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Muwatta Imam Malik

Prayer

كتاب الصلاة

حَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ، عَنْ عُرْوَةَ بْنِ الزُّبَيْرِ، عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ عَبْدٍ الْقَارِيِّ، أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ عُمَرَ بْنَ الْخَطَّابِ، وَهُوَ عَلَى الْمِنْبَرِ يُعَلِّمُ النَّاسَ التَّشَهُّدَ يَقُولُ قُولُوا التَّحِيَّاتُ لِلَّهِ الزَّاكِيَاتُ لِلَّهِ الطَّيِّبَاتُ الصَّلَوَاتُ لِلَّهِ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ أَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ وَرَحْمَةُ اللَّهِ وَبَرَكَاتُهُ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْنَا وَعَلَى عِبَادِ اللَّهِ الصَّالِحِينَ أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَأَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Ibn Shihab from Urwa ibn az-Zubayr from Abd ar-Rahman ibn Abd al-Qari that he heard Umar ibn al-Khattab say, while he was teaching people the tashahhud from themimbar, "Say, Greetings belong to Allah. Pure actions belong to Allah.Good words and prayers belong to Allah. Peace on you, Prophet, and themercy of Allah and His blessings. Peace be upon us and on the slavesof Allah who are salihun. I testify that there is no god except Allah.And I testify that Muhammad is His slave and His messenger." 'At-tahiyatu lillah, az-zakiyatu lillah, at-tayibatu wa's-salawatulillah. As-salamu alayka ayyuha'nnabiyyu wa rahmatu'llahi wabarakatuhu. As-salamu alayna wa ala ibadi'llahi s-salihin. Ash-hadu anla ilaha illa 'llah wa ash-hadu anna Muhammadan abduhu wa rasuluh." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 3 Hadith no 56
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 3 Hadith no 56


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ نَافِعٍ، أَنَّ عَبْدَ اللَّهِ بْنَ عُمَرَ، كَانَ يَتَشَهَّدُ فَيَقُولُ بِاسْمِ اللَّهِ التَّحِيَّاتُ لِلَّهِ الصَّلَوَاتُ لِلَّهِ الزَّاكِيَاتُ لِلَّهِ السَّلاَمُ عَلَى النَّبِيِّ وَرَحْمَةُ اللَّهِ وَبَرَكَاتُهُ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْنَا وَعَلَى عِبَادِ اللَّهِ الصَّالِحِينَ شَهِدْتُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ شَهِدْتُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ‏.‏ يَقُولُ هَذَا فِي الرَّكْعَتَيْنِ الأُولَيَيْنِ وَيَدْعُو إِذَا قَضَى تَشَهُّدَهُ بِمَا بَدَا لَهُ فَإِذَا جَلَسَ فِي آخِرِ صَلاَتِهِ تَشَهَّدَ كَذَلِكَ أَيْضًا إِلاَّ أَنَّهُ يُقَدِّمُ التَّشَهُّدَ ثُمَّ يَدْعُو بِمَا بَدَا لَهُ فَإِذَا قَضَى تَشَهُّدَهُ وَأَرَادَ أَنْ يُسَلِّمَ قَالَ السَّلاَمُ عَلَى النَّبِيِّ وَرَحْمَةُ اللَّهِ وَبَرَكَاتُهُ ‏.‏ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْنَا وَعَلَى عِبَادِ اللَّهِ الصَّالِحِينَ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكُمْ عَنْ يَمِينِهِ ثُمَّ يَرُدُّ عَلَى الإِمَامِ فَإِنْ سَلَّمَ عَلَيْهِ أَحَدٌ عَنْ يَسَارِهِ رَدَّ عَلَيْهِ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafi that Abdullah ibn Umarused to say the tashahhud saying, "In the name of Allah. Greetingsbelong to Allah. Prayers belong to Allah. Pure actions belong toAllah. Peace be on the Prophet and the mercy of Allah and Hisblessings. Peace be on us and on the slaves of Allah who are salihun.I testify that there is no god except Allah. I testify that Muhammadis the Messenger of Allah." "Bismillah, at-tahiyatu lillah,as-salawatu lillah, az-zakiyatu lillah. As-salamu ala'n-nabiyyi warahmatullahi wa barakatuhu. As-salamu alayna wa alaibadi'llahi's-salihin. Shahidtu an la ilaha illallah. Shahidtu annaMuhammadu'r-rasulu'llah." He used to say this after the firsttwo rakas and he would make supplication with whatever seemed fit tohim when the tashahhud was completed. When he sat at the end of theprayer, he did the tashahhud in a similar manner, except that afterthe tashahhud he made supplication with whatever seemed fit to him.When he had completed the tashahhud and intended to say the taslim, hesaid, "Peace be on the Prophet and His mercy and blessings. Peace beupon us and on the slaves of Allah who are salihun." "As-salamu ala'n-nabiyyi wa rahmatu'llahi wa barakatuhu. As-salamu alaynawa ala ibadi'llahi'ssalihin ." He then said, "Peace be uponyou" to his right, and would return the greeting to the imam, and ifanyone said "Peace be upon you" from his left he would return thegreeting to him. Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 3 Hadith no 57
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 3 Hadith no 57


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ الْقَاسِمِ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ عَائِشَةَ، زَوْجِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنَّهَا كَانَتْ تَقُولُ إِذَا تَشَهَّدَتِ التَّحِيَّاتُ الطَّيِّبَاتُ الصَّلَوَاتُ الزَّاكِيَاتُ لِلَّهِ أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ وَأَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ ‏.‏ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ أَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ وَرَحْمَةُ اللَّهِ وَبَرَكَاتُهُ ‏.‏ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْنَا وَعَلَى عِبَادِ اللَّهِ الصَّالِحِينَ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكُمْ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Abd ar-Rahman ibn al-Qasimfrom his father that A'isha, the wife of the Prophet, may Allah blesshim and grant him peace, used to say in the tashahhud, "Greetings,good words, prayers, pure actions belong to Allah. I testify thatthere is no god except Allah, alone without partner, and that Muhammadis His slave and His Messenger. Peace be on you, Prophet, and themercy of Allah and His blessings. Peace be on us and on the slaves ofAllah who are salihun. Peace be upon you." "At-tahiyatu, at-tayibatu, as-salawatu, az-zakiyatu lillah. Ash-hadu an la ilahailla'llah, wahdahu la sharika lah wa anna Muhammadan abduhu warasuluhu. As-salamu alayka ayyuha-n-nabiyyu wa rahmatu-llahi wabarakatuhu. As-salamu alayna wa ala ibadi-llahi's-salihin. As-salamualaykum." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 3 Hadith no 58
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 3 Hadith no 58


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ سَعِيدٍ الأَنْصَارِيِّ، عَنِ الْقَاسِمِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ، أَنَّهُ أَخْبَرَهُ أَنَّ عَائِشَةَ زَوْجَ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم كَانَتْ تَقُولُ إِذَا تَشَهَّدَتِ التَّحِيَّاتُ الطَّيِّبَاتُ الصَّلَوَاتُ الزَّاكِيَاتُ لِلَّهِ أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ وَأَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ وَرَسُولُهُ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ أَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ وَرَحْمَةُ اللَّهِ وَبَرَكَاتُهُ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْنَا وَعَلَى عِبَادِ اللَّهِ الصَّالِحِينَ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكُمْ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Yahya ibn Said al-Ansari thatal-Qasim ibn Muhammad ibn Muhammad told him that A'isha, the wife ofthe prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to say inthe tashahhud, "Greetings, good words, prayers, pure actions belong toAllah. I testify that there is no god except Allah, alone withoutpartner, and I testify that Muhammad is the slave of Allah and HisMessenger. Peace be upon you, Prophet, and the mercy of Allah and Hisblessings. Peace be upon us and on the slaves of Allah who are salihun. Peace be upon you . " "At-tahiyatu, at-tayibatu, as-salawatu, az-zakiyatu lillah. Ash-hadu an la ilaha illa'llah, wahdahula sharika llah wa ash-hadu anna Muhammadan abduhu wa rasuluhu. As-salamu alayka ayyuha-n-nabiyyu wa rahmatu-llahi wa barakatuhu. As-salamu alayna wa ala ibadi-llahi's-salihin. As-salamu alaykum." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 3 Hadith no 59
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 3 Hadith no 59


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، أَنَّهُ سَأَلَ ابْنَ شِهَابٍ وَنَافِعًا مَوْلَى ابْنِ عُمَرَ عَنْ رَجُلٍ، دَخَلَ مَعَ الإِمَامِ فِي الصَّلاَةِ وَقَدْ سَبَقَهُ الإِمَامُ بِرَكْعَةٍ أَيَتَشَهَّدُ مَعَهُ فِي الرَّكْعَتَيْنِ وَالأَرْبَعِ وَإِنْ كَانَ ذَلِكَ لَهُ وِتْرًا فَقَالاَ لِيَتَشَهَّدْ مَعَهُ ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ وَهُوَ الأَمْرُ عِنْدَنَا ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik that he asked Ibn Shihab and Nafi,the mawla of Ibn Umar, whether a man who joined an imam who hadalready done a raka should say the tashahhud with the imam in thesecond and fourth rakas, even though these were odd for him? Theysaid, "He should say tashahhud with him." Malik said, "Thatis the position with us." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 3 Hadith no 60
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 3 Hadith no 60


حَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَمْرِو بْنِ عَلْقَمَةَ، عَنْ مَلِيحِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ السَّعْدِيِّ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، أَنَّهُ قَالَ الَّذِي يَرْفَعُ رَأْسَهُ وَيَخْفِضُهُ قَبْلَ الإِمَامِ فَإِنَّمَا نَاصِيَتُهُ بِيَدِ شَيْطَانٍ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Muhammad ibn Amr ibn AIqamafrom Malik ibn Abdullah as-Sadi that Abu Hurayra said, "The one whoraises his head and lowers it before the imam - his forelock is in thehand of a shaytan." Malik said, concerning someone who forgotand raised his head before the imam in ruku or sujud, "The sunna ofthat is to return to bowing or prostrating and not to wait for theimam to come up. What he has done is a mistake, because the Messengerof Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'The imam isappointed to be followed as a leader, so do not oppose him.' AbuHurayra said, 'The one who raises his head and lowers it before theimam - his forelock is in the hand of a shaytan.' " Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 3 Hadith no 61
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 3 Hadith no 61



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