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Muwatta Imam Malik

The Decree

كتاب القدر

وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ أَبِي الزِّنَادِ، عَنِ الأَعْرَجِ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏"‏ تَحَاجَّ آدَمُ وَمُوسَى فَحَجَّ آدَمُ مُوسَى قَالَ لَهُ مُوسَى أَنْتَ آدَمُ الَّذِي أَغْوَيْتَ النَّاسَ وَأَخْرَجْتَهُمْ مِنَ الْجَنَّةِ فَقَالَ لَهُ آدَمُ أَنْتَ مُوسَى الَّذِي أَعْطَاهُ اللَّهُ عِلْمَ كُلِّ شَىْءٍ وَاصْطَفَاهُ عَلَى النَّاسِ بِرِسَالَتِهِ قَالَ نَعَمْ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَفَتَلُومُنِي عَلَى أَمْرٍ قَدْ قُدِّرَ عَلَىَّ قَبْلَ أَنْ أُخْلَقَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Abu'z-Zinad from al-Araj fromAbu Hurayra that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and granthim peace, said, "Adam and Musa argued and Adam got the better ofMusa. Musa rebuked Adam, 'You are Adam who led people astray andbrought them out of the Garden.' Adam said to him, 'You are Musa towhom Allah gave knowledge of everything and whom he chose above peoplewith His message.' He said, 'Yes.' He said, 'Do you then censure mefor a matter which was decreed for me before I was created?' " Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 46 Hadith no 1626
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 46 Hadith no 1


وَحَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ زَيْدِ بْنِ أَبِي أُنَيْسَةَ، عَنْ عَبْدِ الْحَمِيدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ زَيْدِ بْنِ الْخَطَّابِ، أَنَّهُ أَخْبَرَهُ عَنْ مُسْلِمِ بْنِ يَسَارٍ الْجُهَنِيِّ، أَنَّ عُمَرَ بْنَ الْخَطَّابِ، سُئِلَ عَنْ هَذِهِ الآيَةِ، ‏{‏وَإِذْ أَخَذَ رَبُّكَ مِنْ بَنِي آدَمَ مِنْ ظُهُورِهِمْ ذُرِّيَّتَهُمْ وَأَشْهَدَهُمْ عَلَى أَنْفُسِهِمْ أَلَسْتُ بِرَبِّكُمْ قَالُوا بَلَى شَهِدْنَا أَنْ تَقُولُوا يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ إِنَّا كُنَّا عَنْ هَذَا غَافِلِينَ‏}‏ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ عُمَرُ بْنُ الْخَطَّابِ سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يُسْأَلُ عَنْهَا فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ إِنَّ اللَّهَ تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى خَلَقَ آدَمَ ثُمَّ مَسَحَ ظَهْرَهُ بِيَمِينِهِ فَاسْتَخْرَجَ مِنْهُ ذُرِّيَّةً فَقَالَ خَلَقْتُ هَؤُلاَءِ لِلْجَنَّةِ وَبِعَمَلِ أَهْلِ الْجَنَّةِ يَعْمَلُونَ ثُمَّ مَسَحَ ظَهْرَهُ فَاسْتَخْرَجَ مِنْهُ ذُرِّيَّةً فَقَالَ خَلَقْتُ هَؤُلاَءِ لِلنَّارِ وَبِعَمَلِ أَهْلِ النَّارِ يَعْمَلُونَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ رَجُلٌ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ فَفِيمَ الْعَمَلُ قَالَ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ إِنَّ اللَّهَ إِذَا خَلَقَ الْعَبْدَ لِلْجَنَّةِ اسْتَعْمَلَهُ بِعَمَلِ أَهْلِ الْجَنَّةِ حَتَّى يَمُوتَ عَلَى عَمَلٍ مِنْ أَعْمَالِ أَهْلِ الْجَنَّةِ فَيُدْخِلَهُ بِهِ الْجَنَّةَ وَإِذَا خَلَقَ الْعَبْدَ لِلنَّارِ اسْتَعْمَلَهُ بِعَمَلِ أَهْلِ النَّارِ حَتَّى يَمُوتَ عَلَى عَمَلٍ مِنْ أَعْمَالِ أَهْلِ النَّارِ فَيُدْخِلَهُ بِهِ النَّارَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Zayd ibn Abi Unaysa that Abdal-Hamid ibn Abd ar-Rahman ibn Zayd ibn al-Khattab informed him fromMuslim ibn Yasar al-Juhani that Umar ibn al-Khattab was asked aboutthis ayat - "When your Lord took their progeny from the Banu Adam fromtheir backs and made them testify against themselves. 'Am I not yourLord?' They said, 'Yes, we bear witness' Lest you should sayon the Day of Rising, 'We were heedless of that.'" (Sura 7 ayat 172)Umar ibn al-Khattab said, "I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allahbless him and grant him peace, being asked about it. The Messenger ofAllah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Allah, theBlessed, the Exalted, created Adam. Then He stroked his back with Hisright hand, and progeny issued from it. He said, "I created these forthe Garden and they will act with the behaviour of the people of theGarden." Then He stroked his back again and brought forth progeny fromhim. He said, "I created these for the Fire and they will act with thebehaviour of the people of the Fire." 'A man said, 'Messenger ofAllah! Then of what value are deeds?' The Messenger of Allah, mayAllah bless him and grant him peace, answered, 'When Allah creates aslave for the Garden, he makes him use the behaviour of the people ofthe Garden, so that he dies on one of the actions of the people of theGarden and by it He brings him into the Garden. When He creates aslave for the Fire, He makes him use the behaviour of the people ofthe Fire, so that he dies on one of the actions of the people of theFire, and by it, He brings him into the Fire.' " Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 46 Hadith no 1627
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 46 Hadith no 2


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، أَنَّهُ بَلَغَهُ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏"‏ تَرَكْتُ فِيكُمْ أَمْرَيْنِ لَنْ تَضِلُّوا مَا تَمَسَّكْتُمْ بِهِمَا كِتَابَ اللَّهِ وَسُنَّةَ نَبِيِّهِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik that he heard that the Messengerof Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "I have lefttwo matters with you. As long as you hold to them, you will not go thewrong way. They are the Book of Allah and the Sunna of His Prophet." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 46 Hadith no 1628
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 46 Hadith no 3


وَحَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ زِيَادِ بْنِ سَعْدٍ، عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ، عَنْ طَاوُسٍ الْيَمَانِيِّ، أَنَّهُ قَالَ أَدْرَكْتُ نَاسًا مِنْ أَصْحَابِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُونَ كُلُّ شَىْءٍ بِقَدَرٍ ‏.‏ قَالَ طَاوُسٌ وَسَمِعْتُ عَبْدَ اللَّهِ بْنَ عُمَرَ يَقُولُ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ كُلُّ شَىْءٍ بِقَدَرٍ حَتَّى الْعَجْزِ وَالْكَيْسِ أَوِ الْكَيْسِ وَالْعَجْزِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Ziyad ibn Sad from Amr ibnMuslim that Tawus al-Yamani said, "I found some of the companions ofthe Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace,saying 'Everything is by decree.' " Tawus added, "I heard Abdullah ibnUmar say that The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and granthim peace. said, 'Everything is by decree - even incapacity andability,' (or 'ability and incapacity')." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 46 Hadith no 1629
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 46 Hadith no 4


وَحَدَّثَنِي مَالِكٌ، عَنْ زِيَادِ بْنِ سَعْدٍ، عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ دِينَارٍ، أَنَّهُ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ عَبْدَ اللَّهِ بْنَ الزُّبَيْرِ، يَقُولُ فِي خُطْبَتِهِ إِنَّ اللَّهَ هُوَ الْهَادِي وَالْفَاتِنُ ‏.‏

Malik related to me from Ziyad ibn Sad that Amr ibn Dinar said,"I heard Abdullah ibn az-Zubayr say in a khutba, 'Allah - He is theGuider and the One Who Tempts Away.' " Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 46 Hadith no 1630
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 46 Hadith no 5


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ عَمِّهِ أَبِي سُهَيْلِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ، أَنَّهُ قَالَ كُنْتُ أَسِيرُ مَعَ عُمَرَ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْعَزِيزِ فَقَالَ مَا رَأْيُكَ فِي هَؤُلاَءِ الْقَدَرِيَّةِ فَقُلْتُ رَأْيِي أَنْ تَسْتَتِيبَهُمْ فَإِنْ تَابُوا وَإِلاَّ عَرَضْتَهُمْ عَلَى السَّيْفِ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ عُمَرُ بْنُ عَبْدِ الْعَزِيزِ وَذَلِكَ رَأْيِي ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ وَذَلِكَ رَأْيِي ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik that his paternal uncle, AbuSuhayl ibn Malik said, "I was a prisoner with Umar ibn Abd al-Aziz. Hesaid, 'What do you think about these Qadariyya (fatalists)?' I said,'My opinion is that one should ask them to turn from wrong action, ifthey will do so. If not, subject them to the sword.' Umar ibn Abd al-Aziz said, 'That is my opinion. Malik added, "That is myopinion also." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 46 Hadith no 1631
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 46 Hadith no 6



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