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Muwatta Imam Malik

Jihad

كتاب الجهاد

حَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ نَافِعٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عُمَرَ، أَنَّهُ كَانَ إِذَا أَعْطَى شَيْئًا فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ يَقُولُ لِصَاحِبِهِ إِذَا بَلَغْتَ وَادِيَ الْقُرَى فَشَأْنَكَ بِهِ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafi that when Abdullah ibnUmar gave something in the way of Allah, he would say to its owner,"When you reach Wadi'l-Qura, (on the outskirts of Madina) then it isyour affair." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 21 Hadith no 974
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 21 Hadith no 13


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ سَعِيدٍ، أَنَّ سَعِيدَ بْنَ الْمُسَيَّبِ، كَانَ يَقُولُ إِذَا أُعْطِيَ الرَّجُلُ الشَّىْءَ فِي الْغَزْوِ فَيَبْلُغُ بِهِ رَأْسَ مَغْزَاتِهِ فَهُوَ لَهُ ‏.‏ وَسُئِلَ مَالِكٌ عَنْ رَجُلٍ أَوْجَبَ عَلَى نَفْسِهِ الْغَزْوَ فَتَجَهَّزَ حَتَّى إِذَا أَرَادَ أَنْ يَخْرُجَ مَنَعَهُ أَبَوَاهُ أَوْ أَحَدُهُمَا فَقَالَ لاَ يُكَابِرْهُمَا وَلَكِنْ يُؤَخِّرُ ذَلِكَ إِلَى عَامٍ آخَرَ فَأَمَّا الْجِهَازُ فَإِنِّي أَرَى أَنْ يَرْفَعَهُ حَتَّى يَخْرُجَ بِهِ فَإِنْ خَشِيَ أَنْ يَفْسُدَ بَاعَهُ وَأَمْسَكَ ثَمَنَهُ حَتَّى يَشْتَرِيَ بِهِ مَا يُصْلِحُهُ لِلْغَزْوِ فَإِنْ كَانَ مُوسِرًا يَجِدُ مِثْلَ جِهَازِهِ إِذَا خَرَجَ فَلْيَصْنَعْ بِجِهَازِهِ مَا شَاءَ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Yahya ibn Said that Said ibnal-Musayyab used to say, "When a man is given something to use in amilitary expedition, and he brings it to the battlefield, it is his." Malik was asked about a man who pledged himself to go on amilitary campaign, equipped himself,and when he wanted to go out, oneor both of his parents prevented him. He said, "He should notcontradict them. Let him put it off for another year. As for theequipment, I think that he should store it until he needs it. If hefears that it will spoil, let him sell it and keep its price so thathe can readily buy what is needed fora military expedition. If he iswell-to-do, he will find the like of his equipment when he goes out,so let him do what he likes with his equipment." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 21 Hadith no 975
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 21 Hadith no 14


حَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ نَافِعٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عُمَرَ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم بَعَثَ سَرِيَّةً فِيهَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ عُمَرَ قِبَلَ نَجْدٍ فَغَنِمُوا إِبِلاً كَثِيرَةً فَكَانَ سُهْمَانُهُمُ اثْنَىْ عَشَرَ بَعِيرًا أَوْ أَحَدَ عَشَرَ بَعِيرًا وَنُفِّلُوا بَعِيرًا بَعِيرًا ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafi from Abdullah ibn Umarthat the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace,sent a raiding party which included Abdullah ibn Umar near Najd. Theyplundered many camels and their portions were twelve or eleven camelseach. They divided it up camel by camel. Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 21 Hadith no 976
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 21 Hadith no 15


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ سَعِيدٍ، أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ سَعِيدَ بْنَ الْمُسَيَّبِ، يَقُولُ كَانَ النَّاسُ فِي الْغَزْوِ إِذَا اقْتَسَمُوا غَنَائِمَهُمْ يَعْدِلُونَ الْبَعِيرَ بِعَشْرِ شِيَاهٍ ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ فِي الأَجِيرِ فِي الْغَزْوِ إِنَّهُ إِنْ كَانَ شَهِدَ الْقِتَالَ وَكَانَ مَعَ النَّاسِ عِنْدَ الْقِتَالِ وَكَانَ حُرًّا فَلَهُ سَهْمُهُ وَإِنْ لَمْ يَفْعَلْ ذَلِكَ فَلاَ سَهْمَ لَهُ وَأَرَى أَنْ لاَ يُقْسَمَ إِلاَّ لِمَنْ شَهِدَ الْقِتَالَ مِنَ الأَحْرَارِ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Yahya ibn Said that he heardSaid ibn al-Musayyab say, "When people in military expeditions dividedthe spoils, they made a camel equal to ten sheep." Malik saidabout the paid labourer in military expeditions, "If he is present atthe battle and is with the people in the battle and he is a free man,he has his share. If he is not present, he has no share." Malik summed up, "I think that the booty is only divided among freemen who have been present at the battle. " Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 21 Hadith no 977
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 21 Hadith no 16


حَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، أَنَّهُ بَلَغَهُ أَنَّ عَبْدًا، لِعَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عُمَرَ أَبَقَ وَأَنَّ فَرَسًا لَهُ عَارَ فَأَصَابَهُمَا الْمُشْرِكُونَ ثُمَّ غَنِمَهُمَا الْمُسْلِمُونَ فَرُدَّا عَلَى عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عُمَرَ وَذَلِكَ قَبْلَ أَنْ تُصِيبَهُمَا الْمَقَاسِمُ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik that it reached him that a slaveof Abdullah ibn Umar escaped and one of his horses wandered off, andthe idol worshippers seized them. Then the Muslims recaptured them,and they were returned to Abdullah ibn Umar, before the division ofthe spoils took place. I heard Malik say about muslimproperty that had been seized by the enemy, "If it is noticed beforethe distribution, then it is returned to itsowner. Whatever hasalready been distributed is not returned to anyone." Malik,when asked about a man whose young male slave was taken by the idolworshippers and then the Muslims re-captured him, said, "The owner ismore entitled to him without having to pay his price or value orhaving to incur any loss before the distribution takes place. If thedistribution has already taken place then I think that the slavebelongs to his master for his price if the master wants him back." Regarding an umm walad of a Muslim man who has been taken bythe idol worshippers and then recaptured by the Muslims and allottedin the distribution of spoils and then recognised by her master afterthe distribution, Malik said, "She is not to be enslaved. I think thatthe Imam should pay a ransom for her for her master. If he does notdo it, then her master must pay a ransom for her and not leave her. Ido not think that she should be made a slave by whoever takes her andintercourse with her is not halal. She is in the position of a freewoman because her master would be required to pay compensation if sheinjured somebody and so she is in the same position (as a wife). Hemust not leave the mother of his son to be enslaved nor mayintercourse with her be made halal." Malik was asked about aman who went to enemy territory to pay ransom or to trade, and hebought a free man or a slave, or they were given to him. He said, "Asfor the free man, the price he buys him for is a debt against the manand he is not made a slave. If the captive is given to him freely, heis free and owes nothing unless the man gave something in recompensefor him. That is a debt against the free man, the same as if a ransomhad been paid for him. As for a slave, his former master can choose totake him back and pay his price to the man who bought him or he canchoose to leave him, as he wishes. If he was given to the man, theformer master is more entitled to him, and he owes nothing for himunless the man gave something for him in recompense. Whatever he gavefor him is a loss against the master if he wants him back." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 21 Hadith no 978
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 21 Hadith no 17


حَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ سَعِيدٍ، عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ كَثِيرِ بْنِ أَفْلَحَ، عَنْ أَبِي مُحَمَّدٍ، مَوْلَى أَبِي قَتَادَةَ عَنْ أَبِي قَتَادَةَ بْنِ رِبْعِيٍّ، أَنَّهُ قَالَ خَرَجْنَا مَعَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم عَامَ حُنَيْنٍ فَلَمَّا الْتَقَيْنَا كَانَتْ لِلْمُسْلِمِينَ جَوْلَةٌ - قَالَ - فَرَأَيْتُ رَجُلاً مِنَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ قَدْ عَلاَ رَجُلاً مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ - قَالَ - فَاسْتَدَرْتُ لَهُ حَتَّى أَتَيْتُهُ مِنْ وَرَائِهِ فَضَرَبْتُهُ بِالسَّيْفِ عَلَى حَبْلِ عَاتِقِهِ فَأَقْبَلَ عَلَىَّ فَضَمَّنِي ضَمَّةً وَجَدْتُ مِنْهَا رِيحَ الْمَوْتِ ثُمَّ أَدْرَكَهُ الْمَوْتُ فَأَرْسَلَنِي - قَالَ - فَلَقِيتُ عُمَرَ بْنَ الْخَطَّابِ فَقُلْتُ مَا بَالُ النَّاسِ فَقَالَ أَمْرُ اللَّهِ ‏.‏ ثُمَّ إِنَّ النَّاسَ رَجَعُوا فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ مَنْ قَتَلَ قَتِيلاً لَهُ عَلَيْهِ بَيِّنَةٌ فَلَهُ سَلَبُهُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ فَقُمْتُ ثُمَّ قُلْتُ مَنْ يَشْهَدُ لِي ثُمَّ جَلَسْتُ ‏.‏ ثُمَّ قَالَ ‏"‏ مَنْ قَتَلَ قَتِيلاً لَهُ عَلَيْهِ بَيِّنَةٌ فَلَهُ سَلَبُهُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ فَقُمْتُ ثُمَّ قُلْتُ مَنْ يَشْهَدُ لِي ثُمَّ جَلَسْتُ ثُمَّ قَالَ ذَلِكَ الثَّالِثَةَ فَقُمْتُ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ مَا لَكَ يَا أَبَا قَتَادَةَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ فَاقْتَصَصْتُ عَلَيْهِ الْقِصَّةَ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ رَجُلٌ مِنَ الْقَوْمِ صَدَقَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ وَسَلَبُ ذَلِكَ الْقَتِيلِ عِنْدِي فَأَرْضِهِ عَنْهُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ لاَ هَاءَ اللَّهِ إِذًا لاَ يَعْمِدُ إِلَى أَسَدٍ مِنْ أُسْدِ اللَّهِ يُقَاتِلُ عَنِ اللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِ فَيُعْطِيكَ سَلَبَهُ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ صَدَقَ فَأَعْطِهِ إِيَّاهُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَأَعْطَانِيهِ فَبِعْتُ الدِّرْعَ فَاشْتَرَيْتُ بِهِ مَخْرَفًا فِي بَنِي سَلِمَةَ فَإِنَّهُ لأَوَّلُ مَالٍ تَأَثَّلْتُهُ فِي الإِسْلاَمِ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Yahya ibn Said from Amr ibnKathir ibn Aflah from Abu Muhammad, the mawla of Abu Qatada that AbuQatada ibn Ribi said, "We went out with the Messenger of Allah, mayAllah bless him and grant him peace, in the year of Hunayn. When thearmies met, the Muslims were put in disarray. I saw a man from theidol worshippers who had got the better of one of the Muslims, so Icircled round and came up behind him, and struck him with a sword onhis shoulder-blade. He turned to me and grabbed me so hard that I feltthe smell of death in it. Then death overcame him, and he let go ofme." He continued, "I met Umar ibn al-Khattab and said tohim, 'What's going on with the people?' He replied, 'The Command ofAllah.' Then the people took hold of the battle and the Messenger ofAllah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Whoever haskilled one of the dead and can prove it, can strip him of his personaleffects.' I stood up and said, 'Who will testify for me?' and then Isat down. The Messenger of Allah repeated, 'Whoever has killed one ofthe dead and can prove it, can strip him of his personal effects.' Istood up and said, 'Who will testify for me?' then I sat down. Then herepeated his statement a third time, so I stood up, and the Messengerof Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'What's thematter with you, Abu Qatada?' So I related my story to him. A mansaid, 'He has spoken the truth, Messenger of Allah. I have the effectsof that slain person with me, so give him compensation for it,Messenger of Allah.' Abu Bakr said, 'No, by Allah! He did notintend that one of the lions of Allah should fight for Allah and HisMessenger and then give you his spoils.' The Messenger of Allah, mayAllah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'He has spoken the truth,hand it over to him.' He gave it to me, and I sold the breast-plateand I bought a garden in the area of the Banu Salima with the money.It was my first property, and I acquired it in Islam." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 21 Hadith no 979
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 21 Hadith no 18



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