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Sunan Abi Dawud

Wages (Kitab Al-Ijarah)

كتاب الإجارة

حَدَّثَنَا حَفْصُ بْنُ عُمَرَ، حَدَّثَنَا شُعْبَةُ، ح وَحَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ كَثِيرٍ، أَخْبَرَنَا شُعْبَةُ، أَخْبَرَنِي مُحَمَّدٌ، أَوْ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مُجَالِدٍ قَالَ اخْتَلَفَ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ شَدَّادٍ وَأَبُو بُرْدَةَ فِي السَّلَفِ فَبَعَثُونِي إِلَى ابْنِ أَبِي أَوْفَى فَسَأَلْتُهُ فَقَالَ إِنْ كُنَّا نُسْلِفُ عَلَى عَهْدِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَأَبِي بَكْرٍ وَعُمَرَ فِي الْحِنْطَةِ وَالشَّعِيرِ وَالتَّمْرِ وَالزَّبِيبِ - زَادَ ابْنُ كَثِيرٍ - إِلَى قَوْمٍ مَا هُوَ عِنْدَهُمْ ‏.‏ ثُمَّ اتَّفَقَا وَسَأَلْتُ ابْنَ أَبْزَى فَقَالَ مِثْلَ ذَلِكَ ‏.‏

Muhammad or 'Abd Allah b. Mujahid said: 'Abd Allah b. Shaddad and Abu Burdah disputed over salaf (payment in advance). They sent me to Ibn Abi Awfa and I asked him (about it) and he replied: We used to pay in advance (salaf) during the time of the Messenger of Allah (PBUH), Abu Bakr and 'Umar in wheat, barley, dates and raisins. Ibn Kathir added: "to those people who did not possess these things." The agreed version then goes: I then asked Ibn Abza who gave a similar reply. Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 24 Hadith no 3464
Web reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 23 Hadith no 3457


حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ بَشَّارٍ، حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى، وَابْنُ، مَهْدِيٍّ قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا شُعْبَةُ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ أَبِي الْمُجَالِدِ، وَقَالَ عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ، عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي الْمُجَالِدِ، بِهَذَا الْحَدِيثِ قَالَ عِنْدَ قَوْمٍ مَا هُوَ عِنْدَهُمْ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ الصَّوَابُ ابْنُ أَبِي الْمُجَالِدِ وَشُعْبَةُ أَخْطَأَ فِيهِ ‏.‏

The tradition mentioned above has also been transmitted by Ibn Abi al-Mujahid through a different chain of narrators. This version has: "to those people who did not possess these things." Abu Dawud said: What is correct is Ibn Abi al-Mujahid. Shu'bah made a mistake in it. Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 24 Hadith no 3465
Web reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 23 Hadith no 3458


حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْمُصَفَّى، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو الْمُغِيرَةِ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الْمَلِكِ بْنُ أَبِي غَنِيَّةَ، حَدَّثَنِي أَبُو إِسْحَاقَ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ أَبِي أَوْفَى الأَسْلَمِيِّ، قَالَ غَزَوْنَا مَعَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم الشَّامَ فَكَانَ يَأْتِينَا أَنْبَاطٌ مِنْ أَنْبَاطِ الشَّامِ فَنُسْلِفُهُمْ فِي الْبُرِّ وَالزَّيْتِ سِعْرًا مَعْلُومًا وَأَجَلاً مَعْلُومًا فَقِيلَ لَهُ مِمَّنْ لَهُ ذَلِكَ قَالَ مَا كُنَّا نَسْأَلُهُمْ ‏.‏

Narrated Abdullah ibn AbuAwfa ibn AbuAwfa al-Aslami: We made a journey to Syria on an expedition along with the Messenger of Allah (PBUH). The Nabateans of Syria came to us and we paid in advance to them (in a salam contract) in wheat and olive oil at a specified rate and for a specified time. He asked (by the people): you might have contracted with him who had these things in his possession? He replied: We did not ask them. Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 24 Hadith no 3466
Web reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 23 Hadith no 3459


حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ كَثِيرٍ، أَخْبَرَنَا سُفْيَانُ، عَنْ أَبِي إِسْحَاقَ، عَنْ رَجُلٍ، نَجْرَانِيٍّ عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ، أَنَّ رَجُلاً، أَسْلَفَ رَجُلاً فِي نَخْلٍ فَلَمْ تُخْرِجْ تِلْكَ السَّنَةَ شَيْئًا فَاخْتَصَمَا إِلَى النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَقَالَ ‏"‏ بِمَ تَسْتَحِلُّ مَالَهُ ارْدُدْ عَلَيْهِ مَالَهُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ ثُمَّ قَالَ ‏"‏ لاَ تُسْلِفُوا فِي النَّخْلِ حَتَّى يَبْدُوَ صَلاَحُهُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏


Chapter: Regarding Payment In Advance For Specified Crops

Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar: A man paid in advance for a palm-tree. It did not bear fruit that year. They brought their case for decision to the Prophet (PBUH). He said: for which do you make his property lawful? He then said: Do not pay in advance for a palm-tree till they (the fruits) were clearly in good condition. Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 24 Hadith no 3467
Web reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 23 Hadith no 3460


حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عِيسَى، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو بَدْرٍ، عَنْ زِيَادِ بْنِ خَيْثَمَةَ، عَنْ سَعْدٍ، - يَعْنِي الطَّائِيَّ - عَنْ عَطِيَّةَ بْنِ سَعْدٍ، عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ الْخُدْرِيِّ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ مَنْ أَسْلَفَ فِي شَىْءٍ فَلاَ يَصْرِفْهُ إِلَى غَيْرِهِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏


Chapter: Transfer Of Goods Paid For In Advance

Narrated AbuSa'id al-Khudri: The Prophet (PBUH) said: If anyone pays in advance he must not transfer it to someone else before he receives it. Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 24 Hadith no 3468
Web reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 23 Hadith no 3461


حَدَّثَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ، حَدَّثَنَا اللَّيْثُ، عَنْ بُكَيْرٍ، عَنْ عِيَاضِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ الْخُدْرِيِّ، أَنَّهُ قَالَ أُصِيبَ رَجُلٌ فِي عَهْدِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فِي ثِمَارٍ ابْتَاعَهَا فَكَثُرَ دَيْنُهُ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ تَصَدَّقُوا عَلَيْهِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَتَصَدَّقَ النَّاسُ عَلَيْهِ فَلَمْ يَبْلُغْ ذَلِكَ وَفَاءَ دَيْنِهِ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ خُذُوا مَا وَجَدْتُمْ وَلَيْسَ لَكُمْ إِلاَّ ذَلِكَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏


Chapter: Cancelling The Deal In The Event Of Blight

Narrated Abu Sa’id Al Khudri : In the time of the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) a man suffered loss affecting fruits he had bought and owed a large debt, so the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said: Give him sadaqah (alms). So the people gave him sadaqah (alms), but as that was not enough to pay the debt in full, the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said: Take what you find. But that is all you may have. Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 24 Hadith no 3469
Web reference: Sunan Abu Dawood Book 23 Hadith no 3462



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