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Muwatta Imam Malik

Prayer

كتاب الصلاة

وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ نَافِعٍ، أَنَّ عَبْدَ اللَّهِ بْنَ عُمَرَ، كَانَ يَقْرَأُ فِي الصُّبْحِ فِي السَّفَرِ بِالْعَشْرِ السُّوَرِ الأُوَلِ مِنَ الْمُفَصَّلِ فِي كُلِّ رَكْعَةٍ بِأُمِّ الْقُرْآنِ وَسُورَةٍ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafi that Abdullah ibn Umarused to recite the first ten suras of the mufassal in the subh prayer,and on a journey he would recite the ummal-Qur'an and a sura in everyraka. Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 3 Hadith no 38
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 3 Hadith no 38


حَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنِ الْعَلاَءِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ يَعْقُوبَ، أَنَّ أَبَا سَعِيدٍ، مَوْلَى عَامِرِ بْنِ كُرَيْزٍ أَخْبَرَهُ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم نَادَى أُبَىَّ بْنَ كَعْبٍ وَهُوَ يُصَلِّي فَلَمَّا فَرَغَ مِنْ صَلاَتِهِ لَحِقَهُ فَوَضَعَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَدَهُ عَلَى يَدِهِ وَهُوَ يُرِيدُ أَنْ يَخْرُجَ مِنْ بَابِ الْمَسْجِدِ فَقَالَ ‏"‏ إِنِّي لأَرْجُو أَنْ لاَ تَخْرُجَ مِنَ الْمَسْجِدِ حَتَّى تَعْلَمَ سُورَةً مَا أَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ فِي التَّوْرَاةِ وَلاَ فِي الإِنْجِيلِ وَلاَ فِي الْقُرْآنِ مِثْلَهَا ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أُبَىٌّ فَجَعَلْتُ أُبْطِئُ فِي الْمَشْىِ رَجَاءَ ذَلِكَ ثُمَّ قُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ السُّورَةَ الَّتِي وَعَدْتَنِي ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏"‏ كَيْفَ تَقْرَأُ إِذَا افْتَتَحْتَ الصَّلاَةَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ فَقَرَأْتُ ‏{‏الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ‏}‏ حَتَّى أَتَيْتُ عَلَى آخِرِهَا ‏.‏ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ هِيَ هَذِهِ السُّورَةُ وَهِيَ السَّبْعُ الْمَثَانِي وَالْقُرْآنُ الْعَظِيمُ الَّذِي أُعْطِيتُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from al-Ala ibn Abd ar-Rahman ibnYaqub that Abu Said, the mawla of Amir ibn Kuraz told him that theMessenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, calledtoUbayy ibn Kab while he was praying. When Ubayy had finished hisprayer he joined the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and granthim peace, and the Messenger of Allah put his hand upon his hand, andhe was intending to leave by the door of the mosque, so the Messengerof Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "I hope thatyou will not leave the mosque until you know a sura whose like Allahhas notsentdown in the Tawrah nor in the Injil nor in the Qur'an."Ubayysaid, "I began to slow down my pace in the hope of that. Then Isaid, 'Messenger of Allah, the sura you promised me!' He said, 'Whatdo you recite when you begin the prayer?' I recited the Fatiha (Sura 1) until I came to the end of it, and the Messengerof Allah, may Allahbless him and grant him peace, said, 'It is this sura, and it is the"seven oft-repeated" and the Great Qur'an which I was given.' " Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 3 Hadith no 39
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 3 Hadith no 39


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ أَبِي نُعَيْمٍ، وَهْبِ بْنِ كَيْسَانَ أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ جَابِرَ بْنَ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، يَقُولُ مَنْ صَلَّى رَكْعَةً لَمْ يَقْرَأْ فِيهَا بِأُمِّ الْقُرْآنِ فَلَمْ يُصَلِّ إِلاَّ وَرَاءَ الإِمَامِ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Abu Nuaym Wahb ibn Kaysanthat he heard Jabir ibn Abdullah say, "Someone who prays a rakawithout reciting the umm al-Qur'an in it has not done the prayerexcept behind an imam." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 3 Hadith no 40
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 3 Hadith no 40


حَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنِ الْعَلاَءِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ يَعْقُوبَ، أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ أَبَا السَّائِبِ، مَوْلَى هِشَامِ بْنِ زُهْرَةَ يَقُولُ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا هُرَيْرَةَ، يَقُولُ سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ ‏"‏ مَنْ صَلَّى صَلاَةً لَمْ يَقْرَأْ فِيهَا بِأُمِّ الْقُرْآنِ فَهِيَ خِدَاجٌ هِيَ خِدَاجٌ هِيَ خِدَاجٌ غَيْرُ تَمَامٍ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ فَقُلْتُ يَا أَبَا هُرَيْرَةَ إِنِّي أَحْيَانًا أَكُونُ وَرَاءَ الإِمَامِ قَالَ فَغَمَزَ ذِرَاعِي ثُمَّ قَالَ اقْرَأْ بِهَا فِي نَفْسِكَ يَا فَارِسِيُّ فَإِنِّي سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ ‏"‏ قَالَ اللَّهُ تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى قَسَمْتُ الصَّلاَةَ بَيْنِي وَبَيْنَ عَبْدِي نِصْفَيْنِ فَنِصْفُهَا لِي وَنِصْفُهَا لِعَبْدِي وَلِعَبْدِي مَا سَأَلَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ اقْرَءُوا يَقُولُ الْعَبْدُ ‏{‏الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ‏}‏ يَقُولُ اللَّهُ تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى حَمِدَنِي عَبْدِي وَيَقُولُ الْعَبْدُ ‏{‏الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ‏}‏ يَقُولُ اللَّهُ أَثْنَى عَلَىَّ عَبْدِي وَيَقُولُ الْعَبْدُ ‏{‏مَالِكِ يَوْمِ الدِّينِ‏}‏ يَقُولُ اللَّهُ مَجَّدَنِي عَبْدِي يَقُولُ الْعَبْدُ ‏{‏إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ وَإِيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِينُ‏}‏ فَهَذِهِ الآيَةُ بَيْنِي وَبَيْنَ عَبْدِي وَلِعَبْدِي مَا سَأَلَ يَقُولُ الْعَبْدُ ‏{‏اهْدِنَا الصِّرَاطَ الْمُسْتَقِيمَ صِرَاطَ الَّذِينَ أَنْعَمْتَ عَلَيْهِمْ غَيْرِ الْمَغْضُوبِ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلاَ الضَّالِّينَ ‏}‏ فَهَؤُلاَءِ لِعَبْدِي وَلِعَبْدِي مَا سَأَلَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from al-Ala ibn Abd ar-Rahman ibnYa'qub that he heard Abu's-Sa'ib, the mawla of Hisham ibn Zuhra, sayhe had heard Abu Hurayra say, "I heard the Messenger of Allah, mayAllah bless him and grant him peace, say, 'Whoever prays a prayerwithout reciting the umm al-Qur'an in it, his prayer is aborted, it isaborted, it is aborted, incomplete.' So I said, 'Abu Hurayra,sometimes I am behind the imam.'Hepulled my forearm and said, 'Reciteit to yourself, O Persian, for I heard the Messenger of Allah, mayAllah bless him and grant him peace, say that Allah the Blessed, theExalted, said, "I have divided the prayer into two halves between meand my slave. One half of it is for Me and one half of it is for IVlyslave, and My slave has what he asks." ' The Messenger of Allah, mayAllah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Recite." The slave says,'Praise be to AIIah, the Lord of theWorlds.' Allah the Blessed, theExalted, says, 'My slave has praised Me.' The slave says, 'TheMerciful, the Compassionate.' Allah says, 'My slave has spoken well ofMe.' The slave says, 'Master of the Day of the Deen.' Allah says, 'Myslave has glorified Me.' The slave says, 'You alone we worship and Youalone we askforhelp.'Allahsays,'This ayat is between Me and My slave,and for My slave is what he asks. 'The slave says, 'Guide us in thestraight Path, the Path of those whom You have blessed, not of thosewith whom You are angry, nor those who are in error. ' Allah says,'These are for My slaves, and for my slave is what he asks . ' " ' " Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 3 Hadith no 41
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 3 Hadith no 41


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ عُرْوَةَ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، أَنَّهُ كَانَ يَقْرَأُ خَلْفَ الإِمَامِ فِيمَا لاَ يَجْهَرُ فِيهِ الإِمَامُ بِالْقِرَاءَةِ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Hisham ibn Urwa that hisfather used to recite behind the imam when the imam did not recitealoud. Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 3 Hadith no 42
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 3 Hadith no 42


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ سَعِيدٍ، وَعَنْ رَبِيعَةَ بْنِ أَبِي عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ، أَنَّ الْقَاسِمَ بْنَ مُحَمَّدٍ، كَانَ يَقْرَأُ خَلْفَ الإِمَامِ فِيمَا لاَ يَجْهَرُ فِيهِ الإِمَامُ بِالْقِرَاءَةِ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Yahya ibn Said and from Rabiaibn Abi Abd ar Rahman that al-Qasim ibn Muhammad used to recite behindthe imam when the imam did not recite aloud. Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 3 Hadith no 43
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 3 Hadith no 43



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