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Muwatta Imam Malik

Zakat

كتاب الزكاة

حَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ سَعِيدٍ، عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ يَحْيَى بْنِ حَبَّانَ، عَنِ الْقَاسِمِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ، عَنْ عَائِشَةَ، زَوْجِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنَّهَا قَالَتْ مُرَّ عَلَى عُمَرَ بْنِ الْخَطَّابِ بِغَنَمٍ مِنَ الصَّدَقَةِ فَرَأَى فِيهَا شَاةً حَافِلاً ذَاتَ ضَرْعٍ عَظِيمٍ فَقَالَ عُمَرُ مَا هَذِهِ الشَّاةُ فَقَالُوا شَاةٌ مِنَ الصَّدَقَةِ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ عُمَرُ مَا أَعْطَى هَذِهِ أَهْلُهَا وَهُمْ طَائِعُونَ لاَ تَفْتِنُوا النَّاسَ لاَ تَأْخُذُوا حَزَرَاتِ الْمُسْلِمِينَ نَكِّبُوا عَنِ الطَّعَامِ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Yahya ibn Said from Muhammadibn Yahya ibn Habban from al-Qasim ibn Muhammad that A'isha, the wifeof the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Sheepfrom the zakat were brought past Umar ibn al-Khattab and he sawamongst them a sheep with a large udder, ready to give milk, and hesaid, 'What is this sheep doing here?' and they replied, 'It is one ofthe sheep from the zakat.' Umar said, 'The owners did not give thissheep willingly. Do not subject people to trials. Do not take from themuslims those of their animals which are the best food-producers.' " Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 17 Hadith no 605
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 17 Hadith no 28


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ سَعِيدٍ، عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ يَحْيَى بْنِ حَبَّانَ، أَنَّهُ قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي رَجُلاَنِ، مِنْ أَشْجَعَ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدَ بْنَ مَسْلَمَةَ الأَنْصَارِيَّ، كَانَ يَأْتِيهِمْ مُصَدِّقًا فَيَقُولُ لِرَبِّ الْمَالِ أَخْرِجْ إِلَىَّ صَدَقَةَ مَالِكَ ‏.‏ فَلاَ يَقُودُ إِلَيْهِ شَاةً فِيهَا وَفَاءٌ مِنْ حَقِّهِ إِلاَّ قَبِلَهَا ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ السُّنَّةُ عِنْدَنَا - وَالَّذِي أَدْرَكْتُ عَلَيْهِ أَهْلَ الْعِلْمِ بِبَلَدِنَا - أَنَّهُ لاَ يُضَيَّقُ عَلَى الْمُسْلِمِينَ فِي زَكَاتِهِمْ وَأَنْ يُقْبَلَ مِنْهُمْ مَا دَفَعُوا مِنْ أَمْوَالِهِمْ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Yahya ibn Said that Muhammadibn Yahya ibn Habban said, "Two men from the Ashja tribe told me thatMuhammad ibn Maslama al-Ansari used tocome to them to collect theirzakat, and he would say to anyone who owned livestock, 'Select (theanimal for) the zakat on your livestock and bring it to me,' and hewould accept any sheep that was brought to him provided it met therequirements of what the man owed." Malik said, "The sunnawith us, and what I have seen the people of knowledge doing in ourcity, is that things are not made difficult for the muslims in theirpaying zakat, and whatever they offer of their livestock is acceptedfrom them." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 17 Hadith no 606
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 17 Hadith no 29


حَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ زَيْدِ بْنِ أَسْلَمَ، عَنْ عَطَاءِ بْنِ يَسَارٍ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏"‏ لاَ تَحِلُّ الصَّدَقَةُ لِغَنِيٍّ إِلاَّ لِخَمْسَةٍ لِغَازٍ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ أَوْ لِعَامِلٍ عَلَيْهَا أَوْ لِغَارِمٍ أَوْ لِرَجُلٍ اشْتَرَاهَا بِمَالِهِ أَوْ لِرَجُلٍ لَهُ جَارٌ مِسْكِينٌ فَتُصُدِّقَ عَلَى الْمِسْكِينِ فَأَهْدَى الْمِسْكِينُ لِلْغَنِيِّ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ الأَمْرُ عِنْدَنَا فِي قَسْمِ الصَّدَقَاتِ أَنَّ ذَلِكَ لاَ يَكُونُ إِلاَّ عَلَى وَجْهِ الاِجْتِهَادِ مِنَ الْوَالِي فَأَىُّ الأَصْنَافِ كَانَتْ فِيهِ الْحَاجَةُ وَالْعَدَدُ أُوثِرَ ذَلِكَ الصِّنْفُ بِقَدْرِ مَا يَرَى الْوَالِي وَعَسَى أَنْ يَنْتَقِلَ ذَلِكَ إِلَى الصِّنْفِ الآخَرِ بَعْدَ عَامٍ أَوْ عَامَيْنِ أَوْ أَعْوَامٍ فَيُؤْثَرُ أَهْلُ الْحَاجَةِ وَالْعَدَدِ حَيْثُمَا كَانَ ذَلِكَ وَعَلَى هَذَا أَدْرَكْتُ مَنْ أَرْضَى مِنْ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ وَلَيْسَ لِلْعَامِلِ عَلَى الصَّدَقَاتِ فَرِيضَةٌ مُسَمَّاةٌ إِلاَّ عَلَى قَدْرِ مَا يَرَى الإِمَامُ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Zayd ibn Aslam from Ata ibn Yasar thatthe Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said,"Zakat is not permissible for someone who is not in need except forfive: someone fighting in the way of Allah, someone who collectszakat, someone who has suffered (financial) loss (at the hands ofdebtors), someone who buys it with his own money, and some one who hasa poor neighbour who receives some zakat and gives some as a presentto the one who is not in need." Malik said, "The positionwith us concerning the dividing up of zakat is that it is up to theindividual judgement of the man in charge (wali). Whichever categoriesof people are in most need and are most numerous are given preference,according to how the man in charge sees fit. It is possible that thatmay change after one year, or two, or more, but it is always those whoare in need and are most numerous that are given preference, whatevercategory they may belong to. This is what I have seen done by peopleof knowledge with which I am satisifed." Malik said, "Thereis no fixed share for the collector of the zakat, except according towhat the imam sees fit." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 17 Hadith no 607
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 17 Hadith no 30


حَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، أَنَّهُ بَلَغَهُ أَنَّ أَبَا بَكْرٍ الصِّدِّيقَ، قَالَ لَوْ مَنَعُونِي عِقَالاً لَجَاهَدْتُهُمْ عَلَيْهِ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik that he had heard that Abu Bakras-Siddiq said, "If they withhold even a hobbling cord I will fightthem over it." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 17 Hadith no 608
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 17 Hadith no 31


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ زَيْدِ بْنِ أَسْلَمَ، أَنَّهُ قَالَ شَرِبَ عُمَرُ بْنُ الْخَطَّابِ لَبَنًا فَأَعْجَبَهُ فَسَأَلَ الَّذِي سَقَاهُ مِنْ أَيْنَ هَذَا اللَّبَنُ فَأَخْبَرَهُ أَنَّهُ وَرَدَ عَلَى مَاءٍ - قَدْ سَمَّاهُ - فَإِذَا نَعَمٌ مِنْ نَعَمِ الصَّدَقَةِ وَهُمْ يَسْقُونَ فَحَلَبُوا لِي مِنْ أَلْبَانِهَا فَجَعَلْتُهُ فِي سِقَائِي فَهُوَ هَذَا ‏.‏ فَأَدْخَلَ عُمَرُ بْنُ الْخَطَّابِ يَدَهُ فَاسْتَقَاءَهُ ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ الأَمْرُ عِنْدَنَا أَنَّ كُلَّ مَنْ مَنَعَ فَرِيضَةً مِنْ فَرَائِضِ اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ فَلَمْ يَسْتَطِعِ الْمُسْلِمُونَ أَخْذَهَا كَانَ حَقًّا عَلَيْهِمْ جِهَادُهُ حَتَّى يَأْخُذُوهَا مِنْهُ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik that Zayd ibn Aslam said, ''Umaribn al Khattab drank some milk which he liked (very much) and he askedthe man who had given it to him, 'Where did this milk come from?' Theman told him that he had come to a watering-place, which he named, andhad found grazing livestock from the zakat watering there. He wasgiven some of their milk, which he then put into his water-skin, andthat was the milk in question. Umar ibn al-Khattab then put his handinto his mouth to make himself vomit." Malik said, "Theposition with us is that if anyone refuses to honour one of theobligatory demands of Allah, and the muslims are unable to get it,then they have the right to fight him until they get itfrom him." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 17 Hadith no 609
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 17 Hadith no 32


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، أَنَّهُ بَلَغَهُ أَنَّ عَامِلاً، لِعُمَرَ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْعَزِيزِ كَتَبَ إِلَيْهِ يَذْكُرُ أَنَّ رَجُلاً مَنَعَ زَكَاةَ مَالِهِ فَكَتَبَ إِلَيْهِ عُمَرُ أَنْ دَعْهُ وَلاَ تَأْخُذْ مِنْهُ زَكَاةً مَعَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ قَالَ فَبَلَغَ ذَلِكَ الرَّجُلَ فَاشْتَدَّ عَلَيْهِ وَأَدَّى بَعْدَ ذَلِكَ زَكَاةَ مَالِهِ فَكَتَبَ عَامِلُ عُمَرَ إِلَيْهِ يَذْكُرُ لَهُ ذَلِكَ فَكَتَبَ إِلَيْهِ عُمَرُ أَنْ خُذْهَا مِنْهُ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik that he had heard that one of theadministrators of Umar ibn Abd al-'Aziz wrote to him mentioning that aman had refused to pay zakat on his property. Umar wrote to theadministrator and told him to leave the man alone and not to take anyzakat from him when he took it from the other muslims. The man heardabout this and the situation became unbearable for him, and after thathe paid the zakat on his property. The administrator wrote to Umar andmentioned that to him, and Umar wrote back telling him to take thezakat from him. Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 17 Hadith no 610
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 17 Hadith no 33



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