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Muwatta Imam Malik

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كتاب الاستئذان

حَدَّثَنِي مَالِكٌ، عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنَ سُلَيْمٍ، عَنْ عَطَاءِ بْنِ يَسَارٍ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم سَأَلَهُ رَجُلٌ فَقَالَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ أَسْتَأْذِنُ عَلَى أُمِّي فَقَالَ ‏"‏ نَعَمْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ الرَّجُلُ إِنِّي مَعَهَا فِي الْبَيْتِ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ اسْتَأْذِنْ عَلَيْهَا ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ الرَّجُلُ إِنِّي خَادِمُهَا ‏.‏ فَقَالَ لَهُ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ اسْتَأْذِنْ عَلَيْهَا أَتُحِبُّ أَنْ تَرَاهَا عُرْيَانَةً ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ لاَ ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏"‏ فَاسْتَأْذِنْ عَلَيْهَا ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Malik related to me from Safwan ibn Sulaym from Ata ibn Yasarthat the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace,was questioned by a man who said, "Messenger of Allah, shall I askpermission of my mother to enter?" He said, "Yes " The man said, "Ilive with her in the house". The Messenger of Allah, may Allah blesshim and grant him peace, said "Ask her permission." The man said, "Iam her servant." The Messenger of Allah. may Allah bless him and granthim peace, said, "Ask her permission. Do you want to see her naked?"He said, "No." He said, "Then ask her permission." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 54 Hadith no 1766
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 54 Hadith no 1


وَحَدَّثَنِي مَالِكٌ، عَنِ الثِّقَةِ، عِنْدَهُ عَنْ بُكَيْرِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ الأَشَجِّ، عَنْ بُسْرِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ، عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ الْخُدْرِيِّ، عَنْ أَبِي مُوسَى الأَشْعَرِيِّ، أَنَّهُ قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ الاِسْتِئْذَانُ ثَلاَثٌ فَإِنْ أُذِنَ لَكَ فَادْخُلْ وَإِلاَّ فَارْجِعْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Malik related to me from a reliable source of his from Bukayr ibnAbdullah ibn al-Ashajj from Basr ibn Said from Abu Said al-Khudri thatAbu Musa al-Ashari said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless himand grant him peace, said, 'One asks permission three times. If youare given permission, then enter. If not, go away.' " Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 54 Hadith no 1767
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 54 Hadith no 2


وَحَدَّثَنِي مَالِكٌ، عَنْ رَبِيعَةَ بْنِ أَبِي عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ، عَنْ غَيْرِ، وَاحِدٍ، مِنْ عُلَمَائِهِمْ أَنَّ أَبَا مُوسَى الأَشْعَرِيَّ، جَاءَ يَسْتَأْذِنُ عَلَى عُمَرَ بْنِ الْخَطَّابِ فَاسْتَأْذَنَ ثَلاَثًا ثُمَّ رَجَعَ فَأَرْسَلَ عُمَرُ بْنُ الْخَطَّابِ فِي أَثَرِهِ فَقَالَ مَا لَكَ لَمْ تَدْخُلْ فَقَالَ أَبُو مُوسَى سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ ‏"‏ الاِسْتِئْذَانُ ثَلاَثٌ فَإِنْ أُذِنَ لَكَ فَادْخُلْ وَإِلاَّ فَارْجِعْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ عُمَرُ وَمَنْ يَعْلَمُ هَذَا لَئِنْ لَمْ تَأْتِنِي بِمَنْ يَعْلَمُ ذَلِكَ لأَفْعَلَنَّ بِكَ كَذَا وَكَذَا ‏.‏ فَخَرَجَ أَبُو مُوسَى حَتَّى جَاءَ مَجْلِسًا فِي الْمَسْجِدِ يُقَالُ لَهُ مَجْلِسُ الأَنْصَارِ فَقَالَ إِنِّي أَخْبَرْتُ عُمَرَ بْنَ الْخَطَّابِ أَنِّي سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ ‏"‏ الاِسْتِئْذَانُ ثَلاَثٌ فَإِنْ أُذِنَ لَكَ فَادْخُلْ وَإِلاَّ فَارْجِعْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ لَئِنْ لَمْ تَأْتِنِي بِمَنْ يَعْلَمُ هَذَا لأَفْعَلَنَّ بِكَ كَذَا وَكَذَا ‏.‏ فَإِنْ كَانَ سَمِعَ ذَلِكَ أَحَدٌ مِنْكُمْ فَلْيَقُمْ مَعِي ‏.‏ فَقَالُوا لأَبِي سَعِيدٍ الْخُدْرِيِّ قُمْ مَعَهُ ‏.‏ وَكَانَ أَبُو سَعِيدٍ أَصْغَرَهُمْ فَقَامَ مَعَهُ فَأَخْبَرَ بِذَلِكَ عُمَرَ بْنَ الْخَطَّابِ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ عُمَرُ بْنُ الْخَطَّابِ لأَبِي مُوسَى أَمَا إِنِّي لَمْ أَتَّهِمْكَ وَلَكِنْ خَشِيتُ أَنْ يَتَقَوَّلَ النَّاسُ عَلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏.‏

Malik related to me from Rabia ibn Abi Abd ar-Rahman from anotherof the ulama of that time that Abu Musa al-Ashari came and askedpermission from Umar ibn al-Khattab to enter. He asked permissionthree times, and then went away Umar ibn al-Khattab sent after him andsaid, "What's wrong with you? Why didn't you come in?" Abu Musa said,"I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant himpeace, say, 'Ask permission to enter three times. If you are givenpermission, then enter. If not, go away.' ''Umar said, "Who canconfirm this? If you do not bring me someone to confirm it, I will dosuch-and-such to you." Abu Musa went out until he came to anassembly in the mosque which was called the Majlis-al-Ansar. He said,"I told Umar ibn al-Khattab that I heard the Messenger of Allah, mayAllah bless him and grant him peace, say, 'Ask permission three times.If you are given permission, then enter. If not, go away.' Umar said,'If you do not bring me someone who can confirm it, I will do such-and-such to you'. If any of you have heard that, let him come withme.' " They said to Abu Said al-Khudri, "Go with him". Abu Said wasthe youngest of them. He went with him and told Umar ibn al-Khattababout that." Umar ibn al-Khattab said to Abu Musa, "I did notsuspect you, but I feared lest people forge sayings of the Messengerof Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 54 Hadith no 1768
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 54 Hadith no 3


حَدَّثَنِي مَالِكٌ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ أَبِي بَكْرٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏"‏ إِنْ عَطَسَ فَشَمِّتْهُ ثُمَّ إِنْ عَطَسَ فَشَمِّتْهُ ثُمَّ إِنْ عَطَسَ فَشَمِّتْهُ ثُمَّ إِنْ عَطَسَ فَقُلْ إِنَّكَ مَضْنُوكٌ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ أَبِي بَكْرٍ لاَ أَدْرِي أَبَعْدَ الثَّالِثَةِ أَوِ الرَّابِعَةِ

Malik related to me from Abdullah ibn Abi Bakr from his fatherthat the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace,said, "If a man sneezes, invoke a blessing on him. Then if he sneezes,invoke a blessing on him. Then if he sneezes, invoke a blessing onhim. Then if he sneezes, say, 'You have a cold'." Abdullah ibn AbiBakr said, "I don't know whether it was after the third or fourth." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 54 Hadith no 1769
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 54 Hadith no 4


وَحَدَّثَنِي مَالِكٌ، عَنْ نَافِعٍ، أَنَّ عَبْدَ اللَّهِ بْنَ عُمَرَ، كَانَ إِذَا عَطَسَ فَقِيلَ لَهُ يَرْحَمُكَ اللَّهُ ‏.‏ قَالَ يَرْحَمُنَا اللَّهُ وَإِيَّاكُمْ وَيَغْفِرُ لَنَا وَلَكُمْ ‏.‏

Malik related to me from Nafi that when Abdullah ibn Umar sneezedand someone said to him, "May Allah have mercy on you,"(Yarhamuka'llah), he said, "May Allah have mercy on us and you, andforgive us and you." (Yarhamuna'llah wa yaghfirlana wa lakum). Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 54 Hadith no 1770
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 54 Hadith no 5


حَدَّثَنِي مَالِكٌ، عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ أَبِي طَلْحَةَ، أَنَّ رَافِعَ بْنَ إِسْحَاقَ، مَوْلَى الشِّفَاءِ أَخْبَرَهُ قَالَ دَخَلْتُ أَنَا وَعَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ أَبِي طَلْحَةَ، عَلَى أَبِي سَعِيدٍ الْخُدْرِيِّ نَعُودُهُ فَقَالَ لَنَا أَبُو سَعِيدٍ أَخْبَرَنَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ أَنَّ الْمَلاَئِكَةَ لاَ تَدْخُلُ بَيْتًا فِيهِ تَمَاثِيلُ أَوْ تَصَاوِيرُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ شَكَّ إِسْحَاقُ لاَ يَدْرِي أَيَّتَهُمَا قَالَ أَبُو سَعِيدٍ ‏.‏

Malik related to me from Ishaq ibn Abdullah ibn Abi Talha thatRafi ibn Ishaq, the mawla of ash-Shifa informed him that he andAbdullah ibn Abi Talha had gone to visit Abu Said al-Khudri while hewas ill. Abu Said said to them, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allahbless him and grant him peace, informed us, 'The angels do not enter ahouse which contains pictures or images.' " Ishaq was not sure whichof them Abu Said said. Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 54 Hadith no 1771
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 54 Hadith no 6



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