الدِّيَةَ كَامِلَةً وَأَنَّ فِي الأُذُنَيْنِ إِذَا ذَهَبَ سَمْعُهُمَا الدِّيَةَ كَامِلَةً اصْطُلِمَتَا أَوْ لَمْ تُصْطَلَمَا وَفِي ذَكَرِ الرَّجُلِ الدِّيَةُ كَامِلَةً وَفِي الأُنْثَيَيْنِ الدِّيَةُ كَامِلَةً ‏.‏ وَحَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى عَنْ مَالِكٍ أَنَّهُ بَلَغَهُ أَنَّ فِي ثَدْيَىِ الْمَرْأَةِ الدِّيَةَ كَامِلَةً ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ وَأَخَفُّ ذَلِكَ عِنْدِي الْحَاجِبَانِ وَثَدْيَا الرَّجُلِ ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ الأَمْرُ عِنْدَنَا أَنَّ الرَّجُلَ إِذَا أُصِيبَ مِنْ أَطْرَافِهِ أَكْثَرُ مِنْ دِيَتِهِ فَذَلِكَ لَهُ إِذَا أُصِيبَتْ يَدَاهُ وَرِجْلاَهُ وَعَيْنَاهُ فَلَهُ ثَلاَثُ دِيَاتٍ ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ فِي عَيْنِ الأَعْوَرِ الصَّحِيحَةِ إِذَا فُقِئَتْ خَطَأً إِنَّ فِيهَا الدِّيَةَ كَامِلَةً ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malikthat he asked Ibn Shihab about the one-eyed man who gouged out the eyeof a healthy person. Ibn Shihab said, "If the healthy person wants totake retaliation from him, he can have his retaliation. If he prefers,he has blood-money of one thousand dinars, twelve thousand dirhams." Yahya related to me from Malik that he heard that full blood-money was payable for both of a pair of anything in a man thatoccurred in pairs, and the tongue had full blood-money. The ears, whentheir hearing departed, had full blood-money, whether or not they werecut off, and a man's penis had full blood-money and the testicles hadfull blood-money. Yahya related to me from Malik that heheard that the breasts of a woman had full blood-money. Maliksaid, "The least of that are the eyebrows and a man's breasts." Malik said, "What is done in our community when a man is injuredin his extremities to an extent that obliges payment of more than theamount of his full blood-money, is that it is his right. If his hands,feet, and eyes are all injured, he has three full blood-moneys." Malik said about the sound eye of a one-eyed man when it isaccidentally gouged out, "The full blood-money is payable for it." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 43 Hadith no 1568
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 43 Hadith no 6


حَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ سَعِيدٍ، عَنْ سُلَيْمَانَ بْنِ يَسَارٍ، أَنَّ زَيْدَ بْنَ ثَابِتٍ، كَانَ يَقُولُ فِي الْعَيْنِ الْقَائِمَةِ إِذَا طَفِئَتْ مِائَةُ دِينَارٍ ‏.‏ قَالَ يَحْيَى وَسُئِلَ مَالِكٌ عَنْ شَتَرِ الْعَيْنِ وَحِجَاجِ الْعَيْنِ فَقَالَ لَيْسَ فِي ذَلِكَ إِلاَّ الاِجْتِهَادُ إِلاَّ أَنْ يَنْقُصَ بَصَرُ الْعَيْنِ فَيَكُونُ لَهُ بِقَدْرِ مَا نَقَصَ مِنْ بَصَرِ الْعَيْنِ ‏.‏ قَالَ يَحْيَى قَالَ مَالِكٌ الأَمْرُ عِنْدَنَا فِي الْعَيْنِ الْقَائِمَةِ الْعَوْرَاءِ إِذَا طَفِئَتْ وَفِي الْيَدِ الشَّلاَّءِ إِذَا قُطِعَتْ إِنَّهُ لَيْسَ فِي ذَلِكَ إِلاَّ الاِجْتِهَادُ وَلَيْسَ فِي ذَلِكَ عَقْلٌ مُسَمًّى ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Yahya ibn Said from Sulaymanibn Yasar that Zayd ibn Thabit used to say, "When the eye remains butthe sight is lost, one hundred dinars are payable for it." Yahya said, "Malik was asked about cutting off the lower lid of theeye and the bone around the eye. He said, 'There is only ijtihad inthat unless the vision of the eye is impaired. He is entitled to anamount that is compatible to the extent the vision of the eye has beenimpaired." Yahya said that Malik said, "What is done in ourcommunity about removing the bad eye of a one-eyed man when it hasalready been blinded and still remains there in its place and theparalyzed hand when it is cut off, is that there is only ijtihad inthat, and there is no prescribed blood-money." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 43 Hadith no 1569
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 43 Hadith no 6


وَحَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ سَعِيدٍ، أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ سُلَيْمَانَ بْنَ يَسَارٍ، يَذْكُرُ أَنَّ الْمُوضِحَةَ، فِي الْوَجْهِ مِثْلُ الْمُوضِحَةِ فِي الرَّأْسِ إِلاَّ أَنْ تَعِيبَ الْوَجْهَ فَيُزَادُ فِي عَقْلِهَا مَا بَيْنَهَا وَبَيْنَ عَقْلِ نِصْفِ الْمُوضِحَةِ فِي الرَّأْسِ فَيَكُونُ فِيهَا خَمْسَةٌ وَسَبْعُونَ دِينَارًا ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ وَالأَمْرُ عِنْدَنَا أَنَّ فِي الْمُنَقَّلَةِ خَمْسَ عَشْرَةَ فَرِيضَةً ‏.‏ قَالَ وَالْمُنَقَّلَةُ الَّتِي يَطِيرُ فِرَاشُهَا مِنَ الْعَظْمِ وَلاَ تَخْرِقُ إِلَى الدِّمَاغِ وَهِيَ تَكُونُ فِي الرَّأْسِ وَفِي الْوَجْهِ ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ الأَمْرُ الْمُجْتَمَعُ عَلَيْهِ عِنْدَنَا أَنَّ الْمَأْمُومَةَ وَالْجَائِفَةَ لَيْسَ فِيهِمَا قَوَدٌ ‏.‏ وَقَدْ قَالَ ابْنُ شِهَابٍ لَيْسَ فِي الْمَأْمُومَةِ قَوَدٌ ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ وَالْمَأْمُومَةُ مَا خَرَقَ الْعَظْمَ إِلَى الدِّمَاغِ وَلاَ تَكُونُ الْمَأْمُومَةُ إِلاَّ فِي الرَّأْسِ وَمَا يَصِلُ إِلَى الدِّمَاغِ إِذَا خَرَقَ الْعَظْمَ ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ الأَمْرُ عِنْدَنَا أَنَّهُ لَيْسَ فِيمَا دُونَ الْمُوضِحَةِ مِنَ الشِّجَاجِ عَقْلٌ حَتَّى تَبْلُغَ الْمُوضِحَةَ وَإِنَّمَا الْعَقْلُ فِي الْمُوضِحَةِ فَمَا فَوْقَهَا وَذَلِكَ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم انْتَهَى إِلَى الْمُوضِحَةِ فِي كِتَابِهِ لِعَمْرِو بْنِ حَزْمٍ فَجَعَلَ فِيهَا خَمْسًا مِنَ الإِبِلِ وَلَمْ تَقْضِ الأَئِمَّةُ فِي الْقَدِيمِ وَلاَ فِي الْحَدِيثِ فِيمَا دُونَ الْمُوضِحَةِ بِعَقْلٍ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik that Yahya ibn Said heard Sulaymanibn Yasar mention that a face wound in which the bone was bared waslike a head wound in which the bone was bared, unless the face wasscarred by the wound. Then the blood-money is increased by one half ofthe blood-money of the head wound in which the skin was bared so thatseventy five dinars are payable for it. Malik said, "What isdone in our community is that the head wound with splinters hasfifteen camels." He explained, "The head wound with splinters is thatfrom which pieces of bone fly off and which does not reach the brain.It can be in the head or the face." Malik said, "Thegenerally agreed on way of doing things in our community, is thatthere is no retaliation for a wound to the brain or a belly wound, andIbn Shihab has said, 'There is no retaliation for a wound to thebrain.' " Malik explained, "The wound to the brain is whatpierces the bones to the brain. This type of wound only occurs in thehead. It is that which reaches the brain when the bones are pierced." Malik said, "What is done in our community is that there isno blood-money paid on any head wound less than one which lays barethe skull. Blood-money is payable only for the head wound that baresthe bone and what is worse than that. That is because the Messenger ofAllah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, stopped at the headwound which bared the bone in his letter to Amr ibn Hazm. He made itfive camels. The imams, past and present, have not made any blood-money payable for injuries less than the head wound which bares thebone." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 43 Hadith no 1570
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 43 Hadith no 6


وَحَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ سَعِيدٍ، عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ الْمُسَيَّبِ، أَنَّهُ قَالَ كُلُّ نَافِذَةٍ فِي عُضْوٍ مِنَ الأَعْضَاءِ فَفِيهَا ثُلُثُ عَقْلِ ذَلِكَ الْعُضْوِ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Yahya ibn Said,that Said ibn al-Musayyab said, "For every piercing wound in any ofthe organs or limbs of the body, one third of the blood-money of thatlimb is payable." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 43 Hadith no 1571
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 43 Hadith no 6


حَدَّثَنِي مَالِكٌ، كَانَ ابْنُ شِهَابٍ لاَ يَرَى ذَلِكَ وَأَنَا لاَ، أَرَى فِي نَافِذَةٍ فِي عُضْوٍ مِنَ الأَعْضَاءِ فِي الْجَسَدِ أَمْرًا مُجْتَمَعًا عَلَيْهِ وَلَكِنِّي أَرَى فِيهَا الاِجْتِهَادَ يَجْتَهِدُ الإِمَامُ فِي ذَلِكَ وَلَيْسَ فِي ذَلِكَ أَمْرٌ مُجْتَمَعٌ عَلَيْهِ عِنْدَنَا ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ الأَمْرُ عِنْدَنَا أَنَّ الْمَأْمُومَةَ وَالْمُنَقَّلَةَ وَالْمُوضِحَةَ لاَ تَكُونُ إِلاَّ فِي الْوَجْهِ وَالرَّأْسِ فَمَا كَانَ فِي الْجَسَدِ مِنْ ذَلِكَ فَلَيْسَ فِيهِ إِلاَّ الاِجْتِهَادُ ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ فَلاَ أَرَى اللَّحْىَ الأَسْفَلَ وَالأَنْفَ مِنَ الرَّأْسِ فِي جِرَاحِهِمَا لأَنَّهُمَا عَظْمَانِ مُنْفَرِدَانِ وَالرَّأْسُ بَعْدَهُمَا عَظْمٌ وَاحِدٌ ‏.‏

Malik related to me, "Ibn Shihab did notthink and nor do I, that there is a generally agreed on way of doingthings regarding a piercing wound in any of the organs or limbs of thebody, but I think that there is ijtihad in the case. The imam usesijtihad in it, and there is no generally agreed on way of doing thingsin our community about it." Malik said, "What is done in ourcommunity about the wound to the brain and the wound which splintersthe bone, and the wound that bares the bone is that they apply only tothe head and face. Whatever of that occurs in the body only hasijtihad in it." Malik said, "I do not think the lower jaw andthe nose are part of the head in their injury because they areseparate bones, and except for them the head is one bone." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 43 Hadith no 1572
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 43 Hadith no 6



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