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Sunan Abi Dawud

Commercial Transactions (Kitab Al-Buyu)

كتاب البيوع

حَدَّثَنَا أَيُّوبُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ الرَّقِّيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا عُمَرُ بْنُ أَيُّوبَ، حَدَّثَنَا جَعْفَرُ بْنُ بُرْقَانَ، عَنْ مَيْمُونِ بْنِ مِهْرَانَ، عَنْ مِقْسَمٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، قَالَ افْتَتَحَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم خَيْبَرَ وَاشْتَرَطَ أَنَّ لَهُ الأَرْضَ وَكُلَّ صَفْرَاءَ وَبَيْضَاءَ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَهْلُ خَيْبَرَ نَحْنُ أَعْلَمُ بِالأَرْضِ مِنْكُمْ فَأَعْطِنَاهَا عَلَى أَنَّ لَكُمْ نِصْفَ الثَّمَرَةِ وَلَنَا نِصْفٌ ‏.‏ فَزَعَمَ أَنَّهُ أَعْطَاهُمْ عَلَى ذَلِكَ فَلَمَّا كَانَ حِينَ يُصْرَمُ النَّخْلُ بَعَثَ إِلَيْهِمْ عَبْدَ اللَّهِ بْنَ رَوَاحَةَ فَحَزَرَ عَلَيْهِمُ النَّخْلَ وَهُوَ الَّذِي يُسَمِّيهِ أَهْلُ الْمَدِينَةِ الْخَرْصَ فَقَالَ فِي ذِهْ كَذَا وَكَذَا قَالُوا أَكْثَرْتَ عَلَيْنَا يَا ابْنَ رَوَاحَةَ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ فَأَنَا أَلِي حَزْرَ النَّخْلِ وَأُعْطِيكُمْ نِصْفَ الَّذِي قُلْتُ ‏.‏ قَالُوا هَذَا الْحَقُّ وَبِهِ تَقُومُ السَّمَاءُ وَالأَرْضُ قَدْ رَضِينَا أَنْ نَأْخُذَهُ بِالَّذِي قُلْتَ ‏.‏

Narrated Ibn 'Abbas: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) conquered Khaibar, and stipulated that all the land, gold and silver would belong to him. The people of Khaibar said: we know the land more than you ; so give it to us on condition that you should have half of the produce and we would have the half. He then gave it to them on that condition. When the time of picking the fruits of the palm-trees came, he sent 'Abd Allah b. Rawahah to them, and he assessed the among of the fruits of the palm-trees. This is what the people of Medina call khars (assessment). He used to say: In these palm-trees there is such-and-such amount (of produce). They would say: You assessed more to us, Ibn Rawahah (than the real amount). He would say: I first take the responsibility of assessing the fruits of the palm-trees and give you half of (the amount) I said. They would say: This is true, and on this (equity) stand the heavens and the earth. We agreed that we should take (the amount which) you said. Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 23 Hadith no 3410
Web reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 22 Hadith no 3403


حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ سَهْلٍ الرَّمْلِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا زَيْدُ بْنُ أَبِي الزَّرْقَاءِ، عَنْ جَعْفَرِ بْنِ بُرْقَانَ، بِإِسْنَادِهِ وَمَعْنَاهُ قَالَ فَحَزَرَ وَقَالَ عِنْدَ قَوْلِهِ وَكُلَّ صَفْرَاءَ وَبَيْضَاءَ يَعْنِي الذَّهَبَ وَالْفِضَّةَ لَهُ ‏.‏

The tradition mentioned above has also been narrated by Ja'far b. Burqan through his chain and to the same effect. This version has: He said: He assessed, and after the words of kull safara' wa baida', he said: that is, gold and silver will belong to him. Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 23 Hadith no 3411
Web reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 22 Hadith no 3404


حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ سُلَيْمَانَ الأَنْبَارِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا كَثِيرٌ، - يَعْنِي ابْنَ هِشَامٍ - عَنْ جَعْفَرِ بْنِ بُرْقَانَ، حَدَّثَنَا مَيْمُونٌ، عَنْ مِقْسَمٍ، أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم حِينَ افْتَتَحَ خَيْبَرَ فَذَكَرَ نَحْوَ حَدِيثِ زَيْدٍ قَالَ فَحَزَرَ النَّخْلَ وَقَالَ فَأَنَا أَلِي جُذَاذَ النَّخْلِ وَأُعْطِيكُمْ نِصْفَ الَّذِي قُلْتُ ‏.‏

Narrated Miqsam: When the Prophet (PBUH) conquered Khaibar. He then narrated it like the tradition of Zaid (b. Abu al-Zarqa'). This version has: He then assessed the produce of the palm-trees and said: I take the job of picking the fruit myself, and I shall give you half of (the amount) I said. Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 23 Hadith no 3412
Web reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 22 Hadith no 3405


حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ مَعِينٍ، حَدَّثَنَا حَجَّاجٌ، عَنِ ابْنِ جُرَيْجٍ، قَالَ أُخْبِرْتُ عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ، عَنْ عُرْوَةَ، عَنْ عَائِشَةَ، - رضى الله عنها - قَالَتْ كَانَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَبْعَثُ عَبْدَ اللَّهِ بْنَ رَوَاحَةَ فَيَخْرُصُ النَّخْلَ حِينَ يَطِيبُ قَبْلَ أَنْ يُؤْكَلَ مِنْهُ ثُمَّ يُخَيِّرُ يَهُودَ يَأْخُذُونَهُ بِذَلِكَ الْخَرْصِ أَوْ يَدْفَعُونَهُ إِلَيْهِمْ بِذَلِكَ الْخَرْصِ لِكَىْ تُحْصَى الزَّكَاةُ قَبْلَ أَنْ تُؤْكَلَ الثِّمَارُ وَتُفَرَّقَ ‏.‏


Chapter: Regarding Al-Khars (Estimation Of Fruits On Palm Trees)

Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu'minin: The Prophet (PBUH) used to send Abdullah ibn Rawahah (to Khaybar), and he would assess the amount of dates when they began to ripen before they were eaten (by the Jews). He would then give choice to the Jews that they have them (on their possession) by that assessment or could assign to them (Muslims) by that assignment, so that the (amount of) zakat could be calculated before the fruit became eatable and distributed (among the people). Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 23 Hadith no 3413
Web reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 22 Hadith no 3406


حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ أَبِي خَلَفٍ، حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ سَابِقٍ، عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ طَهْمَانَ، عَنْ أَبِي الزُّبَيْرِ، عَنْ جَابِرٍ، أَنَّهُ قَالَ أَفَاءَ اللَّهُ عَلَى رَسُولِهِ خَيْبَرَ فَأَقَرَّهُمْ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم كَمَا كَانُوا وَجَعَلَهَا بَيْنَهُ وَبَيْنَهُمْ فَبَعَثَ عَبْدَ اللَّهِ بْنَ رَوَاحَةَ فَخَرَصَهَا عَلَيْهِمْ ‏.‏

Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah: When Allah bestowed Khaybar on His Prophet (PBUH) as fay' (as a result of conquest without fighting), the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) allowed (them) to remain there as they were before, and apportioned it between him and them. He then sent Abdullah ibn Rawahah who assessed (the amount of dates) upon them. Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 23 Hadith no 3414
Web reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 22 Hadith no 3407


حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ حَنْبَلٍ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّزَّاقِ، وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ بَكْرٍ، قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ جُرَيْجٍ، أَخْبَرَنِي أَبُو الزُّبَيْرِ، أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ جَابِرَ بْنَ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، يَقُولُ خَرَصَهَا ابْنُ رَوَاحَةَ أَرْبَعِينَ أَلْفَ وَسْقٍ وَزَعَمَ أَنَّ الْيَهُودَ لَمَّا خَيَّرَهُمُ ابْنُ رَوَاحَةَ أَخَذُوا الثَّمَرَ وَعَلَيْهِمْ عِشْرُونَ أَلْفَ وَسْقٍ ‏.‏

Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah: Ibn Rawahah assessed them (the amount of dates) at forty thousand wasqs, and when Ibn Rawahah gave them option, the Jews took the fruits in their possession and twenty thousand wasqs of dates were due from them. Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 23 Hadith no 3415
Web reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 22 Hadith no 3408



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