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Sunan Abi Dawud

Types of Blood-Wit (Kitab Al-Diyat)

كتاب الديات

حَدَّثَنَا مُسْلِمٌ، حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ رَاشِدٍ، حَدَّثَنَا سُلَيْمَانُ بْنُ مُوسَى، عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ شُعَيْبٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ جَدِّهِ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏"‏ لاَ يُقْتَلُ مُؤْمِنٌ بِكَافِرٍ وَمَنْ قَتَلَ مُؤْمِنًا مُتَعَمِّدًا دُفِعَ إِلَى أَوْلِيَاءِ الْمَقْتُولِ فَإِنْ شَاءُوا قَتَلُوهُ وَإِنْ شَاءُوا أَخَذُوا الدِّيَةَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Narrated 'Amr b. Shu'aib: On his father's authority said that his grandfather reported the Prophet (PBUH) said: A believer will not be killed for an infidel. If anyone kills a man deliberately, he is to be handed over to the relatives of the one who has been killed. If they wish, they may kill, but if they wish, they may accept blood-wit Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 41 Hadith no 4506
Web reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 40 Hadith no 4491


حَدَّثَنَا مُوسَى بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ، حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادٌ، أَخْبَرَنَا مَطَرٌ الْوَرَّاقُ، - وَأَحْسَبُهُ - عَنِ الْحَسَنِ، عَنْ جَابِرِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ لاَ أُعْفِي مَنْ قَتَلَ بَعْدَ أَخْذِهِ الدِّيَةَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏


Chapter: One Who Kills After Accepting The Diyah

Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah: The Prophet (PBUH) said: I will not forgive anyone who kills after accepting blood-wit Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 41 Hadith no 4507
Web reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 40 Hadith no 4492


حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ حَبِيبِ بْنِ عَرَبِيٍّ، حَدَّثَنَا خَالِدُ بْنُ الْحَارِثِ، حَدَّثَنَا شُعْبَةُ، عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ زَيْدٍ، عَنْ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ، أَنَّ امْرَأَةً، يَهُودِيَّةً أَتَتْ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم بِشَاةٍ مَسْمُومَةٍ فَأَكَلَ مِنْهَا فَجِيءَ بِهَا إِلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَسَأَلَهَا عَنْ ذَلِكَ فَقَالَتْ أَرَدْتُ لأَقْتُلَكَ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ ‏"‏ مَا كَانَ اللَّهُ لِيُسَلِّطَكِ عَلَى ذَلِكَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ أَوْ قَالَ ‏"‏ عَلَىَّ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ فَقَالُوا أَلاَ نَقْتُلُهَا قَالَ ‏"‏ لاَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَمَا زِلْتُ أَعْرِفُهَا فِي لَهَوَاتِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏.‏


Chapter: If A Person Gives A Man Poison To Drink Or Eat, And He Dies, Is He Subject To Retaliation ?

Narrated Anas bin Malik: A Jewess brought a poisoned sheep to the Messenger of Allah (PBUH), and he ate of it. She was then brought to the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) who asked her about it. She said: I intended to kill you. He said: Allah will not give you control over it ; or he said : over me. They (the Companions) said: Should we not kill her ? He said: No. He (Anas) said: I always found it in the uvula of the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 41 Hadith no 4508
Web reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 40 Hadith no 4493


حَدَّثَنَا دَاوُدُ بْنُ رُشَيْدٍ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبَّاُدُ بْنُ الْعَوَّامِ، ح وَحَدَّثَنَا هَارُونُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، حَدَّثَنَا سَعِيدُ بْنُ سُلَيْمَانَ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبَّادٌ، عَنْ سُفْيَانَ بْنِ حُسَيْنٍ، عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ، عَنْ سَعِيدٍ، وَأَبِي، سَلَمَةَ - قَالَ هَارُونُ - عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، أَنَّ امْرَأَةً، مِنَ الْيَهُودِ أَهْدَتْ إِلَى النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم شَاةً مَسْمُومَةً - قَالَ - فَمَا عَرَضَ لَهَا النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ هَذِهِ أُخْتُ مَرْحَبٍ الْيَهُودِيَّةُ الَّتِي سَمَّتِ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏.‏

Narrated Abu Hurairah: A Jewess presented a poisoned sheep to the Prophet (PBUH), but the Prophet (PBUH) did not interfere with he. Abu Dawud said: The Jewess who poisoned the Prophet (PBUH) was sister of Marhab. Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 41 Hadith no 4509
Web reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 40 Hadith no 4494


حَدَّثَنَا سُلَيْمَانُ بْنُ دَاوُدَ الْمَهْرِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ وَهْبٍ، قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي يُونُسُ، عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ، قَالَ كَانَ جَابِرُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ يُحَدِّثُ أَنَّ يَهُودِيَّةً، مِنْ أَهْلِ خَيْبَرَ سَمَّتْ شَاةً مَصْلِيَّةً ثُمَّ أَهْدَتْهَا لِرَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَأَخَذَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم الذِّرَاعَ فَأَكَلَ مِنْهَا وَأَكَلَ رَهْطٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِهِ مَعَهُ ثُمَّ قَالَ لَهُمْ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ ارْفَعُوا أَيْدِيَكُمْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ وَأَرْسَلَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم إِلَى الْيَهُودِيَّةِ فَدَعَاهَا فَقَالَ لَهَا ‏"‏ أَسَمَمْتِ هَذِهِ الشَّاةَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَتِ الْيَهُودِيَّةُ مَنْ أَخْبَرَكَ قَالَ ‏"‏ أَخْبَرَتْنِي هَذِهِ فِي يَدِي ‏"‏ ‏.‏ لِلذِّرَاعِ ‏.‏ قَالَتْ نَعَمْ ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏"‏ فَمَا أَرَدْتِ إِلَى ذَلِكَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَتْ قُلْتُ إِنْ كَانَ نَبِيًّا فَلَنْ يَضُرَّهُ وَإِنْ لَمْ يَكُنِ اسْتَرَحْنَا مِنْهُ ‏.‏ فَعَفَا عَنْهَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَلَمْ يُعَاقِبْهَا وَتُوُفِّيَ بَعْضُ أَصْحَابِهِ الَّذِينَ أَكَلُوا مِنَ الشَّاةِ وَاحْتَجَمَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم عَلَى كَاهِلِهِ مِنْ أَجْلِ الَّذِي أَكَلَ مِنَ الشَّاةِ حَجَمَهُ أَبُو هِنْدٍ بِالْقَرْنِ وَالشَّفْرَةِ وَهُوَ مَوْلًى لِبَنِي بَيَاضَةَ مِنَ الأَنْصَارِ ‏.‏

Narrated Ibn Shihab: Jabir ibn Abdullah used to say that a Jewess from the inhabitants of Khaybar poisoned a roasted sheep and presented it to the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) who took its foreleg and ate from it. A group of his companions also ate with him. The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) then said: Take your hands away (from the food). The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) then sent someone to the Jewess and he called her. He said to her: Have you poisoned this sheep? The Jewess replied: Who has informed you? He said: This foreleg which I have in my hand has informed me. She said: Yes. He said: What did you intend by it? She said: I thought if you were a prophet, it would not harm you; if you were not a prophet, we should rid ourselves of him (i.e. the Prophet). The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) then forgave her, and did not punish her. But some of his companions who ate it, died. The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) had himself cupped on his shoulder on account of that which he had eaten from the sheep. AbuHind cupped him with the horn and knife. He was a client of Banu Bayadah from the Ansar. Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 41 Hadith no 4510
Web reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 40 Hadith no 4495


حَدَّثَنَا وَهْبُ بْنُ بَقِيَّةَ، حَدَّثَنَا خَالِدٌ، عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَمْرٍو، عَنْ أَبِي سَلَمَةَ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَهْدَتْ لَهُ يَهُودِيَّةٌ بِخَيْبَرَ شَاةً مَصْلِيَّةً نَحْوَ حَدِيثِ جَابِرٍ قَالَ فَمَاتَ بِشْرُ بْنُ الْبَرَاءِ بْنِ مَعْرُورٍ الأَنْصَارِيُّ فَأَرْسَلَ إِلَى الْيَهُودِيَّةِ ‏"‏ مَا حَمَلَكِ عَلَى الَّذِي صَنَعْتِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَذَكَرَ نَحْوَ حَدِيثِ جَابِرٍ فَأَمَرَ بِهَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَقُتِلَتْ وَلَمْ يَذْكُرْ أَمْرَ الْحِجَامَةِ ‏.‏

Narrated AbuSalamah: A Jewess presented a roasted sheep to the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) at Khaybar. He then mentioned the rest of the tradition like that of Jabir (No. 4495). He said: Then Bashir ibn al-Bara' ibn Ma'rur al-Ansari died. He sent someone to call on the Jewess, and said to her (when she came): What motivated you to do the work you have done? He then mentioned the rest of the tradition similar to the one mentioned by Jabir (No. 4495). The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) then ordered regarding her and she was killed. But he (AbuSalamah) did not mention the matter of cupping. Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 41 Hadith no 4511
Web reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 40 Hadith no 4496



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