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Sunan Ibn Majah

Chapters on Shares of Inheritance

كتاب الفرائض

وَقَالَ أُسَامَةُ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ لاَ يَرِثُ الْمُسْلِمُ الْكَافِرَ وَلاَ الْكَافِرُ الْمُسْلِمَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Sunan Ibn Majah Book 23 Hadith no 2835
Web reference: Sunan Ibn Majah Not Available


حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ رُمْحٍ، أَنْبَأَنَا ابْنُ لَهِيعَةَ، عَنْ خَالِدِ بْنِ يَزِيدَ، أَنَّ الْمُثَنَّى بْنَ الصَّبَّاحِ، أَخْبَرَهُ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ شُعَيْبٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ جَدِّهِ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏"‏ لاَ يَتَوَارَثُ أَهْلُ مِلَّتَيْنِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

It wasnarrated from ‘Amr bin Shu’aib, from his father, from hisgrandfather, that the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said: “People of twodifferent religions do not inherit from one another.” Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Sunan Ibn Majah Book 23 Hadith no 2731
Web reference: Sunan Ibn Majah Volume 4 Book 23 Hadith no 2731


حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو بَكْرِ بْنُ أَبِي شَيْبَةَ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو أُسَامَةَ، حَدَّثَنَا حُسَيْنٌ الْمُعَلِّمُ، عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ شُعَيْبٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ جَدِّهِ، قَالَ تَزَوَّجَ رِئَابُ بْنُ حُذَيْفَةَ بْنِ سُعَيْدِ بْنِ سَهْمٍ أُمَّ وَائِلٍ بِنْتَ مَعْمَرٍ الْجُمَحِيَّةَ فَوَلَدَتْ لَهُ ثَلاَثَةً فَتُوُفِّيَتْ أُمُّهُمْ فَوَرِثَهَا بَنُوهَا رِبَاعًا وَوَلاَءَ مَوَالِيهَا فَخَرَجَ بِهِمْ عَمْرُو بْنُ الْعَاصِ مَعَهُ إِلَى الشَّامِ فَمَاتُوا فِي طَاعُونِ عَمْوَاسَ فَوَرِثَهُمْ عَمْرٌو وَكَانَ عَصَبَتَهُمْ فَلَمَّا رَجَعَ عَمْرُو بْنُ الْعَاصِ جَاءَ بَنُو مَعْمَرٍ يُخَاصِمُونَهُ فِي وَلاَءِ أُخْتِهِمْ إِلَى عُمَرَ فَقَالَ عُمَرُ أَقْضِي بَيْنَكُمْ بِمَا سَمِعْتُ مِنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم سَمِعْتُهُ يَقُولُ ‏"‏ مَا أَحْرَزَ الْوَلَدُ أَوِ الْوَالِدُ فَهُوَ لِعَصَبَتِهِ مَنْ كَانَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ فَقَضَى لَنَا بِهِ وَكَتَبَ لَنَا بِهِ كِتَابًا فِيهِ شَهَادَةُ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ عَوْفٍ وَزَيْدِ بْنِ ثَابِتٍ وَآخَرَ حَتَّى إِذَا اسْتُخْلِفَ عَبْدُ الْمَلِكِ بْنُ مَرْوَانَ تُوُفِّيَ مَوْلًى لَهَا وَتَرَكَ أَلْفَىْ دِينَارٍ فَبَلَغَنِي أَنَّ ذَلِكَ الْقَضَاءَ قَدْ غُيِّرَ فَخَاصَمُوهُ إِلَى هِشَامِ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ فَرَفَعَنَا إِلَى عَبْدِ الْمَلِكِ فَأَتَيْنَاهُ بِكِتَابِ عُمَرَ فَقَالَ إِنْ كُنْتُ لأَرَى أَنَّ هَذَا مِنَ الْقَضَاءِ الَّذِي لاَ يُشَكُّ فِيهِ وَمَا كُنْتُ أَرَى أَنَّ أَمْرَ أَهْلِ الْمَدِينَةِ بَلَغَ هَذَا أَنْ يَشُكُّوا فِي هَذَا الْقَضَاءِ ‏.‏ فَقَضَى لَنَا بِهِ فَلَمْ نَزَلْ فِيهِ بَعْدُ ‏.‏

It wasnarrated from ‘Amr bin Shu’aib, from his father, that hisgrandfather said: “Rabab bin Hudhaifah (bin Sa’eed) bin SahmmarriedUmm Wa’il bint Ma’mar Al-Jumahiyyah, and she bore himthree sons.Their mother died and her sons inherited her houses andthe Wala’ ofher freed slaves. ‘Amr bin ‘As took them out toSham, and they died ofthe plague of ‘Amwas. ‘Amr inherited fromthem, and he was their‘Asabah.* When ‘Amr came back, Banu Ma’marcame to him and theyreferred their dispute with him concerning theWala’ of their sisterto ‘Umar. ‘Umar said: ‘I will judgebetween you according to what Iheard from the Messenger of Allah(PBUH). I heard him say: “What theson or father acquires goes tohis. ‘Asabah, no matter who they are.’”So he ruled in ourfavour and wrote a document to that effect, inwhich was thetestimony of ‘Abdur-Rahman bin ‘Awf, Zaid bin Thabit andsomeoneelse. Then when ‘Abdul-Malik bin Marwan was appointed caliph,afreed slave of hers (Umm Wa’il’s) died, leaving behind twothousandDinar. I heard that that ruling had been changed, so theyreferred thedispute to Hisham bin Isma’il. We referred the matterto ‘Abdul-Malik,and brought him the document of ‘Umar. He said:‘I thought that thiswas a ruling concerning which there was nodoubt. I never thought thatthe people of Al-Madinah would reach sucha state that they woulddoubt this ruling. So he ruled in our favour,and it remained likethat afterwards.” Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Sunan Ibn Majah Book 23 Hadith no 2732
Web reference: Sunan Ibn Majah Volume 4 Book 23 Hadith no 2732


حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو بَكْرِ بْنُ أَبِي شَيْبَةَ، وَعَلِيُّ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ، قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا وَكِيعٌ، حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ، عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ الأَصْبَهَانِيِّ، عَنْ مُجَاهِدِ بْنِ وَرْدَانَ، عَنْ عُرْوَةَ بْنِ الزُّبَيْرِ، عَنْ عَائِشَةَ، أَنَّ مَوْلًى، لِلنَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَقَعَ مِنْ نَخْلَةٍ فَمَاتَ وَتَرَكَ مَالاً وَلَمْ يَتْرُكْ وَلَدًا وَلاَ حَمِيمًا فَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ أَعْطُوا مِيرَاثَهُ رَجُلاً مِنْ أَهْلِ قَرْيَتِهِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

It wasnarrated from ‘Aishah that the freed slave of the Prophet(PBUH)fell from a palm tree and died. He left behind wealth but he hadnochild or close relative. The Prophet (PBUH) said: “Give his legacyto a man from his village.” Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Sunan Ibn Majah Book 23 Hadith no 2733
Web reference: Sunan Ibn Majah Volume 4 Book 23 Hadith no 2733


حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو بَكْرِ بْنُ أَبِي شَيْبَةَ، حَدَّثَنَا حُسَيْنُ بْنُ عَلِيٍّ، عَنْ زَائِدَةَ، عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ أَبِي لَيْلَى، عَنِ الْحَكَمِ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ شَدَّادٍ، عَنْ بِنْتِ حَمْزَةَ، - قَالَ مُحَمَّدٌ يَعْنِي ابْنَ أَبِي لَيْلَى وَهِيَ أُخْتُ ابْنِ شَدَّادٍ لأُمِّهِ - قَالَتْ مَاتَ مَوْلاَىَ وَتَرَكَ ابْنَةً فَقَسَمَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم مَالَهُ بَيْنِي وَبَيْنَ ابْنَتِهِ فَجَعَلَ لِيَ النِّصْفَ وَلَهَا النِّصْفَ ‏.‏

It wasnarrated that the daughter of Hamzah said: “My freed slavedied,leaving behind a daughter. The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) dividedhiswealth between myself and his daughter, giving me half and herhalf.” Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Sunan Ibn Majah Book 23 Hadith no 2734
Web reference: Sunan Ibn Majah Volume 4 Book 23 Hadith no 2734


حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ رُمْحٍ، أَنْبَأَنَا اللَّيْثُ بْنُ سَعْدٍ، عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ أَبِي فَرْوَةَ، عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ، عَنْ حُمَيْدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ عَوْفٍ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، عَنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنَّهُ قَالَ ‏"‏ الْقَاتِلُ لاَ يَرِثُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

It wasnarrated from Abu Hurairah that the Messenger of Allah (PBUH)said: “The killer does not inherit.” Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Sunan Ibn Majah Book 23 Hadith no 2735
Web reference: Sunan Ibn Majah Volume 4 Book 23 Hadith no 2735



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