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Muwatta Imam Malik

Prayer

كتاب الصلاة

حَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ أَيُّوبَ بْنِ أَبِي تَمِيمَةَ السَّخْتِيَانِيِّ، عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سِيرِينَ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم انْصَرَفَ مِنَ اثْنَتَيْنِ فَقَالَ لَهُ ذُو الْيَدَيْنِ أَقَصُرَتِ الصَّلاَةُ أَمْ نَسِيتَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ أَصَدَقَ ذُو الْيَدَيْنِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ النَّاسُ نَعَمْ ‏.‏ فَقَامَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَصَلَّى رَكْعَتَيْنِ أُخْرَيَيْنِ ثُمَّ سَلَّمَ ثُمَّ كَبَّرَ فَسَجَدَ مِثْلَ سُجُودِهِ أَوْ أَطْوَلَ ثُمَّ رَفَعَ ثُمَّ كَبَّرَ فَسَجَدَ مِثْلَ سُجُودِهِ أَوْ أَطْوَلَ ثُمَّ رَفَعَ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Ayyub ibn Abi Tamima as-Sakhtayani from Muhammad ibn Sirin from Abu Hurayra that the Messengerof Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, finished the prayerafter two rakas and Dhu'l-Yadayn said to him, "Has the prayer beenshortened or have you forgotten, Messenger of Allah?" The Messenger ofAllah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "HasDhu'l-Yadayn spoken the truth?" The people said, "Yes," and theMessenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, stood andprayed the other two rakas and then said, "Peace be upon you." Then hesaid, "Allah is greater" and went into a sadja as long as his usualprostrations or longer. Then he came up and said, "Allah is greater"and went into a sajda as long as his usual prostrations or longer andthen came up. Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 3 Hadith no 62
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 3 Hadith no 62


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ دَاوُدَ بْنِ الْحُصَيْنِ، عَنْ أَبِي سُفْيَانَ، مَوْلَى ابْنِ أَبِي أَحْمَدَ أَنَّهُ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا هُرَيْرَةَ، يَقُولُ صَلَّى رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم صَلاَةَ الْعَصْرِ فَسَلَّمَ فِي رَكْعَتَيْنِ فَقَامَ ذُو الْيَدَيْنِ فَقَالَ أَقَصُرَتِ الصَّلاَةُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ أَمْ نَسِيتَ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ كُلُّ ذَلِكَ لَمْ يَكُنْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ قَدْ كَانَ بَعْضُ ذَلِكَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ‏.‏ فَأَقْبَلَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم عَلَى النَّاسِ فَقَالَ ‏"‏ أَصَدَقَ ذُو الْيَدَيْنِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَقَالُوا نَعَمْ ‏.‏ فَقَامَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَأَتَمَّ مَا بَقِيَ مِنَ الصَّلاَةِ ثُمَّ سَجَدَ سَجْدَتَيْنِ بَعْدَ التَّسْلِيمِ وَهُوَ جَالِسٌ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Da'ud ibn al-Husayn that AbuSufyan, the mawla of Ibn Abi Ahmad, said that he heard Abu Hurayrasay, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace,prayed asr and said the taslim after two rakas. Dhu'l-Yadayn stood upand said, 'Has the prayer been shortened, Messenger of Allah, or haveyou forgotten?' The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and granthim peace, stood up and completed what remained of the prayer, andthen, remaining sitting after saying the taslim, he made twoprostrations." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 3 Hadith no 63
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 3 Hadith no 63


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ، عَنْ أَبِي بَكْرِ بْنِ سُلَيْمَانَ بْنِ أَبِي حَثْمَةَ، قَالَ بَلَغَنِي أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم رَكَعَ رَكْعَتَيْنِ مِنْ إِحْدَى صَلاَتَىِ النَّهَارِ - الظُّهْرِ أَوِ الْعَصْرِ - فَسَلَّمَ مِنَ اثْنَتَيْنِ فَقَالَ لَهُ ذُو الشِّمَالَيْنِ أَقَصُرَتِ الصَّلاَةُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ أَمْ نَسِيتَ فَقَالَ لَهُ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ مَا قَصُرَتِ الصَّلاَةُ وَمَا نَسِيتُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ ذُو الشِّمَالَيْنِ قَدْ كَانَ بَعْضُ ذَلِكَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ‏.‏ فَأَقْبَلَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم عَلَى النَّاسِ فَقَالَ ‏"‏ أَصَدَقَ ذُو الْيَدَيْنِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَقَالُوا نَعَمْ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ‏.‏ فَأَتَمَّ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم مَا بَقِيَ مِنَ الصَّلاَةِ ثُمَّ سَلَّمَ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Ibn Shihab that Abu Bakr ibnSulayman ibn Abi Hathma said, "I have heard that the Messenger ofAllah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, prayed two rakas ofone of the two day-ti me prayers, dhuhr or asr, and said the taslimafter two rakas. Dhu'sh-Shamalayn said to him, 'Has the prayer beenshortened, Messenger of Allah, or have you forgotten?' The Messengerof Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'The prayerhas not been shortened and I have not forgotten.' Dhu'shShamalaynsaid, 'It was certainly one of those, Messenger of Allah.' TheMessenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace,approached the people and said, 'Has Dh u'sh-Shamalayn spoken thetruth?' They said, 'Yes, Messenger of Allah,' and the Messenger ofAllah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, completed whatremained of the prayer, and then said, 'Peace be upon you.' " Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 3 Hadith no 64
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 3 Hadith no 64


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ، عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ الْمُسَيَّبِ، وَعَنْ أَبِي سَلَمَةَ بْنِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ، مِثْلَ ذَلِكَ ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ كُلُّ سَهْوٍ كَانَ نُقْصَانًا مِنَ الصَّلاَةِ فَإِنَّ سُجُودَهُ قَبْلَ السَّلاَمِ وَكُلُّ سَهْوٍ كَانَ زِيَادَةً فِي الصَّلاَةِ فَإِنَّ سُجُودَهُ بَعْدَ السَّلاَمِ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Ibn Shihab from Said ibn al-Musayyab, and from Abu Salama ibn Abd ar-Rahman, the same as that. Malik said, "Every forgetfulness which decreases from theprayer, prostrations for it come before the greeting, and everyforgetfulness which is an addition to the prayer, prostrations for itcome after the greeting." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 3 Hadith no 65
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 3 Hadith no 65


حَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ زَيْدِ بْنِ أَسْلَمَ، عَنْ عَطَاءِ بْنِ يَسَارٍ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏"‏ إِذَا شَكَّ أَحَدُكُمْ فِي صَلاَتِهِ فَلَمْ يَدْرِ كَمْ صَلَّى أَثَلاَثًا أَمْ أَرْبَعًا فَلْيُصَلِّي رَكْعَةً وَلْيَسْجُدْ سَجْدَتَيْنِ وَهُوَ جَالِسٌ قَبْلَ التَّسْلِيمِ فَإِنْ كَانَتِ الرَّكْعَةُ الَّتِي صَلَّى خَامِسَةً شَفَعَهَا بِهَاتَيْنِ السَّجْدَتَيْنِ وَإِنْ كَانَتْ رَابِعَةً فَالسَّجْدَتَانِ تَرْغِيمٌ لِلشَّيْطَانِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Zayd ibn Aslam from Ata ibnYasar that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant himpeace, said, "If you are uncertain in the prayer and do not knowwhether you have prayed three or four rakas, then pray a raka and maketwo prostrations from the sitting position before the taslim. If theraka that you prayed was the fifth, then you make it even by these twosajdas, and if it was the fourth, then the two prostrations spiteShaytan." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 3 Hadith no 66
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 3 Hadith no 66


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ زَيْدٍ، عَنْ سَالِمِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، أَنَّ عَبْدَ اللَّهِ بْنَ عُمَرَ، كَانَ يَقُولُ إِذَا شَكَّ أَحَدُكُمْ فِي صَلاَتِهِ فَلْيَتَوَخَّ الَّذِي يَظُنُّ أَنَّهُ نَسِيَ مِنْ صَلاَتِهِ فَلْيُصَلِّهِ ثُمَّ لِيَسْجُدْ سَجْدَتَىِ السَّهْوِ وَهُوَ جَالِسٌ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Umar ibn Muhammad ibn Zaydfrom Salim ibn Abdullah that Abdullah ibn Umar used to say, "If youare uncertain in the prayer, estimate what you think you haveforgotten of the prayer and repeat it, then do the two sajdas offorgetfulness from the sitting position." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 3 Hadith no 67
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 3 Hadith no 67



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