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Muwatta Imam Malik

The Eclipse Prayer

كتاب صلاة الكسوف

حَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ عُرْوَةَ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ عَائِشَةَ، زَوْجِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنَّهَا قَالَتْ خَسَفَتِ الشَّمْسُ فِي عَهْدِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَصَلَّى رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم بِالنَّاسِ فَقَامَ فَأَطَالَ الْقِيَامَ ثُمَّ رَكَعَ فَأَطَالَ الرُّكُوعَ ثُمَّ قَامَ فَأَطَالَ الْقِيَامَ وَهُوَ دُونَ الْقِيَامِ الأَوَّلِ ثُمَّ رَكَعَ فَأَطَالَ الرُّكُوعَ وَهُوَ دُونَ الرُّكُوعِ الأَوَّلِ ثُمَّ رَفَعَ فَسَجَدَ ثُمَّ فَعَلَ فِي الرَّكْعَةِ الآخِرَةِ مِثْلَ ذَلِكَ ثُمَّ انْصَرَفَ وَقَدْ تَجَلَّتِ الشَّمْسُ فَخَطَبَ النَّاسَ فَحَمِدَ اللَّهَ وَأَثْنَى عَلَيْهِ ثُمَّ قَالَ ‏"‏ إِنَّ الشَّمْسَ وَالْقَمَرَ آيَتَانِ مِنْ آيَاتِ اللَّهِ لاَ يَخْسِفَانِ لِمَوْتِ أَحَدٍ وَلاَ لِحَيَاتِهِ فَإِذَا رَأَيْتُمْ ذَلِكَ فَادْعُوا اللَّهَ وَكَبِّرُوا وَتَصَدَّقُوا - ثُمَّ قَالَ - يَا أُمَّةَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَاللَّهِ مَا مِنْ أَحَدٍ أَغْيَرَ مِنَ اللَّهِ أَنْ يَزْنِيَ عَبْدُهُ أَوْ تَزْنِيَ أَمَتُهُ يَا أُمَّةَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَاللَّهِ لَوْ تَعْلَمُونَ مَا أَعْلَمُ لَضَحِكْتُمْ قَلِيلاً وَلَبَكَيْتُمْ كَثِيرًا ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Hisham ibn Urwa from hisfather that A'isha, the wife of the Prophet, may Allah bless him andgrant him peace, said, "There was an eclipse of the sun in the time ofthe Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, andthe Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, ledthe people in prayer. He stood, and did so for a long time. Then hewent into ruku, and made the ruku long. Then he stood again, and didso for a long time, though not as long as the first time. Then he wentinto ruku, and made the ruku long, though not as long as thefirsttime. Then he rose, and went down into sajda. He then did the same inthe second raka, and by the time he had finished the sun had appeared.He then gave a khutba to the people, in which he praised Allah andthen said, 'The sun and the moon are two of Allah's signs. They do noteclipse for anyone's death nor for anyone's life. When you see aneclipse, call on Allah and say, "Allah is greater" and give sadaqa.'Then he said, 'O community of Muhammad! ByAllah, there is no-one morejealous than Allah of a male or female slave of his who commitsadultery. O community of Muhammad! By Allah, if you knew what I knew,you would laugh little and weep much'." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 12 Hadith no 448
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 12 Hadith no 1


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ زَيْدِ بْنِ أَسْلَمَ، عَنْ عَطَاءِ بْنِ يَسَارٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، أَنَّهُ قَالَ خَسَفَتِ الشَّمْسُ فَصَلَّى رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَالنَّاسُ مَعَهُ فَقَامَ قِيَامًا طَوِيلاً نَحْوًا مِنْ سُورَةِ الْبَقَرَةِ - قَالَ - ثُمَّ رَكَعَ رُكُوعًا طَوِيلاً ثُمَّ رَفَعَ فَقَامَ قِيَامًا طَوِيلاً وَهُوَ دُونَ الْقِيَامِ الأَوَّلِ ثُمَّ رَكَعَ رُكُوعًا طَوِيلاً وَهُوَ دُونَ الرُّكُوعِ الأَوَّلِ ثُمَّ سَجَدَ ثُمَّ قَامَ قِيَامًا طَوِيلاً وَهُوَ دُونَ الْقِيَامِ الأَوَّلِ ثُمَّ رَكَعَ رُكُوعًا طَوِيلاً وَهُوَ دُونَ الرُّكُوعِ الأَوَّلِ ثُمَّ رَفَعَ فَقَامَ قِيَامًا طَوِيلاً وَهُوَ دُونَ الْقِيَامِ الأَوَّلِ ثُمَّ رَكَعَ رُكُوعًا طَوِيلاً وَهُو دُونَ الرُّكُوعِ الأَوَّلِ ثُمَّ سَجَدَ ثُمَّ انْصَرَفَ وَقَدْ تَجَلَّتِ الشَّمْسُ فَقَالَ ‏"‏ إِنَّ الشَّمْسَ وَالْقَمَرَ آيَتَانِ مِنْ آيَاتِ اللَّهِ لاَ يَخْسِفَانِ لِمَوْتِ أَحَدٍ وَلاَ لِحَيَاتِهِ فَإِذَا رَأَيْتُمْ ذَلِكَ فَاذْكُرُوا اللَّهَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالُوا يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ رَأَيْنَاكَ تَنَاوَلْتَ شَيْئًا فِي مَقَامِكَ هَذَا ثُمَّ رَأَيْنَاكَ تَكَعْكَعْتَ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ ‏"‏ إِنِّي رَأَيْتُ الْجَنَّةَ فَتَنَاوَلْتُ مِنْهَا عُنْقُودًا وَلَوْ أَخَذْتُهُ لأَكَلْتُمْ مِنْهُ مَا بَقِيَتِ الدُّنْيَا وَرَأَيْتُ النَّارَ فَلَمْ أَرَ كَالْيَوْمِ مَنْظَرًا قَطُّ أَفْظَعَ وَرَأَيْتُ أَكْثَرَ أَهْلِهَا النِّسَاءَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالُوا لِمَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ قَالَ ‏"‏ لِكُفْرِهِنَّ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قِيلَ أَيَكْفُرْنَ بِاللَّهِ ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏"‏ وَيَكْفُرْنَ الْعَشِيرَ وَيَكْفُرْنَ الإِحْسَانَ لَوْ أَحْسَنْتَ إِلَى إِحْدَاهُنَّ الدَّهْرَ كُلَّهُ ثُمَّ رَأَتْ مِنْكَ شَيْئًا قَالَتْ مَا رَأَيْتُ مِنْكَ خَيْرًا قَطُّ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Zayd ibn Aslam from Ata ibnYasar that Abdullah ibn Abbas said, "There was an eclipse of the sunand the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace,prayed, and the people prayed with him. He stood for a long time,nearly as long as (it takes to recite) Surat al-Baqara (Sura 2), andthen went into ruku for a long time. Then he rose and stood for a longtime, though less than the first time.Then he went into ruku for along time, though less than the first time. Then he went down intosajda. Then he stood for a long time, though less than the first time.Then he went into ruku for a long time, though less than the firsttime. Then he rose and stood for a long time, though less than thefirsttime. Then he went into ruku for a long time, though less thanthe first time. Then he went down into sajda, and by the time he hadfinished the sun had appeared. Then he said, 'The sun and the moon aretwo of Allah's signs. They do not eclipse for anyone's death nor foranyone's life. When you see an eclipse, remember Allah.' They said,'Messenger of Allah, we saw you reach out for something while you werestanding here and then we saw you withdraw.' He said, 'I saw theGarden and I reached out for a bunch of grapes from it, and if I hadtaken it you would have been able to eat from it for as long as thisworld lasted. Then I saw the Fire - and I have never seen anythingmore hideous than what I saw today - and I saw that most of itspeople were women.' They said, 'Why, Messenger of Allah?' He said,'Because of their ungratefulness (kufr).' Someone said, 'Are theyungrateful toAllah?' He said, 'They are ungrateful to their husbandsand they are ungrateful for good behaviour (towards them) . Even ifyou were to behave well towards one of them for a whole lifetime andthen she were to see you do something (that she did not like) shewould say that she had never seen anything good from you.' " Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 12 Hadith no 449
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 12 Hadith no 2


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ سَعِيدٍ، عَنْ عَمْرَةَ بِنْتِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ، عَنْ عَائِشَةَ، زَوْجِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنَّ يَهُودِيَّةً جَاءَتْ تَسْأَلُهَا فَقَالَتْ أَعَاذَكِ اللَّهُ مِنْ عَذَابِ الْقَبْرِ ‏.‏ فَسَأَلَتْ عَائِشَةُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَيُعَذَّبُ النَّاسُ فِي قُبُورِهِمْ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم عَائِذًا بِاللَّهِ مِنْ ذَلِكَ ثُمَّ رَكِبَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ذَاتَ غَدَاةٍ مَرْكَبًا فَخَسَفَتِ الشَّمْسُ فَرَجَعَ ضُحًى فَمَرَّ بَيْنَ ظَهْرَانَىِ الْحُجَرِ ثُمَّ قَامَ يُصَلِّي وَقَامَ النَّاسُ وَرَاءَهُ فَقَامَ قِيَامًا طَوِيلاً ثُمَّ رَكَعَ رُكُوعًا طَوِيلاً ثُمَّ رَفَعَ فَقَامَ قِيَامًا طَوِيلاً وَهُوَ دُونَ الْقِيَامِ الأَوَّلِ ثُمَّ رَكَعَ رُكُوعًا طَوِيلاً وَهُوَ دُونَ الرُّكُوعِ الأَوَّلِ ثُمَّ رَفَعَ فَسَجَدَ ثُمَّ قَامَ قِيَامًا طَوِيلاً وَهُوَ دُونَ الْقِيَامِ الأَوَّلِ ثُمَّ رَكَعَ رُكُوعًا طَوِيلاً وَهُوَ دُونَ الرُّكُوعِ الأَوَّلِ ثُمَّ رَفَعَ فَقَامَ قِيَامًا طَوِيلاً وَهُوَ دُونَ الْقِيَامِ الأَوَّلِ ثُمَّ رَكَعَ رُكُوعًا طَوِيلاً وَهُوَ دُونَ الرُّكُوعِ الأَوَّلِ ثُمَّ رَفَعَ ثُمَّ سَجَدَ ثُمَّ انْصَرَفَ فَقَالَ مَا شَاءَ اللَّهُ أَنْ يَقُولَ ثُمَّ أَمَرَهُمْ أَنْ يَتَعَوَّذُوا مِنْ عَذَابِ الْقَبْرِ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Yahya ibn Said from 'Amrabint Abd ar-Rahman from A'isha, the wife of the Prophet, may Allahbless him and grant him peace, that a jewish woman came to beg fromher and said, "May Allah give you refuge from the punishment of thegrave." So A'isha asked the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless himand grant him peace, "Are people punished in their graves?", and theMessenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, tookrefuge in Allah from that. Then one morning the Messenger of Allah,may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went out on a journey andthere was an eclipse of the sun, and he returned in the late morningand passed through his apartments. Then he stood and prayed, and thepeople stood behind him. He stood for a long time, and then went intoruku for a long time. Then he rose and stood for a long time, thoughless than the first time, and then went into ruku for a long time,though less than the first time. Then he rose, and went down intosajda. Then he stood for a long time, though less than the timebefore, and then went into ruku for a long time, though less than thetime before. Then he rose and stood for a long time, though less thanthe time before, and then went into ruku for a long time, though lessthan the time before. Then he rose, and went down into sajda. When hehad finished he said what Allah willed him to say, and then he toldthem to seek protection for themselves from the punishment of thegrave." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 12 Hadith no 450
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 12 Hadith no 3


حَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ عُرْوَةَ، عَنْ فَاطِمَةَ بِنْتِ الْمُنْذِرِ، عَنْ أَسْمَاءَ بِنْتِ أَبِي بَكْرٍ الصِّدِّيقِ، أَنَّهَا قَالَتْ أَتَيْتُ عَائِشَةَ زَوْجَ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم حِينَ خَسَفَتِ الشَّمْسُ فَإِذَا النَّاسُ قِيَامٌ يُصَلُّونَ وَإِذَا هِيَ قَائِمَةٌ تُصَلِّي فَقُلْتُ مَا لِلنَّاسِ فَأَشَارَتْ بِيَدِهَا نَحْوَ السَّمَاءِ وَقَالَتْ سُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ ‏.‏ فَقُلْتُ آيَةٌ فَأَشَارَتْ بِرَأْسِهَا أَنْ نَعَمْ ‏.‏ قَالَتْ فَقُمْتُ حَتَّى تَجَلاَّنِي الْغَشْىُ وَجَعَلْتُ أَصُبُّ فَوْقَ رَأْسِي الْمَاءَ فَحَمِدَ اللَّهَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَأَثْنَى عَلَيْهِ ثُمَّ قَالَ ‏"‏ مَا مِنْ شَىْءٍ كُنْتُ لَمْ أَرَهُ إِلاَّ قَدْ رَأَيْتُهُ فِي مَقَامِي هَذَا حَتَّى الْجَنَّةُ وَالنَّارُ وَلَقَدْ أُوحِيَ إِلَىَّ أَنَّكُمْ تُفْتَنُونَ فِي الْقُبُورِ مِثْلَ - أَوْ قَرِيبًا - مِنْ فِتْنَةِ الدَّجَّالِ - لاَ أَدْرِي أَيَّتَهُمَا قَالَتْ أَسْمَاءُ - يُؤْتَى أَحَدُكُمْ فَيُقَالُ لَهُ مَا عِلْمُكَ بِهَذَا الرَّجُلِ فَأَمَّا الْمُؤْمِنُ - أَوِ الْمُوقِنُ لاَ أَدْرِي أَىَّ ذَلِكَ قَالَتْ أَسْمَاءُ - فَيَقُولُ هُوَ مُحَمَّدٌ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ جَاءَنَا بِالْبَيِّنَاتِ وَالْهُدَى فَأَجَبْنَا وَآمَنَّا وَاتَّبَعْنَا فَيُقَالُ لَهُ نَمْ صَالِحًا قَدْ عَلِمْنَا إِنْ كُنْتَ لَمُؤْمِنًا وَأَمَّا الْمُنَافِقُ - أَوِ الْمُرْتَابُ لاَ أَدْرِي أَيَّتَهُمَا قَالَتْ أَسْمَاءُ - فَيَقُولُ لاَ أَدْرِي سَمِعْتُ النَّاسَ يَقُولُونَ شَيْئًا فَقُلْتُهُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Hisham ibn Urwa from Fatimabint al Mundhir that Asma bint Abi Bakr as-Siddiq said, "I went toA'isha, the wife of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant himpeace, during an eclipse of the sun, and everybody was standing inprayer, and she too was standing praying. I said, 'What is everybodydoing?' She pointed towards the sky with her hand and said, 'Glory beto Allah.' I said, 'A sign?' She nodded 'Yes' with her head." She continued, "I stood until I had almost fainted, and I began topour water over my head. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless himand grant him peace, praised Allah and spoke well of Him, and thensaid, 'There is nothing which I had previously not seen beforehandthat I have not now seen while standing - even the Garden and theFire. It has been revealed to me that you will be tried in your graveswith a trial, like, or near to, the trial of the Dajjal (I do not knowwhich one Asma said). Every one of you will have someone who comes tohim and asks him, 'What do you know about this man?' A mumin, or onewho has certainty (muqin) (I do not know which one Asma said), willsay, 'He is Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him andgrant him peace, who came to us with clear proofs and guidance, and weanswered and believed and followed.' He will then be told, 'Sleep in agood state. We know now that you were a mumin.' A hypocrite, however,or one who has doubts (l do not know which one Asma said), will say,'I do not know, I heard everybody saying something and I said it.' " Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 12 Hadith no 451
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 12 Hadith no 4



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