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Muwatta Imam Malik

Blood-Money

كتاب العقول

وَحَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ عُرْوَةَ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، أَنَّهُ كَانَ يُسَوِّي بَيْنَ الأَسْنَانِ فِي الْعَقْلِ وَلاَ يُفَضِّلُ بَعْضَهَا عَلَى بَعْضٍ ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ وَالأَمْرُ عِنْدَنَا أَنَّ مُقَدَّمَ الْفَمِ وَالأَضْرَاسِ وَالأَنْيَابِ عَقْلُهَا سَوَاءٌ وَذَلِكَ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏"‏ فِي السِّنِّ خَمْسٌ مِنَ الإِبِلِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ وَالضِّرْسُ سِنٌّ مِنَ الأَسْنَانِ لاَ يَفْضُلُ بَعْضُهَا عَلَى بَعْضٍ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik fromHisham ibn Urwa that his father made all the teeth the same in theblood-money and did not prefer any kind over others. Maliksaid, "What is done in our community is that the front teeth, molars,and eye-teeth have the same blood-money. That is because the Messengerof Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'The toothhas five camels.' The molar is one of the teeth and he did not preferany kind over the others." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 43 Hadith no 1579
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 43 Hadith no 8


وَحَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، أَنَّهُ بَلَغَهُ أَنَّ سَعِيدَ بْنَ الْمُسَيَّبِ، وَسُلَيْمَانَ بْنَ يَسَارٍ، كَانَا يَقُولاَنِ فِي مُوضِحَةِ الْعَبْدِ نِصْفُ عُشْرِ ثَمَنِهِ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik that he had heard that Said ibnal-Musayyab and Sulayman ibn Yasar said, "The head wound of the slavein which the bone is bared is a twentieth of his price." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 43 Hadith no 1580
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 43 Hadith no 8


وَحَدَّثَنِي مَالِكٌ، أَنَّهُ بَلَغَهُ أَنَّ مَرْوَانَ بْنَ الْحَكَمِ، كَانَ يَقْضِي فِي الْعَبْدِ يُصَابُ بِالْجِرَاحِ أَنَّ عَلَى مَنْ جَرَحَهُ قَدْرَ مَا نَقَصَ مِنْ ثَمَنِ الْعَبْدِ ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ وَالأَمْرُ عِنْدَنَا أَنَّ فِي مُوضِحَةِ الْعَبْدِ نِصْفَ عُشْرِ ثَمَنِهِ وَفِي مُنَقَّلَتِهِ الْعُشْرُ وَنِصْفُ الْعُشْرِ مِنْ ثَمَنِهِ وَفِي مَأْمُومَتِهِ وَجَائِفَتِهِ فِي كُلِّ وَاحِدَةٍ مِنْهُمَا ثُلُثُ ثَمَنِهِ وَفِيمَا سِوَى هَذِهِ الْخِصَالِ الأَرْبَعِ مِمَّا يُصَابُ بِهِ الْعَبْدُ مَا نَقَصَ مِنْ ثَمَنِهِ يُنْظَرُ فِي ذَلِكَ بَعْدَ مَا يَصِحُّ الْعَبْدُ وَيَبْرَأُ كَمْ بَيْنَ قِيمَةِ الْعَبْدِ بَعْدَ أَنْ أَصَابَهُ الْجُرْحُ وَقِيمَتِهِ صَحِيحًا قَبْلَ أَنْ يُصِيبَهُ هَذَا ثُمَّ يَغْرَمُ الَّذِي أَصَابَهُ مَا بَيْنَ الْقِيمَتَيْنِ ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ فِي الْعَبْدِ إِذَا كُسِرَتْ يَدُهُ أَوْ رِجْلُهُ ثُمَّ صَحَّ كَسْرُهُ فَلَيْسَ عَلَى مَنْ أَصَابَهُ شَىْءٌ فَإِنْ أَصَابَ كَسْرَهُ ذَلِكَ نَقْصٌ أَوْ عَثَلٌ كَانَ عَلَى مَنْ أَصَابَهُ قَدْرُ مَا نَقَصَ مِنْ ثَمَنِ الْعَبْدِ ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ الأَمْرُ عِنْدَنَا فِي الْقِصَاصِ بَيْنَ الْمَمَالِيكِ كَهَيْئَةِ قِصَاصِ الأَحْرَارِ نَفْسُ الأَمَةِ بِنَفْسِ الْعَبْدِ وَجُرْحُهَا بِجُرْحِهِ فَإِذَا قَتَلَ الْعَبْدُ عَبْدًا عَمْدًا خُيِّرَ سَيِّدُ الْعَبْدِ الْمَقْتُولِ فَإِنْ شَاءَ قَتَلَ وَإِنْ شَاءَ أَخَذَ الْعَقْلَ فَإِنْ أَخَذَ الْعَقْلَ أَخَذَ قِيمَةَ عَبْدِهِ وَإِنْ شَاءَ رَبُّ الْعَبْدِ الْقَاتِلِ أَنْ يُعْطِيَ ثَمَنَ الْعَبْدِ الْمَقْتُولِ فَعَلَ وَإِنْ شَاءَ أَسْلَمَ عَبْدَهُ فَإِذَا أَسْلَمَهُ فَلَيْسَ عَلَيْهِ غَيْرُ ذَلِكَ وَلَيْسَ لِرَبِّ الْعَبْدِ الْمَقْتُولِ إِذَا أَخَذَ الْعَبْدَ الْقَاتِلَ وَرَضِيَ بِهِ أَنْ يَقْتُلَهُ وَذَلِكَ فِي الْقِصَاصِ كُلِّهِ بَيْنَ الْعَبِيدِ فِي قَطْعِ الْيَدِ وَالرِّجْلِ وَأَشْبَاهِ ذَلِكَ بِمَنْزِلَتِهِ فِي الْقَتْلِ ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ فِي الْعَبْدِ الْمُسْلِمِ يَجْرَحُ الْيَهُودِيَّ أَوِ النَّصْرَانِيَّ إِنَّ سَيِّدَ الْعَبْدِ إِنْ شَاءَ أَنْ يَعْقِلَ عَنْهُ مَا قَدْ أَصَابَ فَعَلَ أَوْ أَسْلَمَهُ فَيُبَاعُ فَيُعْطِي الْيَهُودِيَّ أَوِ النَّصْرَانِيَّ مِنْ ثَمَنِ الْعَبْدِ دِيَةَ جُرْحِهِ أَوْ ثَمَنَهُ كُلَّهُ إِنْ أَحَاطَ بِثَمَنِهِ وَلاَ يُعْطِي الْيَهُودِيَّ وَلاَ النَّصْرَانِيَّ عَبْدًا مُسْلِمًا ‏.‏

Malik related to me that he had heard that Marwan ibn al-Hakam gave adecision about a slave who was injured that the person who injured himhad to pay what he had diminished of the value of the slave. Malik said, "What is done in our community is that for the head woundof a slave that bares the bone, there is a twentieth of his price. Thehead wound which splinters the bone is three twentieths of his price.Both the wound to the brain and the belly wound are a third of hisprice. Besides these four, any other types of injury that decrease theprice of the slave are considered after the slave is better and well,and one sees what the value of the slave is after his injury and whathis value whole was before he had the injury. Then the one who injuredhim pays the difference between the two values." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 43 Hadith no 1581
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 43 Hadith no 8


وَحَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، أَنَّهُ بَلَغَهُ أَنَّ عُمَرَ بْنَ عَبْدِ الْعَزِيزِ، قَضَى أَنَّ دِيَةَ الْيَهُودِيِّ، أَوِ النَّصْرَانِيِّ - إِذَا قُتِلَ أَحَدُهُمَا - مِثْلُ نِصْفِ دِيَةِ الْحُرِّ الْمُسْلِمِ ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ الأَمْرُ عِنْدَنَا أَنْ لاَ يُقْتَلَ مُسْلِمٌ بِكَافِرٍ إِلاَّ أَنْ يَقْتُلَهُ مُسْلِمٌ قَتْلَ غِيْلَةٍ فَيُقْتَلُ بِهِ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik that he heard that Umar ibn Abdal-Aziz gave a decision that when a jew or christian was killed, hisblood-money was half the blood-money of a free muslim. Maliksaid, "What is done in our community, is that a muslim is not killedfor a kafir unless the muslim kills him by deceit. Then he is killedfor it." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 43 Hadith no 1582
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 43 Hadith no 8


وَحَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ سَعِيدٍ، أَنَّ سُلَيْمَانَ بْنَ يَسَارٍ، كَانَ يَقُولُ دِيَةُ الْمَجُوسِيِّ ثَمَانِي مِائَةِ دِرْهَمٍ ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ وَهُوَ الأَمْرُ عِنْدَنَا ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ وَجِرَاحُ الْيَهُودِيِّ وَالنَّصْرَانِيِّ وَالْمَجُوسِيِّ فِي دِيَاتِهِمْ عَلَى حِسَابِ جِرَاحِ الْمُسْلِمِينَ فِي دِيَاتِهِمُ الْمُوضِحَةُ نِصْفُ عُشْرِ دِيَتِهِ وَالْمَأْمُومَةُ ثُلُثُ دِيَتِهِ وَالْجَائِفَةُ ثُلُثُ دِيَتِهِ فَعَلَى حِسَابِ ذَلِكَ جِرَاحَاتُهُمْ كُلُّهَا ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Yahya ibn Saidthat Sulayman ibn Yasar said, "The blood-money of a magian is eighthundred dirhams." Malik said, "This is what is done in ourcommunity." Malik said, "The blood-monies of the jew,christian, and magian in their injuries, is according to the injury ofthe muslims in their blood-moneys. The head wound is a twentieth ofhis full blood-money. The wound that opens the head is a third of hisblood-money. The belly-wound is a third of his blood-money. All theirinjuries are according to this calculation." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 43 Hadith no 1583
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 43 Hadith no 8


حَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ عُرْوَةَ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، أَنَّهُ كَانَ يَقُولُ لَيْسَ عَلَى الْعَاقِلَةِ عَقْلٌ فِي قَتْلِ الْعَمْدِ إِنَّمَا عَلَيْهِمْ عَقْلُ قَتْلِ الْخَطَإِ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Hisham ibn Urwa that hisfather said, "The tribe is not obliged to pay blood-money forintentional murder. They pay blood-money for accidental killing." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 43 Hadith no 1584
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 43 Hadith no 8



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