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Muwatta Imam Malik

Zakat

كتاب الزكاة

حَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ، عَنْ سَالِمِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، أَنَّ عُمَرَ بْنَ الْخَطَّابِ، كَانَ يَأْخُذُ مِنَ النَّبَطِ مِنَ الْحِنْطَةِ وَالزَّيْتِ نِصْفَ الْعُشْرِ يُرِيدُ بِذَلِكَ أَنْ يَكْثُرَ الْحَمْلُ إِلَى الْمَدِينَةِ وَيَأْخُذُ مِنَ الْقُطْنِيَّةِ الْعُشْرَ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Ibn Shihab from Salim ibn Abdullah fromhis father that Umar ibn al-Khattab used to take a twentieth from thecereals and olive oil of the Nabatean christians, intending by that toincrease the cargo to Madina. He would take a tenth from pulses. Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 17 Hadith no 623
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 17 Hadith no 47


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ، عَنِ السَّائِبِ بْنِ يَزِيدَ، أَنَّهُ قَالَ كُنْتُ غُلاَمًا عَامِلاً مَعَ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عُتْبَةَ بْنِ مَسْعُودٍ عَلَى سُوقِ الْمَدِينَةِ فِي زَمَانِ عُمَرَ بْنِ الْخَطَّابِ فَكُنَّا نَأْخُذُ مِنَ النَّبَطِ الْعُشْرَ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Ibn Shihab that as-Sa'ib ibnYazid said, "As a young man I used to work with Abdullah ibn Utba ibnMasud in the market of Madina in the time of Umar ibn al-Khattab andwe used to take a tenth from the Nabateans." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 17 Hadith no 624
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 17 Hadith no 48


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، أَنَّهُ سَأَلَ ابْنَ شِهَابٍ عَلَى أَىِّ وَجْهٍ كَانَ يَأْخُذُ عُمَرُ بْنُ الْخَطَّابِ مِنَ النَّبَطِ الْعُشْرَ فَقَالَ ابْنُ شِهَابٍ كَانَ ذَلِكَ يُؤْخَذُ مِنْهُمْ فِي الْجَاهِلِيَّةِ فَأَلْزَمَهُمْ ذَلِكَ عُمَرُ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik that he had asked Ibn Shihab whyUmar ibn al Khattab used to take a tenth from the Nabateans, and IbnShihab replied, "It used to be taken from them in the jahiliyya, andUmar imposed it on them." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 17 Hadith no 625
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 17 Hadith no 49


حَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ زَيْدِ بْنِ أَسْلَمَ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، أَنَّهُ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ عُمَرَ بْنَ الْخَطَّابِ، وَهُوَ يَقُولُ حَمَلْتُ عَلَى فَرَسٍ عَتِيقٍ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ - وَكَانَ الرَّجُلُ الَّذِي هُوَ عِنْدَهُ قَدْ أَضَاعَهُ - فَأَرَدْتُ أَنْ أَشْتَرِيَهُ مِنْهُ وَظَنَنْتُ أَنَّهُ بَائِعُهُ بِرُخْصٍ فَسَأَلْتُ عَنْ ذَلِكَ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَقَالَ ‏"‏ لاَ تَشْتَرِهِ وَإِنْ أَعْطَاكَهُ بِدِرْهَمٍ وَاحِدٍ فَإِنَّ الْعَائِدَ فِي صَدَقَتِهِ كَالْكَلْبِ يَعُودُ فِي قَيْئِهِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Zayd ibn Aslam that his father said thathe had heard Umar ibn al-Khattab say, "I once gave a noble horse tocarry somebody in the way of Allah, and the man neglected it. I wishedto buy it back from him and I thought that he would sell it cheaply. Iasked the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace,about it and he said, 'Do not buy it, even if he gives it to you forone dirham, for someone who takes back his sadaqa is like a dogswallowing its own vomit.' " Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 17 Hadith no 626
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 17 Hadith no 50


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ نَافِعٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عُمَرَ، أَنَّ عُمَرَ بْنَ الْخَطَّابِ، حَمَلَ عَلَى فَرَسٍ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ فَأَرَادَ أَنْ يَبْتَاعَهُ فَسَأَلَ عَنْ ذَلِكَ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَقَالَ ‏"‏ لاَ تَبْتَعْهُ وَلاَ تَعُدْ فِي صَدَقَتِكَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafi from Abdullah ibn Umar that Umar ibn al-Khattab gave a horse to carry some one in the way of Allah, and then he wished to buy it back. So he asked the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, about it, and he said, "Do not buy or take back your sadaqa." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 17 Hadith no 627
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 17 Hadith no 51


حَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ نَافِعٍ، أَنَّ عَبْدَ اللَّهِ بْنَ عُمَرَ، كَانَ يُخْرِجُ زَكَاةَ الْفِطْرِ عَنْ غِلْمَانِهِ الَّذِينَ، بِوَادِي الْقُرَى وَبِخَيْبَرَ ‏.‏ وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، أَنَّ أَحْسَنَ، مَا سَمِعْتُ فِيمَا، يَجِبُ عَلَى الرَّجُلِ مِنْ زَكَاةِ الْفِطْرِ أَنَّ الرَّجُلَ يُؤَدِّي ذَلِكَ عَنْ كُلِّ مَنْ يَضْمَنُ نَفَقَتَهُ وَلاَ بُدَّ لَهُ مِنْ أَنْ يُنْفِقَ عَلَيْهِ وَالرَّجُلُ يُؤَدِّي عَنْ مُكَاتَبِهِ وَمُدَبَّرِهِ وَرَقِيقِهِ كُلِّهِمْ غَائِبِهِمْ وَشَاهِدِهِمْ مَنْ كَانَ مِنْهُمْ مُسْلِمًا وَمَنْ كَانَ مِنْهُمْ لِتِجَارَةٍ أَوْ لِغَيْرِ تِجَارَةٍ وَمَنْ لَمْ يَكُنْ مِنْهُمْ مُسْلِمًا فَلاَ زَكَاةَ عَلَيْهِ فِيهِ ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ فِي الْعَبْدِ الآبِقِ إِنَّ سَيِّدَهُ إِنْ عَلِمَ مَكَانَهُ أَوْ لَمْ يَعْلَمْ وَكَانَتْ غَيْبَتُهُ قَرِيبَةً فَهُوَ يَرْجُو حَيَاتَهُ وَرَجْعَتَهُ فَإِنِّي أَرَى أَنْ يُزَكِّيَ عَنْهُ وَإِنْ كَانَ إِبَاقُهُ قَدْ طَالَ وَيَئِسَ مِنْهُ فَلاَ أَرَى أَنْ يُزَكِّيَ عَنْهُ ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ تَجِبُ زَكَاةُ الْفِطْرِ عَلَى أَهْلِ الْبَادِيَةِ كَمَا تَجِبُ عَلَى أَهْلِ الْقُرَى وَذَلِكَ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَرَضَ زَكَاةَ الْفِطْرِ مِنْ رَمَضَانَ عَلَى النَّاسِ عَلَى كُلِّ حُرٍّ أَوْ عَبْدٍ ذَكَرٍ أَوْ أُنْثَى مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafi that Abdullah ibn Umarused to pay the zakat al-fitr for those slaves of his that were atWadi'l-Qura and Khaybar. Yahya related to me that Malik said,"The best that I have heard about the zakat al-fitr is that a man hasto pay for every person that he is responsible for supporting and whomhe must support. He has to pay forall his mukatabs, his mudabbars, andhis ordinary slaves, whether they are present or absent, as long asthey are muslim, and whether or not they are fortrade. However, hedoes not have to pay zakat on any of them that are not muslim." Malik said, concerning a runaway slave, "I think that his mastershould pay the zakat fo rhim whether or not he knows where he is, ifit has not been long since the slave ran away and his master hopesthat he is still alive and will return. If it has been a long timesince he ran away and his master has despaired of him returning then Ido not think that he should pay zakat for him.' Malik said,"The zakat al-fitr has to be paid by people living in the desert (i.e.nomadic people) just as it has to be paid by people living in villages(i.e. settled people), because the Messenger of Allah, may Allah blesshim and grant him peace, made the zakat al-fitr at the end of Ramadanobligatory on every muslim, whether freeman or slave, male or female." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 17 Hadith no 628
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 17 Hadith no 52



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