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Muwatta Imam Malik

Business Transactions

كتاب البيوع

وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ أَبِي الزِّنَادِ، عَنْ خَارِجَةَ بْنِ زَيْدِ بْنِ ثَابِتٍ، عَنْ زَيْدِ بْنِ ثَابِتٍ، أَنَّهُ كَانَ لاَ يَبِيعُ ثِمَارَهُ حَتَّى تَطْلُعَ الثُّرَيَّا ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Abu'z-Zinad from Kharija ibnZayd ibn Thabit that Zayd ibn Thabit did not sell fruit until thePleiades were visible, at the end of May. Malik said, "Theway of doing things among us about selling melons, cucumbers, water-melons, and carrots is that it is halal to sell them when it is clearthat they have begun to ripen. Then the buyer has what grows until theseason is over. There is no specific timing laid down for that becausethe time is well known with people, and it may happen that the cropwill be affected by blight and put a premature end to the season. Ifblight strikes and a third or more of the crop is damaged, anallowance for that is deducted from the price of purchase." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 31 Hadith no 1305
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 31 Hadith no 13


حَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ نَافِعٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عُمَرَ، عَنْ زَيْدِ بْنِ ثَابِتٍ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَرْخَصَ لِصَاحِبِ الْعَرِيَّةِ أَنْ يَبِيعَهَا بِخَرْصِهَا ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafi from Abdullah ibn Umarfrom Zayd ibn Thabit that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless himand grant him peace, allowed the holder of an ariya to barter thedates on the palm for the amount of dried dates it was estimated thatthe palms would produce. Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 31 Hadith no 1306
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 31 Hadith no 14


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ دَاوُدَ بْنِ الْحُصَيْنِ، عَنْ أَبِي سُفْيَانَ، مَوْلَى ابْنِ أَبِي أَحْمَدَ عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَرْخَصَ فِي بَيْعِ الْعَرَايَا بِخَرْصِهَا فِيمَا دُونَ خَمْسَةِ أَوْسُقٍ أَوْ فِي خَمْسَةِ أَوْسُقٍ ‏.‏ يَشُكُّ دَاوُدُ قَالَ خَمْسَةِ أَوْسُقٍ أَوْ دُونَ خَمْسَةِ أَوْسُقٍ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik fromDa'ud ibn al-Husayn from Abu Sufyan, the mawla of Ibn Abi Ahmad, fromAbu Hurayra that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and granthim peace, allowed the produce of an ariya to be bartered for anestimation of what the produce would be when the crop was less thanfive awsuq or equal to five awsuq. Da'ud wasn't sure whether he saidfive awsuq or less than five. Malik said, ''Ariyas can besold for an estimation of what amount of dried dates will be produced.The crop is examined and estimated while still on the palm. This isallowed because it comes into the category of delegation ofresponsibility, handing over rights, and involving a partner. Had itbeen like a form of sale, no one would have made someone else apartner in the produce until it was ready nor would he have renouncedhis right to any of it or put someone in charge of it until the buyerhad taken possession." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 31 Hadith no 1307
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 31 Hadith no 14


حَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ أَبِي الرِّجَالِ، مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ عَنْ أُمِّهِ، عَمْرَةَ بِنْتِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ أَنَّهُ سَمِعَهَا تَقُولُ، ابْتَاعَ رَجُلٌ ثَمَرَ حَائِطٍ فِي زَمَانِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَعَالَجَهُ وَقَامَ فِيهِ حَتَّى تَبَيَّنَ لَهُ النُّقْصَانُ فَسَأَلَ رَبَّ الْحَائِطِ أَنْ يَضَعَ لَهُ أَوْ أَنْ يُقِيلَهُ فَحَلَفَ أَنْ لاَ يَفْعَلَ فَذَهَبَتْ أُمُّ الْمُشْتَرِي إِلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَذَكَرَتْ ذَلِكَ لَهُ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ تَأَلَّى أَنْ لاَ يَفْعَلَ خَيْرًا ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَسَمِعَ بِذَلِكَ رَبُّ الْحَائِطِ فَأَتَى رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَقَالَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ هُوَ لَهُ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik that Abu'r-Rijal Muhammad ibn Abdar-Rahman heard his mother, Amra bint Abd ar-Rahman say, "A man boughtthe fruit of an enclosed orchard in the time of the Messenger ofAllah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and he tended it whilestaying on the land. It became clear to him that there was going to besome loss. He asked the owner of the orchard to reduce the price forhim or to revoke the sale, but the owner made an oath not to do so.The mother of the buyer went to the Messenger of Allah, may Allahbless him and grant him peace, and told him about it. The MessengerofAllah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'By this oath,he has sworn not to do good.' The owner of the orchard heard about itand went to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant himpeace, and said, 'Messenger of Allah, the choice is his.' " Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 31 Hadith no 1308
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 31 Hadith no 15


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، أَنَّهُ بَلَغَهُ أَنَّ عُمَرَ بْنَ عَبْدِ الْعَزِيزِ، قَضَى بِوَضْعِ الْجَائِحَةِ ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ وَعَلَى ذَلِكَ الأَمْرُ عِنْدَنَا ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ وَالْجَائِحَةُ الَّتِي تُوضَعُ عَنِ الْمُشْتَرِي الثُّلُثُ فَصَاعِدًا وَلاَ يَكُونُ مَا دُونَ ذَلِكَ جَائِحَةً ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik that he had heard that Umar ibnAbd al-Aziz decided in a case to make a reduction for crop damage. Malik said, "That is what we do in the situation." Malik added, "Crop damage is whatever causes loss of a third or morefor the purchaser. Anything less is not counted as crop damage." Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 31 Hadith no 1309
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 31 Hadith no 16


حَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ رَبِيعَةَ بْنِ أَبِي عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ، أَنَّ الْقَاسِمَ بْنَ مُحَمَّدٍ، كَانَ يَبِيعُ ثَمَرَ حَائِطِهِ وَيَسْتَثْنِي مِنْهُ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Rabia ibn Abd ar-Rahman thatal-Qasim ibn Muhammad would sell produce from his orchard and keepsome of it aside. Translation Not Available

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Book reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 31 Hadith no 1310
Web reference: Muwatta Imam Malik Book 31 Hadith no 17



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