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Muwatta Imam Malik

Jihad

كتاب الجهاد

حَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ نَافِعٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عُمَرَ، أَنَّهُ قَالَ نَهَى رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنْ يُسَافَرَ بِالْقُرْآنِ إِلَى أَرْضِ الْعَدُوِّ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafi that Abdullah ibn Umarsaid that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant himpeace, forbade travelling with a Qur'an in the land of the enemy.Malik commented, "That is out of fear that the enemy will get hold ofit." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 21 Hadith no 968
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 21 Hadith no 7


حَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ، عَنِ ابْنٍ لِكَعْبِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ، - قَالَ حَسِبْتُ أَنَّهُ قَالَ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ كَعْبٍ، أَنَّهُ - قَالَ نَهَى رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم الَّذِينَ قَتَلُوا ابْنَ أَبِي الْحُقَيْقِ عَنْ قَتْلِ النِّسَاءِ وَالْوِلْدَانِ - قَالَ - فَكَانَ رَجُلٌ مِنْهُمْ يَقُولُ بَرَّحَتْ بِنَا امْرَأَةُ ابْنِ أَبِي الْحُقَيْقِ بِالصِّيَاحِ فَأَرْفَعُ السَّيْفَ عَلَيْهَا ثُمَّ أَذْكُرُ نَهْىَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَأَكُفُّ وَلَوْلاَ ذَلِكَ اسْتَرَحْنَا مِنْهَا ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Ibn Shihab that a son of Kabibn Malik (Malik believed that ibn Shihab said it was Abd ar-Rahmanibn Kab) said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and granthim peace, forbade those who fought ibn Abi Huqayq (a treacherous jewfrom Madina) to kill women and children. He said that one of the menfighting had said, 'The wife of ibn Abi Huqayq began screaming and Irepeatedly raised my sword against her. Then I would remember theprohibition of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and granthim peace, so I would stop. Had it not been for that, we would havebeen rid of her.' " Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 21 Hadith no 969
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 21 Hadith no 8


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ نَافِعٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم رَأَى فِي بَعْضِ مَغَازِيهِ امْرَأَةً مَقْتُولَةً فَأَنْكَرَ ذَلِكَ وَنَهَى عَنْ قَتْلِ النِّسَاءِ وَالصِّبْيَانِ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafi from Ibn Umar that theMessenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, saw thecorpse of a woman who had been slain in one of the raids, and hedisapproved of it and forbade the killing of women and children. Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 21 Hadith no 970
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 21 Hadith no 9


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ سَعِيدٍ، أَنَّ أَبَا بَكْرٍ الصِّدِّيقَ، بَعَثَ جُيُوشًا إِلَى الشَّامِ فَخَرَجَ يَمْشِي مَعَ يَزِيدَ بْنِ أَبِي سُفْيَانَ - وَكَانَ أَمِيرَ رُبْعٍ مِنْ تِلْكَ الأَرْبَاعِ - فَزَعَمُوا أَنَّ يَزِيدَ قَالَ لأَبِي بَكْرٍ إِمَّا أَنْ تَرْكَبَ وَإِمَّا أَنْ أَنْزِلَ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ مَا أَنْتَ بِنَازِلٍ وَمَا أَنَا بِرَاكِبٍ إِنِّي أَحْتَسِبُ خُطَاىَ هَذِهِ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ ثُمَّ قَالَ لَهُ إِنَّكَ سَتَجِدُ قَوْمًا زَعَمُوا أَنَّهُمْ حَبَّسُوا أَنْفُسَهُمْ لِلَّهِ فَذَرْهُمْ وَمَا زَعَمُوا أَنَّهُمْ حَبَّسُوا أَنْفُسَهُمْ لَهُ وَسَتَجِدُ قَوْمًا فَحَصُوا عَنْ أَوْسَاطِ رُءُوسِهِمْ مِنَ الشَّعَرِ فَاضْرِبْ مَا فَحَصُوا عَنْهُ بِالسَّيْفِ وَإِنِّي مُوصِيكَ بِعَشْرٍ لاَ تَقْتُلَنَّ امْرَأَةً وَلاَ صَبِيًّا وَلاَ كَبِيرًا هَرِمًا وَلاَ تَقْطَعَنَّ شَجَرًا مُثْمِرًا وَلاَ تُخَرِّبَنَّ عَامِرًا وَلاَ تَعْقِرَنَّ شَاةً وَلاَ بَعِيرًا إِلاَّ لِمَأْكُلَةٍ وَلاَ تَحْرِقَنَّ نَحْلاً وَلاَ تُفَرِّقَنَّهُ وَلاَ تَغْلُلْ وَلاَ تَجْبُنْ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Yahya ibn Said that Abu Bakras-Siddiq was sending armies to ash-Sham. He went for a walk withYazid ibn Abi Sufyan who was the commander of one of the battalions.It is claimed that Yazid said to Abu Bakr, "Will you ride or shall Iget down?" Abu Bakrsaid, "I will not ride and you will not get down. Iintend these steps of mine to be in the way of Allah." ThenAbu Bakr advised Yazid, "You will find a people who claim to havetotally given themselves to Allah. Leave them to what they claim tohave given themselves. You will find a people who have shaved themiddle of their heads, strike what they have shaved with the sword. "I advise you ten things: Do not kill women or children or anaged, infirm person. Do not cut down fruit-bearing trees. Do notdestroy an inhabited place. Do not slaughter sheep or camels exceptfor food. Do not burn bees and do not scatter them. Do not steal fromthe booty, and do not be cowardly." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 21 Hadith no 971
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 21 Hadith no 10


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، أَنَّهُ بَلَغَهُ أَنَّ عُمَرَ بْنَ عَبْدِ الْعَزِيزِ، كَتَبَ إِلَى عَامِلٍ مِنْ عُمَّالِهِ أَنَّهُ بَلَغَنَا أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم كَانَ إِذَا بَعَثَ سَرِيَّةً يَقُولُ لَهُمُ ‏"‏ اغْزُوا بِاسْمِ اللَّهِ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ تُقَاتِلُونَ مَنْ كَفَرَ بِاللَّهِ لاَ تَغُلُّوا وَلاَ تَغْدِرُوا وَلاَ تُمَثِّلُوا وَلاَ تَقْتُلُوا وَلِيدًا وَقُلْ ذَلِكَ لِجِيُوشِكَ وَسَرَايَاكَ إِنْ شَاءَ اللَّهُ وَالسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik that he had heard that Umar ibnAbd al-Aziz wrote to one of his governors, "It has been passed down tous that when the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant himpeace, sent out a raiding party, he would say to them, 'Make yourraids in the name of Allah in the way of Allah. Fight whoever deniesAllah. Do not steal from the booty, and do not act treacherously. Donot mutilate and do not kill children.' Say the same to your armiesand raiding parties, Allah willing. Peace be upon you." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 21 Hadith no 972
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 21 Hadith no 11


حَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ رَجُلٍ، مِنْ أَهْلِ الْكُوفَةِ أَنَّ عُمَرَ بْنَ الْخَطَّابِ، كَتَبَ إِلَى عَامِلِ جَيْشٍ كَانَ بَعَثَهُ إِنَّهُ بَلَغَنِي أَنَّ رِجَالاً مِنْكُمْ يَطْلُبُونَ الْعِلْجَ حَتَّى إِذَا أَسْنَدَ فِي الْجَبَلِ وَامْتَنَعَ قَالَ رَجُلٌ مَطْرَسْ - يَقُولَ لاَ تَخَفْ - فَإِذَا أَدْرَكَهُ قَتَلَهُ وَإِنِّي وَالَّذِي نَفْسِي بِيَدِهِ لاَ أَعْلَمُ مَكَانَ وَاحِدٍ فَعَلَ ذَلِكَ إِلاَّ ضَرَبْتُ عُنُقَهُ ‏.‏ قَالَ يَحْيَى سَمِعْتُ مَالِكًا يَقُولُ لَيْسَ هَذَا الْحَدِيثُ بِالْمُجْتَمَعِ عَلَيْهِ وَلَيْسَ عَلَيْهِ الْعَمَلُ ‏.‏ وَسُئِلَ مَالِكٌ عَنِ الإِشَارَةِ بِالأَمَانِ أَهِيَ بِمَنْزِلَةِ الْكَلاَمِ فَقَالَ نَعَمْ وَإِنِّي أَرَى أَنْ يُتَقَدَّمَ إِلَى الْجُيُوشِ أَنْ لاَ تَقْتُلُوا أَحَدًا أَشَارُوا إِلَيْهِ بِالأَمَانِ لأَنَّ الإِشَارَةَ عِنْدِي بِمَنْزِلَةِ الْكَلاَمِ وَإِنَّهُ بَلَغَنِي أَنَّ عَبْدَ اللَّهِ بْنَ عَبَّاسٍ قَالَ مَا خَتَرَ قَوْمٌ بِالْعَهْدِ إِلاَّ سَلَّطَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِمُ الْعَدُوَّ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from a man of Kufa that Umar ibnal-Khattab wrote to a lieutenant of an army which he had sent out, "Ihave heard that it is the habit of some of your men to chase anunbeliever till he takes refuge in a high place. Then one man tellshim in Persian not to be afraid, and when he comes up to him, he killshim. By He in whose hand my self is, if I knew someone who had donethat, I would strike off his head." Yahya said, I heard Maliksay, "This tradition is not unanimously agreed upon, so one does notact on it." Malik when asked whether safe conduct promised bygesture had the same status as that promised by speech, said, "Yes. Ithink that one can request an army not to kill someone by gesturingfor safe conduct, because as far as I am concerned, gesture has thesame status as speech. I have heard that Abdullah ibn Abbas said,'There is no people who betray a pledge, but that Allah gives theirenemies power over them.' " Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 21 Hadith no 973
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 21 Hadith no 12



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