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Muwatta Imam Malik

Greetings

كتاب السلام

حَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ زَيْدِ بْنِ أَسْلَمَ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏"‏ يُسَلِّمُ الرَّاكِبُ عَلَى الْمَاشِي وَإِذَا سَلَّمَ مِنَ الْقَوْمِ وَاحِدٌ أَجْزَأَ عَنْهُمْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Zayd ibn Aslam that theMessenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said,"The one riding greets the one walking, and when one of a group ofpeople gives a greeting, it is enough for all of them." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 53 Hadith no 1759
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 53 Hadith no 1


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ وَهْبِ بْنِ كَيْسَانَ، عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَمْرِو بْنِ عَطَاءٍ، أَنَّهُ قَالَ كُنْتُ جَالِسًا عِنْدَ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَبَّاسٍ فَدَخَلَ عَلَيْهِ رَجُلٌ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْيَمَنِ فَقَالَ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكُمْ وَرَحْمَةُ اللَّهِ وَبَرَكَاتُهُ ‏.‏ ثُمَّ زَادَ شَيْئًا مَعَ ذَلِكَ أَيْضًا ‏.‏ قَالَ ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ وَهُوَ يَوْمَئِذٍ قَدْ ذَهَبَ بَصَرُهُ مَنْ هَذَا قَالُوا هَذَا الْيَمَانِيُّ الَّذِي يَغْشَاكَ ‏.‏ فَعَرَّفُوهُ إِيَّاهُ ‏.‏ قَالَ فَقَالَ ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ إِنَّ السَّلاَمَ انْتَهَى إِلَى الْبَرَكَةِ ‏.‏ قَالَ يَحْيَى سُئِلَ مَالِكٌ هَلْ يُسَلَّمُ عَلَى الْمَرْأَةِ فَقَالَ أَمَّا الْمُتَجَالَّةُ فَلاَ أَكْرَهُ ذَلِكَ وَأَمَّا الشَّابَّةُ فَلاَ أُحِبُّ ذَلِكَ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Wahb ibn Kaysan that Muhammadibn Amr ibn Ata said, "I was sitting with Abdullah ibn Abbas when aYemeni man came in. He said, 'Peace be upon you, and the mercy ofAllah and His blessing' (as-salamu alaykum wa rahmatullahi wabarakatuhu), and then he added something more to that. Ibn Abbas said(and at that time his eyesight had gone), 'Who is this?' People said,'This is a Yemeni who has come to see you,' and they introduced him.Ibn Abbas said, 'The greeting ends with the word blessing.' " Yahya said that Malik was asked, "Does one greet a woman?" He said,"As for an old woman, I do not disapprove of it. As for a young woman,I do not like it." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 53 Hadith no 1760
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 53 Hadith no 2


حَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ دِينَارٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عُمَرَ، أَنَّهُ قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ إِنَّ الْيَهُودَ إِذَا سَلَّمَ عَلَيْكُمْ أَحَدُهُمْ فَإِنَّمَا يَقُولُ السَّامُ عَلَيْكُمْ ‏.‏ فَقُلْ عَلَيْكَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Abdullah ibn Dinar thatAbdullah ibn Umar said that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah blesshim and grant him peace, said, "When a jew greets you, and says 'Deathto you' (as-samu alaykum) say, 'And to you.' " Yahya said,"Malik was asked whether a person who greeted a jew or christian,should apologise for it. He said, 'No'." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 53 Hadith no 1761
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 53 Hadith no 3


حَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ أَبِي طَلْحَةَ، عَنْ أَبِي مُرَّةَ، مَوْلَى عَقِيلِ بْنِ أَبِي طَالِبٍ عَنْ أَبِي وَاقِدٍ اللَّيْثِيِّ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم بَيْنَمَا هُوَ جَالِسٌ فِي الْمَسْجِدِ وَالنَّاسُ مَعَهُ إِذْ أَقْبَلَ نَفَرٌ ثَلاَثَةٌ فَأَقْبَلَ اثْنَانِ إِلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَذَهَبَ وَاحِدٌ فَلَمَّا وَقَفَا عَلَى مَجْلِسِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم سَلَّمَا فَأَمَّا أَحَدُهُمَا فَرَأَى فُرْجَةً فِي الْحَلْقَةِ فَجَلَسَ فِيهَا وَأَمَّا الآخَرُ فَجَلَسَ خَلْفَهُمْ وَأَمَّا الثَّالِثُ فَأَدْبَرَ ذَاهِبًا فَلَمَّا فَرَغَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏"‏ أَلاَ أُخْبِرُكُمْ عَنِ النَّفَرِ الثَّلاَثَةِ أَمَّا أَحَدُهُمْ فَأَوَى إِلَى اللَّهِ فَآوَاهُ اللَّهُ وَأَمَّا الآخَرُ فَاسْتَحْيَا فَاسْتَحْيَا اللَّهُ مِنْهُ وَأَمَّا الآخَرُ فَأَعْرَضَ فَأَعْرَضَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Ishaq ibn Abdullah ibn AbiTalha from Abu Murra, the mawla of Aqil ibn Abi Talib from Abu Waqidal-Laythi that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and granthim peace, was sitting in the mosque with some people when threepeople came in. Two came toward the Messenger of Allah, may Allahbless him and grant him peace, and one went away. When the two stoppedat the assembly of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him andgrant him peace, they gave the greeting. One of them saw a gap in thecircle and sat in it. The other sat down behind the circle. The thirdturned away and left. When the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless himand grant him peace, finished, he said, "Shall I tell you about threepeople? One of them sought shelter with Allah, so Allah gave himshelter. The other was shy, so Allah was shy to him. The other turnedaway, so Allah turned away from him." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 53 Hadith no 1762
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 53 Hadith no 4


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ أَبِي طَلْحَةَ، عَنْ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ، أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ عُمَرَ بْنَ الْخَطَّابِ، وَسَلَّمَ، عَلَيْهِ رَجُلٌ فَرَدَّ عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَمَ ثُمَّ سَأَلَ عُمَرُ الرَّجُلَ كَيْفَ أَنْتَ فَقَالَ أَحْمَدُ إِلَيْكَ اللَّهَ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ عُمَرُ ذَلِكَ الَّذِي أَرَدْتُ مِنْكَ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Ishaq ibn Abdullah ibn AbiTalha that Anas ibn Malik heard Umar ibn al-Khattab return thegreeting of a man who greeted him. Then Umar asked the man, "How areyou?" He said, "I praise Allah to you." (Ahmadu ilayka Allah) Umarsaid, "That is what I wanted from you." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 53 Hadith no 1763
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 53 Hadith no 5


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ أَبِي طَلْحَةَ، أَنَّ الطُّفَيْلَ بْنَ أُبَىِّ بْنِ كَعْبٍ، أَخْبَرَهُ أَنَّهُ، كَانَ يَأْتِي عَبْدَ اللَّهِ بْنَ عُمَرَ فَيَغْدُو مَعَهُ إِلَى السُّوقِ قَالَ فَإِذَا غَدَوْنَا إِلَى السُّوقِ لَمْ يَمُرَّ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ عُمَرَ عَلَى سَقَاطٍ وَلاَ صَاحِبِ بَيْعَةٍ وَلاَ مِسْكِينٍ وَلاَ أَحَدٍ إِلاَّ سَلَّمَ عَلَيْهِ - قَالَ الطُّفَيْلُ - فَجِئْتُ عَبْدَ اللَّهِ بْنَ عُمَرَ يَوْمًا فَاسْتَتْبَعَنِي إِلَى السُّوقِ فَقُلْتُ لَهُ وَمَا تَصْنَعُ فِي السُّوقِ وَأَنْتَ لاَ تَقِفُ عَلَى الْبَيِّعِ وَلاَ تَسْأَلُ عَنِ السِّلَعِ وَلاَ تَسُومُ بِهَا وَلاَ تَجْلِسُ فِي مَجَالِسِ السُّوقِ قَالَ وَأَقُولُ اجْلِسْ بِنَا هَا هُنَا نَتَحَدَّثْ ‏.‏ قَالَ فَقَالَ لِي عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ عُمَرَ يَا أَبَا بَطْنٍ - وَكَانَ الطُّفَيْلُ ذَا بَطْنٍ - إِنَّمَا نَغْدُو مِنْ أَجْلِ السَّلاَمِ نُسَلِّمُ

Yahya related to me from Malik from Ishaq ibn Abdullah ibn AbiTalha that at-Tufayl ibn Ubayy ibn Kab told him that he visitedAbdullah ibn Umar one morning and went out with him to the market, andwhen they were out, Abdullah ibn Umar did not pass by anyone sellingpoor merchandise or selling commodities or a needy person or anyonebut that he greeted them. At-Tufayl said, "I came to Abdullahibn Umar one day and he asked me to follow him to the market. I saidto him, 'What will you do in the market if you will not stop to sellnor seek any goods or barter with them or sit in any of the assembliesor market?' Abdullah ibn Umar said that we should sit down and talk,and then he explained, 'Abu Batni, (lit. father of the belly, at-Tufayl had a prominent stomach), we go out in the morning only for thesake of the greeting. We greet whomever we meet.' " Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 53 Hadith no 1764
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 53 Hadith no 6



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