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Muwatta Imam Malik

Business Transactions

كتاب البيوع

وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ أَبِي بَكْرٍ، أَنَّ جَدَّهُ، مُحَمَّدَ بْنَ عَمْرِو بْنِ حَزْمٍ بَاعَ ثَمَرَ حَائِطٍ لَهُ يُقَالُ لَهُ الأَفْرَاقُ بِأَرْبَعَةِ آلاَفِ دِرْهَمٍ وَاسْتَثْنَى مِنْهُ بِثَمَانِمِائَةِ دِرْهَمٍ تَمْرًا ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Abdullah ibn Abi Bakr thathis grandfather, Muhammad ibn Amr ibn Hazm sold the fruit of anorchard of his called al-Afraq, for 4,000 dirhams, and he kept aside800 dirhams' worth of dry dates. Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 31 Hadith no 1311
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 31 Hadith no 18


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ أَبِي الرِّجَالِ، مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ حَارِثَةَ أَنَّ أُمَّهُ، عَمْرَةَ بِنْتَ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ كَانَتْ تَبِيعُ ثِمَارَهَا وَتَسْتَثْنِي مِنْهَا ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ الأَمْرُ الْمُجْتَمَعُ عَلَيْهِ عِنْدَنَا أَنَّ الرَّجُلَ إِذَا بَاعَ ثَمَرَ حَائِطِهِ أَنَّ لَهُ أَنْ يَسْتَثْنِيَ مِنْ ثَمَرِ حَائِطِهِ مَا بَيْنَهُ وَبَيْنَ ثُلُثِ الثَّمَرِ لاَ يُجَاوِزُ ذَلِكَ وَمَا كَانَ دُونَ الثُّلُثِ فَلاَ بَأْسَ بِذَلِكَ ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ فَأَمَّا الرَّجُلُ يَبِيعُ ثَمَرَ حَائِطِهِ وَيَسْتَثْنِي مِنْ ثَمَرِ حَائِطِهِ ثَمَرَ نَخْلَةٍ أَوْ نَخَلاَتٍ يَخْتَارُهَا وَيُسَمِّي عَدَدَهَا فَلاَ أَرَى بِذَلِكَ بَأْسًا لأَنَّ رَبَّ الْحَائِطِ إِنَّمَا اسْتَثْنَى شَيْئًا مِنْ ثَمَرِ حَائِطِ نَفْسِهِ وَإِنَّمَا ذَلِكَ شَىْءٌ احْتَبَسَهُ مِنْ حَائِطِهِ وَأَمْسَكَهُ لَمْ يَبِعْهُ وَبَاعَ مِنْ حَائِطِهِ مَا سِوَى ذَلِكَ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Abu'r-Rijal, Muhammad ibnAbdar-Rahman ibn Haritha that his mother, Amra bint Abd ar-Rahman usedto sell her fruit and keep some of it aside. Malik said, "Thegenerally agreed upon way of doing things among us is that when a mansells the fruit of his orchard, he can keep aside up to a third of thefruit, but that is not to be exceeded. There is no harm in what isless than a third." Malik added that he thought there was noharm for a man to sell the fruit of his orchard and keep aside onlythe fruit of a certain palm-tree or palm-trees which he had chosen andwhose number he had specified, because the owner was only keepingaside certain fruit of his own orchard and everything else he sold. Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 31 Hadith no 1312
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 31 Hadith no 19


حَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ زَيْدِ بْنِ أَسْلَمَ، عَنْ عَطَاءِ بْنِ يَسَارٍ، أَنَّهُ قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ التَّمْرُ بِالتَّمْرِ مِثْلاً بِمِثْلٍ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَقِيلَ لَهُ إِنَّ عَامِلَكَ عَلَى خَيْبَرَ يَأْخُذُ الصَّاعَ بِالصَّاعَيْنِ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ ادْعُوهُ لِي ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَدُعِيَ لَهُ فَقَالَ لَهُ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ أَتَأْخُذُ الصَّاعَ بِالصَّاعَيْنِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ لاَ يَبِيعُونَنِي الْجَنِيبَ بِالْجَمْعِ صَاعًا بِصَاعٍ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ لَهُ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ بِعِ الْجَمْعَ بِالدَّرَاهِمِ ثُمَّ ابْتَعْ بِالدَّرَاهِمِ جَنِيبًا ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Zayd ibn Aslam that Ata ibnYasar said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant himpeace, said, 'Dried dates for dried dates is like for like.' It wassaid to him, 'Your agent in Khaybar takes one sa for two.' TheMessenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said,'all him to me.' So he was called for. The Messenger of Allah, mayAllah bless him and grant him peace, asked, 'Do you take one sa fortwo?' He replied, 'Messengerof Allah! Why should they sell me gooddates for assorted low quality dates, sa for sa!' The Messenger ofAllah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Sell theassorted ones for dirhams, and then buy the good ones with thosedirhams.' " Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 31 Hadith no 1313
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 31 Hadith no 20


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ الْحَمِيدِ بْنِ سُهَيْلِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ عَوْفٍ، عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ الْمُسَيَّبِ، عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ الْخُدْرِيِّ، وَعَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم اسْتَعْمَلَ رَجُلاً عَلَى خَيْبَرَ فَجَاءَهُ بِتَمْرٍ جَنِيبٍ فَقَالَ لَهُ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ أَكُلُّ تَمْرِ خَيْبَرَ هَكَذَا ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ لاَ وَاللَّهِ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ إِنَّا لَنَأْخُذُ الصَّاعَ مِنْ هَذَا بِالصَّاعَيْنِ وَالصَّاعَيْنِ بِالثَّلاَثَةِ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ لاَ تَفْعَلْ بِعِ الْجَمْعَ بِالدَّرَاهِمِ ثُمَّ ابْتَعْ بِالدَّرَاهِمِ جَنِيبًا ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Abd al-Hamid ibn Suhayl ibnAbd ar-Rahman ibn Awf from Said ibn al-Musayyab from Abu Said al-Khudri and from Abu Hurayra that the Messenger of Allah, may Allahbless him and grant him peace, appointed a man as an agent in Khaybar,and he brought him some excellent dates. The Messenger of Allah, mayAllah bless him and grant him peace, said to him, "Are all the datesof Khaybar like this?" He said,"No. By Allah, Messenger of Allah! Wetake a sa of this kind for two sa or two sa for three." The Messengerof Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Do not dothat. Sell the assorted ones for dirhams and then buy the good oneswith the dirhams." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 31 Hadith no 1314
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 31 Hadith no 21


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ يَزِيدَ، أَنَّ زَيْدًا أَبَا عَيَّاشٍ، أَخْبَرَهُ أَنَّهُ، سَأَلَ سَعْدَ بْنَ أَبِي وَقَّاصٍ عَنِ الْبَيْضَاءِ، بِالسُّلْتِ فَقَالَ لَهُ سَعْدٌ أَيَّتُهُمَا أَفْضَلُ قَالَ الْبَيْضَاءُ ‏.‏ فَنَهَاهُ عَنْ ذَلِكَ ‏.‏ وَقَالَ سَعْدٌ سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يُسْأَلُ عَنِ اشْتِرَاءِ التَّمْرِ بِالرُّطَبِ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ أَيَنْقُصُ الرُّطَبُ إِذَا يَبِسَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَقَالُوا نَعَمْ ‏.‏ فَنَهَى عَنْ ذَلِكَ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Abdullah ibn Yazid that Zaydibn Ayyash told him that he had once asked Sad ibn Abi Waqqas aboutselling white wheat for a type of good barley. Sad asked him which wasthe better and when he told him the white wheat, he forbade thetransaction. Sad said, "I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allahbless him and grant him peace, being asked about selling dried datesfor fresh dates, and the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him andgrant him peace, said, 'Do the dates diminish in size when they becomedry?' When he was told that they did, he forbade that." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 31 Hadith no 1315
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 31 Hadith no 22


حَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ نَافِعٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عُمَرَ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم نَهَى عَنِ الْمُزَابَنَةِ وَالْمُزَابَنَةُ بَيْعُ الثَّمَرِ بِالتَّمْرِ كَيْلاً وَبَيْعُ الْكَرْمِ بِالزَّبِيبِ كَيْلاً ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafi from Abdullah ibn Umarthat the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace,forbade muzabana. Muzabana was selling fresh dates for dried dates bymeasure, and selling grapes for raisins by measure. Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 31 Hadith no 1316
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 31 Hadith no 23



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