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Muwatta Imam Malik

Setting Free and Wala'

كتاب العتق والولاء

وَحَدَّثَنِي مَالِكٌ، أَنَّهُ سَأَلَ ابْنَ شِهَابٍ عَنِ السَّائِبَةِ، قَالَ يُوَالِي مَنْ شَاءَ فَإِنْ مَاتَ وَلَمْ يُوَالِ أَحَدًا فَمِيرَاثُهُ لِلْمُسْلِمِينَ وَعَقْلُهُ عَلَيْهِمْ ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ إِنَّ أَحْسَنَ مَا سُمِعَ فِي السَّائِبَةِ أَنَّهُ لاَ يُوَالِي أَحَدًا وَأَنَّ مِيرَاثَهُ لِلْمُسْلِمِينَ وَعَقْلَهُ عَلَيْهِمْ ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ فِي الْيَهُودِيِّ وَالنَّصْرَانِيِّ يُسْلِمُ عَبْدُ أَحَدِهِمَا فَيُعْتِقُهُ قَبْلَ أَنْ يُبَاعَ عَلَيْهِ إِنَّ وَلاَءَ الْعَبْدِ الْمُعْتَقِ لِلْمُسْلِمِينَ وَإِنْ أَسْلَمَ الْيَهُودِيُّ أَوِ النَّصْرَانِيُّ بَعْدَ ذَلِكَ لَمْ يَرْجِعْ إِلَيْهِ الْوَلاَءُ أَبَدًا ‏.‏ قَالَ وَلَكِنْ إِذَا أَعْتَقَ الْيَهُودِيُّ أَوِ النَّصْرَانِيُّ عَبْدًا عَلَى دِينِهِمَا ثُمَّ أَسْلَمَ الْمُعْتَقُ قَبْلَ أَنْ يُسْلِمَ الْيَهُودِيُّ أَوِ النَّصْرَانِيُّ الَّذِي أَعْتَقَهُ ثُمَّ أَسْلَمَ الَّذِي أَعْتَقَهُ رَجَعَ إِلَيْهِ الْوَلاَءُ لأَنَّهُ قَدْ كَانَ ثَبَتَ لَهُ الْوَلاَءُ يَوْمَ أَعْتَقَهُ ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ وَإِنْ كَانَ لِلْيَهُودِيِّ أَوِ النَّصْرَانِيِّ وَلَدٌ مُسْلِمٌ وَرِثَ مَوَالِيَ أَبِيهِ الْيَهُودِيِّ أَوِ النَّصْرَانِيِّ إِذَا أَسْلَمَ الْمَوْلَى الْمُعْتَقُ قَبْلَ أَنْ يُسْلِمَ الَّذِي أَعْتَقَهُ وَإِنْ كَانَ الْمُعْتَقُ حِينَ أُعْتِقَ مُسْلِمًا لَمْ يَكُنْ لِوَلَدِ النَّصْرَانِيِّ أَوِ الْيَهُودِيِّ الْمُسْلِمَيْنِ مِنْ وَلاَءِ الْعَبْدِ الْمُسْلِمِ شَىْءٌ لأَنَّهُ لَيْسَ لِلْيَهُودِيِّ وَلاَ لِلنَّصْرَانِيِّ وَلاَءٌ فَوَلاَءُ الْعَبْدِ الْمُسْلِمِ لِجَمَاعَةِ الْمُسْلِمِينَ ‏.‏

Malik related to me that he had asked Ibn Shihab about a slavewho was released. He said, "He gives his wala' to whomever he likes.If he dies and has not given his wala' to anyone, his inheritance goesto the muslims and his blood-money is paid by them." Maliksaid, "The best of what has been heard about a slave who is releasedis that no one gets his wala', and his inheritance goes to themuslims, and they pay his blood-money." Malik said that whenthe slave of a jew or christian became muslim and he was freed beforebeing sold, the wala' of the freed slave went to the muslims. If thejew or christian became muslim afterwards, the wala' did not revert tohim. " He said, "However, if a jew or christian frees a slavefrom their own deen, and then the freed one becomes muslim before thejew or christian who freed him becomes muslim and then the one whofreed him has become muslim, his wala' reverts to him because thewala' was confirmed for him on the day he freed him." Maliksaid that the muslim child of a jew or christian inherited the mawaliof his jewish or christian father when the freed mawla became muslimbefore the one who freed him became muslim. If the freed one wasalready muslim when he was freed, the muslim children of the christianor jew had nothing of the wala' of a muslim slave because the jew andthe christian did not have the wala'. The wala' of a muslim slave wentto the community of muslims. Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 38 Hadith no 1491
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 38 Hadith no 25



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