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Muwatta Imam Malik

Hudud

كتاب الحدود

حَدَّثَنِي مَالِكٌ، عَنْ سُهَيْلِ بْنِ أَبِي صَالِحٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، أَنَّ سَعْدَ بْنَ عُبَادَةَ، قَالَ لِرَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَرَأَيْتَ لَوْ أَنِّي وَجَدْتُ مَعَ امْرَأَتِي رَجُلاً أَأُمْهِلُهُ حَتَّى آتِيَ بِأَرْبَعَةِ شُهَدَاءَ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ نَعَمْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Malik related to me from Suhayl ibn Abi Salih from his fatherfrom Abu Hurayra that Sad ibn Ubada said to the Messenger of Allah,may Allah bless him and grant him peace, "What do you think I shoulddo if I were to find a man with my wife? Should I leave him thereuntil I had brought four witnesses?" The Messenger of Allah, may Allahbless him and grant him peace, said, "Yes." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 41 Hadith no 1509
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 41 Hadith no 7


حَدَّثَنِي مَالِكٌ، عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ، عَنْ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عُتْبَةَ بْنِ مَسْعُودٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، أَنَّهُ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ عُمَرَ بْنَ الْخَطَّابِ، يَقُولُ الرَّجْمُ فِي كِتَابِ اللَّهِ حَقٌّ عَلَى مَنْ زَنَى مِنَ الرِّجَالِ وَالنِّسَاءِ إِذَا أُحْصِنَ إِذَا قَامَتِ الْبَيِّنَةُ أَوْ كَانَ الْحَبَلُ أَوْ الاِعْتِرَافُ ‏.‏

Malik related to me from Ibn Shihab from Ubaydullah ibn Abdullahibn Utba ibn Masud that Abdullah ibn Abbas said, "I heard Umar ibn al-Khattab say, 'Stoning is in the Book of Allah for those who commitadultery, men or women when they are muhsan and when there is clearproof of pregnancy or a confession.' " Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 41 Hadith no 1510
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 41 Hadith no 8


حَدَّثَنِي مَالِكٌ، عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ سَعِيدٍ، عَنْ سُلَيْمَانَ بْنِ يَسَارٍ، عَنْ أَبِي وَاقِدٍ اللَّيْثِيِّ، أَنَّ عُمَرَ بْنَ الْخَطَّابِ، أَتَاهُ رَجُلٌ وَهُوَ بِالشَّامِ فَذَكَرَ لَهُ أَنَّهُ وَجَدَ مَعَ امْرَأَتِهِ رَجُلاً فَبَعَثَ عُمَرُ بْنُ الْخَطَّابِ أَبَا وَاقِدٍ اللَّيْثِيَّ إِلَى امْرَأَتِهِ يَسْأَلُهَا عَنْ ذَلِكَ فَأَتَاهَا وَعِنْدَهَا نِسْوَةٌ حَوْلَهَا فَذَكَرَ لَهَا الَّذِي قَالَ زَوْجُهَا لِعُمَرَ بْنِ الْخَطَّابِ وَأَخْبَرَهَا أَنَّهَا لاَ تُؤْخَذُ بِقَوْلِهِ وَجَعَلَ يُلَقِّنُهَا أَشْبَاهَ ذَلِكَ لِتَنْزِعَ فَأَبَتْ أَنْ تَنْزِعَ وَتَمَّتْ عَلَى الاِعْتِرَافِ فَأَمَرَ بِهَا عُمَرُ فَرُجِمَتْ ‏.‏

Malik related to me from Yahya ibn Said from Sulayman ibn Yasarfrom Abu Waqid al-Laythi that a man came to Umar ibn al-Khattab whilehe was in ash-Sham . He mentioned to him that he had found a man withhis wife Umar sent Abu Waqid al-Laythi to the wife to question herabout that. He came to her while there were women around her andmentioned to her what her husband had mentioned to Umar ibn al-Khattab, and informed her that she would not be punished on his wordand began to suggest to her by that, that she should retract. Sherefused to retract and held firm to confession. Umar gave the orderand she was stoned. Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 41 Hadith no 1511
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 41 Hadith no 9


حَدَّثَنِي مَالِكٌ، عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ سَعِيدٍ، عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ الْمُسَيَّبِ، أَنَّهُ سَمِعَهُ يَقُولُ لَمَّا صَدَرَ عُمَرُ بْنُ الْخَطَّابِ مِنْ مِنًى أَنَاخَ بِالأَبْطَحِ ثُمَّ كَوَّمَ كَوْمَةً بَطْحَاءَ ثُمَّ طَرَحَ عَلَيْهَا رِدَاءَهُ وَاسْتَلْقَى ثُمَّ مَدَّ يَدَيْهِ إِلَى السَّمَاءِ فَقَالَ اللَّهُمَّ كَبِرَتْ سِنِّي وَضَعُفَتْ قُوَّتِي وَانْتَشَرَتْ رَعِيَّتِي ‏.‏ فَاقْبِضْنِي إِلَيْكَ غَيْرَ مُضَيِّعٍ وَلاَ مُفَرِّطٍ ‏.‏ ثُمَّ قَدِمَ الْمَدِينَةَ فَخَطَبَ النَّاسَ فَقَالَ أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ قَدْ سُنَّتْ لَكُمُ السُّنَنُ وَفُرِضَتْ لَكُمُ الْفَرَائِضُ وَتُرِكْتُمْ عَلَى الْوَاضِحَةِ إِلاَّ أَنْ تَضِلُّوا بِالنَّاسِ يَمِينًا وَشِمَالاً وَضَرَبَ بِإِحْدَى يَدَيْهِ عَلَى الأُخْرَى ثُمَّ قَالَ إِيَّاكُمْ أَنْ تَهْلِكُوا عَنْ آيَةِ الرَّجْمِ أَنْ يَقُولَ قَائِلٌ لاَ نَجِدُ حَدَّيْنِ فِي كِتَابِ اللَّهِ فَقَدْ رَجَمَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَرَجَمْنَا وَالَّذِي نَفْسِي بِيَدِهِ لَوْلاَ أَنْ يَقُولَ النَّاسُ زَادَ عُمَرُ بْنُ الْخَطَّابِ فِي كِتَابِ اللَّهِ تَعَالَى ‏.‏ لَكَتَبْتُهَا الشَّيْخُ وَالشَّيْخَةُ فَارْجُمُوهُمَا الْبَتَّةَ ‏.‏ فَإِنَّا قَدْ قَرَأْنَاهَا ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ قَالَ يَحْيَى بْنُ سَعِيدٍ قَالَ سَعِيدُ بْنُ الْمُسَيَّبِ فَمَا انْسَلَخَ ذُو الْحِجَّةِ حَتَّى قُتِلَ عُمَرُ رَحِمَهُ اللَّهُ ‏.‏ قَالَ يَحْيَى سَمِعْتُ مَالِكًا يَقُولُ قَوْلُهُ الشَّيْخُ وَالشَّيْخَةُ يَعْنِي الثَّيِّبَ وَالثَّيِّبَةَ فَارْجُمُوهُمَا الْبَتَّةَ ‏.‏ حَدَّثَنِي مَالِكٌ أَنَّهُ سَأَلَ ابْنَ شِهَابٍ عَنِ الَّذِي يَعْمَلُ عَمَلَ قَوْمِ لُوطٍ فَقَالَ ابْنُ شِهَابٍ عَلَيْهِ الرَّجْمُ أَحْصَنَ أَوْ لَمْ يُحْصِنْ ‏.‏

Malik related to me that Yahya ibn Said heard Said ibn al-Musayyab say, "When Umar ibn al-Khattab came from Mina, he made hiscamel kneel at al-Abtah, and then he gathered a pile of small stonesand cast his cloak over them and dropped to the ground. Then he raisedhis hands to the sky and said, 'O Allah! I have become old and mystrength has weakened. My flock is scattered. Take me to You withnothing missed out and without having neglected anything.' Then hewent to Madina and addressed the people. He said, 'People! Sunan havebeen laid down for you. Obligations have been placed upon you. Youhave been left with a clear way unless you lead people astray rightand left.' He struck one of his hands on the other and then said,'Take care lest you destroy the ayat of stoning so that one will say,"We do not find two hadds in the Book of Allah." The Messenger ofAllah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, stoned, so we havestoned. By He in Whose Hand my self is, had it not been that peoplewould say that Umar ibn al-Khattab has added to the Book of Allah ta-ala, we would have written it, "The full-grown man and the full-grownwoman, stone them absolutely." We have certainly recited that.'" Malik said, "Yahya ibn Said said Said ibn al-Musayyab said,'Dhu'l-Hijja had not passed before Umar was murdered, may Allah havemercy on him.' " Yahya said that he had heard Malik say, "Asfor his words 'The full-grown man and the full-grown woman' he meant,'The man and the woman who have been married, stone them absolutely.'" Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 41 Hadith no 1512
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 41 Hadith no 10


وَحَدَّثَنِي مَالِكٌ، أَنَّهُ بَلَغَهُ أَنَّ عُثْمَانَ بْنَ عَفَّانَ، أُتِيَ بِامْرَأَةٍ قَدْ وَلَدَتْ فِي سِتَّةِ أَشْهُرٍ فَأَمَرَ بِهَا أَنْ تُرْجَمَ فَقَالَ عَلِيُّ بْنُ أَبِي طَالِبٍ لَيْسَ ذَلِكَ عَلَيْهَا إِنَّ اللَّهَ تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى يَقُولُ فِي كِتَابِهِ ‏{‏وَحَمْلُهُ وَفِصَالُهُ ثَلاَثُونَ شَهْرًا‏}‏ وَقَالَ ‏{‏وَالْوَالِدَاتُ يُرْضِعْنَ أَوْلاَدَهُنَّ حَوْلَيْنِ كَامِلَيْنِ لِمَنْ أَرَادَ أَنْ يُتِمَّ الرَّضَاعَةَ‏}‏ فَالْحَمْلُ يَكُونُ سِتَّةَ أَشْهُرٍ فَلاَ رَجْمَ عَلَيْهَا ‏.‏ فَبَعَثَ عُثْمَانُ بْنُ عَفَّانَ فِي أَثَرِهَا فَوَجَدَهَا قَدْ رُجِمَتْ ‏.‏

Malik related to me that he had heard that Uthman ibn Affan wasbrought a woman who had given birth after six months and he orderedher to be stoned. Ali ibn Abi Talib said to him, "She does not deservethat. Allah, the Blessed, the Exalted, says in His Book, 'Theircarrying and weaning is thirty months,' (Sura 46 ayat 15) and he said,'Mothers suckle their children for two full years for whoever wishesto complete the suckling.' (Sura 2 ayat 233) Pregnancy can then be sixmonths, so she does not deserve to be stoned." Uthman ibn Affan sentfor her and found that she had already been stoned. Malikrelated to me that he asked Ibn Shihab about someone who committedsodomy. Ibn Shihab said, "He is to be stoned, whether or not he ismuhsan." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 41 Hadith no 1513
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 41 Hadith no 11


حَدَّثَنِي مَالِكٌ، عَنْ زَيْدِ بْنِ أَسْلَمَ، أَنَّ رَجُلاً، اعْتَرَفَ عَلَى نَفْسِهِ بِالزِّنَا عَلَى عَهْدِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَدَعَا لَهُ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم بِسَوْطٍ فَأُتِيَ بِسَوْطٍ مَكْسُورٍ فَقَالَ ‏"‏ فَوْقَ هَذَا ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَأُتِيَ بِسَوْطٍ جَدِيدٍ لَمْ تُقْطَعْ ثَمَرَتُهُ فَقَالَ ‏"‏ دُونَ هَذَا ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَأُتِيَ بِسَوْطٍ قَدْ رُكِبَ بِهِ وَلاَنَ فَأَمَرَ بِهِ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَجُلِدَ ثُمَّ قَالَ ‏"‏ أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ قَدْ آنَ لَكُمْ أَنْ تَنْتَهُوا عَنْ حُدُودِ اللَّهِ مَنْ أَصَابَ مِنْ هَذِهِ الْقَاذُورَاتِ شَيْئًا فَلْيَسْتَتِرْ بِسِتْرِ اللَّهِ فَإِنَّهُ مَنْ يُبْدِي لَنَا صَفْحَتَهُ نُقِمْ عَلَيْهِ كِتَابَ اللَّهِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Malik related to me from Zayd ibn Aslam that a man confessed tofornication in the time of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless himand grant him peace. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him andgrant him peace, called for a whip, and he was brought a broken whip.He said, "Above this," and he was brought a new whip whose knots hadnot been cut yet. He said, "Below this," and he was brought a whipwhich had been used and made flexible. The Messenger of Allah, mayAllah bless him and grant him peace, gave the order and he wasflogged. Then he said, "People! The time has come for you to observethe limits of Allah. Whoever has had any of these ugly things befallhim should cover them up with the veil of Allah. Whoever reveals to ushis wrong action, we perform what is in the Book of Allah againsthim." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 41 Hadith no 1514
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 41 Hadith no 12



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