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Muwatta Imam Malik

Divorce

كتاب الطلاق

حَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، أَنَّهُ بَلَغَهُ أَنَّ رَجُلاً، قَالَ لِعَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَبَّاسٍ إِنِّي طَلَّقْتُ امْرَأَتِي مِائَةَ تَطْلِيقَةٍ فَمَاذَا تَرَى عَلَىَّ فَقَالَ لَهُ ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ طَلُقَتْ مِنْكَ لِثَلاَثٍ وَسَبْعٌ وَتِسْعُونَ اتَّخَذْتَ بِهَا آيَاتِ اللَّهِ هُزُوًا ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik that he had heard that a man saidto Abdullah ibn Abbas, "I have divorced my wife by saying I divorceyou a hundred times. What do you think my situation is?" Ibn Abbassaid to him, "She was divorced from you by three pronouncements, andby the ninety-seven, you have mocked the ayat of Allah." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 29 Hadith no 1153
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 29 Hadith no 1


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، أَنَّهُ بَلَغَهُ أَنَّ رَجُلاً، جَاءَ إِلَى عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ مَسْعُودٍ فَقَالَ إِنِّي طَلَّقْتُ امْرَأَتِي ثَمَانِيَ تَطْلِيقَاتٍ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ ابْنُ مَسْعُودٍ فَمَاذَا قِيلَ لَكَ قَالَ قِيلَ لِي إِنَّهَا قَدْ بَانَتْ مِنِّي ‏.‏ فَقَالَ ابْنُ مَسْعُودٍ صَدَقُوا مَنْ طَلَّقَ كَمَا أَمَرَهُ اللَّهُ فَقَدْ بَيَّنَ اللَّهُ لَهُ وَمَنْ لَبَسَ عَلَى نَفْسِهِ لَبْسًا جَعَلْنَا لَبْسَهُ مُلْصَقًا بِهِ لاَ تَلْبِسُوا عَلَى أَنْفُسِكُمْ وَنَتَحَمَّلَهُ عَنْكُمْ هُوَ كَمَا يَقُولُونَ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik that he had heard that a man cameto Abdullah ibn Masud and said, "I have divorced my wife by saying Idivorce you eight times." Ibn Masud said to him, "What have peopletold you?" He replied, "I have been told that I have to partabsolutely from her." Ibn Masud said, "They have spoken the truth. Aperson who divorces as Allah has commanded, Allah makes it clear forhim, and a person who obscures himself in error, we make stay by hiserror. So do not confuse yourselves and pull us into your confusion.It is as they have said." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 29 Hadith no 1154
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 29 Hadith no 2


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ سَعِيدٍ، عَنْ أَبِي بَكْرِ بْنِ حَزْمٍ، أَنَّ عُمَرَ بْنَ عَبْدِ الْعَزِيزِ، قَالَ لَهُ الْبَتَّةُ مَا يَقُولُ النَّاسُ فِيهَا قَالَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ فَقُلْتُ لَهُ كَانَ أَبَانُ بْنُ عُثْمَانَ يَجْعَلُهَا وَاحِدَةً ‏.‏ فَقَالَ عُمَرُ بْنُ عَبْدِ الْعَزِيزِ لَوْ كَانَ الطَّلاَقُ أَلْفًا مَا أَبْقَتِ الْبَتَّةُ مِنْهَا شَيْئًا مَنْ قَالَ الْبَتَّةَ فَقَدْ رَمَى الْغَايَةَ الْقُصْوَى ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Yahya ibn Said from Abu Bakribn Hazm thatUmar ibn Abd al-Aziz had asked him what people said aboutthe 'irrevocable' divorce, and Abu Bakr had replied that Aban ibnUthman had clarified that it was declared only once. Umar ibn Abd al-Aziz said, "Even if divorce had to be declared a thousand times,the'irrevocable' would use them all up. A person who says,'irrevocably' has cast the furthest limit." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 29 Hadith no 1155
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 29 Hadith no 3


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ، أَنَّ مَرْوَانَ بْنَ الْحَكَمِ، كَانَ يَقْضِي فِي الَّذِي يُطَلِّقُ امْرَأَتَهُ الْبَتَّةَ أَنَّهَا ثَلاَثُ تَطْلِيقَاتٍ ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ وَهَذَا أَحَبُّ مَا سَمِعْتُ إِلَىَّ فِي ذَلِكَ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Ibn Shihab that Marwan ibnal-Hakam decided that if someone made three pronouncements of divorce,he had divorced his wife irrevocably. Malik said, "That iswhat I like best of what I have heard on the subject." 29.2Divorce by Euphemistic Statements Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 29 Hadith no 1156
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 29 Hadith no 4


حَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، أَنَّهُ بَلَغَهُ أَنَّهُ كُتِبَ إِلَى عُمَرَ بْنِ الْخَطَّابِ مِنَ الْعِرَاقَ أَنَّ رَجُلاً قَالَ لاِمْرَأَتِهِ حَبْلُكِ عَلَى غَارِبِكِ فَكَتَبَ عُمَرُ بْنُ الْخَطَّابِ إِلَى عَامِلِهِ أَنْ مُرْهُ يُوَافِينِي بِمَكَّةَ فِي الْمَوْسِمِ فَبَيْنَمَا عُمَرُ يَطُوفُ بِالْبَيْتِ إِذْ لَقِيَهُ الرَّجُلُ فَسَلَّمَ عَلَيْهِ فَقَالَ عُمَرُ مَنْ أَنْتَ فَقَالَ أَنَا الَّذِي أَمَرْتَ أَنْ أُجْلَبَ عَلَيْكَ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ لَهُ عُمَرُ أَسْأَلُكَ بِرَبِّ هَذِهِ الْبَنِيَّةِ مَا أَرَدْتَ بِقَوْلِكَ حَبْلُكِ عَلَى غَارِبِكِ فَقَالَ لَهُ الرَّجُلُ لَوِ اسْتَحْلَفْتَنِي فِي غَيْرِ هَذَا الْمَكَانِ مَا صَدَقْتُكَ أَرَدْتُ بِذَلِكَ الْفِرَاقَ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ عُمَرُ بْنُ الْخَطَّابِ هُوَ مَا أَرَدْتَ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik that he had heard that Umar ibnal-Khattab had heard in a letter from Iraq that a man said to hiswife, "Your rein is on your withers (i.e. you have free rein)." Umaribn al-Khattab wrote to his governor to order the man to come to himat Makka at the time of hajj. While Umar was doing tawaf around theHouse, a man met him and greeted him. Umar asked him who he was, andhe replied that he was the man that he had ordered to be brought tohim. Umar said to him, "I ask you by the Lord of this building, whatdid you mean by your statement, 'Your rein is on your withers.'?" Theman replied, "Had you made me swear by other than this place, I wouldnot have told you the truth. I intended separation by that." Umar ibnal- Khattab said, "It is what you intended." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 29 Hadith no 1157
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 29 Hadith no 5


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، أَنَّهُ بَلَغَهُ أَنَّ عَلِيَّ بْنَ أَبِي طَالِبٍ، كَانَ يَقُولُ فِي الرَّجُلِ يَقُولُ لاِمْرَأَتِهِ أَنْتِ عَلَىَّ حَرَامٌ إِنَّهَا ثَلاَثُ تَطْلِيقَاتٍ ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكُ وَذَلِكَ أَحْسَنُ مَا سَمِعْتُ فِي ذَلِكَ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik that he had heard that Ali ibn AbiTalib used to say that if a man said to his wife, "You are haram forme," it counted as three pronouncements of divorce. Maliksaid, "That is the best of what I have heard on the subject." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 29 Hadith no 1158
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 29 Hadith no 6



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