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Muwatta Imam Malik

Fasting

كتاب الصيام

وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ حُمَيْدٍ الطَّوِيلِ، عَنْ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ، أَنَّهُ قَالَ سَافَرْنَا مَعَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فِي رَمَضَانَ فَلَمْ يَعِبِ الصَّائِمُ عَلَى الْمُفْطِرِ وَلاَ الْمُفْطِرُ عَلَى الصَّائِمِ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Humayd at-Tawil that Anas ibnMalik said, "We once travelled with the Messenger of Allah, may Allahbless him and grant him peace, in Ramadan, and those who were fastingdid not find fault with those who were not, and those who were notfasting did not find fault with those who were." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 18 Hadith no 657
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 18 Hadith no 23


وَحَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ عُرْوَةَ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، أَنَّ حَمْزَةَ بْنَ عَمْرٍو الأَسْلَمِيَّ، قَالَ لِرَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ إِنِّي رَجُلٌ أَصُومُ أَفَأَصُومُ فِي السَّفَرِ فَقَالَ لَهُ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ إِنْ شِئْتَ فَصُمْ وَإِنْ شِئْتَ فَأَفْطِرْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Hisham ibn Urwa from hisfather that Hamza ibn Amr al-Aslami once said to the Messenger ofAllah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, "Messenger of Allah, Iam a man who fasts. Can I fast when travelling?" The Messenger ofAllah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "If you want youcan fast, and if you want you can break the fast." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 18 Hadith no 658
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 18 Hadith no 24


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ نَافِعٍ، أَنَّ عَبْدَ اللَّهِ بْنَ عُمَرَ، كَانَ لاَ يَصُومُ فِي السَّفَرِ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafi that Abdullah ibn Umarused not to fast while travelling. Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 18 Hadith no 659
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 18 Hadith no 25


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ عُرْوَةَ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، أَنَّهُ كَانَ يُسَافِرُ فِي رَمَضَانَ وَنُسَافِرُ مَعَهُ فَيَصُومُ عُرْوَةُ وَنُفْطِرُ نَحْنُ فَلاَ يَأْمُرُنَا بِالصِّيَامِ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik that Hisham ibn Urwa said, "Myfather, Urwa, used to travel in Ramadan, and we would travel with him,and he used to fast while we would break the fast, and he would nottell us to fast." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 18 Hadith no 660
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 18 Hadith no 26


حَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، أَنَّهُ بَلَغَهُ أَنَّ عُمَرَ بْنَ الْخَطَّابِ، كَانَ إِذَا كَانَ فِي سَفَرٍ فِي رَمَضَانَ فَعَلِمَ أَنَّهُ دَاخِلٌ الْمَدِينَةَ مِنْ أَوَّلِ يَوْمِهِ دَخَلَ وَهُوَ صَائِمٌ ‏.‏ قَالَ يَحْيَى قَالَ مَالِكٌ مَنْ كَانَ فِي سَفَرٍ فَعَلِمَ أَنَّهُ دَاخِلٌ عَلَى أَهْلِهِ مِنْ أَوَّلِ يَوْمِهِ وَطَلَعَ لَهُ الْفَجْرُ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَدْخُلَ دَخَلَ وَهُوَ صَائِمٌ ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ وَإِذَا أَرَادَ أَنْ يَخْرُجَ فِي رَمَضَانَ فَطَلَعَ لَهُ الْفَجْرُ وَهُوَ بِأَرْضِهِ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَخْرُجَ فَإِنَّهُ يَصُومُ ذَلِكَ الْيَوْمَ ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ فِي الرَّجُلِ يَقْدَمُ مِنْ سَفَرِهِ وَهُوَ مُفْطِرٌ وَامْرَأَتُهُ مُفْطِرَةٌ حِينَ طَهُرَتْ مِنْ حَيْضِهَا فِي رَمَضَانَ أَنَّ لِزَوْجِهَا أَنْ يُصِيبَهَا إِنْ شَاءَ ‏.‏

27 Yahya related to me from Malik that he had heard that Umar ibnal-Khattab, if he was travelling in Ramadan and knew that he wouldreach Madina at the begining of the day ,would do so fasting. Yahya said that Malik said, "Someone who is travelling and knows thathe will be reaching his people in the first part of the day, and thendawn breaks before he gets there, should be fasting when he getsthere." Malik said, "Someone who intends to go away (on ajourney) in Ramadan, and then dawn breaks while he is still on hisland before he has left, should fast that day." Malik saidthat a man who returns from a journey in Ramadan and is not fastingmay have sexual intercourse with his wife if he wishes, if she is notfasting and she has just become pure after her menses. Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 18 Hadith no 661
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 18 Hadith no 27


حَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ، عَنْ حُمَيْدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ عَوْفٍ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، أَنَّ رَجُلاً، أَفْطَرَ فِي رَمَضَانَ فَأَمَرَهُ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنْ يُكَفِّرَ بِعِتْقِ رَقَبَةٍ أَوْ صِيَامِ شَهْرَيْنِ مُتَتَابِعَيْنِ أَوْ إِطْعَامِ سِتِّينَ مِسْكِينًا ‏.‏ فَقَالَ لاَ أَجِدُ ‏.‏ فَأُتِيَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم بِعَرَقِ تَمْرٍ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ ‏"‏ خُذْ هَذَا فَتَصَدَّقْ بِهِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ مَا أَحَدٌ أَحْوَجَ مِنِّي ‏.‏ فَضَحِكَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم حَتَّى بَدَتْ أَنْيَابُهُ ثُمَّ قَالَ ‏"‏ كُلْهُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Ibn Shihab from Hunayd ibnAbd arRahman ibn Awf from Abu Hurayra that a man broke the fast inRamadan and the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant himpeace, ordered him to make kaffara by freeing a slave, or fasting twoconsecutive months, or feeding sixty poor people, and he said, "Ican't do it." Someone brought a large basket of dates to theMessenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and hesaid, "Take this and give it away as sadaqa." He said, "Messenger ofAllah, there is no-ne more needy than I am." The Messenger of Allah,may Allah bless him and grant him peace, laughed until his eye-teethappeared, and then he said, "Eat them." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 18 Hadith no 662
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 18 Hadith no 28



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