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Muwatta Imam Malik

Marriage

كتاب النكاح

حَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ، عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ، عَنْ زَيْدِ بْنِ ثَابِتٍ، أَنَّهُ كَانَ يَقُولُ فِي الرَّجُلِ يُطَلِّقُ الأَمَةَ ثَلاَثًا ثُمَّ يَشْتَرِيهَا إِنَّهَا لاَ تَحِلُّ لَهُ حَتَّى تَنْكِحَ زَوْجًا غَيْرَهُ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Ibn Shihab from Abu Abd ar-Rahman that Zayd ibn Thabit said that if a man divorced his slave-girlthree times and then bought her, she was not halal for him until shehad married another husband. Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 28 Hadith no 1124
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 28 Hadith no 30


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، أَنَّهُ بَلَغَهُ أَنَّ سَعِيدَ بْنَ الْمُسَيَّبِ، وَسُلَيْمَانَ بْنَ يَسَارٍ، سُئِلاَ عَنْ رَجُلٍ، زَوَّجَ عَبْدًا لَهُ جَارِيَةً فَطَلَّقَهَا الْعَبْدُ الْبَتَّةَ ثُمَّ وَهَبَهَا سَيِّدُهَا لَهُ هَلْ تَحِلُّ لَهُ بِمِلْكِ الْيَمِينِ فَقَالاَ لاَ تَحِلُّ لَهُ حَتَّى تَنْكِحَ زَوْجًا غَيْرَهُ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik that he had heard that Said ibnal-Musayyab and Sulayman ibn Yasar were asked whether, when a manmarried a slave of his to a slave-girl and the slave divorced herirrevocably, and then her master gave her to the slave, she was thenhalal for the slave by the possession of the right hand. They said,"No. She is not halal until she has married another husband." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 28 Hadith no 1125
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 28 Hadith no 31


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، أَنَّهُ سَأَلَ ابْنَ شِهَابٍ عَنْ رَجُلٍ، كَانَتْ تَحْتَهُ أَمَةٌ مَمْلُوكَةٌ فَاشْتَرَاهَا وَقَدْ كَانَ طَلَّقَهَا وَاحِدَةً فَقَالَ تَحِلُّ لَهُ بِمِلْكِ يَمِينِهِ مَا لَمْ يَبُتَّ طَلاَقَهَا فَإِنْ بَتَّ طَلاَقَهَا فَلاَ تَحِلُّ لَهُ بِمِلْكِ يَمِينِهِ حَتَّى تَنْكِحَ زَوْجًا غَيْرَهُ ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ فِي الرَّجُلِ يَنْكِحُ الأَمَةَ فَتَلِدُ مِنْهُ ثُمَّ يَبْتَاعُهَا إِنَّهَا لاَ تَكُونُ أُمَّ وَلَدٍ لَهُ بِذَلِكَ الْوَلَدِ الَّذِي وَلَدَتْ مِنْهُ وَهِيَ لِغَيْرِهِ حَتَّى تَلِدَ مِنْهُ وَهِيَ فِي مِلْكِهِ بَعْدَ ابْتِيَاعِهِ إِيَّاهَا ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ وَإِنِ اشْتَرَاهَا وَهِيَ حَامِلٌ مِنْهُ ثُمَّ وَضَعَتْ عِنْدَهُ كَانَتْ أُمَّ وَلَدِهِ بِذَلِكَ الْحَمْلِ فِيمَا نُرَى وَاللَّهُ أَعْلَمُ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik that he had asked Ibn Shihab abouta man who had a slave-girl as a wife, and then he bought her, anddivorced her once. He said, "She is halal for him by the possession ofthe right hand as long as he does not make his divorce irrevocable. Ifhe irrevocably divorces her, she is not halal for him by thepossession of the right hand until she has married another husband." Malik said that if a man rnarried a female slave and then shehad a child by him, and then he bought her, she was not an umm waladfor him because of the child born to him while she belonged toanother, until she had had a child by him while she was in hispossession after he had purchased her. Malik said, "If hebuys her and she is pregnant by him and she then gives birth while shebelongs to him, she is his umm walad by that pregnancy, according towhat we think, and Allah knows best." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 28 Hadith no 1126
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 28 Hadith no 32


حَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ، عَنْ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عُتْبَةَ بْنِ مَسْعُودٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، أَنَّ عُمَرَ بْنَ الْخَطَّابِ، سُئِلَ عَنِ الْمَرْأَةِ، وَابْنَتِهَا، مِنْ مِلْكِ الْيَمِينِ تُوطَأُ إِحْدَاهُمَا بَعْدَ الأُخْرَى فَقَالَ عُمَرُ مَا أُحِبُّ أَنْ أَخْبُرَهُمَا جَمِيعًا ‏.‏ وَنَهَى عَنْ ذَلِكَ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Ibn Shihab from Ubaydullahibn Abdullah ibn Utba ibn Masud from his father that Umar ibn al-Khattab was asked about a woman and her daughter who were in thepossession of the right hand, and whether one could have intercoursewith one of them after the other Umar said, "I dislike both beingpermitted together." He then forbade that. Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 28 Hadith no 1127
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 28 Hadith no 33


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ، عَنْ قَبِيصَةَ بْنِ ذُؤَيْبٍ، أَنَّ رَجُلاً، سَأَلَ عُثْمَانَ بْنَ عَفَّانَ عَنِ الأُخْتَيْنِ، مِنْ مِلْكِ الْيَمِينِ هَلْ يُجْمَعُ بَيْنَهُمَا فَقَالَ عُثْمَانُ أَحَلَّتْهُمَا آيَةٌ وَحَرَّمَتْهُمَا آيَةٌ فَأَمَّا أَنَا فَلاَ أُحِبُّ أَنْ أَصْنَعَ ذَلِكَ ‏.‏ قَالَ فَخَرَجَ مِنْ عِنْدِهِ فَلَقِيَ رَجُلاً مِنْ أَصْحَابِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَسَأَلَهُ عَنْ ذَلِكَ فَقَالَ لَوْ كَانَ لِي مِنَ الأَمْرِ شَىْءٌ ثُمَّ وَجَدْتُ أَحَدًا فَعَلَ ذَلِكَ لَجَعَلْتُهُ نَكَالاً ‏.‏ قَالَ ابْنُ شِهَابٍ أُرَاهُ عَلِيَّ بْنَ أَبِي طَالِبٍ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Ibn Shihab from Qabisa ibnDhu'ayb that a man asked Uthman ibn Affan whether one could haveintercourse with two sisters who one owned. Uthman said, "One ayatmakes them halal, and one ayat makes them haram. As for me, I wouldn'tlike to do it." The man left him and met one of the companions of theMessenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and askedhim about it, and he said, "Had I any authority and I found someonewho had done it, I would punish him as an example." IbnShihab added, "I think that it was Ali ibn Abi Talib. " Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 28 Hadith no 1128
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 28 Hadith no 34


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، أَنَّهُ بَلَغَهُ عَنِ الزُّبَيْرِ بْنِ الْعَوَّامِ، مِثْلُ ذَلِكَ ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ فِي الأَمَةِ تَكُونُ عِنْدَ الرَّجُلِ فَيُصِيبُهَا ثُمَّ يُرِيدُ أَنْ يُصِيبَ أُخْتَهَا إِنَّهَا لاَ تَحِلُّ لَهُ حَتَّى يُحَرِّمَ عَلَيْهِ فَرْجَ أُخْتِهَا بِنِكَاحٍ أَوْ عِتَاقَةٍ أَوْ كِتَابَةٍ أَوْ مَا أَشْبَهَ ذَلِكَ يُزَوِّجُهَا عَبْدَهُ أَوْ غَيْرَ عَبْدِهِ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik that he had heard that az-Zubayribn al-Awwam said the like of that. Malik said that if a manhad sexual relations with a female slave that he owned, and then hewanted to also have relations with her sister, the sister was nothalal for a man until intercourse with the slave-girl had been madeharam for him by marriage, setting free, kitaba, or the like of that -for instance, if he had married her to his slave or someone other thanhis slave. Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 28 Hadith no 1129
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 28 Hadith no 35



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