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Muwatta Imam Malik

Divorce

كتاب الطلاق

وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، أَنَّهُ بَلَغَهُ عَنْ سَالِمِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، وَسُلَيْمَانَ بْنِ يَسَارٍ، أَنَّهُمَا كَانَا يَقُولاَنِ فِي الْمَرْأَةِ يُتَوَفَّى عَنْهَا زَوْجُهَا إِنَّهَا إِذَا خَشِيَتْ عَلَى بَصَرِهَا مِنْ رَمَدٍ أَوْ شَكْوٍ أَصَابَهَا إِنَّهَا تَكْتَحِلُ وَتَتَدَاوَى بِدَوَاءٍ أَوْ كُحْلٍ وَإِنْ كَانَ فِيهِ طِيبٌ ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ وَإِذَا كَانَتِ الضَّرُورَةُ فَإِنَّ دِينَ اللَّهِ يُسْرٌ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik that he had heard that Salim ibnAbdullah and Sulayman ibn Yasar said that if a woman whose husband haddied feared that an inflammation of her eyes might affect her sight orthat some complaint might befall her, she should put kohl on and seeka remedy with kohl or some other cure even if it had perfume in it. Malik said, "If there is a necessity, the deen of Allah isease." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 29 Hadith no 1271
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 29 Hadith no 106


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ نَافِعٍ، أَنَّ صَفِيَّةَ بِنْتَ أَبِي عُبَيْدٍ، اشْتَكَتْ عَيْنَيْهَا وَهِيَ حَادٌّ عَلَى زَوْجِهَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عُمَرَ فَلَمْ تَكْتَحِلْ حَتَّى كَادَتْ عَيْنَاهَا تَرْمَصَانِ ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ تَدَّهِنُ الْمُتَوَفَّى عَنْهَا زَوْجُهَا بِالزَّيْتِ وَالشَّبْرَقِ وَمَا أَشْبَهَ ذَلِكَ إِذَا لَمْ يَكُنْ فِيهِ طِيبٌ ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ وَلاَ تَلْبَسُ الْمَرْأَةُ الْحَادُّ عَلَى زَوْجِهَا شَيْئًا مِنَ الْحَلْىِ خَاتَمًا وَلاَ خَلْخَالاً وَلاَ غَيْرَ ذَلِكَ مِنَ الْحَلْىِ وَلاَ تَلْبَسُ شَيْئًا مِنَ الْعَصْبِ إِلاَّ أَنْ يَكُونَ عَصْبًا غَلِيظًا وَلاَ تَلْبَسُ ثَوْبًا مَصْبُوغًا بِشَىْءٍ مِنَ الصِّبْغِ إِلاَّ بِالسَّوَادِ وَلاَ تَمْتَشِطُ إِلاَّ بِالسِّدْرِ وَمَا أَشْبَهَهُ مِمَّا لاَ يَخْتَمِرُ فِي رَأْسِهَا ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafic that Saffiyya bint AbiUbayd suffered from an eye-complaint while she was in mourning for herhusband, Abdullah ibn Umar. She did not apply kohl until her eyesalmost had ramas (a dry white secretion in the corners of the eye). Malik said, "A woman whose husband has died should anoint hereyes with olive oil and sesame oil and the like of that since there isno perfume in it." Malik said, "A woman in mourning for herhusband should not put on any jewellery - rings, anklets, or such-like, neither should she dress in any sort of colourful, stripedgarment unless it is coarse. She should not wear any cloth dyed withanything except black, and she should only dress her hair with thingslike lotus-tree leaves which do not dye the hair." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 29 Hadith no 1272
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 29 Hadith no 107


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، أَنَّهُ بَلَغَهُ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم دَخَلَ عَلَى أُمِّ سَلَمَةَ وَهِيَ حَادٌّ عَلَى أَبِي سَلَمَةَ وَقَدْ جَعَلَتْ عَلَى عَيْنَيْهَا صَبِرًا فَقَالَ ‏"‏ مَا هَذَا يَا أُمَّ سَلَمَةَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَقَالَتْ إِنَّمَا هُوَ صَبِرٌ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏"‏ اجْعَلِيهِ فِي اللَّيْلِ وَامْسَحِيهِ بِالنَّهَارِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

108 Yahya related to me from Malik that he had heard that theMessenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, visitedUmm Salama while she was in mourning for Abu Salama and she had putaloes on her eyes. He said, "What is this, Umm Salama?" She said, "Itis only aloes, Messenger of Allah." He said, "Put it on at night andwipe it off in the daytime." Malik said, "The mourning of ayoung girl who has not yet had a menstrual period takes the same formas the mourning of one who has had a period. She avoids what a maturewoman avoids if her husband dies." Malik said, "A slave-girlmourns her husband when he dies for two months and five nights likeher idda.'' Malik said, "An umm walad does not have to mournwhen her master dies, and a slave-girl does not have to mourn when hermaster dies. Mourning is for those with husbands." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 29 Hadith no 1273
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 29 Hadith no 108


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، أَنَّهُ بَلَغَهُ أَنَّ أُمَّ سَلَمَةَ، زَوْجَ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم كَانَتْ تَقُولُ تَجْمَعُ الْحَادُّ رَأْسَهَا بِالسِّدْرِ وَالزَّيْتِ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik that he had heard that Umm Salama,the wife of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace,said, "A mourning woman can rub her head with lotus leaves and oliveoil.'' Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 29 Hadith no 1274
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 29 Hadith no 109



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