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Sahih Muslim

The Book Concerning the Use of Correct Words

كتاب الألفاظ من الأدب وغيرها

حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ أَيُّوبَ، وَقُتَيْبَةُ، وَابْنُ، حُجْرٍ قَالُوا حَدَّثَنَا إِسْمَاعِيلُ، - وَهُوَ ابْنُ جَعْفَرٍ - عَنِ الْعَلاَءِ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏"‏ لاَ يَقُولَنَّ أَحَدُكُمْ عَبْدِي وَأَمَتِي ‏.‏ كُلُّكُمْ عَبِيدُ اللَّهِ وَكُلُّ نِسَائِكُمْ إِمَاءُ اللَّهِ وَلَكِنْ لِيَقُلْ غُلاَمِي وَجَارِيَتِي وَفَتَاىَ وَفَتَاتِي ‏"‏ ‏.‏


Chapter: Ruling On Using The Words 'Abd And Amah (For Slaves) And Mawla And Sayyid (For Masters)

Abu Huraira reported Allah's Messenger (PBUH) as saying: None of you should say: My bondman and my slave-girl, for all of you are the bondmen of Allah, and all your women are the slave-girls of Allah; but say: My servant, my girl, and my young man and my young girl. Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Sahih Muslim Book 40 Hadith no 5591
Web reference: Sahih Muslim Book 27 Hadith no 2249 a


وَحَدَّثَنِي زُهَيْرُ بْنُ حَرْبٍ، حَدَّثَنَا جَرِيرٌ، عَنِ الأَعْمَشِ، عَنْ أَبِي صَالِحٍ، عَنْ أَبِي، هُرَيْرَةَ قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ لاَ يَقُولَنَّ أَحَدُكُمْ عَبْدِي ‏.‏ فَكُلُّكُمْ عَبِيدُ اللَّهِ وَلَكِنْ لِيَقُلْ فَتَاىَ ‏.‏ وَلاَ يَقُلِ الْعَبْدُ رَبِّي ‏.‏ وَلَكِنْ لِيَقُلْ سَيِّدِي ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Abu Huraira reported Allah's Messenger (PBUH) as saying: None of you should say: My bondman, for all of you are the bondmen of Allah, but say: My young man, and the servant should not say: My Lord, but should say: My chief. Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Sahih Muslim Book 40 Hadith no 5592
Web reference: Sahih Muslim Book 27 Hadith no 2249 b


وَحَدَّثَنَا أَبُو بَكْرِ بْنُ أَبِي شَيْبَةَ، وَأَبُو كُرَيْبٍ قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو مُعَاوِيَةَ، ح وَحَدَّثَنَا أَبُو سَعِيدٍ الأَشَجُّ، حَدَّثَنَا وَكِيعٌ، كِلاَهُمَا عَنِ الأَعْمَشِ، بِهَذَا الإِسْنَادِ وَفِي حَدِيثِهِمَا ‏"‏ وَلاَ يَقُلِ الْعَبْدُ لِسَيِّدِهِ مَوْلاَىَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ وَزَادَ فِي حَدِيثِ أَبِي مُعَاوِيَةَ ‏"‏ فَإِنَّ مَوْلاَكُمُ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

This hadith has been reported on the authority of al-A'mash with the same chain of transmitters, and the words are that the servant should not say to his chief: My Lord, and Abu Mu'awiya made an addition:" For it is Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, Who is your Lord." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Sahih Muslim Book 40 Hadith no 5593
Web reference: Sahih Muslim Book 27 Hadith no 2249 c


وَحَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ رَافِعٍ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّزَّاقِ، أَخْبَرَنَا مَعْمَرٌ، عَنْ هَمَّامِ بْنِ مُنَبِّهٍ، قَالَ هَذَا مَا حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو هُرَيْرَةَ، عَنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏.‏ فَذَكَرَ أَحَادِيثَ مِنْهَا وَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ لاَ يَقُلْ أَحَدُكُمُ اسْقِ رَبَّكَ أَطْعِمْ رَبَّكَ وَضِّئْ رَبَّكَ ‏.‏ وَلاَ يَقُلْ أَحَدُكُمْ رَبِّي ‏.‏ وَلْيَقُلْ سَيِّدِي مَوْلاَىَ وَلاَ يَقُلْ أَحَدُكُمْ عَبْدِي أَمَتِي ‏.‏ وَلْيَقُلْ فَتَاىَ فَتَاتِي غُلاَمِي ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Abu Huraira reported Allah's Messenger (PBUH) so many ahadith and one of them is this that Allah's Messenger (PBUH) said: None of you should say: Supply drink to your lord, feed your lord, help your lord in performing ablution, and none of you should say: My Lord. He should say: My chief, my patron; and none of you should say: My bondman, my slave-girl, but simply say: My boy, my girl, my servant. Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Sahih Muslim Book 40 Hadith no 5594
Web reference: Sahih Muslim Book 27 Hadith no 2249 d


حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو بَكْرِ بْنُ أَبِي شَيْبَةَ، حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ بْنُ عُيَيْنَةَ، ح وَحَدَّثَنَا أَبُو كُرَيْبٍ، مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْعَلاَءِ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو أُسَامَةَ، كِلاَهُمَا عَنْ هِشَامٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ عَائِشَةَ، قَالَتْ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ لاَ يَقُولَنَّ أَحَدُكُمْ خَبُثَتْ نَفْسِي ‏.‏ وَلَكِنْ لِيَقُلْ لَقِسَتْ نَفْسِي ‏"‏ ‏.‏ هَذَا حَدِيثُ أَبِي كُرَيْبٍ وَقَالَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏.‏ وَلَمْ يَذْكُرْ ‏"‏ لَكِنْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏


Chapter: It Is Disliked For A Man To Say: "Khabuthat Nafsi" (I Feel Bad)

'A'isha reported Allah's Messenger (PBUH) having said: None of you should say: "My soul has become evil," but he should say: "My soul has become remorseless." This hadith has been transmitted on the authority of Abu Bakr with a slight variation of wording. Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Sahih Muslim Book 40 Hadith no 5595
Web reference: Sahih Muslim Book 27 Hadith no 2250 a


وَحَدَّثَنَاهُ أَبُو كُرَيْبٍ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو مُعَاوِيَةَ، بِهَذَا الإِسْنَادِ ‏.‏

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Abia Mu'iwiya with the same chain of transmitters. Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Sahih Muslim Book 40 Hadith no 5596
Web reference: Sahih Muslim Book 27 Hadith no 2250 b



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