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Sunan Abi Dawud

Oaths and Vows (Kitab Al-Aiman Wa Al-Nudhur)

كتاب الأيمان والنذور

حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ خَلَفٍ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الأَعْلَى، حَدَّثَنَا سَعِيدٌ، عَنْ قَتَادَةَ، عَنِ الْحَسَنِ، عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ سَمُرَةَ، نَحْوَهُ قَالَ ‏:‏ ‏"‏ فَكَفِّرْ عَنْ يَمِينِكَ، ثُمَّ ائْتِ الَّذِي هُوَ خَيْرٌ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ ‏:‏ أَحَادِيثُ أَبِي مُوسَى الأَشْعَرِيِّ وَعَدِيِّ بْنِ حَاتِمٍ وَأَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ فِي هَذَا الْحَدِيثِ رُوِيَ عَنْ كُلِّ وَاحِدٍ مِنْهُمْ فِي بَعْضِ الرِّوَايَةِ الْحِنْثُ قَبْلَ الْكَفَّارَةِ وَفِي بَعْضِ الرِّوَايَةِ الْكَفَّارَةُ قَبْلَ الْحِنْثِ ‏.‏

A similar tradition has been transmitted by 'Abd al-Rahman b. Samurah through a different chain if narrators. This version has: "Make atonement for your oath and then do the thing that is better." Abu Dawud said: The version of this tradition transmitted by Abu Musa al-Ash'ari, 'Adi b. Hatim and Abu Hurairah are variant. Some of them indicate breaking the oath before making atonement, and other making atonement before breaking the oath. Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 22 Hadith no 3278
Web reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 21 Hadith no 3272


حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ صَالِحٍ، قَالَ قَرَأْتُ عَلَى أَنَسِ بْنِ عِيَاضٍ حَدَّثَنِي عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنُ حَرْمَلَةَ، عَنْ أُمِّ حَبِيبٍ بِنْتِ ذُؤَيْبِ بْنِ قَيْسٍ الْمُزَنِيَّةِ، - وَكَانَتْ تَحْتَ رَجُلٍ مِنْهُمْ مِنْ أَسْلَمَ ثُمَّ كَانَتْ تَحْتَ ابْنِ أَخٍ لِصَفِيَّةَ زَوْجِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ابْنُ حَرْمَلَةَ ‏:‏ فَوَهَبَتْ لَنَا أُمُّ حَبِيبٍ صَاعًا - حَدَّثَتْنَا عَنِ ابْنِ أَخِي صَفِيَّةَ عَنْ صَفِيَّةَ أَنَّهُ صَاعُ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏.‏ قَالَ أَنَسٌ ‏:‏ فَجَرَّبْتُهُ، أَوْ قَالَ فَحَزَرْتُهُ فَوَجَدْتُهُ مُدَّيْنِ وَنِصْفًا بِمُدِّ هِشَامٍ ‏.‏


Chapter: How Much Is The Sa' For Expiation ?

Narrated Safiyyah bint Huyayy: Ibn Harmalah said: Umm Habib gave us a sa' and told us narration from the nephew of Safiyyah on the authority of Safiyyah that it was the sa' of the Prophet (PBUH). Anas ibn Ayyad said: I tested it and found its capacity two and half mudd according to the mudd of Hisham. Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 22 Hadith no 3279
Web reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 21 Hadith no 3273


حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَلاَّدٍ أَبُو عُمَرَ، قَالَ ‏:‏ كَانَ عِنْدَنَا مَكُّوكٌ يُقَالُ لَهُ مَكُّوكُ خَالِدٍ وَكَانَ كَيْلَجَتَيْنِ بِكَيْلَجَةِ هَارُونَ، قَالَ مُحَمَّدٌ ‏:‏ صَاعُ خَالِدٍ صَاعُ هِشَامٍ يَعْنِي ابْنَ عَبْدِ الْمَلِكِ ‏.‏

Narrated Muhammad b. Muhmmad b. Khattab Abu 'Umar : We had a makkuk which was called Makkuk Khalid. Its capacity was two measurements according to the measurements of Harun. The narrator said: The sa' of Khalid was the sa' of Hisham b. 'Abd al-Malik. Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 22 Hadith no 3280
Web reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 21 Hadith no 3274


حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَلاَّدٍ أَبُو عُمَرَ، حَدَّثَنَا مُسَدَّدٌ، عَنْ أُمَيَّةَ بْنِ خَالِدٍ، قَالَ ‏:‏ لَمَّا وُلِّيَ خَالِدٌ الْقَسْرِيُّ أَضْعَفَ الصَّاعَ فَصَارَ الصَّاعُ سِتَّةَ عَشَرَ رَطْلاً ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ ‏:‏ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَلاَّدٍ قَتَلَهُ الزِّنْجُ صَبْرًا، فَقَالَ بِيَدِهِ هَكَذَا وَمَدَّ أَبُو دَاوُدَ يَدَهُ وَجَعَلَ بُطُونَ كَفَّيْهِ إِلَى الأَرْضِ، قَالَ ‏:‏ وَرَأَيْتُهُ فِي النَّوْمِ فَقُلْتُ ‏:‏ مَا فَعَلَ اللَّهُ بِكَ قَالَ ‏:‏ أَدْخَلَنِي الْجَنَّةَ ‏.‏ فَقُلْتُ ‏:‏ فَلَمْ يَضُرَّكَ الْوَقْفُ ‏.‏

Narrated Umayyah b. Khalid: When Khalid al-Qasri was made ruler (of Hijaz and Kufah), he doubled the measure of sa'. The sa' then measured sixteen rotls. Abu Dawud said: Muhammad b. Muhammad b. Khattab was slain by Negroes in confinement. He said while signing with his hand: "in this way". Abu Dawud extended his hand and turned his palms towards earth and said: I saw him in the dream and asked him: How did Allah deal with you ? He replied: He admitted to Paradise. I said: Your detention did not harm you. Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 22 Hadith no 3281
Web reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 21 Hadith no 3275


حَدَّثَنَا مُسَدَّدٌ، حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى، عَنِ الْحَجَّاجِ الصَّوَّافِ، حَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى بْنُ أَبِي كَثِيرٍ، عَنْ هِلاَلِ بْنِ أَبِي مَيْمُونَةَ، عَنْ عَطَاءِ بْنِ يَسَارٍ، عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ السُّلَمِيِّ، قَالَ قُلْتُ ‏:‏ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ جَارِيَةٌ لِي صَكَكْتُهَا صَكَّةً ‏.‏ فَعَظَّمَ ذَلِكَ عَلَىَّ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَقُلْتُ أَفَلاَ أُعْتِقُهَا قَالَ ‏:‏ ‏"‏ ائْتِنِي بِهَا ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏:‏ فَجِئْتُ بِهَا قَالَ ‏:‏ ‏"‏ أَيْنَ اللَّهُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَتْ ‏:‏ فِي السَّمَاءِ ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏:‏ ‏"‏ مَنْ أَنَا ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَتْ ‏:‏ أَنْتَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏:‏ ‏"‏ أَعْتِقْهَا فَإِنَّهَا مُؤْمِنَةٌ ‏"‏ ‏.‏


Chapter: Freeing A Believing Slave (As Expiation)

Narrated Mu'awiyah b. al-Hakam al-Sulami: I said: Messenger of Allah, I have a slave girl whom I slapped. This grieved the Messenger of Allah (PBUH). I said to him: Should I not emancipate her? He said: Bring her to me. He said: Then I brought her. He asked: Where is Allah ? She replied: In the heaven. He said: Who am I ? She replied: You are the Messenger of Allah. He said: Emancipate her, she is a believer. Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 22 Hadith no 3282
Web reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 21 Hadith no 3276


حَدَّثَنَا مُوسَى بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ، حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادٌ، عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَمْرٍو، عَنْ أَبِي سَلَمَةَ، عَنِ الشَّرِيدِ، ‏:‏ أَنَّ أُمَّهُ، أَوْصَتْهُ أَنْ يُعْتِقَ، عَنْهَا رَقَبَةً مُؤْمِنَةً فَأَتَى النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَقَالَ ‏:‏ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ إِنَّ أُمِّي أَوْصَتْ أَنْ أُعْتِقَ عَنْهَا رَقَبَةً مُؤْمِنَةً وَعِنْدِي جَارِيَةٌ سَوْدَاءُ نُوبِيَّةٌ فَذَكَرَ نَحْوَهُ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ ‏:‏ خَالِدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ أَرْسَلَهُ لَمْ يَذْكُرِ الشَّرِيدَ ‏.‏

Narrated Ash-Sharid ibn Suwayd ath-Thaqafi: Sharid's mother left a will to emancipate a believing slave on her behalf. So he came to the Prophet (PBUH) and said: Messenger of Allah, my mother left a will that I should emancipate a believing slave for her, and I have a black Nubian slave-girl. He mentioned a tradition about the test of the girl. Abu Dawud said: Khalid b. 'Abd Allah narrated this tradition direct from the Prophet (PBUH). He did not mention the name of al-Sharid. Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 22 Hadith no 3283
Web reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 21 Hadith no 3277



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