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Muwatta Imam Malik

Zakat

كتاب الزكاة

وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ الْقَاسِمِ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، أَنَّهُ قَالَ كَانَتْ عَائِشَةُ تَلِينِي وَأَخًا لِي يَتِيمَيْنِ فِي حَجْرِهَا فَكَانَتْ تُخْرِجُ مِنْ أَمْوَالِنَا الزَّكَاةَ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Abd ar-Rahman ibn al-Qasimthat his father said, ''A'isha used to look after me and one of mybrothers - we were orphans - in her house, and she would take thezakat from our property." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 17 Hadith no 593
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 17 Hadith no 13


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، أَنَّهُ بَلَغَهُ أَنَّ عَائِشَةَ، زَوْجَ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم كَانَتْ تُعْطِي أَمْوَالَ الْيَتَامَى الَّذِينَ فِي حَجْرِهَا مَنْ يَتَّجِرُ لَهُمْ فِيهَا ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik that he had heard that A'isha, thewife of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used togive the property of the orphans that were in her house to whoeverwould use it to trade with on their behalf. Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 17 Hadith no 594
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 17 Hadith no 14


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ سَعِيدٍ، أَنَّهُ اشْتَرَى لِبَنِي أَخِيهِ - يَتَامَى فِي حَجْرِهِ - مَالاً فَبِيعَ ذَلِكَ الْمَالُ بَعْدُ بِمَالٍ كَثِيرٍ ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ لاَ بَأْسَ بِالتِّجَارَةِ فِي أَمْوَالِ الْيَتَامَى لَهُمْ إِذَا كَانَ الْوَلِيُّ مَأْذُونًا فَلاَ أَرَى عَلَيْهِ ضَمَانًا ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik that Yahya ibn Said bought someproperty on behalf of his brother's sons who were orphans in hishouse, and that that property was sold afterwards for a great deal ofprofit. Malik said, "There is no harm in using the propertyof orphans to trade with on their behalf if the one in charge of themhas permission. Furthermore, I do not think that he is under anyliability." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 17 Hadith no 595
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 17 Hadith no 15


حَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ، عَنِ السَّائِبِ بْنِ يَزِيدَ، أَنَّ عُثْمَانَ بْنَ عَفَّانَ، كَانَ يَقُولُ هَذَا شَهْرُ زَكَاتِكُمْ فَمَنْ كَانَ عَلَيْهِ دَيْنٌ فَلْيُؤَدِّ دَيْنَهُ حَتَّى تَحْصُلَ أَمْوَالُكُمْ فَتُؤَدُّونَ مِنْهُ الزَّكَاةَ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Ibn Shihab from as-Sa'ib ibnYazid that Uthman ibn Affan used to say, "This is the month for you topay your zakat. If you have any debts then pay them off so that youcan sort out your wealth and take the zakat from it." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 17 Hadith no 596
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 17 Hadith no 17


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ أَيُّوبَ بْنِ أَبِي تَمِيمَةَ السَّخْتِيَانِيِّ، أَنَّ عُمَرَ بْنَ عَبْدِ الْعَزِيزِ، كَتَبَ فِي مَالٍ قَبَضَهُ بَعْضُ الْوُلاَةِ ظُلْمًا يَأْمُرُ بِرَدِّهِ إِلَى أَهْلِهِ وَيُؤْخَذُ زَكَاتُهُ لِمَا مَضَى مِنَ السِّنِينَ ثُمَّ عَقَّبَ بَعْدَ ذَلِكَ بِكِتَابٍ أَنْ لاَ يُؤْخَذُ مِنْهُ إِلاَّ زَكَاةٌ وَاحِدَةٌ فَإِنَّهُ كَانَ ضِمَارًا ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Ayyub ibn Abi Tamima as-Sakhtayani that Umar ibn Abd al-Aziz, when writing about wealth thatone of his governors had collected unjustly, ordered it to be returnedto its owner and zakat to be taken from it for the years that hadpassed. Then shortly afterwards he revised his order with a messagethat zakat should only be taken from it once, since it was not wealthin hand. Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 17 Hadith no 597
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 17 Hadith no 18


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ يَزِيدَ بْنِ خُصَيْفَةَ، أَنَّهُ سَأَلَ سُلَيْمَانَ بْنَ يَسَارٍ عَنْ رَجُلٍ، لَهُ مَالٌ وَعَلَيْهِ دَيْنٌ مِثْلُهُ أَعَلَيْهِ زَكَاةٌ فَقَالَ لاَ ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ الأَمْرُ الَّذِي لاَ اخْتِلاَفَ فِيهِ عِنْدَنَا فِي الدَّيْنِ أَنَّ صَاحِبَهُ لاَ يُزَكِّيهِ حَتَّى يَقْبِضَهُ وَإِنْ أَقَامَ عِنْدَ الَّذِي هُوَ عَلَيْهِ سِنِينَ ذَوَاتِ عَدَدٍ ثُمَّ قَبَضَهُ صَاحِبُهُ لَمْ تَجِبْ عَلَيْهِ إِلاَّ زَكَاةٌ وَاحِدَةٌ فَإِنْ قَبَضَ مِنْهُ شَيْئًا لاَ تَجِبُ فِيهِ الزَّكَاةُ فَإِنَّهُ إِنْ كَانَ لَهُ مَالٌ سِوَى الَّذِي قُبِضَ تَجِبُ فِيهِ الزَّكَاةُ فَإِنَّهُ يُزَكَّى مَعَ مَا قَبَضَ مِنْ دَيْنِهِ ذَلِكَ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَإِنْ لَمْ يَكُنْ لَهُ نَاضٌّ غَيْرُ الَّذِي اقْتَضَى مِنْ دَيْنِهِ وَكَانَ الَّذِي اقْتَضَى مِنْ دَيْنِهِ لاَ تَجِبُ فِيهِ الزَّكَاةُ فَلاَ زَكَاةَ عَلَيْهِ فِيهِ وَلَكِنْ لِيَحْفَظْ عَدَدَ مَا اقْتَضَى فَإِنِ اقْتَضَى بَعْدَ ذَلِكَ عَدَدَ مَا تَتِمُّ بِهِ الزَّكَاةُ مَعَ مَا قَبَضَ قَبْلَ ذَلِكَ فَعَلَيْهِ فِيهِ الزَّكَاةُ ‏.‏ قَالَ فَإِنْ كَانَ قَدِ اسْتَهْلَكَ مَا اقْتَضَى أَوَّلاً أَوْ لَمْ يَسْتَهْلِكْهُ فَالزَّكَاةُ وَاجِبَةٌ عَلَيْهِ مَعَ مَا اقْتَضَى مِنْ دَيْنِهِ فَإِذَا بَلَغَ مَا اقْتَضَى عِشْرِينَ دِينَارًا عَيْنًا أَوْ مِائَتَىْ دِرْهَمٍ فَعَلَيْهِ فِيهِ الزَّكَاةُ ثُمَّ مَا اقْتَضَى بَعْدَ ذَلِكَ مِنْ قَلِيلٍ أَوْ كَثِيرٍ فَعَلَيْهِ الزَّكَاةُ بِحَسَبِ ذَلِكَ ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ وَالدَّلِيلُ عَلَى الدَّيْنِ يَغِيبُ أَعْوَامًا ثُمَّ يُقْتَضَى فَلاَ يَكُونُ فِيهِ إِلاَّ زَكَاةٌ وَاحِدَةٌ أَنَّ الْعُرُوضَ تَكُونُ عِنْدَ الرَّجُلِ لِلتِّجَارَةِ أَعْوَامًا ثُمَّ يَبِيعُهَا فَلَيْسَ عَلَيْهِ فِي أَثْمَانِهَا إِلاَّ زَكَاةٌ وَاحِدَةٌ وَذَلِكَ أَنَّهُ لَيْسَ عَلَى صَاحِبِ الدَّيْنِ أَوِ الْعُرُوضِ أَنْ يُخْرِجَ زَكَاةَ ذَلِكَ الدَّيْنِ أَوِ الْعُرُوضِ مِنْ مَالٍ سِوَاهُ وَإِنَّمَا يُخْرِجُ زَكَاةَ كُلِّ شَىْءٍ مِنْهُ وَلاَ يُخْرِجُ الزَّكَاةَ مِنْ شَىْءٍ عَنْ شَىْءٍ غَيْرِهِ ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ الأَمْرُ عِنْدَنَا فِي الرَّجُلِ يَكُونُ عَلَيْهِ دَيْنٌ وَعِنْدَهُ مِنَ الْعُرُوضِ مَا فِيهِ وَفَاءٌ لِمَا عَلَيْهِ مِنَ الدَّيْنِ وَيَكُونُ عِنْدَهُ مِنَ النَّاضِّ سِوَى ذَلِكَ مَا تَجِبُ فِيهِ الزَّكَاةُ فَإِنَّهُ يُزَكِّي مَا بِيَدِهِ مِنْ نَاضٍّ تَجِبُ فِيهِ الزَّكَاةُ وَإِنْ لَمْ يَكُنْ عِنْدَهُ مِنَ الْعُرُوضِ وَالنَّقْدِ إِلاَّ وَفَاءُ دَيْنِهِ فَلاَ زَكَاةَ عَلَيْهِ حَتَّى يَكُونَ عِنْدَهُ مِنَ النَّاضِّ فَضْلٌ عَنْ دَيْنِهِ مَا تَجِبُ فِيهِ الزَّكَاةُ فَعَلَيْهِ أَنْ يُزَكِّيَهُ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Yazid ibn Khusayfa that hehad asked Sulayman ibn Yasar whether zakat was due from a man who hadwealth in hand but also owed a debt for the same amount, and hereplied, "No." Malik said, "The position that we are agreedupon concerning a debt is that the lender of it does not pay zakat onit until he gets it back. Even if it stays with the borrower for anumber of years before the lender collects it, the lender only has topay zakat on it once. If he collects an amount of the debt which isnot zakatable, and has other wealth which is zakatable, then what hehas collected of the debt is added to the rest of his wealth and hepays zakat on the total sum." Malik continued, "If he has noready money other than that which he has collected from his debt, andthat does not reach a zakatable amount, then he does not have to payany zakat. He must, however, keep a record of the amount that he hascollected and if, later, he collects another amount which, when addedto what he has already collected, brings zakat into effect, then hehas to pay zakat on it." Malik continued, "Zakat is due onthis first amount, together with what he has further collected of thedebt owed to him, regardless of whether or not he has used up what hefirst collected. If what he takes back reaches twenty dinars of gold,or two hundred dirhams of silver he pays zakat on it. He pays zakat onanything else he takes back afte rthat, whether it be a large or smallamount, according to the amount." Malik said, "What showsthat zakat is only taken once from a debt which is out of hand forsome years before it is recovered is that if goods remain with a manfor trading purposes for some years before he sells them, he only hasto pay zakat on their prices once. This is because the one who is owedthe debt, or owns the goods, should not have to take the zakat on thedebt, or the goods, from anything else, since the zakat on anything isonly taken from the thing itself, and not from anything else." Malik said, "Our position regarding some onewho owes a debt, andhas goods which are worth enough to pay off the debt, and also has anamount of ready money which is zakatable, is that he pays the zakat onthe ready money which he has to hand. If, however, he only has enoughgoods and ready money to pay off the debt, then he does not have topay any zakat. But if the ready money that he has reaches a zakatableamount over and above the amount of the debt that he owes, then hemust pay zakat on it." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 17 Hadith no 598
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 17 Hadith no 19



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