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Muwatta Imam Malik

Suckling

كتاب الرضاع

حَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ، أَنَّهُ سُئِلَ عَنْ رَضَاعَةِ الْكَبِيرِ، فَقَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي عُرْوَةُ بْنُ الزُّبَيْرِ، أَنَّ أَبَا حُذَيْفَةَ بْنَ عُتْبَةَ بْنِ رَبِيعَةَ، وَكَانَ، مِنْ أَصْحَابِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَكَانَ قَدْ شَهِدَ بَدْرًا وَكَانَ تَبَنَّى سَالِمًا الَّذِي يُقَالُ لَهُ سَالِمٌ مَوْلَى أَبِي حُذَيْفَةَ كَمَا تَبَنَّى رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم زَيْدَ بْنَ حَارِثَةَ وَأَنْكَحَ أَبُو حُذَيْفَةَ سَالِمًا وَهُوَ يَرَى أَنَّهُ ابْنُهُ أَنْكَحَهُ بِنْتَ أَخِيهِ فَاطِمَةَ بِنْتَ الْوَلِيدِ بْنِ عُتْبَةَ بْنِ رَبِيعَةَ وَهِيَ يَوْمَئِذٍ مِنَ الْمُهَاجِرَاتِ الأُوَلِ وَهِيَ مِنْ أَفْضَلِ أَيَامَى قُرَيْشٍ فَلَمَّا أَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى فِي كِتَابِهِ فِي زَيْدِ بْنِ حَارِثَةَ مَا أَنْزَلَ فَقَالَ ‏{‏ادْعُوهُمْ لآبَائِهِمْ هُوَ أَقْسَطُ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ فَإِنْ لَمْ تَعْلَمُوا آبَاءَهُمْ فَإِخْوَانُكُمْ فِي الدِّينِ وَمَوَالِيكُمْ‏}‏ رُدَّ كُلُّ وَاحِدٍ مِنْ أُولَئِكَ إِلَى أَبِيهِ فَإِنْ لَمْ يُعْلَمْ أَبُوهُ رُدَّ إِلَى مَوْلاَهُ فَجَاءَتْ سَهْلَةُ بِنْتُ سُهَيْلٍ وَهِيَ امْرَأَةُ أَبِي حُذَيْفَةَ وَهِيَ مِنْ بَنِي عَامِرِ بْنِ لُؤَىٍّ إِلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَقَالَتْ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ كُنَّا نَرَى سَالِمًا وَلَدًا وَكَانَ يَدْخُلُ عَلَىَّ وَأَنَا فُضُلٌ وَلَيْسَ لَنَا إِلاَّ بَيْتٌ وَاحِدٌ فَمَاذَا تَرَى فِي شَأْنِهِ فَقَالَ لَهَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ أَرْضِعِيهِ خَمْسَ رَضَعَاتٍ فَيَحْرُمُ بِلَبَنِهَا ‏"‏ ‏.‏ وَكَانَتْ تَرَاهُ ابْنًا مِنَ الرَّضَاعَةِ فَأَخَذَتْ بِذَلِكَ عَائِشَةُ أُمُّ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ فِيمَنْ كَانَتْ تُحِبُّ أَنْ يَدْخُلَ عَلَيْهَا مِنَ الرِّجَالِ فَكَانَتْ تَأْمُرُ أُخْتَهَا أُمَّ كُلْثُومٍ بِنْتَ أَبِي بَكْرٍ الصِّدِّيقِ وَبَنَاتِ أَخِيهَا أَنْ يُرْضِعْنَ مَنْ أَحَبَّتْ أَنْ يَدْخُلَ عَلَيْهَا مِنَ الرِّجَالِ وَأَبَى سَائِرُ أَزْوَاجِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنْ يَدْخُلَ عَلَيْهِنَّ بِتِلْكَ الرَّضَاعَةِ أَحَدٌ مِنَ النَّاسِ وَقُلْنَ لاَ وَاللَّهِ مَا نَرَى الَّذِي أَمَرَ بِهِ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم سَهْلَةَ بِنْتَ سُهَيْلٍ إِلاَّ رُخْصَةً مِنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فِي رَضَاعَةِ سَالِمٍ وَحْدَهُ لاَ وَاللَّهِ لاَ يَدْخُلُ عَلَيْنَا بِهَذِهِ الرَّضَاعَةِ أَحَدٌ فَعَلَى هَذَا كَانَ أَزْوَاجُ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فِي رَضَاعَةِ الْكَبِيرِ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Ibn Shihab that he was askedabout the suckling of an older person. He said, ''Urwa ibn az-Zubayrinformed me that Abu Hudhayfa ibn Utba ibn Rabia, one of thecompanions of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and granthim peace, who was present at Badr, adopted Salim (who is calledSalim, the mawla of Abu Hudhayfa) as the Messenger of Allah, may Allahbless him and grant him peace, adopted Zayd ibn Haritha. He thought ofhim as his son, and Abu Hudhayfa married him to his brother's sister,Fatima bint al-Walid ibn Utba ibn Rabia, who was at that time amongthe first emigrants. She was one of the best unmarried women of theQuraysh. When Allah the Exalted sent down in His Book what He sentdown about Zayd ibn Haritha, 'Call them after their true fathers. Thatis more equitable in the sight of Allah. If you do not know who theirfathers were then they are your brothers in the deen and your mawali,'(Sura 33 ayat 5) people in this position were traced back to theirfathers. When the father was not known, they were traced to theirmawla. "Sahla bint Suhayl who was the wife of Abu Hudhayfa,and one of the tribe of Amr ibn Luayy, came to the Messenger of Allah,may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said, 'Messenger ofAllah! We think of Salim as a son and he comes in to see me while I amuncovered. We only have one room, so what do you think about thesituation?' The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant himpeace, said, 'Give him five drinks of your milk and he will be mahramby it.' She then saw him as a foster son. A'isha umm al-muminin tookthat as a precedent for whatever men she wanted to be able to come tosee her. She ordered her sister, Umm Kulthum bint Abi Bakr as-Siddiqand the daughters of her brother to give milk to whichever men shewanted to be able to come in to see her. The rest of the wives of theProphet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, refused to letanyone come in to them by such nursing. They said, 'No! By Allah! Wethink that what the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and granthim peace, ordered Sahla bint Suhayl to do was only an indulgenceconcerning the nursing of Salim alone. No! By Allah! No one will comein upon us by such nursing!' "This is what the wives of theProphet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, thought about thesuckling of an older person." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 30 Hadith no 1287
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 30 Hadith no 12


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ دِينَارٍ، أَنَّهُ قَالَ جَاءَ رَجُلٌ إِلَى عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عُمَرَ وَأَنَا مَعَهُ عِنْدَ دَارِ الْقَضَاءِ يَسْأَلُهُ عَنْ رَضَاعَةِ الْكَبِيرِ فَقَالَ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ عُمَرَ جَاءَ رَجُلٌ إِلَى عُمَرَ بْنِ الْخَطَّابِ فَقَالَ إِنِّي كَانَتْ لِي وَلِيدَةٌ وَكُنْتُ أَطَؤُهَا فَعَمَدَتِ امْرَأَتِي إِلَيْهَا فَأَرْضَعَتْهَا فَدَخَلْتُ عَلَيْهَا فَقَالَتْ دُونَكَ فَقَدْ وَاللَّهِ أَرْضَعْتُهَا ‏.‏ فَقَالَ عُمَرُ أَوْجِعْهَا وَأْتِ جَارِيتَكَ فَإِنَّمَا الرَّضَاعَةُ رَضَاعَةُ الصَّغِيرِ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik that Abdullah ibn Dinar said, "Aman came to Abdullah ibn Umar when I waswith him at the place wherejudgments were given and asked him about the suckling of an olderperson. Abdullah ibn Umar replied, 'A man came to Umar ibn al-Khattaband said, 'I have a slave-girl and I used to have intercourse withher. My wife went to her and suckled her. When I went to the girl, mywife told me to watch out, because she had suckled her!' Umar told himto beat his wife and to go to his slave-girl because kinship bysuckling was only by the suckling of the young.' " Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 30 Hadith no 1288
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 30 Hadith no 13


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ سَعِيدٍ، أَنَّ رَجُلاً، سَأَلَ أَبَا مُوسَى الأَشْعَرِيَّ فَقَالَ إِنِّي مَصِصْتُ عَنِ امْرَأَتِي، مِنْ ثَدْيِهَا لَبَنًا فَذَهَبَ فِي بَطْنِي فَقَالَ أَبُو مُوسَى لاَ أُرَاهَا إِلاَّ قَدْ حَرُمَتْ عَلَيْكَ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مَسْعُودٍ انْظُرْ مَاذَا تُفْتِي بِهِ الرَّجُلَ فَقَالَ أَبُو مُوسَى فَمَاذَا تَقُولُ أَنْتَ فَقَالَ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مَسْعُودٍ لاَ رَضَاعَةَ إِلاَّ مَا كَانَ فِي الْحَوْلَيْنِ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ أَبُو مُوسَى لاَ تَسْأَلُونِي عَنْ شَىْءٍ مَا كَانَ هَذَا الْحَبْرُ بَيْنَ أَظْهُرِكُمْ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Yahya ibn Said that a mansaid to Abu Musa al-Ashari, "I drank some milk from my wife's breastsand it went into my stomach." Abu Musa said, "I can only but thinkthat she is haram for you." Abdullah ibn Masud said, "Look at whatopinion you are giving the man." Abu Musa said, "Then what do yousay?" Abdullah ibn Masud said, "There is only kinship by suckling inthe first two years." Abu Musa said, "Do not ask me aboutanything while this learned man is among you." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 30 Hadith no 1289
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 30 Hadith no 14


وَحَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ دِينَارٍ، عَنْ سُلَيْمَانَ بْنِ يَسَارٍ، عَنْ عُرْوَةَ بْنِ الزُّبَيْرِ، عَنْ عَائِشَةَ أُمِّ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏"‏ يَحْرُمُ مِنَ الرَّضَاعَةِ مَا يَحْرُمُ مِنَ الْوِلاَدَةِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Abdullah ibn Dinar fromSulayman ibn Yasar and from Urwa ibn az-Zubayr from A'isha umm al-muminin, that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and granthim peace, said, " What is haram by birth is haram by suckling." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 30 Hadith no 1290
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 30 Hadith no 15


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ نَوْفَلٍ، أَنَّهُ قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي عُرْوَةُ بْنُ الزُّبَيْرِ، عَنْ عَائِشَةَ أُمِّ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ، عَنْ جُدَامَةَ بِنْتِ وَهْبٍ الأَسَدِيَّةِ، أَنَّهَا أَخْبَرَتْهَا أَنَّهَا، سَمِعَتْ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ ‏"‏ لَقَدْ هَمَمْتُ أَنْ أَنْهَى عَنِ الْغِيلَةِ حَتَّى ذَكَرْتُ أَنَّ الرُّومَ وَفَارِسَ يَصْنَعُونَ ذَلِكَ فَلاَ يَضُرُّ أَوْلاَدَهُمْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik that Muhammad ibn Abd ar-Rahmanibn Nawfal said, ''Urwa ibn az-Zubayr informed me from A'isha umm al-muminin that Judama bint Wahb al-Asadiyya informed her that she heardthe Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say,'I intended to prohibit ghila but I remembered that the Greeks andPersians do that without it causing any injury to their children.' " Malik explained, "Ghila is that a man has intercourse withhis wife while she is suckling." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 30 Hadith no 1291
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 30 Hadith no 16


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ أَبِي بَكْرِ بْنِ حَزْمٍ، عَنْ عَمْرَةَ بِنْتِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ، عَنْ عَائِشَةَ، زَوْجِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنَّهَا قَالَتْ كَانَ فِيمَا أُنْزِلَ مِنَ الْقُرْآنِ عَشْرُ رَضَعَاتٍ مَعْلُومَاتٍ يُحَرِّمْنَ ثُمَّ نُسِخْنَ بِخَمْسٍ مَعْلُومَاتٍ فَتُوُفِّيَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَهُوَ فِيمَا يُقْرَأُ مِنَ الْقُرْآنِ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Abdullah ibn Abi Bakr ibnHazm from Amra bint Abd ar-Rahman that A'isha, the wife of theProphet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Amongst whatwas sent down of the Qur'an was 'ten known sucklings make haram' -then it was abrogated by 'five known sucklings'. When the Messenger ofAllah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, died, it was what isnow recited of the Qur'an." Yahya said that Malik said, "Onedoes not act on this." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 30 Hadith no 1292
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 30 Hadith no 17



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