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Muwatta Imam Malik

Blood-Money

كتاب العقول

حَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ أَبِي بَكْرِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَمْرِو بْنِ حَزْمٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، أَنَّ فِي الْكِتَابِ الَّذِي، كَتَبَهُ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم لِعَمْرِو بْنِ حَزْمٍ فِي الْعُقُولِ أَنَّ فِي النَّفْسِ مِائَةً مِنَ الإِبِلِ وَفِي الأَنْفِ إِذَا أُوعِيَ جَدْعًا مِائَةٌ مِنَ الإِبِلِ وَفِي الْمَأْمُومَةِ ثُلُثُ الدِّيَةِ وَفِي الْجَائِفَةِ مِثْلُهَا وَفِي الْعَيْنِ خَمْسُونَ وَفِي الْيَدِ خَمْسُونَ وَفِي الرِّجْلِ خَمْسُونَ وَفِي كُلِّ أُصْبُعٍ مِمَّا هُنَالِكَ عَشْرٌ مِنَ الإِبِلِ وَفِي السِّنِّ خَمْسٌ وَفِي الْمُوضِحَةِ خَمْسٌ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Abdullah ibn Abi Bakr ibnMuhammad ibn Amr ibn Hazm from his father that in a letter which theMessenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sent toAmr ibn Hazm about blood-money he wrote that it was one hundred camelsfor a life, one hundred camels for a nose if completely removed, athird of the blood-money for a wound in the brain, the same as thatfor a belly wound, fifty for an eye, fifty for a hand, fifty for afoot, ten camels for each finger, and five for teeth, and five for ahead wound which laid bare the bone. Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 43 Hadith no 1555
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 43 Hadith no 1


حَدَّثَنِي مَالِكٌ، أَنَّهُ بَلَغَهُ أَنَّ عُمَرَ بْنَ الْخَطَّابِ، قَوَّمَ الدِّيَةَ عَلَى أَهْلِ الْقُرَى فَجَعَلَهَا عَلَى أَهْلِ الذَّهَبِ أَلْفَ دِينَارٍ وَعَلَى أَهْلِ الْوَرِقِ اثْنَىْ عَشَرَ أَلْفَ دِرْهَمٍ ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ فَأَهْلُ الذَّهَبِ أَهْلُ الشَّامِ وَأَهْلُ مِصْرَ وَأَهْلُ الْوَرِقِ أَهْلُ الْعِرَاقِ ‏.‏ وَحَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى عَنْ مَالِكٍ أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ أَنَّ الدِّيَةَ تُقْطَعُ فِي ثَلاَثِ سِنِينَ أَوْ أَرْبَعِ سِنِينَ ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ وَالثَّلاَثُ أَحَبُّ مَا سَمِعْتُ إِلَىَّ فِي ذَلِكَ ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ الأَمْرُ الْمُجْتَمَعُ عَلَيْهِ عِنْدَنَا أَنَّهُ لاَ يُقْبَلُ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْقُرَى فِي الدِّيَةِ الإِبِلُ وَلاَ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْعَمُودِ الذَّهَبُ وَلاَ الْوَرِقُ وَلاَ مِنْ أَهْلِ الذَّهَبِ الْوَرِقُ وَلاَ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْوَرِقِ الذَّهَبُ ‏.‏

Malik related to me that he had heard that Umar ibn al-Khattabestimated the full blood-money for the people of urban areas. Forthose who had gold, he made it one thousand dinars. and for those whohad silver he made it ten thousand dirhams. Malik said, "Thepeople of gold are the people of ash-Sham and the people of Egypt. Thepeople of silver are the people of Iraq " Yahya related to mefrom Malik that he heard that the blood-money was divided intoinstalments over three or four years. Malik said, "Three isthe most preferable to me of what I have heard on that." Malik said, "The generally agreed on way of doing things in ourcommunity is that camels are not accepted from the people of citiesfor blood-money nor is gold or silver accepted from the desert people.Silver is not accepted from the people of gold and gold is notaccepted from the people of silver." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 43 Hadith no 1556
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 43 Hadith no 2


حَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، أَنَّ ابْنَ شِهَابٍ، كَانَ يَقُولُ فِي دِيَةِ الْعَمْدِ إِذَا قُبِلَتْ خَمْسٌ وَعِشْرُونَ بِنْتَ مَخَاضٍ وَخَمْسٌ وَعِشْرُونَ بِنْتَ لَبُونٍ وَخَمْسٌ وَعِشْرُونَ حِقَّةً وَخَمْسُ وَعِشْرُونَ جَذَعَةً ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik that Ibn Shihab said, "The fullblood-money for murder when it is accepted is twenty-five yearlings,twenty-five two-year-olds, twenty-five four-year-olds, and twenty-fivefive-year-olds." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 43 Hadith no 1557
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 43 Hadith no 2


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ سَعِيدٍ، أَنَّ مَرْوَانَ بْنَ الْحَكَمِ، كَتَبَ إِلَى مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ أَبِي سُفْيَانَ أَنَّهُ أُتِيَ بِمَجْنُونٍ قَتَلَ رَجُلاً ‏.‏ فَكَتَبَ إِلَيْهِ مُعَاوِيَةُ أَنِ اعْقِلْهُ وَلاَ تُقِدْ مِنْهُ فَإِنَّهُ لَيْسَ عَلَى مَجْنُونٍ قَوَدٌ ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ فِي الْكَبِيرِ وَالصَّغِيرِ إِذَا قَتَلاَ رَجُلاً جَمِيعًا عَمْدًا أَنَّ عَلَى الْكَبِيرِ أَنْ يُقْتَلَ وَعَلَى الصَّغِيرِ نِصْفُ الدِّيَةِ ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ وَكَذَلِكَ الْحُرُّ وَالْعَبْدُ يَقْتُلاَنِ الْعَبْدَ فَيُقْتَلُ الْعَبْدُ وَيَكُونُ عَلَى الْحُرِّ نِصْفُ قِيمَتِهِ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Yahya ibn Said that Marwanibn al-Hakam wrote to Muawiya ibn Abi Sufyan that a madman was broughtto him who had killed a man. Muawiya wrote to him, "Tie him up and donot inflict any retaliation on him. There is no retaliation against amadman." Malik said about an adult and a child when theymurder a man together, "The adult is killed and the child pays halfthe full blood-money." Malik said, "It is like that with afreeman and a slave when they murder a slave. The slave is killed andthe freeman pays half of his value." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 43 Hadith no 1558
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 43 Hadith no 3


حَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ، عَنْ عِرَاكِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ، وَسُلَيْمَانَ بْنِ يَسَارٍ، أَنَّ رَجُلاً، مِنْ بَنِي سَعْدِ بْنِ لَيْثٍ أَجْرَى فَرَسًا فَوَطِئَ عَلَى إِصْبَعِ رَجُلٍ مِنْ جُهَيْنَةَ فَنُزِيَ مِنْهَا فَمَاتَ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ عُمَرُ بْنُ الْخَطَّابِ لِلَّذِي ادُّعِيَ عَلَيْهِمْ أَتَحْلِفُونَ بِاللَّهِ خَمْسِينَ يَمِينًا مَا مَاتَ مِنْهَا فَأَبَوْا وَتَحَرَّجُوا وَقَالَ لِلآخَرِينَ أَتَحْلِفُونَ أَنْتُمْ فَأَبَوْا فَقَضَى عُمَرُ بْنُ الْخَطَّابِ بِشَطْرِ الدِّيَةِ عَلَى السَّعْدِيِّينَ ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ وَلَيْسَ الْعَمَلُ عَلَى هَذَا ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Ibn Shihab from Irak ibnMalik and Sulayman ibn Yasar that a man of the Banu Sad ibn Layth wasrunning a horse and it trod on the finger of a man from the Juhaynatribe. It bled profusely, and he died. Umar ibn al-Khattab said tothose against whom the claim was made. "Do you swear by Allah withfifty oaths that he did not die of it?" They refused and stoppedthemselves from doing it. He said to the others, "Will you take anoath?" They refused, so Umar ibn al-Khattab gave a judgement that theBanu Sad had to pay half the full blood-money. Malik said,"One does not act on this." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 43 Hadith no 1559
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 43 Hadith no 4


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، أَنَّ ابْنَ شِهَابٍ، وَسُلَيْمَانَ بْنَ يَسَارٍ، وَرَبِيعَةَ بْنَ أَبِي عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ، كَانُوا يَقُولُونَ دِيَةُ الْخَطَإِ عِشْرُونَ بِنْتَ مَخَاضٍ وَعِشْرُونَ بِنْتَ لَبُونٍ وَعِشْرُونَ ابْنَ لَبُونٍ ذَكَرًا وَعِشْرُونَ حِقَّةً وَعِشْرُونَ جَذَعَةً ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ الأَمْرُ الْمُجْتَمَعُ عَلَيْهِ عِنْدَنَا أَنَّهُ لاَ قَوَدَ بَيْنَ الصِّبْيَانِ وَإِنَّ عَمْدَهُمْ خَطَأٌ مَا لَمْ تَجِبْ عَلَيْهِمُ الْحُدُودُ وَيَبْلُغُوا الْحُلُمَ وَإِنَّ قَتْلَ الصَّبِيِّ لاَ يَكُونُ إِلاَّ خَطَأً وَذَلِكَ لَوْ أَنَّ صَبِيًّا وَكَبِيرًا قَتَلاَ رَجُلاً حُرًّا خَطَأً كَانَ عَلَى عَاقِلَةِ كُلِّ وَاحِدٍ مِنْهُمَا نِصْفُ الدِّيَةِ ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ وَمَنْ قَتَلَ خَطَأً فَإِنَّمَا عَقْلُهُ مَالٌ لاَ قَوَدَ فِيهِ وَإِنَّمَا هُوَ كَغَيْرِهِ مِنْ مَالِهِ يُقْضَى بِهِ دَيْنُهُ وَيُجَوَّزُ فِيهِ وَصِيَّتُهُ فَإِنْ كَانَ لَهُ مَالٌ تَكُونُ الدِّيَةُ قَدْرَ ثُلُثِهِ ثُمَّ عُفِيَ عَنْ دِيَتِهِ فَذَلِكَ جَائِزٌ لَهُ وَإِنْ لَمْ يَكُنْ لَهُ مَالٌ غَيْرُ دِيَتِهِ جَازَ لَهُ مِنْ ذَلِكَ الثُّلُثُ إِذَا عُفِيَ عَنْهُ وَأَوْصَى بِهِ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malikthat Ibn Shihab, Sulayman ibn Yasar, and Rabia ibn Abi Abd ar-Rahmansaid, "The blood-money of manslaughter is twenty yearlings, twentytwo-year-olds, twenty male two-year-olds, twenty four-year-olds, andtwenty five-year-olds." Malik said, "The generally agreed onway with us is that there is no retaliation against children. Theirintention is accidental. The hudud are not obliged for them if theyhave not yet reached puberty. If a child kills someone it is onlyaccidentally. Had a child and an adult killed a free man accidentally,each of them pays half the full blood-money." Malik said, "Aperson who kills someone accidentally pays blood-money with hisproperty and there is no retaliation against him. That money is likeanything else from the dead man's property and his debt is paid withit and he is allowed to make a bequest from it. If he has a totalproperty of which the blood-money is a third and then the blood-moneyis relinquished, that is permitted to him. If all the property he hasis his blood-money, he is permitted to relinquish a third of it and tomake that a bequest." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 43 Hadith no 1560
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 43 Hadith no 4



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