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Muwatta Imam Malik

Shortening the Prayer

كتاب قصر الصلاة فى السفر

حَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ دَاوُدَ بْنِ الْحُصَيْنِ، عَنِ الأَعْرَجِ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم كَانَ يَجْمَعُ بَيْنَ الظُّهْرِ وَالْعَصْرِ فِي سَفَرِهِ إِلَى تَبُوكَ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Da'ud ibn al-Husayn from al-Araj from Abu Hurayra that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless himand grant him peace, joined dhuhr and asr on his journey to Tabuk. Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 9 Hadith no 329
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 9 Hadith no 1


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ أَبِي الزُّبَيْرِ الْمَكِّيِّ، عَنْ أَبِي الطُّفَيْلِ، عَامِرِ بْنِ وَاثِلَةَ أَنَّ مُعَاذَ بْنَ جَبَلٍ، أَخْبَرَهُ أَنَّهُمْ، خَرَجُوا مَعَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم عَامَ تَبُوكَ فَكَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَجْمَعُ بَيْنَ الظُّهْرِ وَالْعَصْرِ وَالْمَغْرِبِ وَالْعِشَاءِ - قَالَ - فَأَخَّرَ الصَّلاَةَ يَوْمًا ثُمَّ خَرَجَ فَصَلَّى الظُّهْرَ وَالْعَصْرَ جَمِيعًا ثُمَّ دَخَلَ ثُمَّ خَرَجَ فَصَلَّى الْمَغْرِبَ وَالْعِشَاءَ جَمِيعًا ثُمَّ قَالَ ‏"‏ إِنَّكُمْ سَتَأْتُونَ غَدًا إِنْ شَاءَ اللَّهُ عَيْنَ تَبُوكَ وَإِنَّكُمْ لَنْ تَأْتُوهَا حَتَّى يَضْحَى النَّهَارُ فَمَنْ جَاءَهَا فَلاَ يَمَسَّ مِنْ مَائِهَا شَيْئًا حَتَّى آتِيَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَجِئْنَاهَا وَقَدْ سَبَقَنَا إِلَيْهَا رَجُلاَنِ وَالْعَيْنُ تَبِضُّ بِشَىْءٍ مِنْ مَاءٍ فَسَأَلَهُمَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ هَلْ مَسِسْتُمَا مِنْ مَائِهَا شَيْئًا ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَقَالاَ نَعَمْ ‏.‏ فَسَبَّهُمَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَقَالَ لَهُمَا مَا شَاءَ اللَّهُ أَنْ يَقُولَ ثُمَّ غَرَفُوا بِأَيْدِيهِمْ مِنَ الْعَيْنِ قَلِيلاً قَلِيلاً حَتَّى اجْتَمَعَ فِي شَىْءٍ ثُمَّ غَسَلَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فِيهِ وَجْهَهُ وَيَدَيْهِ ثُمَّ أَعَادَهُ فِيهَا فَجَرَتِ الْعَيْنُ بِمَاءٍ كَثِيرٍ فَاسْتَقَى النَّاسُ ثُمَّ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ يُوشِكُ يَا مُعَاذُ إِنْ طَالَتْ بِكَ حَيَاةٌ أَنْ تَرَى هَا هُنَا قَدْ مُلِئَ جِنَانًا ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Abu'z-Zubayr al-Makki fromAbu't-Tufayl Amir ibn Wathila that Muadh ibn Jabal told him that theywent out with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and granthim peace, in the year of Tabuk, and the Messenger of Allah, may Allahbless him and grant him peace, joined dhuhr with asr and maghrib withisha. Muadh said, "One day he delayed the prayer, and then came outand prayed dhuhr and asr together. Then he said, 'Tomorrow you willcome, insha' llah, to the spring of Tabuk. But you will not get thereuntil well into the morning. No one who arrives should touch any ofits water until I come.' We came to it and two men had got to itbefore us and the spring was dripping with a little water. TheMessenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, askedthem, 'Have you touched any of its water?' They said, 'Yes.' TheMessenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, reviledthem and said what Allah wished him to say. Then they took water withtheir hands from the spring little by little until it had beencollected in something. Then the Messenger of Allah, may Allah blesshim and grant him peace, washed his face and hands in it. Then he putit back into the spring and the spring flowed with an abundance ofwater and the people drew water from it. The Messenger of Allah, mayAllah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'If you live long enough,Muadh, you will soon see this place filled with gardens.' " Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 9 Hadith no 330
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 9 Hadith no 2


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ نَافِعٍ، أَنَّ عَبْدَ اللَّهِ بْنَ عُمَرَ، قَالَ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم إِذَا عَجِلَ بِهِ السَّيْرُ يَجْمَعُ بَيْنَ الْمَغْرِبِ وَالْعِشَاءِ ‏.‏

3 Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafi that Abdullah ibn Umarsaid, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant himpeace, used to join maghrib and isha together when it was urgent totravel." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 9 Hadith no 331
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 9 Hadith no 3


حَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ أَبِي الزُّبَيْرِ الْمَكِّيِّ، عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ جُبَيْرٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، أَنَّهُ قَالَ صَلَّى رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم الظُّهْرَ وَالْعَصْرَ جَمِيعًا وَالْمَغْرِبَ وَالْعِشَاءَ جَمِيعًا فِي غَيْرِ خَوْفٍ وَلاَ سَفَرٍ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Abu'z Zubayr al-Makki from Said ibn Jubayr that Abdullah ibn Abbas said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, prayed dhuhr and asr together and maghrib and isha together, and not out of fear nor because of travelling." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 9 Hadith no 332
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 9 Hadith no 4


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ نَافِعٍ، أَنَّ عَبْدَ اللَّهِ بْنَ عُمَرَ، كَانَ إِذَا جَمَعَ الأُمَرَاءُ بَيْنَ الْمَغْرِبِ وَالْعِشَاءِ فِي الْمَطَرِ جَمَعَ مَعَهُمْ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafi that Abdullah ibn Umarused to join the prayer along with the amirs if they joined maghriband isha in the rain. Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 9 Hadith no 333
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 9 Hadith no 5


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ، أَنَّهُ سَأَلَ سَالِمَ بْنَ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ هَلْ يُجْمَعُ بَيْنَ الظُّهْرِ وَالْعَصْرِ فِي السَّفَرِ فَقَالَ نَعَمْ لاَ بَأْسَ بِذَلِكَ أَلَمْ تَرَ إِلَى صَلاَةِ النَّاسِ بِعَرَفَةَ

Yahya related to me from Malik from Ibn Shihab that he had askedSalim ibn Abdullah, "Can you join dhuhr and asr when travelling?" Hesaid, "Yes, there is no harm in that. Haven't you seen the people prayon Arafa?" Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 9 Hadith no 334
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 9 Hadith no 6



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