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Sunan Abi Dawud

Types of Blood-Wit (Kitab Al-Diyat)

كتاب الديات

حَدَّثَنَا الْحَسَنُ بْنُ عَلِيِّ بْنِ رَاشِدٍ، أَخْبَرَنَا هُشَيْمٌ، عَنْ أَبِي حَيَّانَ التَّيْمِيِّ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبَايَةُ بْنُ رِفَاعَةَ، عَنْ رَافِعِ بْنِ خَدِيجٍ، قَالَ أَصْبَحَ رَجُلٌ مِنَ الأَنْصَارِ مَقْتُولاً بِخَيْبَرَ فَانْطَلَقَ أَوْلِيَاؤُهُ إِلَى النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَذَكَرُوا ذَلِكَ لَهُ فَقَالَ ‏"‏ لَكُمْ شَاهِدَانِ يَشْهَدَانِ عَلَى قَتْلِ صَاحِبِكُمْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالُوا يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ لَمْ يَكُنْ ثَمَّ أَحَدٌ مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ وَإِنَّمَا هُمْ يَهُودُ وَقَدْ يَجْتَرِئُونَ عَلَى أَعْظَمَ مِنْ هَذَا ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏"‏ فَاخْتَارُوا مِنْهُمْ خَمْسِينَ فَاسْتَحْلِفُوهُمْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَأَبَوْا فَوَدَاهُ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم مِنْ عِنْدِهِ ‏.‏

Narrated Rafi' ibn Khadij: A man of the Ansar was killed at Khaybar and his relatives went to the Prophet (PBUH) and mentioned that to him. He asked: Have you two witnesses who can testify to the murderer of your friend? They replied: Messenger of Allah! there was not a single Muslim present, but only Jews who sometimes have the audacity to do even greater crimes than this. He said: Then choose fifty of them and demand that they take an oath; but they refused and the Prophet (PBUH) paid the blood-wit himself. Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 41 Hadith no 4524
Web reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 40 Hadith no 4509


حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الْعَزِيزِ بْنُ يَحْيَى الْحَرَّانِيُّ، حَدَّثَنِي مُحَمَّدٌ، - يَعْنِي ابْنَ سَلَمَةَ - عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْحَاقَ، عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ الْحَارِثِ، عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ بُجَيْدٍ، قَالَ إِنَّ سَهْلاً وَاللَّهِ أَوْهَمَ الْحَدِيثَ إِنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم كَتَبَ إِلَى يَهُودَ ‏"‏ أَنَّهُ قَدْ وُجِدَ بَيْنَ أَظْهُرِكُمْ قَتِيلٌ فَدُوهُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَكَتَبُوا يَحْلِفُونَ بِاللَّهِ خَمْسِينَ يَمِينًا مَا قَتَلْنَاهُ وَلاَ عَلِمْنَا قَاتِلاً ‏.‏ قَالَ فَوَدَاهُ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم مِنْ عِنْدِهِ مِائَةَ نَاقَةٍ ‏.‏

Narrated 'Abd al-Rahman b. Bujaid: I swear by Allah, Sahl had a misunderstanding about this tradition. The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) wrote to the Jews: A slain man has been found amongnst you, so pay his bloodwit. They wrote (to him): Swearing by Allah fifty oaths, we neither killed him nor do we know his slayer. He said: Then the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) himself paid his bloodwit which consisted of one hundred she-camels. Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 41 Hadith no 4525
Web reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 40 Hadith no 4510


حَدَّثَنَا الْحَسَنُ بْنُ عَلِيٍّ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّزَّاقِ، أَخْبَرَنَا مَعْمَرٌ، عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ، عَنْ أَبِي سَلَمَةَ بْنِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ، وَسُلَيْمَانَ بْنِ يَسَارٍ، عَنْ رِجَالٍ، مِنَ الأَنْصَارِ أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ لِلْيَهُودِ وَبَدَأَ بِهِمْ ‏"‏ يَحْلِفُ مِنْكُمْ خَمْسُونَ رَجُلاً ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَأَبَوْا فَقَالَ لِلأَنْصَارِ ‏"‏ اسْتَحِقُّوا ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالُوا نَحْلِفُ عَلَى الْغَيْبِ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ فَجَعَلَهَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم دِيَةً عَلَى يَهُودَ لأَنَّهُ وُجِدَ بَيْنَ أَظْهُرِهِمْ ‏.‏

Narrated 'Abu Salamah b. 'Abd al-Rahman and Sulaiman b. Yasar: On the authority of some men of the Ansar : The Prophet (PBUH) said to the Jews and started with them: Fifty of you should take the oaths. But they refused (to take the oaths). He then said to the Ansar: Prove your claim. They said: Do we take the oaths without seeing, Messenger of Allah? The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) then imposed the blood-wit on the Jews because he (the slain) was found among them. Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 41 Hadith no 4526
Web reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 40 Hadith no 4511


حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ كَثِيرٍ، أَخْبَرَنَا هَمَّامٌ، عَنْ قَتَادَةَ، عَنْ أَنَسٍ، أَنَّ جَارِيَةً، وُجِدَتْ، قَدْ رُضَّ رَأْسُهَا بَيْنَ حَجَرَيْنِ فَقِيلَ لَهَا مَنْ فَعَلَ بِكِ هَذَا أَفُلاَنٌ أَفُلاَنٌ حَتَّى سُمِّيَ الْيَهُودِيُّ فَأَوْمَتْ بِرَأْسِهَا فَأُخِذَ الْيَهُودِيُّ فَاعْتَرَفَ فَأَمَرَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنْ يُرَضَّ رَأْسُهُ بِالْحِجَارَةِ ‏.‏


Chapter: Retaliation On The Killer

Narrated Anas: A girl was found with her head crushed between two stones. She was asked: Who has done this to you ? Is it so and so ? Is it so and so, until a Jew was named, and she gave a sign with her head. The Jew was caught ad he admitted. So the Prophet (PBUH) gave command that his head should be crushed with stones. Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 41 Hadith no 4527
Web reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 40 Hadith no 4512


حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ صَالِحٍ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّزَّاقِ، عَنْ مَعْمَرٍ، عَنْ أَيُّوبَ، عَنْ أَبِي قِلاَبَةَ، عَنْ أَنَسٍ، أَنَّ يَهُودِيًّا، قَتَلَ جَارِيَةً مِنَ الأَنْصَارِ عَلَى حُلِيٍّ لَهَا ثُمَّ أَلْقَاهَا فِي قَلِيبٍ وَرَضَخَ رَأْسَهَا بِالْحِجَارَةِ فَأُخِذَ فَأُتِيَ بِهِ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَأَمَرَ بِهِ أَنْ يُرْجَمَ حَتَّى يَمُوتَ فَرُجِمَ حَتَّى مَاتَ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ رَوَاهُ ابْنُ جُرَيْجٍ عَنْ أَيُّوبَ نَحْوَهُ ‏.‏

Narrated Anas: A Jew killed a girl of the Ansar for her ornaments. He then threw her in a well, and crushed her head with stones. He was then arrested and brought to the Prophet (PBUH). He ordered regarding him that he should be stoned to death. He was then stoned till he died. Abu Dawud said: It has been transmitted by Ibn Juraij from Ayyub in a similar way. Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 41 Hadith no 4528
Web reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 40 Hadith no 4513


حَدَّثَنَا عُثْمَانُ بْنُ أَبِي شَيْبَةَ، حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ إِدْرِيسَ، عَنْ شُعْبَةَ، عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ زَيْدٍ، عَنْ جَدِّهِ، أَنَسٍ أَنَّ جَارِيَةً، كَانَ عَلَيْهَا أَوْضَاحٌ لَهَا فَرَضَخَ رَأْسَهَا يَهُودِيٌّ بِحَجَرٍ فَدَخَلَ عَلَيْهَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَبِهَا رَمَقٌ فَقَالَ لَهَا ‏"‏ مَنْ قَتَلَكِ فُلاَنٌ قَتَلَكِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَقَالَتْ لاَ ‏.‏ بِرَأْسِهَا ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏"‏ مَنْ قَتَلَكِ فُلاَنٌ قَتَلَكِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَتْ لاَ ‏.‏ بِرَأْسِهَا ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏"‏ فُلاَنٌ قَتَلَكِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَتْ نَعَمْ ‏.‏ بِرَأْسِهَا فَأَمَرَ بِهِ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَقُتِلَ بَيْنَ حَجَرَيْنِ ‏.‏

Narrated Anas: A girl was wearing silver ornaments. A Jew crushed her head with a stone. The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) entered upon her when she had some breath. He said to her: Who has killed you ? Had so and so killed you ? She replied: No, making a sign with her head. He again asked: Who has killed you ? Has so and so killed you ? She replied: No, making a sign with her head. He again asked: Has so and so killed you ? She said: Yes, making sign with her head. The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) commanded regarding him, and he was killed between two stones. Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 41 Hadith no 4529
Web reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 40 Hadith no 4514



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