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Muwatta Imam Malik

Blood-Money

كتاب العقول

وَحَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ رَبِيعَةَ بْنِ أَبِي عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ، أَنَّ عَبْدَ اللَّهِ بْنَ الزُّبَيْرِ، أَقَادَ مِنَ الْمُنَقَّلَةِ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Rabia ibn Abi Abd ar-Rahman thatAbdullah ibn az-Zubayr allowed retaliation for a head wound whichsplintered the bone. Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 43 Hadith no 1573
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 43 Hadith no 6


وَحَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ رَبِيعَةَ بْنِ أَبِي عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ، أَنَّهُ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ سَعِيدَ بْنَ الْمُسَيَّبِ كَمْ فِي إِصْبَعِ الْمَرْأَةِ فَقَالَ عَشْرٌ مِنَ الإِبِلِ ‏.‏ فَقُلْتُ كَمْ فِي إِصْبَعَيْنِ قَالَ عِشْرُونَ مِنَ الإِبِلِ ‏.‏ فَقُلْتُ كَمْ فِي ثَلاَثٍ فَقَالَ ثَلاَثُونَ مِنَ الإِبِلِ ‏.‏ فَقُلْتُ كَمْ فِي أَرْبَعٍ قَالَ عِشْرُونَ مِنَ الإِبِلِ ‏.‏ فَقُلْتُ حِينَ عَظُمَ جُرْحُهَا وَاشْتَدَّتْ مُصِيبَتُهَا نَقَصَ عَقْلُهَا فَقَالَ سَعِيدٌ أَعِرَاقِيٌّ أَنْتَ فَقُلْتُ بَلْ عَالِمٌ مُتَثَبِّتٌ أَوْ جَاهِلٌ مُتَعَلِّمٌ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ سَعِيدٌ هِيَ السُّنَّةُ يَا ابْنَ أَخِي ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ الأَمْرُ عِنْدَنَا فِي أَصَابِعِ الْكَفِّ إِذَا قُطِعَتْ فَقَدْ تَمَّ عَقْلُهَا وَذَلِكَ أَنَّ خَمْسَ الأَصَابِعِ إِذَا قُطِعَتْ كَانَ عَقْلُهَا عَقْلَ الْكَفِّ خَمْسِينَ مِنَ الإِبِلِ فِي كُلِّ إِصْبَعٍ عَشَرَةٌ مِنَ الإِبِلِ ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ وَحِسَابُ الأَصَابِعِ ثَلاَثَةٌ وَثَلاَثُونَ دِينَارٍ وَثُلُثُ دِينَارٍ فِي كُلِّ أَنْمُلَةٍ وَهِيَ مِنَ الإِبِلِ ثَلاَثُ فَرَائِضَ وَثُلُثُ فَرِيضَةٍ ‏.‏

ibn Abi Abd ar-Rahman said, "I asked Said ibn al Musayyab, 'Howmuch for the finger of a woman?' He said, 'Ten camels' I said, 'Howmuch for two fingers?' He said, 'Twenty camels.' I said, 'How much forthree?' He said, 'Thirty camels.' I said, 'How much for four?' Hesaid, 'Twenty camels.' I said, 'When her wound is greater and heraffliction stronger, is her blood-money then less?' He said, 'Are youan Iraqi?' I said, 'Rather, I am a scholar who seeks to verify things,or an ignorant man who seeks to learn.' Said said, 'It is the sunna,my nephew.' " Malik said, "What is done in our communityabout all the fingers of the hand being cut off is that its blood-money is complete. That is because when five fingers are cut, theirblood-money is the blood-money of the hand: fifty camels. Each fingerhas ten camels." Malik said, "The reckoning of the fingers isthirty-three dinars for each fingertip, and that is three and a thirdshares of camels." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 43 Hadith no 1574
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 43 Hadith no 6


وَحَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ زَيْدِ بْنِ أَسْلَمَ، عَنْ مُسْلِمِ بْنِ جُنْدُبٍ، عَنْ أَسْلَمَ، مَوْلَى عُمَرَ بْنِ الْخَطَّابِ أَنَّ عُمَرَ بْنَ الْخَطَّابِ، قَضَى فِي الضِّرْسِ بِجَمَلٍ وَفِي التَّرْقُوَةِ بِجَمَلٍ وَفِي الضِّلَعِ بِجَمَلٍ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Zayd ibn Aslam from Muslimibn Jundub from Aslam, the mawla of Umar ibn al-Khattab that Umar ibnal-Khattab decided on a camel for a molar, a camel for a collar-bone,and a camel for a rib. Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 43 Hadith no 1575
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 43 Hadith no 7


وَحَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ سَعِيدٍ، أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ سَعِيدَ بْنَ الْمُسَيَّبِ، يَقُولُ قَضَى عُمَرُ بْنُ الْخَطَّابِ فِي الأَضْرَاسِ بِبَعِيرٍ بَعِيرٍ وَقَضَى مُعَاوِيَةُ بْنُ أَبِي سُفْيَانَ فِي الأَضْرَاسِ بِخَمْسَةِ أَبْعِرَةٍ خَمْسَةِ أَبْعِرَةٍ ‏.‏ قَالَ سَعِيدُ بْنُ الْمُسَيَّبِ فَالدِّيَةُ تَنْقُصُ فِي قَضَاءِ عُمَرَ بْنِ الْخَطَّابِ وَتَزِيدُ فِي قَضَاءِ مُعَاوِيَةَ فَلَوْ كُنْتُ أَنَا لَجَعَلْتُ فِي الأَضْرَاسِ بَعِيرَيْنِ بَعِيرَيْنِ فَتِلْكَ الدِّيَةُ سَوَاءٌ وَكُلُّ مُجْتَهِدٍ مَأْجُورٌ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik thatYahya ibn Said heard Said ibn al-Musayyab say, ''Umar ibn al-Khattabdecided on a camel for each molar, and Muawiya ibn Abi Sufyan decidedon five camels for each molar." Said ibn al-Musayyab said,"The blood-money is less in the judgement of Umar ibn al-Khattab andmore in the judgement of Muawiya. Had it been me, I would have made ittwo camels for each molar. That is the fair blood-money, and every onewho strives with ijtihad is rewarded." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 43 Hadith no 1576
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 43 Hadith no 7


وَحَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ سَعِيدٍ، عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ الْمُسَيَّبِ، أَنَّهُ كَانَ يَقُولُ إِذَا أُصِيبَتِ السِّنُّ فَاسْوَدَّتْ فَفِيهَا عَقْلُهَا تَامًّا فَإِنْ طُرِحَتْ بَعْدَ أَنْ تَسْوَدَّ فَفِيهَا عَقْلُهَا أَيْضًا تَامًّا ‏.‏

Yahya related to mefrom Malik from Yahya ibn Said that Said ibn al-Musayyab used to say,''When a tooth is struck and becomes black, there is complete blood-money for it. If it falls out after it becomes black, there is alsothe complete blood-money for it." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 43 Hadith no 1577
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 43 Hadith no 7


وَحَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ دَاوُدَ بْنِ الْحُصَيْنِ، عَنْ أَبِي غَطَفَانَ بْنِ طَرِيفٍ الْمُرِّيِّ، أَنَّهُ أَخْبَرَهُ أَنَّ مَرْوَانَ بْنَ الْحَكَمِ بَعَثَهُ إِلَى عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَبَّاسٍ يَسْأَلُهُ مَاذَا فِي الضِّرْسِ فَقَالَ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ عَبَّاسٍ فِيهِ خَمْسٌ مِنَ الإِبِلِ ‏.‏ قَالَ فَرَدَّنِي مَرْوَانُ إِلَى عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَبَّاسٍ فَقَالَ أَتَجْعَلُ مُقَدَّمَ الْفَمِ مِثْلَ الأَضْرَاسِ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ عَبَّاسٍ لَوْ لَمْ تَعْتَبِرْ ذَلِكَ إِلاَّ بِالأَصَابِعِ عَقْلُهَا سَوَاءٌ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Da'ud ibn al-Husayn that AbuGhatafan ibn Tarif al-Murri informed him that Marwan ibn al-Hakam senthim to Abdullah ibn Abbas to ask him what there was for the molar.Abdullah ibn Abbas said, "There are five camels for it." He said,"Marwan sent me back again to Abdullah ibn Abbas.'' He said, "Do youmake front teeth like molars?" Abdullah ibn Abbas said, "It is enoughthat you take the fingers as the example for that, their blood-moneysbeing all the same." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 43 Hadith no 1578
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 43 Hadith no 8



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