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Muwatta Imam Malik

Sacrificial Animals

كتاب الضحايا

وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ أَبِي بَكْرٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ وَاقِدٍ، أَنَّهُ قَالَ نَهَى رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم عَنْ أَكْلِ لُحُومِ الضَّحَايَا بَعْدَ ثَلاَثَةِ أَيَّامٍ ‏.‏ قَالَ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ أَبِي بَكْرٍ فَذَكَرْتُ ذَلِكَ لِعَمْرَةَ بِنْتِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ فَقَالَتْ صَدَقَ سَمِعْتُ عَائِشَةَ زَوْجَ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم تَقُولُ دَفَّ نَاسٌ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْبَادِيَةِ حَضْرَةَ الأَضْحَى فِي زَمَانِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ ادَّخِرُوا لِثَلاَثٍ وَتَصَدَّقُوا بِمَا بَقِيَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَتْ فَلَمَّا كَانَ بَعْدَ ذَلِكَ قِيلَ لِرَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم لَقَدْ كَانَ النَّاسُ يَنْتَفِعُونَ بِضَحَايَاهُمْ وَيَجْمِلُونَ مِنْهَا الْوَدَكَ وَيَتَّخِذُونَ مِنْهَا الأَسْقِيَةَ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ‏"‏ وَمَا ذَلِكَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ أَوْ كَمَا قَالَ ‏.‏ قَالُوا نَهَيْتَ عَنْ لُحُومِ الضَّحَايَا بَعْدَ ثَلاَثٍ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ إِنَّمَا نَهَيْتُكُمْ مِنْ أَجْلِ الدَّافَّةِ الَّتِي دَفَّتْ عَلَيْكُمْ فَكُلُوا وَتَصَدَّقُوا وَادَّخِرُوا ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Abdullah ibn Abi Bakr thatAbdullah ibn Waqid said, "The Messengerof Allah, may Allah bless himand grant him peace, forbade eating the meat from sacrificial animalsafter three days." Abdullah ibn Abi Bakr said, "I mentionedthat to Amra bint Abd ar-Rahman, and she affirmed that he had spokenthe truth as she had heard A'isha, the wife of the Prophet, may Allahbless him and grant him peace, say, 'Some people from the desert cameat the time of the sacrifice in the time of the Messenger of Allah,may Allah bless him and grant him peace, so the Messenger of Allah,may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Store up for threedays, and give what is left over as sadaqa.' " She said thatafterwards some one said to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah blesshim and grant him peace, that people had been accustomed to make useof their sacrificial animals, melting the fat and curing the skins.The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said,"What about that?" They said, "You have forbidden the meat ofsacrificial animals after three days." The Messenger of Allah, mayAllah bless him and grant him peace, said, "I only forbade you for thesake of the people who were coming to you. Eat, give sadaqa and storeup." By these people, he meant the poor people who werecoming to Madina. Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 23 Hadith no 1037
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 23 Hadith no 7


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ رَبِيعَةَ بْنِ أَبِي عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ، عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ الْخُدْرِيِّ، أَنَّهُ قَدِمَ مِنْ سَفَرٍ فَقَدَّمَ إِلَيْهِ أَهْلُهُ لَحْمًا ‏.‏ فَقَالَ انْظُرُوا أَنْ يَكُونَ هَذَا مِنْ لُحُومِ الأَضْحَى ‏.‏ فَقَالُوا هُوَ مِنْهَا ‏.‏ فَقَالَ أَبُو سَعِيدٍ أَلَمْ يَكُنْ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم نَهَى عَنْهَا فَقَالُوا إِنَّهُ قَدْ كَانَ مِنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم بَعْدَكَ أَمْرٌ ‏.‏ فَخَرَجَ أَبُو سَعِيدٍ فَسَأَلَ عَنْ ذَلِكَ فَأُخْبِرَ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏"‏ نَهَيْتُكُمْ عَنْ لُحُومِ الأَضْحَى بَعْدَ ثَلاَثٍ فَكُلُوا وَتَصَدَّقُوا وَادَّخِرُوا وَنَهَيْتُكُمْ عَنْ الاِنْتِبَاذِ فَانْتَبِذُوا وَكُلُّ مُسْكِرٍ حَرَامٌ وَنَهَيْتُكُمْ عَنْ زِيَارَةِ الْقُبُورِ فَزُورُوهَا وَلاَ تَقُولُوا هُجْرًا ‏"‏ ‏.‏ يَعْنِي لاَ تَقُولُوا سُوءًا ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Rabia ibn Abi Abd ar-Rahmanthat Abu Said alKhudri returned from a journey and his family gave himsome meat. He asked whether it was meat from the sacrifice. Theyreplied that it was. Abu Said said, "Didn't the Messenger of Allah,may Allah bless him and grant him peace, forbid that?" They said,"There has been a new command from the Messenger of Allah, may Allahbless him and grant him peace, since you went away." Abu Said went outand made enquiries about it and was told that the Messenger of Allah,may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had said,"I forbade youbefore to eat meat of the sacrifice after three days, but now eat,give sadaqa and store up. I forbade you before to make nabidh (bysoaking raisins or dates in water), but now make nabidh, but rememberevery intoxicant is haram .I forbade you to visit graves, but nowvisit them, and do not use bad language." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 23 Hadith no 1038
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 23 Hadith no 8


حَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ أَبِي الزُّبَيْرِ الْمَكِّيِّ، عَنْ جَابِرِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، أَنَّهُ قَالَ نَحَرْنَا مَعَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم عَامَ الْحُدَيْبِيَةِ الْبَدَنَةَ عَنْ سَبْعَةٍ وَالْبَقَرَةَ عَنْ سَبْعَةٍ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Abu'z-Zubayr al-Makki thatJabir ibn Abdullah said, "We sacrificed with the Messenger of Allah,may Allah bless him and grant him peace, in the year of Hudaybiya, acamel between seven people, and a cow between seven people." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 23 Hadith no 1039
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 23 Hadith no 9


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ عُمَارَةَ بْنِ صَيَّادٍ، أَنَّ عَطَاءَ بْنَ يَسَارٍ، أَخْبَرَهُ أَنَّ أَبَا أَيُّوبَ الأَنْصَارِيَّ أَخْبَرَهُ قَالَ كُنَّا نُضَحِّي بِالشَّاةِ الْوَاحِدَةِ يَذْبَحُهَا الرَّجُلُ عَنْهُ وَعَنْ أَهْلِ بَيْتِهِ ثُمَّ تَبَاهَى النَّاسُ بَعْدُ فَصَارَتْ مُبَاهَاةً ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Umara ibn Yasar that Ata ibnYasar told him that Abu Ayyub al-Ansari had told him, "We used tosacrifice one sheep, and a man sacrificed for himself and his family.Then later on people began to compete with each other and it becameboasting." Malik said, "The best that I have heard about asingle camel, cow or sheep, is that a man should sacrifice a camel forhimself and his family. He sacrifices a cow or sheep which he owns forhis family, and shares with them in it. It is disapproved for a groupof people to buy a camel, cow or sheep, to share for the ritual andsacrifices, each man giving a share of its price, and taking a shareof its meat. We have heard the tradition that people do not share inthe ritual. However, it may be that the people of one household canshare." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 23 Hadith no 1040
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 23 Hadith no 10


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ، أَنَّهُ قَالَ مَا نَحَرَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم عَنْهُ وَعَنْ أَهْلِ بَيْتِهِ إِلاَّ بَدَنَةً وَاحِدَةً أَوْ بَقَرَةً وَاحِدَةً ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ لاَ أَدْرِي أَيَّتَهُمَا قَالَ ابْنُ شِهَابٍ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik that Ibn Shihab said, "TheMessenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, onlysacrificed one camel or one cow for himself and his family." Malik said, "I do not know which of them Ibn Shihab said." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 23 Hadith no 1041
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 23 Hadith no 11


وَحَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ نَافِعٍ، أَنَّ عَبْدَ اللَّهِ بْنَ عُمَرَ، قَالَ الأَضْحَى يَوْمَانِ بَعْدَ يَوْمِ الأَضْحَى ‏.‏ وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، أَنَّهُ بَلَغَهُ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي طَالِبٍ، مِثْلُ ذَلِكَ ‏.

Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafi that Abdullah ibn Umarsaid, "The sacrifice can be done up to two days after the Day ofSacrifice." Yahya related to me from Malik that he had heardthe same from Ali ibn Abi Talib. Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 23 Hadith no 1042
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 23 Hadith no 12



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