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Sunan Abi Dawud

Divorce (Kitab Al-Talaq)

كتاب الطلاق

حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ كَثِيرٍ، أَخْبَرَنَا سُفْيَانُ، عَنْ مَنْصُورٍ، عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، عَنِ الأَسْوَدِ، عَنْ عَائِشَةَ، أَنَّ زَوْجَ، بَرِيرَةَ كَانَ حُرًّا حِينَ أُعْتِقَتْ وَأَنَّهَا خُيِّرَتْ فَقَالَتْ مَا أُحِبُّ أَنْ أَكُونَ مَعَهُ وَإِنَّ لِي كَذَا وَكَذَا ‏.‏


Chapter: Who So Said That He Was A Free Man

A’ishah said “Barirah’s husband was a free man when she was emancipated. She was given choice. She said “I do not like to remain with him. I have such and such (grievances)” Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 13 Hadith no 2235
Web reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 12 Hadith no 2227


حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الْعَزِيزِ بْنُ يَحْيَى الْحَرَّانِيُّ، حَدَّثَنِي مُحَمَّدٌ، - يَعْنِي ابْنَ سَلَمَةَ - عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْحَاقَ، عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ، وَعَنْ أَبَانَ بْنِ صَالِحٍ، عَنْ مُجَاهِدٍ، وَعَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ عُرْوَةَ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ عَائِشَةَ، أَنَّ بَرِيرَةَ، أُعْتِقَتْ وَهِيَ عِنْدَ مُغِيثٍ - عَبْدٍ لآلِ أَبِي أَحْمَدَ - فَخَيَّرَهَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَقَالَ لَهَا ‏"‏ إِنْ قَرِبَكِ فَلاَ خِيَارَ لَكِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏


Chapter: When Will She Have Such An Option ?

Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu'minin: Barirah was emancipated, and she was the wife of Mughith, a slave of Aal AbuAhmad. The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) gave her choice, and said to her: If he has intercourse with you, then there is no choice for you. Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 13 Hadith no 2236
Web reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 12 Hadith no 2228


حَدَّثَنَا زُهَيْرُ بْنُ حَرْبٍ، وَنَصْرُ بْنُ عَلِيٍّ، قَالَ زُهَيْرٌ حَدَّثَنَا عُبَيْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ عَبْدِ الْمَجِيدِ، حَدَّثَنَا عُبَيْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ مَوْهَبٍ، عَنِ الْقَاسِمِ، عَنْ عَائِشَةَ، أَنَّهَا أَرَادَتْ أَنْ تَعْتِقَ، مَمْلُوكَيْنِ لَهَا زَوْجٌ قَالَ فَسَأَلَتِ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم عَنْ ذَلِكَ فَأَمَرَهَا أَنْ تَبْدَأَ بِالرَّجُلِ قَبْلَ الْمَرْأَةِ ‏.‏ قَالَ نَصْرٌ أَخْبَرَنِي أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الْحَنَفِيُّ عَنْ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ ‏.‏


Chapter: If Two Slaves Are Set Free Together, Does The Wife Have The Option ?

Al-Qasim said: Aisha intended to set free two slaves of her who were spouses. She, therefore, asked the Prophet (PBUH) about this matter. He commanded to begin with the man before the woman. The narrator Nasr said: Abu 'Ali al-Hanafi reported it to me on the authority of Ubaydullah. Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 13 Hadith no 2237
Web reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 12 Hadith no 2229


حَدَّثَنَا عُثْمَانُ بْنُ أَبِي شَيْبَةَ، حَدَّثَنَا وَكِيعٌ، عَنْ إِسْرَائِيلَ، عَنْ سِمَاكٍ، عَنْ عِكْرِمَةَ، عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، أَنَّ رَجُلاً، جَاءَ مُسْلِمًا عَلَى عَهْدِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ثُمَّ جَاءَتِ امْرَأَتُهُ مُسْلِمَةً بَعْدَهُ فَقَالَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ إِنَّهَا قَدْ كَانَتْ أَسْلَمَتْ مَعِي ‏.‏ فَرَدَّهَا عَلَيْهِ ‏.‏


Chapter: If One Of The Two Who Are Married Accepts Islam

Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas: A man came after embracing Islam during the time of the Messenger of Allah (PBUH). Afterwards his wife came after embracing Islam. He said: Messenger of Allah, she embraced Islam along with me; so restore her to me. Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 13 Hadith no 2238
Web reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 12 Hadith no 2230


حَدَّثَنَا نَصْرُ بْنُ عَلِيٍّ، أَخْبَرَنِي أَبُو أَحْمَدَ، عَنْ إِسْرَائِيلَ، عَنْ سِمَاكٍ، عَنْ عِكْرِمَةَ، عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، قَالَ أَسْلَمَتِ امْرَأَةٌ عَلَى عَهْدِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَتَزَوَّجَتْ فَجَاءَ زَوْجُهَا إِلَى النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَقَالَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ إِنِّي قَدْ كُنْتُ أَسْلَمْتُ وَعَلِمَتْ بِإِسْلاَمِي فَانْتَزَعَهَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم مِنْ زَوْجِهَا الآخَرِ وَرَدَّهَا إِلَى زَوْجِهَا الأَوَّلِ ‏.‏

Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas: A woman embraced Islam during the time of the Messenger of Allah (PBUH); she then married. Her (former) husband then came to the Prophet (PBUH) and said: Messenger of Allah, I have already embraced Islam, and she had the knowledge about my Islam. The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) took her away from her latter husband and restored her to her former husband. Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 13 Hadith no 2239
Web reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 12 Hadith no 2231


حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ النُّفَيْلِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ سَلَمَةَ، ح وَحَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَمْرٍو الرَّازِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا سَلَمَةُ يَعْنِي ابْنَ الْفَضْلِ، ح وَحَدَّثَنَا الْحَسَنُ بْنُ عَلِيٍّ، حَدَّثَنَا يَزِيدُ، - الْمَعْنَى - كُلُّهُمْ عَنِ ابْنِ إِسْحَاقَ، عَنْ دَاوُدَ بْنِ الْحُصَيْنِ، عَنْ عِكْرِمَةَ، عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، قَالَ رَدَّ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ابْنَتَهُ زَيْنَبَ عَلَى أَبِي الْعَاصِي بِالنِّكَاحِ الأَوَّلِ لَمْ يُحْدِثْ شَيْئًا ‏.‏ قَالَ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَمْرٍو فِي حَدِيثِهِ بَعْدَ سِتِّ سِنِينَ وَقَالَ الْحَسَنُ بْنُ عَلِيٍّ بَعْدَ سَنَتَيْنِ ‏.‏


Chapter: Up Till When Will She Be Returned To Her Husband If He Accepts Islam After Her ?

Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) restored his daughter Zaynab to Abul'As on the basis of the previous marriage, and he did not do anything afresh. Muhammad b. 'Amr said in his version: After six years. Al-Hasan b. 'Ali said: After two years. Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 13 Hadith no 2240
Web reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 12 Hadith no 2232



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