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Muwatta Imam Malik

Hudud

كتاب الحدود

وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، أَنَّ أَبَا الزِّنَادِ، أَخْبَرَهُ أَنَّ عَامِلاً لِعُمَرَ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْعَزِيزِ أَخَذَ نَاسًا فِي حِرَابَةٍ وَلَمْ يَقْتُلُوا أَحَدًا فَأَرَادَ أَنْ يَقْطَعَ أَيْدِيَهُمْ أَوْ يَقْتُلَ فَكَتَبَ إِلَى عُمَرَ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْعَزِيزِ فِي ذَلِكَ فَكَتَبَ إِلَيْهِ عُمَرُ بْنُ عَبْدِ الْعَزِيزِ لَوْ أَخَذْتَ بِأَيْسَرِ ذَلِكَ ‏.‏ قَالَ يَحْيَى وَسَمِعْتُ مَالِكًا يَقُولُ الأَمْرُ عِنْدَنَا فِي الَّذِي يَسْرِقُ أَمْتِعَةَ النَّاسِ الَّتِي تَكُونُ مَوْضُوعَةً بِالأَسْوَاقِ مُحْرَزَةً قَدْ أَحْرَزَهَا أَهْلُهَا فِي أَوْعِيَتِهِمْ وَضَمُّوا بَعْضَهَا إِلَى بَعْضٍ إِنَّهُ مَنْ سَرَقَ مِنْ ذَلِكَ شَيْئًا مِنْ حِرْزِهِ فَبَلَغَ قِيمَتُهُ مَا يَجِبُ فِيهِ الْقَطْعُ فَإِنَّ عَلَيْهِ الْقَطْعَ كَانَ صَاحِبُ الْمَتَاعِ عِنْدَ مَتَاعِهِ أَوْ لَمْ يَكُنْ لَيْلاً ذَلِكَ أَوْ نَهَارًا ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ فِي الَّذِي يَسْرِقُ مَا يَجِبُ عَلَيْهِ فِيهِ الْقَطْعُ ثُمَّ يُوجَدُ مَعَهُ مَا سَرَقَ فَيُرَدُّ إِلَى صَاحِبِهِ إِنَّهُ تُقْطَعُ يَدُهُ ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ فَإِنْ قَالَ قَائِلٌ كَيْفَ تُقْطَعُ يَدُهُ وَقَدْ أُخِذَ الْمَتَاعُ مِنْهُ وَدُفِعَ إِلَى صَاحِبِهِ فَإِنَّمَا هُوَ بِمَنْزِلَةِ الشَّارِبِ يُوجَدُ مِنْهُ رِيحُ الشَّرَابِ الْمُسْكِرِ وَلَيْسَ بِهِ سُكْرٌ فَيُجْلَدُ الْحَدَّ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَإِنَّمَا يُجْلَدُ الْحَدَّ فِي الْمُسْكِرِ إِذَا شَرِبَهُ وَإِنْ لَمْ يُسْكِرْهُ وَذَلِكَ أَنَّهُ إِنَّمَا شَرِبَهُ لِيُسْكِرَهُ فَكَذَلِكَ تُقْطَعُ يَدُ السَّارِقِ فِي السَّرِقَةِ الَّتِي أُخِذَتْ مِنْهُ وَلَوْ لَمْ يَنْتَفِعْ بِهَا وَرَجَعَتْ إِلَى صَاحِبِهَا وَإِنَّمَا سَرَقَهَا حِينَ سَرَقَهَا لِيَذْهَبَ بِهَا ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ فِي الْقَوْمِ يَأْتُونَ إِلَى الْبَيْتِ فَيَسْرِقُونَ مِنْهُ جَمِيعًا فَيَخْرُجُونَ بِالْعِدْلِ يَحْمِلُونَهُ جَمِيعًا أَوِ الصُّنْدُوقِ أَوِ الْخَشَبَةِ أَوْ بِالْمِكْتَلِ أَوْ مَا أَشْبَهَ ذَلِكَ مِمَّا يَحْمِلُهُ الْقَوْمُ جَمِيعًا إِنَّهُمْ إِذَا أَخْرَجُوا ذَلِكَ مِنْ حِرْزِهِ وَهُمْ يَحْمِلُونَهُ جَمِيعًا فَبَلَغَ ثَمَنُ مَا خَرَجُوا بِهِ مِنْ ذَلِكَ مَا يَجِبُ فِيهِ الْقَطْعُ - وَذَلِكَ ثَلاَثَةُ دَرَاهِمَ فَصَاعِدًا - فَعَلَيْهِمُ الْقَطْعُ جَمِيعًا ‏.‏ قَالَ وَإِنْ خَرَجَ كُلُّ وَاحِدٍ مِنْهُمْ بِمَتَاعٍ عَلَى حِدَتِهِ فَمَنْ خَرَجَ مِنْهُمْ بِمَا تَبْلُغُ قِيمَتُهُ ثَلاَثَةَ دَرَاهِمَ فَصَاعِدًا فَعَلَيْهِ الْقَطْعُ وَمَنْ لَمْ يَخْرُجْ مِنْهُمْ بِمَا تَبْلُغُ قِيمَتُهُ ثَلاَثَةَ دَرَاهِمَ فَلاَ قَطْعَ عَلَيْهِ ‏.‏ قَالَ يَحْيَى قَالَ مَالِكٌ الأَمْرُ عِنْدَنَا أَنَّهُ إِذَا كَانَتْ دَارُ رَجُلٍ مُغْلَقَةً عَلَيْهِ لَيْسَ مَعَهُ فِيهَا غَيْرُهُ فَإِنَّهُ لاَ يَجِبُ عَلَى مَنْ سَرَقَ مِنْهَا شَيْئًا الْقَطْعُ حَتَّى يَخْرُجَ بِهِ مِنَ الدَّارِ كُلِّهَا وَذَلِكَ أَنَّ الدَّارَ كُلَّهَا هِيَ حِرْزُهُ فَإِنْ كَانَ مَعَهُ فِي الدَّارِ سَاكِنٌ غَيْرُهُ وَكَانَ كُلُّ إِنْسَانٍ مِنْهُمْ يُغْلِقُ عَلَيْهِ بَابَهُ وَكَانَتْ حِرْزًا لَهُمْ جَمِيعًا فَمَنْ سَرَقَ مِنْ بُيُوتِ تِلْكَ الدَّارِ شَيْئًا يَجِبُ فِيهِ الْقَطْعُ فَخَرَجَ بِهِ إِلَى الدَّارِ فَقَدْ أَخْرَجَهُ مِنْ حِرْزِهِ إِلَى غَيْرِ حِرْزِهِ وَوَجَبَ عَلَيْهِ فِيهِ الْقَطْعُ ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ وَالأَمْرُ عِنْدَنَا فِي الْعَبْدِ يَسْرِقُ مِنْ مَتَاعِ سَيِّدِهِ أَنَّهُ إِنْ كَانَ لَيْسَ مِنْ خَدَمِهِ وَلاَ مِمَّنْ يَأْمَنُ عَلَى بَيْتِهِ ثُمَّ دَخَلَ سِرًّا فَسَرَقَ مِنْ مَتَاعِ سَيِّدِهِ مَا يَجِبُ فِيهِ الْقَطْعُ فَلاَ قَطْعَ عَلَيْهِ وَكَذَلِكَ الأَمَةُ إِذَا سَرَقَتْ مِنْ مَتَاعِ سَيِّدِهَا لاَ قَطْعَ عَلَيْهَا ‏.‏ وَقَالَ فِي الْعَبْدِ لاَ يَكُونُ مِنْ خَدَمِهِ وَلاَ مِمَّنْ يَأْمَنُ عَلَى بَيْتِهِ فَدَخَلَ سِرًّا فَسَرَقَ مِنْ مَتَاعِ امْرَأَةِ سَيِّدِهِ مَا يَجِبُ فِيهِ الْقَطْعُ إِنَّهُ تُقْطَعُ يَدُهُ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَكَذَلِكَ أَمَةُ الْمَرْأَةِ إِذَا كَانَتْ لَيْسَتْ بِخَادِمٍ لَهَا وَلاَ لِزَوْجِهَا وَلاَ مِمَّنْ تَأْمَنُ عَلَى بَيْتِهَا فَدَخَلَتْ سِرًّا فَسَرَقَتْ مِنْ مَتَاعِ سَيِّدَتِهَا مَا يَجِبُ فِيهِ الْقَطْعُ فَلاَ قَطْعَ عَلَيْهَا ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ وَكَذَلِكَ أَمَةُ الْمَرْأَةِ الَّتِي لاَ تَكُونُ مِنْ خَدَمِهَا وَلاَ مِمَّنْ تَأْمَنُ عَلَى بَيْتِهَا فَدَخَلَتْ سِرًّا فَسَرَقَتْ مِنْ مَتَاعِ زَوْجِ سَيِّدَتِهَا مَا يَجِبُ فِيهِ الْقَطْعُ أَنَّهَا تُقْطَعُ يَدُهَا ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ وَكَذَلِكَ الرَّجُلُ يَسْرِقُ مِنْ مَتَاعِ امْرَأَتِهِ أَوِ الْمَرْأَةُ تَسْرِقُ مِنْ مَتَاعِ زَوْجِهَا مَا يَجِبُ فِيهِ الْقَطْعُ إِنْ كَانَ الَّذِي سَرَقَ كُلُّ وَاحِدٍ مِنْهُمَا مِنْ مَتَاعِ صَاحِبِهِ فِي بَيْتٍ سِوَى الْبَيْتِ الَّذِي يُغْلِقَانِ عَلَيْهِمَا وَكَانَ فِي حِرْزٍ سِوَى الْبَيْتِ الَّذِي هُمَا فِيهِ فَإِنَّ مَنْ سَرَقَ مِنْهُمَا مِنْ مَتَاعِ صَاحِبِهِ مَا يَجِبُ فِيهِ الْقَطْعُ فَعَلَيْهِ الْقَطْعُ فِيهِ ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ فِي الصَّبِيِّ الصَّغِيرِ وَالأَعْجَمِيِّ الَّذِي لاَ يُفْصِحُ أَنَّهُمَا إِذَا سُرِقَا مِنْ حِرْزِهِمَا أَوْ غَلْقِهِمَا فَعَلَى مَنْ سَرَقَهُمَا الْقَطْعُ وَإِنْ خَرَجَا مِنْ حِرْزِهِمَا وَغَلْقِهِمَا فَلَيْسَ عَلَى مَنْ سَرَقَهُمَا قَطْعٌ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَإِنَّمَا هُمَا بِمَنْزِلَةِ حَرِيسَةِ الْجَبَلِ وَالثَّمَرِ الْمُعَلَّقِ ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ وَالأَمْرُ عِنْدَنَا فِي الَّذِي يَنْبِشُ الْقُبُورَ أَنَّهُ إِذَا بَلَغَ مَا أَخْرَجَ مِنَ الْقَبْرِ مَا يَجِبُ فِيهِ الْقَطْعُ فَعَلَيْهِ فِيهِ الْقَطْعُ ‏.‏ وَقَالَ مَالِكٌ وَذَلِكَ أَنَّ الْقَبْرَ حِرْزٌ لِمَا فِيهِ كَمَا أَنَّ الْبُيُوتَ حِرْزٌ لِمَا فِيهَا ‏.‏ قَالَ وَلاَ يَجِبُ عَلَيْهِ الْقَطْعُ حَتَّى يَخْرُجَ بِهِ مِنَ الْقَبْرِ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik that Abu'z-Zinad informed him thata governor of Umar ibn Abd al-Aziz took some people in battle and hadnot killed any of them. He wanted to cut off their hands or kill them,so he wrote to Umar ibn Abd al-Aziz about that Umar ibn Abd al-Azizwrote to him, "Better to take less than that." Yahya saidthat he heard Malik say, "What is done among us about a person whosteals the goods of people which are placed under guard in themarkets, and their owners put them in their containers and store themtogether is that if anyone steals any of that from where it is kept,and its value reaches that for which cutting off the hand is obliged,his hand must be cut off, whether or not the owner of the goods iswith his goods and whether it is night or day." Malik saidabout some one who stole something for which cutting off the hand wasobliged and then what he stole was found with him and he returned itto its owner, "His hand is cut off." Malik said, "If someonsays, 'How can his hand be cut off when the goods have been taken fromhim and returned to their owner?', it is because he is in the sameposition as the wine drinker when the smell of the wine is found onhis breath and he is not drunk. He is flogged with the hadd. "The hadd is imposed for drinking wine even if it does not make theman intoxicated. That is because he drank it to become intoxicated. Itis the same as that with cutting off the hand of the thief for theftwhen it is taken from him, even if he has not profited from it and itwas returned to its owner. When he stole it, he stole it to take itaway." Malik said that if some people came to a house androbbed it together, and then they left with a sack or box or a boardor basket or the like of that which they carried together, and whenthey took it out of its guarded place, they carried it together, andthe price of what they took reached that for which cutting off thehand was obliged, and that was three dirhams and upwards, each of themhad his hand cut off. "If each of them takes out something byhimself, whoever of them takes out something whose value reaches threedirhams and upwards must have his hand cut off. If any of them takesout something whose value does not reach three dirhams, he does nothave his hand cut off." Yahya said that Malik said, "What isdone among us is that when a man's house is locked and he is the onlyone living in it, cutting off the hand is not obliged against the onewho steals something from it until he takes it out of the housecompletely. That is because all of the house is a place of custody. Ifsomeone other than him lives in the house and each of them locks hisdoor, and it is a place of custody for each of them, whoever stealsanything from the apartments of that house must have his hand cut offwhen he leaves the apartment and goes into the main house. He hasremoved it from its place of custody to another place and he must havehis hand cut off." Malik said, "What is done in our communityabout a slave who steals from the property of his master is that if heis not in service and among those trusted in the house and he enterssecretly and steals from his master something that for which cuttingoff the hand is obliged, his hand is not cut off. It is like that witha slave-girl when she steals from her master's property. Her hand isnot cut off." Malik then spoke about a slave who was not inservice and not one of those trusted in the house, and he enteredsecretly and stole from the property of his master's wife that forwhich cutting off the hand was obliged. He said, "His hand is cutoff." "It is like that with the wife's slave-girl when shedoes not serve her or her husband nor is she trusted in the house andshe enters secretly and steals from her mistress's property that forwhich cutting off the hand is obliged. Her hand is not cut off." "It is like that with the wife's slave-girl who is not in herservice and is not trusted in the house and she enters secretly andsteals from the property of her mistress's husband something for whichcutting off the hand is obliged. Her hand is cut off." It islike that with the man who steals from his wife's goods or the wifewho steals from her husband's goods something for which cutting offthe hand is obliged. If the thing which one of them steals from hisspouse's property is in a room other than the room which they bothlock for themselves, or it is in a place of custody in a room otherthan the room which they are in, whichever of them steals somethingfor which cutting off the hand is obliged, their hand should be cutoff." Malik spoke about a small child and a foreigner whodoes not speak clearly. He said, "If they are robbed of something fromits place of custody or from under a lock, the one who stole it hashis hand cut off. If the property is outside of its place of custodyor locked room(when it is stolen), the one who robbed them does nothave his hand cut off. It is then in the position of sheep stolen fromthe mountain and uncut fruit hanging on the trees " Maliksaid, "What is done among us about a person who robs graves is that ifwhat he takes from the grave reaches what cutting off the hand isobliged for, his hand is cut off . That is because the grave is aplace of custody for what is in it just as houses are a place ofcustody for what is in them. " Malik added, "Cutting off thehand is not obliged for him until he takes it out of the grave." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 41 Hadith no 1535
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 41 Hadith no 31


وَحَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ سَعِيدٍ، عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ يَحْيَى بْنِ حَبَّانَ، أَنَّ عَبْدًا، سَرَقَ وَدِيًّا مِنْ حَائِطِ رَجُلٍ فَغَرَسَهُ فِي حَائِطِ سَيِّدِهِ فَخَرَجَ صَاحِبُ الْوَدِيِّ يَلْتَمِسُ وَدِيَّهُ فَوَجَدَهُ فَاسْتَعْدَى عَلَى الْعَبْدِ مَرْوَانَ بْنَ الْحَكَمِ فَسَجَنَ مَرْوَانُ الْعَبْدَ وَأَرَادَ قَطْعَ يَدِهِ فَانْطَلَقَ سَيِّدُ الْعَبْدِ إِلَى رَافِعِ بْنِ خَدِيجٍ فَسَأَلَهُ عَنْ ذَلِكَ فَأَخْبَرَهُ أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ ‏"‏ لاَ قَطْعَ فِي ثَمَرٍ وَلاَ كَثَرٍ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ وَالْكَثَرُ الْجُمَّارُ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ الرَّجُلُ فَإِنَّ مَرْوَانَ بْنَ الْحَكَمِ أَخَذَ غُلاَمًا لِي وَهُوَ يُرِيدُ قَطْعَهُ وَأَنَا أُحِبُّ أَنْ تَمْشِيَ مَعِيَ إِلَيْهِ فَتُخْبِرَهُ بِالَّذِي سَمِعْتَ مِنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏.‏ فَمَشَى مَعَهُ رَافِعٌ إِلَى مَرْوَانَ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ فَقَالَ أَخَذْتَ غُلاَمًا لِهَذَا فَقَالَ نَعَمْ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ فَمَا أَنْتَ صَانِعٌ بِهِ قَالَ أَرَدْتُ قَطْعَ يَدِهِ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ لَهُ رَافِعٌ سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ ‏"‏ لاَ قَطْعَ فِي ثَمَرٍ وَلاَ كَثَرٍ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَأَمَرَ مَرْوَانُ بِالْعَبْدِ فَأُرْسِلَ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Yahya ibn Said from Muhammadibn Yahya ibn Habban that a slave stole a small palm from a man'sgarden and planted it in the garden of his master. The owner of thepalm went out looking for the palm and found it. He asked for helpagainst the slave from Marwan ibn al-Hakam. Marwan jailed the slaveand wanted to cut off his hand. The master of the slave rushed off toRafi ibn Khadij and asked him about it. Rafi informed him that heheard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace,say, "The hand is not cut off for fruit or palm pith." The man said,"Marwan ibn al-Hakam has taken a slave of mine and wants to cut offhis hand. I would like you to go with me to him so you can tell himwhat you heard from the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him andgrant him peace." So, Rafi went with him to Marwan ibn al-Hakam. Hesaid, "Did you arrest a slave for this?" He said, "Yes." He said,"What will you do with him?" He said, "I want to cut off his hand."Rafi said to him, "I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless himand grant him peace, say, 'The hand is not cut off for dates or palmpith.' Marwan therefore ordered the slave to be released." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 41 Hadith no 1536
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 41 Hadith no 32


حَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ، عَنِ السَّائِبِ بْنِ يَزِيدَ، أَنَّ عَبْدَ اللَّهِ بْنَ عَمْرِو بْنِ الْحَضْرَمِيِّ، جَاءَ بِغُلاَمٍ لَهُ إِلَى عُمَرَ بْنِ الْخَطَّابِ فَقَالَ لَهُ اقْطَعْ يَدَ غُلاَمِي هَذَا فَإِنَّهُ سَرَقَ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ لَهُ عُمَرُ مَاذَا سَرَقَ فَقَالَ سَرَقَ مِرْآةً لاِمْرَأَتِي ثَمَنُهَا سِتُّونَ دِرْهَمًا ‏.‏ فَقَالَ عُمَرُ أَرْسِلْهُ فَلَيْسَ عَلَيْهِ قَطْعٌ خَادِمُكُمْ سَرَقَ مَتَاعَكُمْ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Ibn Shihab from as-Sa'ib ibnYazid that Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al-Hadrami brought a slave of his toUmar ibn al-Khattab and said to him, "Cut off the hand of this slaveof mine. He has stolen." Umar said to him, "What did he steal?" Hesaid, "He stole a mirror belonging to my wife. Its value was sixtydirhams." Umar said, "Let him go. His hand is not to be cut off. He isyour servant who has stolen your belongings." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 41 Hadith no 1537
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 41 Hadith no 33


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ، أَنَّ مَرْوَانَ بْنَ الْحَكَمِ، أُتِيَ بِإِنْسَانٍ قَدِ اخْتَلَسَ مَتَاعًا فَأَرَادَ قَطْعَ يَدِهِ فَأَرْسَلَ إِلَى زَيْدِ بْنِ ثَابِتٍ يَسْأَلُهُ عَنْ ذَلِكَ فَقَالَ زَيْدُ بْنُ ثَابِتٍ لَيْسَ فِي الْخُلْسَةِ قَطْعٌ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Ibn Shihab that Marwan ibnal-Hakam was brought a man who had snatched some goods and he wantedto cut off his hand. He sent to Zayd ibn Thabit to ask him about it.Zayd ibn Thabit said to him, "The hand is not cut off for what isstolen by chance, openly, in haste." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 41 Hadith no 1538
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 41 Hadith no 34


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ سَعِيدٍ، أَنَّهُ قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي أَبُو بَكْرِ بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَمْرِو بْنِ حَزْمٍ، أَنَّهُ أَخَذَ نَبَطِيًّا قَدْ سَرَقَ خَوَاتِمَ مِنْ حَدِيدٍ فَحَبَسَهُ لِيَقْطَعَ يَدَهُ فَأَرْسَلَتْ إِلَيْهِ عَمْرَةُ بِنْتُ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ مَوْلاَةً لَهَا يُقَالُ لَهَا أُمَيَّةُ قَالَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ فَجَاءَتْنِي وَأَنَا بَيْنَ ظَهْرَانَىِ النَّاسِ فَقَالَتْ تَقُولُ لَكَ خَالَتُكَ عَمْرَةُ يَا ابْنَ أُخْتِي أَخَذْتَ نَبَطِيًّا فِي شَىْءٍ يَسِيرٍ ذُكِرَ لِي فَأَرَدْتَ قَطْعَ يَدِهِ قُلْتُ نَعَمْ ‏.‏ قَالَتْ فَإِنَّ عَمْرَةَ تَقُولُ لَكَ لاَ قَطْعَ إِلاَّ فِي رُبُعِ دِينَارٍ فَصَاعِدًا ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ فَأَرْسَلْتُ النَّبَطِيَّ ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ وَالأَمْرُ الْمُجْتَمَعُ عَلَيْهِ عِنْدَنَا فِي اعْتِرَافِ الْعَبِيدِ أَنَّهُ مَنِ اعْتَرَفَ مِنْهُمْ عَلَى نَفْسِهِ بِشَىْءٍ يَقَعُ الْحَدُّ وَالْعُقُوبَةُ فِيهِ فِي جَسَدِهِ ‏.‏ فَإِنَّ اعْتِرَافَهُ جَائِزٌ عَلَيْهِ وَلاَ يُتَّهَمُ أَنْ يُوقِعَ عَلَى نَفْسِهِ هَذَا ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ وَأَمَّا مَنِ اعْتَرَفَ مِنْهُمْ بِأَمْرٍ يَكُونُ غُرْمًا عَلَى سَيِّدِهِ فَإِنَّ اعْتِرَافَهُ غَيْرُ جَائِزٍ عَلَى سَيِّدِهِ ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ لَيْسَ عَلَى الأَجِيرِ وَلاَ عَلَى الرَّجُلِ يَكُونَانِ مَعَ الْقَوْمِ يَخْدُمَانِهِمْ إِنْ سَرَقَاهُمْ قَطْعٌ لأَنَّ حَالَهُمَا لَيْسَتْ بِحَالِ السَّارِقِ وَإِنَّمَا حَالُهُمَا حَالُ الْخَائِنِ وَلَيْسَ عَلَى الْخَائِنِ قَطْعٌ ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ فِي الَّذِي يَسْتَعِيرُ الْعَارِيَةَ فَيَجْحَدُهَا إِنَّهُ لَيْسَ عَلَيْهِ قَطْعٌ وَإِنَّمَا مَثَلُ ذَلِكَ مَثَلُ رَجُلٍ كَانَ لَهُ عَلَى رَجُلٍ دَيْنٌ فَجَحَدَهُ ذَلِكَ فَلَيْسَ عَلَيْهِ فِيمَا جَحَدَهُ قَطْعٌ ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ الأَمْرُ الْمُجْتَمَعُ عَلَيْهِ عِنْدَنَا فِي السَّارِقِ يُوجَدُ فِي الْبَيْتِ قَدْ جَمَعَ الْمَتَاعَ وَلَمْ يَخْرُجْ بِهِ إِنَّهُ لَيْسَ عَلَيْهِ قَطْعٌ وَإِنَّمَا مَثَلُ ذَلِكَ كَمَثَلِ رَجُلٍ وَضَعَ بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ خَمْرًا لِيَشْرَبَهَا فَلَمْ يَفْعَلْ فَلَيْسَ عَلَيْهِ حَدٌّ وَمِثْلُ ذَلِكَ رَجُلٌ جَلَسَ مِنِ امْرَأَةٍ مَجْلِسًا وَهُوَ يُرِيدُ أَنْ يُصِيبَهَا حَرَامًا فَلَمْ يَفْعَلْ وَلَمْ يَبْلُغْ ذَلِكَ مِنْهَا فَلَيْسَ عَلَيْهِ أَيْضًا فِي ذَلِكَ حَدٌّ ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ الأَمْرُ الْمُجْتَمَعُ عَلَيْهِ عِنْدَنَا أَنَّهُ لَيْسَ فِي الْخُلْسَةِ قَطْعٌ بَلَغَ ثَمَنُهَا مَا يُقْطَعُ فِيهِ أَوْ لَمْ يَبْلُغْ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik that Yahya ibn Said said that AbuBakr ibn Muhammad ibn Amr ibn Hazm informed him that he had taken aNabatean who had stolen some iron rings and jailed him in order to cutoff his hand. Amra bint Abd ar-Rahman sent a girl mawla to him calledUmayya. Abu Bakr said that she had come to him while he was among thepeople and said that his aunt Amra sent word to him saying, "Son of mybrother! You have taken a Nabatean for something insignificant whichwas mentioned to me. Do you want to cut off his hand?" He had said,"Yes." She said, ''Amra says to you not to cut off the hand except fora quarter of a dinar and upwards." Abu Bakr added, "So I letthe Nabatean go." Malik said, "The generally agreed on way ofdoing things among us about the confession of slaves is that if aslave confesses something against himself, the hadd and punishment forit is inflicted on his body. His confession is accepted from him andone does not suspect that he would inflict something on himself." Malik said, "As for the one of them who confesses to a matterwhich will incur damages agains this master, his confession is notaccepted against his master." Malik said, "One does not cutoff the hand of a hireling or a man who is with some people to servethem, if he robs them, because his state is not the state of a thief.His state is the state of a treacherous one. The treacherous one doesnot have his hand cut off." Malik said about a person whoborrows something and then denies it, "His hand is not cut off. He islike a man who owes a debt to another man and denies it. He does nothave his hand cut off for what he has denied." Malik said,"The generally agreed-on way of dealing among us, with the thief whois found in a house and has gathered up goods and has not taken themout, is that his hand is not cut off. That is like the man who placeswine before him to drink it and does not do it. The hadd is notimposed on him. That is like a man who sits with a woman and desiresto have haram intercourse with her and does not do it and he does notreach her. There is no hadd against that either." Malik said,"The generally agreed-on way of doing things among us is that there isno cutting off the hand for what is taken by chance, openly and inhaste, whether or not its price reaches that for which the hand is cutoff." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 41 Hadith no 1539
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 41 Hadith no 35



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