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Muwatta Imam Malik

Divorce

كتاب الطلاق

وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، أَنَّهُ بَلَغَهُ عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ الْمُسَيَّبِ، أَنَّهُ قَالَ أَيُّمَا رَجُلٍ تَزَوَّجَ امْرَأَةً وَبِهِ جُنُونٌ أَوْ ضَرَرٌ فَإِنَّهَا تُخَيَّرُ فَإِنْ شَاءَتْ قَرَّتْ وَإِنْ شَاءَتْ فَارَقَتْ ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ فِي الأَمَةِ تَكُونُ تَحْتَ الْعَبْدِ ثُمَّ تَعْتِقُ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَدْخُلَ بِهَا أَوْ يَمَسَّهَا إِنَّهَا إِنِ اخْتَارَتْ نَفْسَهَا فَلاَ صَدَاقَ لَهَا وَهِيَ تَطْلِيقَةٌ وَذَلِكَ الأَمْرُ عِنْدَنَا ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik that he had heard that Said ibnal-Musayyab said that if a man married a woman, and he was insane orhad a physical defect, she had the right of choice. If she wished shecould stay, and if she wished she could separate from him. Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 29 Hadith no 1185
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 29 Hadith no 28


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ، أَنَّهُ سَمِعَهُ يَقُولُ إِذَا خَيَّرَ الرَّجُلُ امْرَأَتَهُ فَاخْتَارَتْهُ فَلَيْسَ ذَلِكَ بِطَلاَقٍ ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ وَذَلِكَ أَحْسَنُ مَا سَمِعْتُ ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ فِي الْمُخَيَّرَةِ إِذَا خَيَّرَهَا زَوْجُهَا فَاخْتَارَتْ نَفْسَهَا فَقَدْ طَلُقَتْ ثَلاَثًا وَإِنْ قَالَ زَوْجُهَا لَمْ أُخَيِّرْكِ إِلاَّ وَاحِدَةً فَلَيْسَ لَهُ ذَلِكَ ‏.‏ وَذَلِكَ أَحْسَنُ مَا سَمِعْتُهُ ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ وَإِنْ خَيَّرَهَا فَقَالَتْ قَدْ قَبِلْتُ وَاحِدَةً وَقَالَ لَمْ أُرِدْ هَذَا وَإِنَّمَا خَيَّرْتُكِ فِي الثَّلاَثِ جَمِيعًا أَنَّهَا إِنْ لَمْ تَقْبَلْ إِلاَّ وَاحِدَةً أَقَامَتْ عِنْدَهُ عَلَى نِكَاحِهَا وَلَمْ يَكُنْ ذَلِكَ فِرَاقًا إِنْ شَاءَ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى ‏.‏

Yahya related to me that Malik heard Ibn Shihab say, "When a mangives his wife the right of choice, and she chooses him, that is notdivorce." Malik added, "That is the best of what I haveheard." Malik said that if a woman who had been given theright of choice by her husband chose herself, she was divorced trebly.If her husband said, "But I only gave her the right of choice in one,"he had none of that. That was the best of what he had heard. Malik said, "If the man gives his wife the right of choice and shesays, 'I accept one', and he says, 'I did not mean that, I have giventhe right of choice in all three together,' then if she only acceptsone, she remains with him in her marriage, and that is not separationif Allah, the Exalted wills." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 29 Hadith no 1186
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 29 Hadith no 30


حَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ سَعِيدٍ، عَنْ عَمْرَةَ بِنْتِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ، أَنَّهَا أَخْبَرَتْهُ عَنْ حَبِيبَةَ بِنْتِ سَهْلٍ الأَنْصَارِيِّ، أَنَّهَا كَانَتْ تَحْتَ ثَابِتِ بْنِ قَيْسِ بْنِ شَمَّاسٍ وَأَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم خَرَجَ إِلَى الصُّبْحِ فَوَجَدَ حَبِيبَةَ بِنْتَ سَهْلٍ عِنْدَ بَابِهِ فِي الْغَلَسِ فَقَالَ لَهَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ مَنْ هَذِهِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَقَالَتْ أَنَا حَبِيبَةُ بِنْتُ سَهْلٍ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏"‏ مَا شَأْنُكِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَتْ لاَ أَنَا وَلاَ ثَابِتُ بْنُ قَيْسٍ ‏.‏ لِزَوْجِهَا فَلَمَّا جَاءَ زَوْجُهَا ثَابِتُ بْنُ قَيْسٍ قَالَ لَهُ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ هَذِهِ حَبِيبَةُ بِنْتُ سَهْلٍ قَدْ ذَكَرَتْ مَا شَاءَ اللَّهُ أَنْ تَذْكُرَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَقَالَتْ حَبِيبَةُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ كُلُّ مَا أَعْطَانِي عِنْدِي ‏.‏ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم لِثَابِتِ بْنِ قَيْسٍ ‏"‏ خُذْ مِنْهَا ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَأَخَذَ مِنْهَا وَجَلَسَتْ فِي بَيْتِ أَهْلِهَا ‏.‏

Yahya related. to me from Malik from Yahya ibn Said that Amrabint Abd ar-Rahman told him from Habiba bint Sahl al-Ansari that shehad been the wife of Thabit ibn Qays ibn Shammas. The Messenger ofAllah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went out for the dawnprayer, and found Habiba bint Sahl at his door in the darkness. TheMessenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said toher, "Who is this?" She said, "I am Habiba bint Sahl, Messenger ofAllah." He said, "What do you want?" She said, "That Thabit ibn Qaysand I separate." When her husband, Thabit ibn Qays came, the Messengerof Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to him, "Thisis Habiba bint Sahl. She mentioned what Allah willed that shemention." Habiba said, "Messenger of Allah, all that he has given meis with me!" The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant himpeace, said to Thabit ibn Qays, "Take it from her," and he took itfrom her, and she stayed in the house of her family. Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 29 Hadith no 1187
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 29 Hadith no 31


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ نَافِعٍ، عَنْ مَوْلاَةٍ، لِصَفِيَّةَ بِنْتِ أَبِي عُبَيْدٍ ‏.‏ أَنَّهَا اخْتَلَعَتْ مِنْ زَوْجِهَا بِكُلِّ شَىْءٍ لَهَا فَلَمْ يُنْكِرْ ذَلِكَ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ عُمَرَ ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ فِي الْمُفْتَدِيَةِ الَّتِي تَفْتَدِي مِنْ زَوْجِهَا أَنَّهُ إِذَا عُلِمَ أَنَّ زَوْجَهَا أَضَرَّ بِهَا وَضَيَّقَ عَلَيْهَا وَعُلِمَ أَنَّهُ ظَالِمٌ لَهَا مَضَى الطَّلاَقُ وَرَدَّ عَلَيْهَا مَالَهَا ‏.‏ قَالَ فَهَذَا الَّذِي كُنْتُ أَسْمَعُ وَالَّذِي عَلَيْهِ أَمْرُ النَّاسِ عِنْدَنَا ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ لاَ بَأْسَ بِأَنْ تَفْتَدِيَ الْمَرْأَةُ مِنْ زَوْجِهَا بِأَكْثَرَ مِمَّا أَعْطَاهَا ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafi from a mawla of Safiyyabint Abi Ubayd that she gave all that she possessed to her husband ascompensation for her divorce from him, and Abdullah ibn Umar did notdisapprove of that. Malik said that divorce was ratified fora woman who ransomed herself from her husband, when it was known thather husband was detrimental to her and was oppressive for her, and itwas known that he wronged her, and he had to return her property toher. Malik added, "This is what I have heard, and it is what is doneamong us." Malik said, "There is no harm if a woman ransomsherself from her husband for more than he gave her." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 29 Hadith no 1188
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 29 Hadith no 32


حَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ نَافِعٍ، أَنَّ رُبَيِّعَ بِنْتَ مُعَوِّذِ بْنِ عَفْرَاءَ، جَاءَتْ هِيَ وَعَمُّهَا إِلَى عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عُمَرَ فَأَخْبَرَتْهُ أَنَّهَا اخْتَلَعَتْ مِنْ زَوْجِهَا فِي زَمَانِ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ عَفَّانَ فَبَلَغَ ذَلِكَ عُثْمَانَ بْنَ عَفَّانَ فَلَمْ يُنْكِرْهُ ‏.‏ وَقَالَ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ عُمَرَ عِدَّتُهَا عِدَّةُ الْمُطَلَّقَةِ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafi that Rubayyi bintMuawwidh ibn Afra came with her paternal uncle to Abdullah ibn Umarand told him that she had divorced her husband for a compensation inthe time of Uthman ibn Affan, and he heard about it and did notdisapprove. Abdullah ibn Umar said, "Her idda is the idda of adivorced woman." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 29 Hadith no 1189
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 29 Hadith no 33


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، أَنَّهُ بَلَغَهُ أَنَّ سَعِيدَ بْنَ الْمُسَيَّبِ، وَسُلَيْمَانَ بْنَ يَسَارٍ، وَابْنَ، شِهَابٍ كَانُوا يَقُولُونَ عِدَّةُ الْمُخْتَلِعَةِ مِثْلُ عِدَّةِ الْمُطَلَّقَةِ ثَلاَثَةُ قُرُوءٍ ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ فِي الْمُفْتَدِيَةِ إِنَّهَا لاَ تَرْجِعُ إِلَى زَوْجِهَا إِلاَّ بِنِكَاحٍ جَدِيدٍ فَإِنْ هُوَ نَكَحَهَا فَفَارَقَهَا قَبْلَ أَنْ يَمَسَّهَا لَمْ يَكُنْ لَهُ عَلَيْهَا عِدَّةٌ مِنَ الطَّلاَقِ الآخَرِ وَتَبْنِي عَلَى عِدَّتِهَا الأُولَى ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ وَهَذَا أَحْسَنُ مَا سَمِعْتُ فِي ذَلِكَ ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ إِذَا افْتَدَتِ الْمَرْأَةُ مِنْ زَوْجِهَا بِشَىْءٍ عَلَى أَنْ يُطَلِّقَهَا فَطَلَّقَهَا طَلاَقًا مُتَتَابِعًا نَسَقًا فَذَلِكَ ثَابِتٌ عَلَيْهِ فَإِنْ كَانَ بَيْنَ ذَلِكَ صُمَاتٌ فَمَا أَتْبَعَهُ بَعْدَ الصُّمَاتِ فَلَيْسَ بِشَىْءٍ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik that he hadheard that Said ibn al-Musayyab and Sulayman ibn Yasar and Ibn Shihaball said that a woman who divorced for a compensation had the sameidda as a divorced woman - three periods. Malik said that awoman who ransomed herself could not return to her husband except by anew marriage. If someone married her and then separated from herbefore he had intercourse with her, there was no idda against her fromthe recent marriage, and she rested on her first idda. Maliksaid, "That is the best that I have heard on the matter." Malik said, "If, when a woman offers to compensate her husband, hedivorces her straightaway, then that compensation is confirmed forhim. If he makes no response, and then at a later date, does divorceher, he is not entitled to that compensation." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 29 Hadith no 1190
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 29 Hadith no 33



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