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Muwatta Imam Malik

Setting Free and Wala'

كتاب العتق والولاء

وَحَدَّثَنِي مَالِكٌ، عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ سَعِيدٍ، أَنَّهُ قَالَ تُوُفِّيَ عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنُ أَبِي بَكْرٍ فِي نَوْمٍ نَامَهُ فَأَعْتَقَتْ عَنْهُ عَائِشَةُ زَوْجُ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم رِقَابًا كَثِيرَةً ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ وَهَذَا أَحَبُّ مَا سَمِعْتُ إِلَىَّ فِي ذَلِكَ ‏.‏

Malik related to me that Yahya ibn Said said, ''Abd ar-Rahman ibnAbi Bakr died in his sleep, and A'isha, the wife of the Prophet, mayAllah bless him and grant him peace, set free many slaves for him."Malik said, "This is what I like best of what I have heard on thesubject." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 38 Hadith no 1479
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 38 Hadith no 14


حَدَّثَنِي مَالِكٌ، عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ عُرْوَةَ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ عَائِشَةَ، زَوْجِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم سُئِلَ عَنِ الرِّقَابِ أَيُّهَا أَفْضَلُ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ أَغْلاَهَا ثَمَنًا وَأَنْفَسُهَا عِنْدَ أَهْلِهَا ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Malik related to me from Hisham ibn Urwa from his father fromA'isha, the wife of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant himpeace, that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant himpeace, was asked what was the most excellent kind of slave to free.The Messenger of Allah, May Allah bless him and grant him peace,answered, "The most expensive and the most valuable to his master." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 38 Hadith no 1480
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 38 Hadith no 15


وَحَدَّثَنِي مَالِكٌ، عَنْ نَافِعٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عُمَرَ، أَنَّهُ أَعْتَقَ وَلَدَ زِنًا وَأُمَّهُ ‏.‏

Malik related to me from Nafi that Abdullah ibn Umar freed anillegitimate child and its mother. Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 38 Hadith no 1481
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 38 Hadith no 16


حَدَّثَنِي مَالِكٌ، عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ عُرْوَةَ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ عَائِشَةَ، زَوْجِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنَّهَا قَالَتْ جَاءَتْ بَرِيرَةُ فَقَالَتْ إِنِّي كَاتَبْتُ أَهْلِي عَلَى تِسْعِ أَوَاقٍ فِي كُلِّ عَامٍ أُوْقِيَّةٌ فَأَعِينِينِي ‏.‏ فَقَالَتْ عَائِشَةُ إِنْ أَحَبَّ أَهْلُكِ أَنْ أَعُدَّهَا لَهُمْ عَنْكِ عَدَدْتُهَا وَيَكُونَ لِي وَلاَؤُكِ فَعَلْتُ ‏.‏ فَذَهَبَتْ بَرِيرَةُ إِلَى أَهْلِهَا فَقَالَتْ لَهُمْ ذَلِكَ فَأَبَوْا عَلَيْهَا فَجَاءَتْ مِنْ عِنْدِ أَهْلِهَا وَرَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم جَالِسٌ فَقَالَتْ لِعَائِشَةَ إِنِّي قَدْ عَرَضْتُ عَلَيْهِمْ ذَلِكَ فَأَبَوْا عَلَىَّ إِلاَّ أَنْ يَكُونَ الْوَلاَءُ لَهُمْ ‏.‏ فَسَمِعَ ذَلِكَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَسَأَلَهَا فَأَخْبَرَتْهُ عَائِشَةُ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ خُذِيهَا وَاشْتَرِطِي لَهُمُ الْوَلاَءَ فَإِنَّمَا الْوَلاَءُ لِمَنْ أَعْتَقَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَفَعَلَتْ عَائِشَةُ ثُمَّ قَامَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فِي النَّاسِ فَحَمِدَ اللَّهَ وَأَثْنَى عَلَيْهِ ثُمَّ قَالَ ‏"‏ أَمَّا بَعْدُ فَمَا بَالُ رِجَالٍ يَشْتَرِطُونَ شُرُوطًا لَيْسَتْ فِي كِتَابِ اللَّهِ مَا كَانَ مِنْ شَرْطٍ لَيْسَ فِي كِتَابِ اللَّهِ فَهُوَ بَاطِلٌ وَإِنْ كَانَ مِائَةَ شَرْطٍ قَضَاءُ اللَّهِ أَحَقُّ وَشَرْطُ اللَّهِ أَوْثَقُ وَإِنَّمَا الْوَلاَءُ لِمَنْ أَعْتَقَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Malik related to me from Hisham ibn Urwa from his father thatA'isha, the wife of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant himpeace, said, "Barira came to me and said, 'I have written myself asmukatab for my people for nine uqiyas, one uqiya per year, so helpme.' A'isha said, 'If your people agree that I pay it all to them foryou, and that if I pay it, your wala' is mine, then I will do it.'Barira went to her masters and told them that and they didn't agree.She came back from her masters while the Messenger of Allah, may Allahbless him and grant him peace, was sitting. She said to A'isha, 'Ioffered that to them and they refused me unless they had the wala'.'The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, heardthat and asked her about it A'isha told him and the Messenger ofAllah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Take her andstipulate that the wala' is yours, for the wala' is for the one whosets free.' So A'isha did that and then the Messenger of Allah, mayAllah bless him and grant him peace, stood up in front of the people,and praised Allah and gave thanks to Him. Then he said, 'What is wrongwith the people who make conditions which are not in the Book ofAllah? Any condition which is not in the Book of Allah is invalid evenif it is a hundred conditions. The decree of Allah is truer and theconditions of Allah are firmer, and the wala' only belongs to the onewho sets free.' " Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 38 Hadith no 1482
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 38 Hadith no 17


وَحَدَّثَنِي مَالِكٌ، عَنْ نَافِعٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عُمَرَ، أَنَّ عَائِشَةَ أُمَّ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ، أَرَادَتْ أَنْ تَشْتَرِيَ جَارِيَةً تُعْتِقُهَا فَقَالَ أَهْلُهَا نَبِيعُكِهَا عَلَى أَنَّ وَلاَءَهَا لَنَا فَذَكَرَتْ ذَلِكَ لِرَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَقَالَ ‏"‏ لاَ يَمْنَعَنَّكِ ذَلِكَ فَإِنَّمَا الْوَلاَءُ لِمَنْ أَعْتَقَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Malik related to me from Nafi from Abdullah ibn Umar that A'ishaumm al-muminin wanted to buy a slave-girl and set her free. Her peoplesaid, "We will sell her to you provided that her wala' is ours." Shementioned that to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him andgrant him peace, and he said, "Don't let that hinder you, for thewala' only belongs to the one who sets free." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 38 Hadith no 1483
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 38 Hadith no 18


وَحَدَّثَنِي مَالِكٌ، عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ سَعِيدٍ، عَنْ عَمْرَةَ بِنْتِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ، أَنَّ بَرِيرَةَ، جَاءَتْ تَسْتَعِينُ عَائِشَةَ أُمَّ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ فَقَالَتْ عَائِشَةُ إِنْ أَحَبَّ أَهْلُكِ أَنْ أَصُبَّ لَهُمْ ثَمَنَكِ صَبَّةً وَاحِدَةً وَأُعْتِقَكِ فَعَلْتُ ‏.‏ فَذَكَرَتْ ذَلِكَ بَرِيرَةُ لأَهْلِهَا فَقَالُوا لاَ إِلاَّ أَنْ يَكُونَ لَنَا وَلاَؤُكِ ‏.‏ قَالَ يَحْيَى بْنُ سَعِيدٍ فَزَعَمَتْ عَمْرَةُ أَنَّ عَائِشَةَ ذَكَرَتْ ذَلِكَ لِرَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ اشْتَرِيهَا وَأَعْتِقِيهَا فَإِنَّمَا الْوَلاَءُ لِمَنْ أَعْتَقَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Malik related to me from Yahya ibn Said from Amra bint Abd ar-Rahman that Barira came asking the help of A'isha, umm al-muminin.A'isha said, "If your masters agree that I pay them your price in onelump sum and set you free I will do it." Barira mentioned that to hermasters and they said, "No, not unless your wala' is ours." Yahya ibnSaid added that Amra bint Abd ar-Rahman claimed that A'isha mentionedthat to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant himpeace, and the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant himpeace said, "Buy her and set her free. The wala' only belongs to theone who sets free." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 38 Hadith no 1484
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 38 Hadith no 19



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