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Sunan Abi Dawud

Commercial Transactions (Kitab Al-Buyu)

كتاب البيوع

حَدَّثَنَا مُسَدَّدٌ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو مُعَاوِيَةَ، عَنِ الأَعْمَشِ، عَنْ أَبِي وَائِلٍ، عَنْ قَيْسِ بْنِ أَبِي غَرَزَةَ، قَالَ كُنَّا فِي عَهْدِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم نُسَمَّى السَّمَاسِرَةَ فَمَرَّ بِنَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَسَمَّانَا بِاسْمٍ هُوَ أَحْسَنُ مِنْهُ فَقَالَ ‏"‏ يَا مَعْشَرَ التُّجَّارِ إِنَّ الْبَيْعَ يَحْضُرُهُ اللَّغْوُ وَالْحَلِفُ فَشُوبُوهُ بِالصَّدَقَةِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏


Chapter: Regarding Trade That Is Mixed With Swearing And Idle Talk

Narrated Qays ibn AbuGharazah: In the time of the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) we used to be called brokers, but the Prophet (PBUH) came upon us one day, and called us by a better name than that, saying: O company of merchants, unprofitable speech and swearing takes place in business dealings, so mix it with sadaqah (alms). Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 23 Hadith no 3326
Web reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 22 Hadith no 3320


حَدَّثَنَا الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ عِيسَى الْبُسْطَامِيُّ، وَحَامِدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى، وَعَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ الزُّهْرِيُّ، قَالُوا حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ، عَنْ جَامِعِ بْنِ أَبِي رَاشِدٍ، وَعَبْدِ الْمَلِكِ بْنِ أَعْيَنَ، وَعَاصِمٍ، عَنْ أَبِي وَائِلٍ، عَنْ قَيْسِ بْنِ أَبِي غَرَزَةَ، بِمَعْنَاهُ قَالَ ‏"‏ يَحْضُرُهُ الْكَذِبُ وَالْحَلِفُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ وَقَالَ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ الزُّهْرِيُّ ‏"‏ اللَّغْوُ وَالْكَذِبُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

The tradition mentioned above has also been transmitted by Qais b. Abi Gharazah through a different chain of narrators to the same effect. This version has: "Lying and swearing have a place on i." 'Abd Allah al-Zuhri said: "Unprofitable speech and lying." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 23 Hadith no 3327
Web reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 22 Hadith no 3321


حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مَسْلَمَةَ الْقَعْنَبِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الْعَزِيزِ، - يَعْنِي ابْنَ مُحَمَّدٍ - عَنْ عَمْرٍو، - يَعْنِي ابْنَ أَبِي عَمْرٍو - عَنْ عِكْرِمَةَ، عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، أَنَّ رَجُلاً، لَزِمَ غَرِيمًا لَهُ بِعَشْرَةِ دَنَانِيرَ فَقَالَ وَاللَّهِ لاَ أُفَارِقُكَ حَتَّى تَقْضِيَنِي أَوْ تَأْتِيَنِي بِحَمِيلٍ فَتَحَمَّلَ بِهَا النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَأَتَاهُ بِقَدْرِ مَا وَعَدَهُ فَقَالَ لَهُ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ مِنْ أَيْنَ أَصَبْتَ هَذَا الذَّهَبَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ مِنْ مَعْدِنٍ ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏"‏ لاَ حَاجَةَ لَنَا فِيهَا وَلَيْسَ فِيهَا خَيْرٌ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَقَضَاهَا عَنْهُ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏.‏


Chapter: Regarding Extraction Of Minerals

Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas: A man seized his debtor who owed ten dinars to him. He said to him: I swear by Allah, I shall not leave you until you pay off (my debt) to me or bring a surety. The Prophet (PBUH) stood as a surety for him. He then brought as much (money) as he promised. The Prophet (PBUH) asked: From where did you acquire this gold? He replied: From a mine. He said: We have no need of it; there is no good in it. Then the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) paid (the debt) on his behalf. Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 23 Hadith no 3328
Web reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 22 Hadith no 3322


حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ يُونُسَ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو شِهَابٍ، حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ عَوْنٍ، عَنِ الشَّعْبِيِّ، قَالَ سَمِعْتُ النُّعْمَانَ بْنَ بَشِيرٍ، - وَلاَ أَسْمَعُ أَحَدًا بَعْدَهُ يَقُولُ - سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ ‏"‏ إِنَّ الْحَلاَلَ بَيِّنٌ وَإِنَّ الْحَرَامَ بَيِّنٌ وَبَيْنَهُمَا أُمُورٌ مُشْتَبِهَاتٌ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ وَأَحْيَانًا يَقُولُ ‏"‏ مُشْتَبِهَةٌ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ ‏"‏ وَسَأَضْرِبُ لَكُمْ فِي ذَلِكَ مَثَلاً إِنَّ اللَّهَ حَمَى حِمًى وَإِنَّ حِمَى اللَّهِ مَا حَرَّمَ وَإِنَّهُ مَنْ يَرْعَ حَوْلَ الْحِمَى يُوشِكْ أَنْ يُخَالِطَهُ وَإِنَّهُ مَنْ يُخَالِطِ الرِّيبَةَ يُوشِكْ أَنْ يَجْسُرَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏


Chapter: Regarding Avoiding Things That One Doubts

Narrated Al-Nu'man b. Bashir: I heard the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) say: What is lawful is clear and what is unlawful is clear, but between them are certain doubtful things. I give you an example for this. Allah has a preserve, and Allah's preserve is the things He has declared unlawful. He who pastures (his animals) round the preserve will soon fall into it. He who falls into doubtful things will soon be courageous. Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 23 Hadith no 3329
Web reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 22 Hadith no 3323


حَدَّثَنَا إِبْرَاهِيمُ بْنُ مُوسَى الرَّازِيُّ، أَخْبَرَنَا عِيسَى، حَدَّثَنَا زَكَرِيَّا، عَنْ عَامِرٍ الشَّعْبِيِّ، قَالَ سَمِعْتُ النُّعْمَانَ بْنَ بَشِيرٍ، قَالَ سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ بِهَذَا الْحَدِيثِ قَالَ ‏"‏ وَبَيْنَهُمَا مُشَبَّهَاتٌ لا يَعْلَمُهَا كَثِيرٌ مِنَ النَّاسِ فَمَنِ اتَّقَى الشُّبُهَاتِ اسْتَبْرَأَ عِرْضَهُ وَدِينَهُ وَمَنْ وَقَعَ فِي الشُّبُهَاتِ وَقَعَ فِي الْحَرَامِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Narrated Al-Nu'man b. Bashir: I heard Messenger of Allah (PBUH) say: But between them are certain doubtful things which many people do not recognize. He who guards against doubtful things keeps his religion and his honor blameless, but he who falls into doubtful things falls into what is unlawful. Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 23 Hadith no 3330
Web reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 22 Hadith no 3324


حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عِيسَى، حَدَّثَنَا هُشَيْمٌ، أَخْبَرَنَا عَبَّادُ بْنُ رَاشِدٍ، قَالَ سَمِعْتُ سَعِيدَ بْنَ أَبِي خَيْرَةَ، يَقُولُ حَدَّثَنَا الْحَسَنُ، مُنْذُ أَرْبَعِينَ سَنَةً عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ قَالَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ح وَحَدَّثَنَا وَهْبُ بْنُ بَقِيَّةَ أَخْبَرَنَا خَالِدٌ عَنْ دَاوُدَ - يَعْنِي ابْنَ أَبِي هِنْدٍ - وَهَذَا لَفْظُهُ عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ أَبِي خَيْرَةَ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏"‏ لَيَأْتِيَنَّ عَلَى النَّاسِ زَمَانٌ لاَ يَبْقَى أَحَدٌ إِلاَّ أَكَلَ الرِّبَا فَإِنْ لَمْ يَأْكُلْهُ أَصَابَهُ مِنْ بُخَارِهِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ ابْنُ عِيسَى ‏"‏ أَصَابَهُ مِنْ غُبَارِهِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Narrated AbuHurayrah: The Prophet (PBUH) said: A time is certainly coming to mankind when only the receiver of usury will remain, and if he does not receive it, some of its vapour will reach him. Ibn Isa said: Some of its dust will reach him. Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 23 Hadith no 3331
Web reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 22 Hadith no 3325



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