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Muwatta Imam Malik

Game

كتاب الصيد

وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، أَنَّهُ بَلَغَهُ عَنْ سَعْدِ بْنِ أَبِي وَقَّاصٍ، أَنَّهُ سُئِلَ عَنِ الْكَلْبِ الْمُعَلَّمِ، إِذَا قَتَلَ الصَّيْدَ فَقَالَ سَعْدٌ كُلْ وَإِنْ لَمْ تَبْقَ إِلاَّ بِضْعَةٌ وَاحِدَةٌ ‏.‏ وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، أَنَّهُ بَلَغَهُ عَنْ سَعْدِ بْنِ أَبِي وَقَّاصٍ، أَنَّهُ سُئِلَ عَنِ الْكَلْبِ الْمُعَلَّمِ، إِذَا قَتَلَ الصَّيْدَ فَقَالَ سَعْدٌ كُلْ وَإِنْ لَمْ تَبْقَ إِلاَّ بِضْعَةٌ وَاحِدَةٌ ‏.

Yahya related to me from Malik that he had heard that Sad ibn AbiWaqqas had said, when asked about a trained dog killing game, "Eat,even if only one piece of it remains." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 25 Hadith no 1060
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 25 Hadith no 7


.‏ وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ بَعْضَ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ يَقُولُونَ فِي الْبَازِي وَالْعُقَابِ وَالصَّقْرِ وَمَا أَشْبَهَ ذَلِكَ أَنَّهُ إِذَا كَانَ يَفْقَهُ كَمَا تَفْقَهُ الْكِلاَبُ الْمُعَلَّمَةُ فَلاَ بَأْسَ بِأَكْلِ مَا قَتَلَتْ مِمَّا صَادَتْ إِذَا ذُكِرَ اسْمُ اللَّهِ عَلَى إِرْسَالِهَا ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ وَأَحْسَنُ مَا سَمِعْتُ فِي الَّذِي يَتَخَلَّصُ الصَّيْدَ مِنْ مَخَالِبِ الْبَازِي أَوْ مِنَ الْكَلْبِ ثُمَّ يَتَرَبَّصُ بِهِ فَيَمُوتُ أَنَّهُ لاَ يَحِلُّ أَكْلُهُ ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ وَكَذَلِكَ كُلُّ مَا قُدِرَ عَلَى ذَبْحِهِ وَهُوَ فِي مَخَالِبِ الْبَازِي أَوْ فِي الْكَلْبِ فَيَتْرُكُهُ صَاحِبُهُ وَهُوَ قَادِرٌ عَلَى ذَبْحِهِ حَتَّى يَقْتُلَهُ الْبَازِي أَوِ الْكَلْبُ فَإِنَّهُ لاَ يَحِلُّ أَكْلُهُ ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ وَكَذَلِكَ الَّذِي يَرْمِي الصَّيْدَ فَيَنَالُهُ وَهُوَ حَىٌّ فَيُفَرِّطُ فِي ذَبْحِهِ حَتَّى يَمُوتَ فَإِنَّهُ لاَ يَحِلُّ أَكْلُهُ ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ الأَمْرُ الْمُجْتَمَعُ عَلَيْهِ عِنْدَنَا أَنَّ الْمُسْلِمَ إِذَا أَرْسَلَ كَلْبَ الْمَجُوسِيِّ الضَّارِيَ فَصَادَ أَوْ قَتَلَ إِنَّهُ إِذَا كَانَ مُعَلَّمًا فَأَكْلُ ذَلِكَ الصَّيْدِ حَلاَلٌ لاَ بَأْسَ بِهِ وَإِنْ لَمْ يُذَكِّهِ الْمُسْلِمُ وَإِنَّمَا مَثَلُ ذَلِكَ مَثَلُ الْمُسْلِمِ يَذْبَحُ بِشَفْرَةِ الْمَجُوسِيِّ أَوْ يَرْمِي بِقَوْسِهِ أَوْ بِنَبْلِهِ فَيَقْتُلُ بِهَا فَصَيْدُهُ ذَلِكَ وَذَبِيحَتُهُ حَلاَلٌ لاَ بَأْسَ بِأَكْلِهِ وَإِذَا أَرْسَلَ الْمَجُوسِيُّ كَلْبَ الْمُسْلِمِ الضَّارِيَ عَلَى صَيْدٍ فَأَخَذَهُ فَإِنَّهُ لاَ يُؤْكَلُ ذَلِكَ الصَّيْدُ إِلاَّ أَنْ يُذَكَّى وَإِنَّمَا مَثَلُ ذَلِكَ مَثَلُ قَوْسِ الْمُسْلِمِ وَنَبْلِهِ يَأْخُذُهَا الْمَجُوسِيُّ فَيَرْمِي بِهَا الصَّيْدَ فَيَقْتُلُهُ وَبِمَنْزِلَةِ شَفْرَةِ الْمُسْلِمِ يَذْبَحُ بِهَا الْمَجُوسِيُّ فَلاَ يَحِلُّ أَكْلُ شَىْءٍ مِنْ ذَلِكَ ‏.

Yahya related to me from Malik that he had heard some of thepeople of knowledge say that when falcons, eagles, and hawks and theirlike, understood as trained dogs understood, there was no harm ineating what they had killed in the course of hunting, if the name ofAllah had been mentioned when they were sent out. Malik said,"The best of what I have heard about retrieving game from the falcon'stalons or from the dog's fangs and then waiting until it dies, is thatit is not halal to eat it." Malik said, "The same applies toanything which could have been slaughtered by the hunter when it wasin the talons of the falcon or the fangs of the dog. If the hunterleaves it until the falcon or dog has killed it, it is not halal toeat it either". He continued, "The same thing applies to any game hitby a hunter and caught while still alive, which he neglects toslaughter before it dies." Malik said, "It is generallyagreed among us that it is halal to eat the game that a hunting-dogbelonging to magians hunts or kills, if it is sent out by a muslim andthe animal is trained. There is no harm in it even if the muslim doesnot actually slaughter it. It is the same as a muslim using amagian's knife to slaughter with or using his bow and arrows to shootand kill with. The game he shot and the animal he slaughters arehalal. There is no harm in eating them. If a magian sends out amuslim's hunting dog for game, and it catches it, the game is not tobe eaten unless it is slaughtered by a muslim. That is like a magianusing a muslim's bow and arrow to hunt game with, or like his using amuslim's knife to slaughter with. It is not halal to eat anythingkilled like that. Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 25 Hadith no 1060
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 25 Hadith no 8


وَحَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ نَافِعٍ، أَنَّ عَبْدَ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنَ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، سَأَلَ عَبْدَ اللَّهِ بْنَ عُمَرَ عَمَّا لَفَظَ الْبَحْرُ فَنَهَاهُ عَنْ أَكْلِهِ، ‏.‏ قَالَ نَافِعٌ ثُمَّ انْقَلَبَ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ فَدَعَا بِالْمُصْحَفِ فَقَرَأَ ‏{‏أُحِلَّ لَكُمْ صَيْدُ الْبَحْرِ وَطَعَامُهُ‏}‏ قَالَ نَافِعٌ فَأَرْسَلَنِي عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ عُمَرَ إِلَى عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ إِنَّهُ لاَ بَأْسَ بِأَكْلِهِ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafi that Abd ar-Rahman ibnAbi Hurayra asked Abdullah ibn Umar about eating what was cast up bythe sea and he forbade him to eat it. Then Abdullah turned and askedfor a Qur'an, and read, "The game of the sea and its flesh are halalfor you." Nafi added, "Abdullah ibn Umar sent me to Abdar-Rahman IbnAbi Hurayra to say that there was no harm in eating it." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 25 Hadith no 1061
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 25 Hadith no 9


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ زَيْدِ بْنِ أَسْلَمَ، عَنْ سَعْدٍ الْجَارِيِّ، مَوْلَى عُمَرَ بْنِ الْخَطَّابِ أَنَّهُ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ عَبْدَ اللَّهِ بْنَ عُمَرَ عَنِ الْحِيتَانِ، يَقْتُلُ بَعْضُهَا بَعْضًا أَوْ تَمُوتُ صَرَدًا فَقَالَ لَيْسَ بِهَا بَأْسٌ ‏.‏ قَالَ سَعْدٌ ثُمَّ سَأَلْتُ عَبْدَ اللَّهِ بْنَ عَمْرِو بْنِ الْعَاصِ فَقَالَ مِثْلَ ذَلِكَ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Zayd ibn Aslam that Sad al-Jari, the mawla of Umar ibn al-Khattab asked Abdullah ibn Umar aboutfish which had killed each other or which had died from severe cold .He said, "There is no harm in eating them.'' Sad said,' 'I then askedAbdullah ibn Amr ibn al As and he said the same." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 25 Hadith no 1062
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 25 Hadith no 10


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ أَبِي الزِّنَادِ، عَنْ أَبِي سَلَمَةَ بْنِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، وَزَيْدِ بْنِ ثَابِتٍ، أَنَّهُمَا كَانَا لاَ يَرَيَانِ بِمَا لَفَظَ الْبَحْرُ بَأْسًا ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Abu'z-Zinad from Abu Salamaibn Abd ar-Rahman from Abu Hurayra and Zayd ibn Thabit that they sawno harm in eating what was cast up by the sea. Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 25 Hadith no 1063
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 25 Hadith no 11


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ أَبِي الزِّنَادِ، عَنْ أَبِي سَلَمَةَ بْنِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ، أَنَّ نَاسًا، مِنْ أَهْلِ الْجَارِ قَدِمُوا فَسَأَلُوا مَرْوَانَ بْنَ الْحَكَمِ عَمَّا لَفَظَ الْبَحْرُ فَقَالَ لَيْسَ بِهِ بَأْسٌ وَقَالَ اذْهَبُوا إِلَى زَيْدِ بْنِ ثَابِتٍ وَأَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ فَاسْأَلُوهُمَا عَنْ ذَلِكَ ثُمَّ ائْتُونِي فَأَخْبِرُونِي مَاذَا يَقُولاَنِ فَأَتَوْهُمَا فَسَأَلُوهُمَا فَقَالاَ لاَ بَأْسَ بِهِ ‏.‏ فَأَتَوْا مَرْوَانَ فَأَخْبَرُوهُ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ مَرْوَانُ قَدْ قُلْتُ لَكُمْ ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ لاَ بَأْسَ بِأَكْلِ الْحِيتَانِ يَصِيدُهَا الْمَجُوسِيُّ لأَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ فِي الْبَحْرِ ‏"‏ هُوَ الطَّهُورُ مَاؤُهُ الْحِلُّ مَيْتَتُهُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ وَإِذَا أُكِلَ ذَلِكَ مَيْتًا فَلاَ يَضُرُّهُ مَنْ صَادَهُ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Abu'z-Zinad from Abu Salamaibn Abd ar-Rahman that some people from al-Jar came to Marwan ibn al-Hakam and asked him about eating what was cast up by the sea. He said,"There is no harm in eating it." Marwan said, "Go to Zayd ibn Thabitand Abu Hurayra and ask them about it, then come to me and tell mewhat they say." They went to them and asked them, and they both said,"There is no harm in eating it " They returned to Marwan and told him.Marwan said, "I told you." Malik said that there was no harmin eating fish caught by magians, because the Messenger of Allah, mayAllah bless him and grant him peace, said, "In the sea's water ispurity, and that which is dead in it is halal. " Malik said,"If it is eaten when it is dead, there is no harm in who catches it." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 25 Hadith no 1064
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 25 Hadith no 12



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