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Sunan Ibn Majah

Chapters on Shares of Inheritance

كتاب الفرائض

حَدَّثَنَا هِشَامُ بْنُ عَمَّارٍ، حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ حَرْبٍ، حَدَّثَنَا عُمَرُ بْنُ رُؤْبَةَ التَّغْلِبِيُّ، عَنْ عَبْدِ الْوَاحِدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ النَّصْرِيِّ، عَنْ وَاثِلَةَ بْنِ الأَسْقَعِ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏"‏ الْمَرْأَةُ تَحُوزُ ثَلاَثَ مَوَارِيثَ عَتِيقِهَا وَلَقِيطِهَا وَوَلَدِهَا الَّذِي لاَعَنَتْ عَلَيْهِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَزِيدَ مَا رَوَى هَذَا الْحَدِيثَ غَيْرُ هِشَامٍ ‏.‏

It wasnarrated from Wathilah bin Asqa’ that the Prophet (PBUH) said: “Awoman may get three types of inheritance: From her freed slavewoman,a foundling whom she raised, and her child concerning whom shesworein Li’an that he was legitimate.” Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Sunan Ibn Majah Book 23 Hadith no 2742
Web reference: Sunan Ibn Majah Volume 4 Book 23 Hadith no 2742


حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو بَكْرِ بْنُ أَبِي شَيْبَةَ، حَدَّثَنَا زَيْدُ بْنُ الْحُبَابِ، عَنْ مُوسَى بْنِ عُبَيْدَةَ، حَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى بْنُ حَرْبٍ، عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ الْمَقْبُرِيِّ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ لَمَّا نَزَلَتْ آيَةُ اللِّعَانِ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ أَيُّمَا امْرَأَةٍ أَلْحَقَتْ بِقَوْمٍ مَنْ لَيْسَ مِنْهُمْ فَلَيْسَتْ مِنَ اللَّهِ فِي شَىْءٍ وَلَنْ يُدْخِلَهَا جَنَّتَهُ وَأَيُّمَا رَجُلٍ أَنْكَرَ وَلَدَهُ وَقَدْ عَرَفَهُ احْتَجَبَ اللَّهُ مِنْهُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ وَفَضَحَهُ عَلَى رُءُوسِ الأَشْهَادِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

It wasnarrated that Abu Hurairah said: “Then the Verse of Li’an wasrevealed, the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said: ‘Any woman whoattributedher child to people to whom he does not belong, then shehas norelation to (the religion of) Allah, and she will never enterParadise, and any man who rejects his child, while he recognizes him,Allah will screen Himself from him on the Day of Resurrection anddisgrace him before the witnesses.’” Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Sunan Ibn Majah Book 23 Hadith no 2743
Web reference: Sunan Ibn Majah Volume 4 Book 23 Hadith no 2743


حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الْعَزِيزِ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، حَدَّثَنَا سُلَيْمَانُ بْنُ بِلاَلٍ، عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ سَعِيدٍ، عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ شُعَيْبٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ جَدِّهِ، أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏"‏ كُفْرٌ بِامْرِئٍ ادِّعَاءُ نَسَبٍ لاَ يَعْرِفُهُ أَوْ جَحْدُهُ وَإِنْ دَقَّ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

It wasnarrated from ‘Amr bin Shu’aib, from his father, from hisgrandfather, that the Prophet (PBUH) said: “It is disbelief for amanto attribute himself to someone other than his father knowingly,or todeny his connection to his father, even subtly.”* Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Sunan Ibn Majah Book 23 Hadith no 2744
Web reference: Sunan Ibn Majah Volume 4 Book 23 Hadith no 2744


حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو كُرَيْبٍ، حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ الْيَمَانِ، عَنِ الْمُثَنَّى بْنِ الصَّبَّاحِ، عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ شُعَيْبٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ جَدِّهِ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ مَنْ عَاهَرَ أَمَةً أَوْ حُرَّةً فَوَلَدُهُ وَلَدُ زِنًا لاَ يَرِثُ وَلاَ يُورَثُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

It wasnarrated from ‘Amr bin Shu’aib, from his father, from hisgrandfather that the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said: “Whoevercommitsadultery with a slave woman or a free woman, his child isillegitimate, and he cannot inherit from him or be inherited from(i.e., this child cannot inherit from him).” Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Sunan Ibn Majah Book 23 Hadith no 2745
Web reference: Sunan Ibn Majah Volume 4 Book 23 Hadith no 2745


حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى، حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ بَكَّارِ بْنِ بِلاَلٍ الدِّمَشْقِيُّ، أَنْبَأَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ رَاشِدٍ، عَنْ سُلَيْمَانَ بْنِ مُوسَى، عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ شُعَيْبٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ جَدِّهِ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏"‏ كُلُّ مُسْتَلْحَقٍ اسْتُلْحِقَ بَعْدَ أَبِيهِ الَّذِي يُدْعَى لَهُ ادَّعَاهُ وَرَثَتُهُ مِنْ بَعْدِهِ فَقَضَى أَنَّ مَنْ كَانَ مِنْ أَمَةٍ يَمْلِكُهَا يَوْمَ أَصَابَهَا فَقَدْ لَحِقَ بِمَنِ اسْتَلْحَقَهُ وَلَيْسَ لَهُ فِيمَا قُسِمَ قَبْلَهُ مِنَ الْمِيرَاثِ شَىْءٌ وَمَا أَدْرَكَ مِنْ مِيرَاثٍ لَمْ يُقْسَمْ فَلَهُ نَصِيبُهُ وَلاَ يَلْحَقُ إِذَا كَانَ أَبُوهُ الَّذِي يُدْعَى لَهُ أَنْكَرَهُ وَإِنْ كَانَ مِنْ أَمَةٍ لاَ يَمْلِكُهَا أَوْ مِنْ حُرَّةٍ عَاهَرَ بِهَا فَإِنَّهُ لاَ يَلْحَقُ وَلاَ يُورَثُ وَإِنْ كَانَ الَّذِي يُدْعَى لَهُ هُوَ ادَّعَاهُ فَهُوَ وَلَدُ زِنًا لأَهْلِ أُمِّهِ مَنْ كَانُوا حُرَّةً أَوْ أَمَةً ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ رَاشِدٍ يَعْنِي بِذَلِكَ مَا قُسِمَ فِي الْجَاهِلِيَّةِ قَبْلَ الإِسْلاَمِ ‏.‏

It wasnarrated from ‘Amr bin Shu’aib, from his father, from hisgrandfather, that the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said: “Every childwhois attributed to his father after his father to whom he isattributedhas died, and his heirs attributed him to him after hedied, he ruledthat* whoever was born to a slave woman whom he ownedat the time whenhe had intercourse with her, he should be namedafter the one to whomhe was attributed, but he has no share of anyinheritance that wasdistributed previously. Whatever inheritance hefinds has not yet beendistributed, he will have a share of it. Buthe cannot be named afterhis father if the man whom he claimed as hisfather did notacknowledge him. If he as born to a slave woman whomhis father didnot own, or to a free woman with whom he committedadultery, then hecannot be named after him and he does not inheritfrom him, even ifthe one whom he claims as his father acknowledgeshim. So he is anillegitimate child who belongs to his mother’speople, whoever theyare, whether she is a free woman or a slave.” Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Sunan Ibn Majah Book 23 Hadith no 2746
Web reference: Sunan Ibn Majah Volume 4 Book 23 Hadith no 2746


حَدَّثَنَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ، حَدَّثَنَا وَكِيعٌ، حَدَّثَنَا شُعْبَةُ، وَسُفْيَانُ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ دِينَارٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ، قَالَ نَهَى رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم عَنْ بَيْعِ الْوَلاَءِ وَعَنْ هِبَتِهِ ‏.‏

It wasnarrated that Ibn ‘Umar said: “The Messenger of Allah (PBUH)forbade selling the right of inheritance or giving it away.” Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Sunan Ibn Majah Book 23 Hadith no 2747
Web reference: Sunan Ibn Majah Volume 4 Book 23 Hadith no 2747



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